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No. 279. Mat. xxvii.

15-18. Mk, xv. 6-10.

The saine.



PILATE INTERCEDES FOR JESUS. unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before

you, have found no fault in this man touching those 15 things whereof ye accuse him: no, nor yet Herod : for I

sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done 16 unto him. *I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people 'one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. *(For of necessity he must release Lu. xxiii. 17-19. one unto them at the feast.) * And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. And the multitude crying aloud, began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them. 6 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? + Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ, — the King of the Jews ? For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.

4 Mat. xxvii. 16. 6 Mk. xv. 7, 8.

7 Mk. xv. 9, 10. 19* When he was set down on the judgment

Mt. xxvii. 19, 20. seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have

suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude

that they should ask ? that he should rather release Barabbas unto them, 3 and destroy Jesus.

1 Mat. xxvii. 19, 20. And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas :(who for a certain sedition made in the city, and Alk, X.21 ; for murder, was cast into prison.) Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again unto them, ? Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with

2 Mat. xxvii. 21, 2.
• This injustice is coupled with Pilate's fifth intercession for Jesus.
+ This is Pilate's sixth intercession.
# This is his last intercession, making seven in all.-GRESWELL, Disc.

1 Mat. xxvii. 15. 2 Mk. xv. 6. 3 Lu. xxiii. 17.

6 Mat. xxvii, 17.

No. 280.

Mark xv. II.

The same.

2 Mk. xv. II.

3 Mat. xxvii. 20.

No. 281. Mat. xxvii.


The same.

i Lu. xxiii. 18-20,

no fault. Da vi. 4. Ac. xiii. 28. 'innoc.'p. 188. insurrection. Lu.xiii. i. Ac. v. 36, 7. See for

bidding,'p 190 ; also Mt. v. 43-8. Lu. ii. 14;

ix. 56. 2 Ti. ii. 22, exhorting to peace. envy. Ps.cvi. 16. Pr xxvii. 4. Ac. v. 17; xiii. 45. just. Zec. ix. 9. Jno. viii. 46; ziv. 30.

Ac. iii.

14. 1 Pe. ii. 21, 2. 1 Jno. ii. 1. See 'innocents'

p. 188; 'no fault,' preceding col. drram. Ge.xx.3 6; xxxi. 24, 9. Job xxxiii. 14-7. persuaded. Ac. xiv. 19;

xix. 23-9; see Is. ix. 16. Je. v. 30, 1; X. 21. Ho.r. 1; vi, 9. Mi. iij. 5, 6. Mt. xv. 14. Ti. iii. 13.


193 Jesus which is called Christ ? unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews ? And they cried out again, 'saying, Crucify him; 3 Let him be crucified. And the governor said *unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done ? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. “And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. 6 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. ?And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

* Lu. xxiii. 22, 3. 6 Mat. xxvii. 24, 5.

And so Pilate, willing to content the people, Mk. xv. 15. 'gave sentence that it should be as they required. Lu, xxiii. 24,

25. And he released unto them him * that for sedition

and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus, ' when he had scourged him, *to their will, 5 to be crucified.

? Lu, xxiii. 24, 5. (* Barabbas,' Mark.)

I Mk. xv. 12, 3. Lu. xxiii. 21.

5 Mk. X8. 14.

3 Mat. xxvii. 22, 3.

1 Lu. xxiii, 23.

No.282. Mt. xxvii, 26.

John xix. 16.
The same.

1 Mk, xy. 15.

3 Mk. xv. 15.

* Lu. xxiii. 25.

5 Mk. xv. 15.

SECTION 91.–Particulars which transpired after Jesus was delivered to be crucified,

until the time when he gave up the ghost, viz. (283) Crowned and mocked—(284) Bears the cross—(285) Turns round to the women who follow bewailing him—(286) Reference to two thieves—(287) Wine offered at Golyotha—(288) Nailed to the cross-(289) Jesus' prayer—(290) Superscription—(291) Lots cast—(292)' They watch Jesus-(293) Passers by rail on him—(294) Vinegar offered—(295) The thieves revile him—(296) One (according to Luke) repents – (297), " Lord, remember me” —(298) “ Behold thy mother"--(299) Darkness—(300) "I thirst"-(301) Sponge offered—(302) “ It is finished.MAT.xxvii. 27–50; Mk.xv.16—37; Lu.xxiii. 26–46; Jno. xix. 16–30. No. 283.

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus Mat. xxvii.

into the common hall, ? called Prætorium ; 3 and 27-31. Mk. XV. 16–20. gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.

Prætorium. And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and began to salute him, 6 and mocked 1 Mat. xxvii. 27. 2 Mk. xv. 16. 3 Mat. xxvii. 27-9. 4 Mk. xv. 18.

5 Mat. xxvii. 29.

Sa. i. 16. Eze. xxii. 2-22. Mt. xxiii. 35, 6. Ac. v. 28; vii. 52. 1 Th. ii. 15, 6. Me. x. 28-30. when. Ps. Ixix. 7, 19,20. Is. xlix.7. See P's. xxi. 3.

what, 1 Sa. xix. 4, 5; xx. 32. Ac. iii. 13. washed. De. xxi. 6. Job ix. 30, 1. Ps. xxvi. 6.

See 2 Sa. xxiii. 3. Ps. xliii. 1. Pr. xviii. 5. this. Is. Jiii. 11. Je. xxiii. 6. 2 Co. v. 21. Pe.

iii. 18. See just,' p. 192. blood. Nu. xxxv. 33.' De. xix. 10,3. Jos. ii. 19.

He. ii. 7, 9. and Nu. xxiv. 17. He. i. 3-8. also Ro. xiv. 11. and Is. lix. 17. Zec. iii. 1-5. Mk. ix. 3. Re. i. 13.

1 Lu. xxiii. 26.

2 Mk. xv. 21.

In the way.


WOMEN LAMENT FOR JESUS. him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple * from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 1 Mk. xv. 19, 20.

(* robe," Mat.) And as they led him away, they laid hold upon No. 284. one Simon, a Cyrenian, 'who passed by, coming Mk.XV. 20, 21. out of the country, the father of Alexander and Luke xxiii. 26.

Jno. xix. 16. Rufus: 'him they compelled, hand on him they laid

Going to the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.


8 Mat. xxvii. 32. 4 Lu. xxiii. 26. 27 And there followed him a great company of

No. 285.

Lui. xxiii. 27-31. people, and of women, which also bewailed and 28 lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them, said, Daugh

ters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, 29 and for


children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the

wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us ; 31 and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in

a green tree, what shall be done in the dry ? And there were also two other, malefactors, led No. 286.

Luke xxiii, 32. with him to be put to death.

No. 287. And he bearing his cross went forth, "and when

Mt. xxvii. 33, 34. they were come unto a place called Golgotha, Mark xv. 22, 23. which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull, Imo. xix. 17.

-4the place which is called Calvary,—they gave Calvary. him vinegar to drink mingled with gall:* and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. 1 Jno. xix. 17. Mat. xxvii. 33. 3 Mk. xv. 22. 4 Lu. xxiii. 33. 5 Mat. xxvii. 34.

(* "vine mingled with myrrh, Mark.) * There they crucified him, and the 'two 3male- No. 288.

Lu, xxiii. 33. factors with him, “one on the right hand, and the

Jno. xix. 18. other on the left, and Jesus in the midst.

The same. 1 Lu. xxiii. 33. 2 Jno. xix. 18. 3 Lu. xxiii. 33. Jno. xix. 18. 5 Lu. xxiii. 33

6 Jno. xix. 18.

spit. Nu.xii. 14. De.xv.9. Job xxx.10. Mt. xxvi.

67. (Mk. xiv. 65.1 Mk.X:34.. See 'spit.' p: 140. out. Nu. xv. 35, 6. 1 Ki. xxi. 13. 'Lu. iv, 29.

Ac. vii. 58. He. xiii. 1}-4. Simon-'hearing.'

[xiii, 1. Cyrenian-coldness.' Ac. ii. 10; vi. 9; xi. 20;

ilerander -stout helper. Ac. xix. 33. Rufus-red.' Ro. xvi. 13. Blessed. De. xxviii. 53-7. Ho. lx. 12-6; xiii. 16.

Fall. Is. ii. 19. Ho. X. 8. Re. vi. 16; ix. 6. what. Pr. xi. 31. Je. xxv. 29. Eze. xv. 2-8; II.

47,8. Da, ix. 26. Mt. jii. 12. Lu. xiii. 1-9.

Jno. xv. 6. He. vi 8. 1 Pe. iv. 17. 8. two. Is. liii. 12. Jno. xix. 18. He. xii. 2. vinegar. Ps. Ixix. 21. p. 197. crucified. Ac. iv. 10; v. 30. Ga. iii. 13 (De. xi.

231: vi. 14. Ph. ii. 8. Col. i. 20; ii. 14. 1 Pe. ii. 24. (what death,' p. 188.

The same.


195 No. 289.

Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for
Lu, xxjii. 34.
The same. they know not what they do.

No. 290.
Jno. xix. 19–22.

And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the 19 The same. cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This 20 title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief 21 priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of th Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate 22 answered, What I have written, I have written. No. 291.

* Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Mat, xxvii. 35. Mart xv. 24. Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to Jno. xix. 23, 24. every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the

coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not 24 rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, ' which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments * among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. “And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. Jno. xix. 23. 2 Mt. xxvii.35. (* (raiment,' Jno.) 3 Jno. xix. 24.

And sitting down they watched him there, and

set up over his head his accusation; ʼand the superMk, xv. 25–28. scription of his accusation was, 3 THIS IS JESUS

THE KING OF THE JEWS.* And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

3 Mat. xxvii. 37. 4 Mk. xv. 27,8. And the people stood beholding. And they

that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, Mk.Xv 29.33.. and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple,

and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God,t come down from the cross. Likewise

> Mk. xv. 29, 30. 3 Mat. xxvii. 40, 1. • "This was the title under which the most glorious of the prophecies of the Messiah’s coming had announced him, and with which the great expectations of the nations were identified (see References, kingdom,' p. 36); whence the prominence bere secured for it, as also the peculiar indignation of the Jews at Christ's assumption of it.'—Burgh. See Gen. xlix. 10. Num. xxiv. 17-9. Ps. ii. 6. Isa. ix. 6, 7; xxxii. 1, 2. Jer. xxiii. 5. Eze. xxxvii. 24,5. Zech. ix. 9. Compare Mat. ii. 2,6. Luke i. 31–3. John xii. 12,3. Mark xv. 2–5. Luke xxiii. 3. John xviii. 33-8. † See note for,' p. 198,

4 Mk. xv. 25.

No. 292. Mat. xxvii.


The same.

2 Mk. xv. 26.

1 Mat. xxvii. 36. No. 293. Mat. xxvii.


The same,

I Lu. xxiii. 35.

forgive.. Mt. v. 44. Ac. vii. 60. Ro. xii. 14. See

Ro. viii. 34. 1 Ti. ii. 5. He. vii, 25. 1 Jno. ii. l. know not. Ac. iii. 17. 1 Co. ii. 8. 1 Ti. i. 13. that. Ps. xxii. 18.

which, 18. liii. 12. He. xii. 2.
railed. Job xiii. 9. Ps. xxii. 6, 7; xxxv. 15, 6;

bxxi. Il. Is. xxviii. 22. See La. 1. 12. 'ack, If thou. Mt. iv. 3,6; xxvi. 63. pp. 3, 196. (p. 140. VINEGAR OFFERED,


3 Lu. xxiii. 35.

2 Mat. xxvii. 42.
5 Mk. xv. 32.

No. 294.
Lu. xxiii. 36–38.

No. 295. Mat. xxvii. 44. Mark xv. 32.

The same.

196 also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, and the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; ? himself he cannot save. 3 Let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.* *If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, 6 that we may see, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. ILU. xxiii. 35.

4 Mat. xxvii. 42.

6 Mat. xxvii. 42, 3. 36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to 37 him, and offering him vinegar, and saying, If The same. 38 thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.

And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.

I Mat. xxvii. 44.
And one of the malefactors which were hanged

No. 296.
railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save
thyself and us.
40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying,

Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the 41 same condemnation ? And we indeed justly; for we receive

the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done 42 nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember 43 me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with

me in paradise. 25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his

mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife 26 of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. "When Jesus therefore

saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he

loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! * That the Jews believed the Messiah, or Christ, should be Son of God, appears from Mat. xxvi. 63. John i. 49; xi. 27. Compare also both titles, Mat. xvi. 16. Lu. iv. 41. Jno. vi. 69; XX. 31. Ac. viii. 37; is. 20. See “Son of God,' p. 3.

Luke xxiii. 39.

The same.

No. 297.
Lu. xxiii.40 43

The same.

No. 298.
Jno. xix. 25–27.

The same.

saved. Lu, iv. 23.
chosen. Is. xlii. I. Mt. iii. 17. 1 Pe. ii. 4, 6.
let him. Mt. xvi. 4. Lu. xvi. 31.

(iii, 17. trusted. Ps. iii. 2; xxii. 8; xlii. 10; lxxi. 11. Mt. for. Lu. xxii. 70. Jno. v. 17,8; ix. 35-7; 1. 36.

Acknowledged as such by the Father, Mt. iii.17; xvii. 5; - by the angel before his birth, Lu. i. 35; -by John the Baptist, Jno. i. 34;-by Christ's disciples, Mt. xvi. 16; Jno. i. 14, 8; vi 69; xi. 27; xvi 30 ; by men not his disciples, Mt. xxvii. 54;-by devils, Mk. jii. ll; Lu. iv.41; attested by his res'irrection, Ro. i. 4;-necessary to be

believed, Jno. xx.31 ; Ac. viii. 37; 1 Jno. v. 10,3. rebuked. Le. xix. 17. Ep. v. 11,

fear. Ps. xxxvi. 1. Lu. xii. 5. Re. xvi. 9, 11. justly. Jos. vii. 19, 20. Ezr. ix. 13. Da. ix. 14. nuth. amiss. See 'innoc.' p. 188; 'no fault,' 192. remember. Job xiv. 13. Ps. xxv. 6,7; cvi. 4, 6.

Lu. xviii. 13. Ro. x. 10. 2 Ti. i. 18. 1 Pe. ii. 6.7. when. Lui. xii. 8. Juo. iii. 14-8; vi. 39, 40. i Th.

iv. 16 8. 2 Ti. i. 12. Se kingdom,' p. 36. said. Mi. vii. 18. Mt. xx. 16. Lu. xix. 10. Ro.

v. 20, 1. Ti. i. 15, 6. He. vii. 25. with me. Jno. xiv. 3; xvii. 24. 2 Co.v.8. Ph.i. 23. paradise. 2 Co. xii 4. Re. ii. 7. lleophas complete glory,' Lu. xxiv. 18. Magdalene-greatness.' 'Mt. xxvii. 61. See pp. mother, Lu. ii. 35, bl. Jno. ii. 3-5.

(87, 198.

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