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PILATE INTERCEDES FOR JESUS. unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people : and, behold, I, having examined him

before you, have found no fault in this man touching those 15 things whereof ye accuse him: no, nor yet Herod : for I

sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done 16 unto him. *I will therefore chastise him, and release him. Now at that feast the governor was wont to No. 279,

Mat. xxvii. release unto the people 'one prisoner, whomsoever 10—1%.

Mk. xv. 6-10. they desired. (For of necessity he must release Lu.

Lu. xxiii. 17-19. one unto them at the feast.) *And they had then The same. a notable prisoner, called Barabbas, 5 which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. And the multitude crying aloud, began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them. 6 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? + Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ, the King of the Jews ? For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 1 Mat. xxvii. 15.2 Mk. xv. 6. 3 Lu. xxiii. 17. Mat. xxvii. 16. 5 Mk. xv. 7, 8.

6 Mat. xxvii. 17. 7 Mk. xv. 9, 10. 19° When he was set down on the judgment No. 230.

MI. xxvii. 19, 20. seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou

10U Mark xv. ll. nothing to do with that just man: for I have The same.

suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude

that they should ask that he should rather release Barabbas unto them, 3 and destroy Jesus.

Mat. xxvii. 19, 20. 2 Mk. xv. II. 3 Mat. xxvii. 20. And they cried out all at once, saying, Away NO. 2013 with this man, and release unto us Barabbas :- 21—25. (who for a certain sedition made in the city, and su. xxiii. 20—23. for murder, was cast into prison.) | Pilate there. The same. fore, willing to release Jesus, spake again unto them, ? Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with

Lu. xxiii. 18—20. ? Mat. xxvii. 21,2.
* This injustice is coupled with Pilate's fifth intercession for Jesus.
+ This is Pilate's sixth intercession.

This is his last intercession, making seven in all.—Greswell, Dise.

no fault. Da. vi. 4. Ac, xiii. 28. innoc. p. 188. insurrection. Lu. xiii. 1. Ac. v. 36, 7. See for bidding,' p 190 ; also Mt. v. 43-8. Lu. ii. 14;

ix. 56. 2 T. ii. 22, exhorting to peace. envy. Ps.cvi. 16. Pr xxvii. 4. Ac. v. 17; xiii. 45. just. Zcc. ix. 9. Jno. viii, 46; xiv. 30. Ac. iii.

14. 1 Pe. ii. 21, 2. I Jno. ii. 1. See innocent,

p. 188; 'no Jault,' preceding col.
drram. Ge. xx. 3 6; xxxi. 21, 9. Job xxxiii. 14-7.
persuaded. Ac. xiv. 19; xix. 23-9: see Is. ix. 16.

Je. v. 30,1; X. 21. Ho.v.1; vi, 9. Mi. iji. 5, 6.
Mt. xv. 14. 11. iii. 13.

JESUS DELIVERED TO BE CRUCIFIED. 193 Jesus which is called Christ ? ? unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews ? And they cried out again, 'saying, Crucify him ; 3 Let him be crucified. And the governor said *unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. “And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. ?And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. i Mk. XV. 12,3. ; Lu. xxiii. 21. 3 Mat. xxvii. 22,3. Lu. xxiii. 22, 3.

3 Mk. X8. 14. 6 Mat. xxvii. 24,5. Lu. xxiii. 23. , No. 282.. And so Pilate, willing to content the people, Mt. xxvii. 26. Mk. xv. 15. "gave sentence that it should be as they required.

4:25. And he released unto them him * that for sedition The same. and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus, 'when he had scourged him, *to their will, to be crucified.

1 Mk. xv. 15. 2 Lu. xxiii. 24, 5. (*.Barabbas,' Mark.) 3 Mk. xv. 15.

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• Lu. xxiii. 25.

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SECTION 91.-Particulars which transpired after Jesus was delivered to be crucified,

until the time when he gave up the ghost, viz. (283) Crowned and mocked-(284) Bears the cross-(285) Turns round to the women who follow benailing him-(286) Reference to two thieves-(287) Wine offered at Golyotha(288) Nailed to the cross-(289) Jesus' prayer—(290) Superscription—(291) Lots cast(292) They watch Jesus—(293) Passers by rail on him-(294) Vinegar offered (295) The thieves revile him-(296) One (according to Luke) repents-(297) “ Lord, remember me(298) - Behold thy mother" (299) Darkness--(300) I thirst-(301) Sponge offered—(302) “ It is finished.MAT.xxvii. 27–50; MK.xv. 16—37; Lu. xxiii. 26–46; Jno. xix. 16–30.

No. 283. Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus Mat. xxvii. into the common hall, ” called Prætorium ; 3 and

27–31. Mk. xv. 16–20. gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.

Prætorium. And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand : and they bowed the knee before him, and began to salute him, and mocked 1 Mat. xxvii. 27. 2 Mk. xv. 16. 3 Mat. xxvii. 27–9. Mk. xv. 18.

5 Mat. xxvii. 29.

what. 1 Sa. xix. 4, 5; XX. 32. Ac. iii. 13. washed. De. xxi. 6. Job ix. 30, 1. Ps. xxvi. 6.

See 2 Sa. xxiii. 3. Ps. xliii. 1. Pr. xviii. 5. this. Is. liii. 11. Je. xxiii. 6. ! Co. v. 21. I Pe.

iii. 18. See just,' p. 192. blood. Nu. xxxv. 33. De. xix. 10,3. Jos. ii. 19.

Sa. i. 16. Eze. xxii. 2-22. Mt. xxiii. 35, 6. Ac. v. 28; vii. 52. 1 Th. ii. 15, 6. He. x. 29-30. when. Ps. lxix. 7, 19, 20. Is. xlix. 7. See Ps. xxi. 3.

He. ii. 7, 9. and Nu. xxiv. 17. He. i. 3-8. also Ro. xiv. 11. and Is. lix. 17. Zec. lii. 1-5. Mk. ix. 3. Re. i. 13.

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194

WOMEN LAMENT FOR JESUS. him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple* from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

Mk. xv. 19, 20. (* • robe, Mat.) And as they led him away, they laid hold upon No. 284. one Simon, a Cyrenian, "who passed by, coming M out of the country, the father of Alexander and Luke xxiii. 26. Rufus: Phim they compelled, and on him they laid " the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

Calvary. Lu. xxiii. 26. 2 Mk. xv. 21. 3 Mat. xxvii. 32. Lu. xxiii. 26. 27 And there followed him a great company of No: 285,

Lai. xxiii. 27–31. people, and of women, which also bewailed and in the way. 28 lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them, said, Daugh

ters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, 29 and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming,

in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the

wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; 31 and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in

a green tree, what shall be done in the dry ?

And there were also two other, malefactors, led No. 286. with him to be put to death.

Luke xxiii, 32. And he bearing his cross went forth, "and when .. No. 2872 they were come unto a place called Golgotha, Mark xv. 22, 23. which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull, m. tis. 11. - the place which is called Calvary,45they gave Calvary. him vinegar to drink mingled with gall :* and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. 1 Jno. xix. 17. ? Mat. xxvii. 33. 3 Mk. xv. 22. 4 Lu. xxiii. 33. 6 Mat. xxvii. 34.

(* wine mingled with myrrh, Mark.) There they crucified him, and the 'two 3 male- No. 288. factors with him, "one on the right hand, and they other on the left, and Jesus in the midst. 1 Lu. xxiii. 33. 2 Ino. xix. 18. 3 Lu. xxiii. 33. Jno. xix. 18. 5 Lu. xxiii. 33.

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6 Jno. xix. 18.

Lu, xxiii. 33.
Jno. xix. 18.

The same.

spit. Nu.xii. 14. De. xv.9. Job xxx.10. Mt. xxvi. I Fall. Is. ii. 19. Ho. X. 8. Re. vi. 16; ix. 6.

67. (Mk. xiv. 65.] Mk. x. 34. See 'spit.' p. 140. what. Pr. xi. 31. Je. xxv. 29. Eze. xv. 38; II. out. Nu, xv. 35, 6. 1 Ki. xxi. 13. Lu. iv. 29. 47, 8. Då. ix. 26. Mt. iii. 12. Lu. xiii. 1-4. Ac. vii. 58. He. xiii. 11-4.

Jno. xv. 6. He. vi 8. i Pe. iv. 17. 8. Simon-hearing.'

[xiii. 1. two. Is. liii. 12. Jno. xix. 18. He. zii. 2. Cyrenian coldness. Ac. ii. 10; vi. 9; xi. 20; vinegar. Ps. Ixix. 21. p 197. Verander'stout helper.' Ac. xix. 33.

crucified. Ac. iv. 10; v. 30. Ga. iii. 13 (De. Rufus-red.'Ro. xvi. 13.

23]: vi. 14. Ph. ii. 8. Col. i. 20; ii. 14. Ire Blessed. De. xxviii. 53-7. Ho. ix. 12-6; xiii. 16. ii. 24. (what death,' p. 188.

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LOTS CAST FOR JESUS' GARMENTS. No. 289. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for Lu. xxjii. 34.

The same. they know not what they do.

No. 290.
Ino. xix. 19–22.

03 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the 19 The same. *** cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This 20 title then read many of the Jews : for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief 21 priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate 22 answered, What I have written, I have written.'

No. 291. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Mat. xxvii. 35. Mark xv. 24. Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to Lu. xxiii. 34. no zis: 23. 24. every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the

The same. coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not 24 rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, " which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments * among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. 1 Jno. xix. 23. ? Mt. xxvii.35. (* vraiment,' Jno.) 3 Jno. xix. 24. 4 Mk. xv. 25.

No. 292. . And sitting down they watched him there, and Mat. xxvii. set up over his head his accusation; and the super

36-38. Mk. xv. 25–28. scription of his accusation was, 3 THIS IS JESUS

The same. THE KING OF THE JEWS.* "And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

1 Mat. xxvii. 36. 2 Mk. xv. 26. 3 Mat. xxvii. 39. 4 Mk. xv. 27, 8. No. 293. And the people stood beholding. And they Mat. xxvii.

39–43. that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, Mk. xv 29-32

3:32. and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, Lu, xxiii. 35.

The same. and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God,t come down from the cross. Likewise

Lu. xxiii. 35. 3 Mk. xv. 29, 30. 3 Mat. xxvii. 40, 1. "This was the title under which the most glorious of the prophecies of the Messiah's coming had announced him, and with which the great expectations of the nations were identified (see References, 'kingdom,' p. 36); whence the prominence here secured for it, as also the peculiar indignation of the Jews at Christ's assumption of it.'---Burgh. See Gen. xlix. 10. Num. xxiv. 17-9. Ps. ii. 6. Isa, ix, 6, 7; xxxii. 1, 2. Jer. xxiii. 3. Eze. xxxvii. 24, 5. Zech.ix. 9. Compare Mat. ii. 2, 6. Luke i. 31-3. John xii. 12, 3. Mark xv. 2-5. Luke xxiii. 3. John xviii. 338.

See note for,' p. 196.

forgive. Mt. v. 44. Ac. vii. 60. Ro. xil. 14. See

Ro, viii. 34. 1 Ti. ii. 5. He. vii. 25. 1 Jno. ii. 1. kron not. Ac. lii. 17. 1 Co. ii. 8. 1 Ti. i. 13. that. Ps. xxii. 18.

which. Is. liii. 12. He. xii. 2.
railed Job xiii. 9. Ps. xxii. 6. 7: XXXV. 15, 6:

kxi. 11. Is. xxviii. 22. See La. i. 12. "mock,' | If thou, Mt. iv.3, 6; xxvi. 63. pp. 3, 196. (p. 140.

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196

VINEGAR OFFERED. also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders,

and the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; ?himself he cannot save. Let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.* "If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, 5 that we may see, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. Lu. xxiii. 35. Mat. xxvii. 42. 3 Lu. xxiii. 35. 4 Mat. xxvii. 42.

5 Mk. xv. 32. 6 Mat. xxvii, 42, 3. 36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to ,, No:

Lu. xxiii. 36–38. 37 him, and offering him vinegar, and saying, If The same. 38 thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. And a super

scription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and
Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE
JEWS.
The thieves also, which were crucified with him, y

Mat. xxvii. 44, cast the same in his teeth.

Mark xv. 32. Mat. xxvii. 44.

The same. And one of the malefactors which were hanged No. 296.

Luke xxiii. 39. railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save The same. thyself and us. 40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, with a

Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the The same. 41 same condemnation ? And we indeed justly; for we receive

the due reward of our deeds : but this man hath done 42 nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember 43 me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said

unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with

me in paradise. 25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his No, 295

Jno.xix. 25-27. mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife The same. 26 of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore

saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he

loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son ! * That the Jews believed the Messiah, or Christ, should be Son of God, appears from Mat. xxvi. 63. John i. 49; xi. 27. Compare also both titles, Mat. xvi. 16. Lu. ir. 41. Jno. vi. 69; XX. 31. Ac. viii. 37; ix. 20. See Son of God,' p. 3.

No. 297.

saved. Lu, iv. 23.
chosen. Is. xlii. I. Mt. iii. 17. 1 Pe. ii. 4, 6.
let him. Mt. xvi. 4. Lu. xvi. 31.

[iii, 17. trusted. Ps. iii. 2; xxii, 8; xlii. 10; lxxi. 11. Mt. for. Lu. xxii. 70. Jno. v. 17,8; ix. 35-7; 2. 36.

Acknowledged as such by the Father, Mt. iii.17; xvii.5; - by the angel before his birth, Lu. i. 35; -by John the Baptist, Jno. i. 34 ;-by Christ's disciples, Mt. xvi. 16; Juo. i. 14, 8; vi 69; xi. 27; ivi 30; -- by men not his disciples, Mt. xxvii. 54;-by devils, Mk. jii. 11; Lu. iv. 41; attested by his resurrection, Ro. i. 4;- necessary to be

believed, Jno. XX.31 ; Ac.viii. 37; 1 Jno. v. 10, 3. rebuked. Le. xix. 17. Ep. v. 11,

I fear. Ps. xxxvi. 1. Lu. xii. 5. Re. xvi. 9, 11.

justly. Jos. vii. 19, 20. Ezr. ix. 13. Da. ix. 14. nuth. amiss. See innoc.' p. 188; 'no fault,' 192. remember. Job xiv. 13. Ps. xxv. 6, 7; cvi. 4, 5.

Lu. xviii. 13. Ro... 10. 2 Ti. i. 18. i Pe. ii. 6.7. when. L. xii. 8, Jno. iii. 14-8; vi. 39, 40, i Th.

iv. 16 8. 2 Ti. i. 12. See kingdom,' p. 36. said. Mi. vii. 18. Mt. xx. 16. Lu. xix. 10. Ro.

v. 20, 1. Ti. i. 15, 6. He. vii. 25. with me. Jno. xiv. 3; xvii. 24. 2 Co.v.8. Ph.i. 23. paradise. 2 Co. xii 4. Re. ii. 7. (leophas complete glory.' Lu. xxiv. 18. Magdalene-greatness.' 'Mt. xxvii. 61. See Pp. | mother. Lu. il. 85, 51. Jno. ii. 3-5. [87, 198.

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