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. 187 art one of them: for thou art a Galilæan, and thy speech agreeth thereto. *One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him ? Peter then denied again : {he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak. And immediately, the second time, while he yet spake, the cock crew. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter And Peter remembered the word of the Lord,* how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow $twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he 'went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Jno. xviii. 26,7. 2 Mk. xiv. 71. 3 La. xxii. 60.4 Mk. xiv. 72. 5 Lu. xxii, 60, 1. (* Jesus, Mat. and Mark.) (Mk. xiv. 72. 7 Lu. xxii. 62. See also Mat.

No. 261... And as soon as it was day, the elders of the 66 Lu. xxii. 66-71. Council chamber: people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, Art 67 thou the Christ ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: and if I also ask you, ye will 68 not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of 69 man sit on the right hand of the power of God. Then said 70 they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. And they said, What need we 71 any further witness ? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

No. 262,. ?And straightway 'when the morning was come, Mt. xxvii. 1, 2. "Mark xv. . all the chief priests 3 held a consultation with the

Luke xxiij.l. Jonne viis elders of the people, and scribes, and the whole Judgment hall. council, against Jesus, to put him to death. And when they had bound him, 'the whole multitude of them arose, and 8 led him away 'from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment, 10 and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor : 11 and it was early. I Mk. xv. 1. 2 Mat. xxvii. 1. 3 Mk. xv. 1. 4 Mat. xxvii. 1. 5 Mk. xv. 1. • Mat. xxvii. 1, 2. 7 Lu. xxiii, 1. 8 Mat. xxvii. 2. 9 Jno. xviii. 28.

*** 10 Mat. xxvii. 2. 11 Jno. xviii. 28. No. 263.. Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when 3 In the Temple. he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I have sinned, in that I 4 Tooked. Job xxxiii. 27, 8. Ps. cxxx. 4. Ac. v. 31. | Art. Mt. xi. 3-5. Jno. x. 24. [xfi. 37-43.

Mt. xxvii.3--10.

He. iv. 15. See Is, Ivii. 15-8. Je. IX . 18-20. rememb. Ez. xvi. 63; Xxxvi. 31, 2. Jno. xiii. 38, thought. I Ki. xvii. 18. Hag. 1. 7. 2 Pe. i. 12-5. wept. Ps. xxxviii. 18. Mt. v. 4. 2 Co. vii. 9-11. See Je. xxxi. 18, 9. Eze. vii. 16. Zec. xii. 10. mourn,' p. 32.

felders,' see p. 83. elders, &c. Ps. ii. 1-3. Ac. iv. 26-8; xxii. 5. For

If. Lu. xvi. 31. Jno. iii. 12; v. 43-7; viii. 43-5; bonnd. Ac. ix. 2; xii. 6; xxi. 33; xxiv. 27 ; xxviii.

20. 2 Ti. ii. 9. He. xiii. 3. See Ge. xxii, 9. early. Pr. i. 16; iv. 16. Mi. ii. 1. Lu. xxii. 66. repented. 2 Co. vii, 10. brought. Job xx. 5,15, sinned. Ge. xlii. 21,2. Ex. ix. 27; X. 16,7. 1 Sa,

IV. 24. 1 Ki. xxi. 27. Ac. vii. 62.


JESUS BEFORE PILATE, have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is 5 that to us? see thou to that. And he cast down the pieces

of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged 6 himself. And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and

said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, 7 because it is the price of blood. And they took counsel,

and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers 8 in. Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, 9 unto this day. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty

pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they 10 of the children of Israel did value; and gave them for the

potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.

Piple-(278) Pilate's this sent back to Filet Jesus is sent to Heria Christ before

SECTION 90,- Particulars of the proceedings before Pilate, between the time when

Jesus was brought before him, until he sat down in the judgment-seat, viz., (264) Pilate comes out-(265) Pilate converses with Jesus in private-(266) Pilate's first intercession for Jesus' release---(267) Jesus is scourged-(268) Pilute's second intercession, and Christ presented to the people--(269) Pilate goes in again(270) Pilate's third intercession-(271) Pilate sits down in the judgment-seat-(272) Christ before Pilate-(273) Pilale's fourth intercession-(274) Jesus is sent to Herod-(275) Jesus before Herod-(276) Jesus is sent back to Pilate-(277) is again presented to the people (278) Pilate's fifth intercession -- (279) Filate's sixth intercession—(280) Pilale's wife's message-(281) Pilote's seventh intercession-(282) Jesus is scourged. MATT. xxvii. 11-26; MARK XV. 2–15; LUKE xxiii. 2–25; John xviii. 28-xix. 16. 28 And they themselves went not into the judg. No. 264.

John xviii. ment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that

28-32. 29 they might eat the passover. Pilate then In the Temple.

went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye 30 against this man? They answered and said unto him, If

he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him 31 up unto thee. Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him,

and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore

said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to 32 death : that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he

spake, signifying what death he should die. 33 * Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall No. 265.

John xviii. again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art

33-38. 34 thou the King of the Jews? Jesus answered him, Judgment hall.

Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of • Uutil now, neither the Jews nor Jesus had entered the Prætorium, or judgment ball; and the conversation recorded in verses 33–38 is strictly private, Pilate having called Jesus in to him.

innocent. Ac. xiii. 23. He.vii. 26. 1 Pe. 1.19; ii.

92. See 2 Ki. xxiv. 4. Je. xxvi. 15. Mt. xxiii. 35. went. I ki. xvi. 18. Ps. lv. 23. Ac. i. 18, 9. field. Ac. i. 19. thirty. Zec. xi. 12, 3. Test, Ps. xxxv. 16. Is. i. 105. Je, vii. 8-11.

passover. Ch. XXX. 21-4. Exe.xlv. 21. pp.13,76. accusation. Mt. xxvii. 23. Ac.xxiii.28 30; ixr.15. not l. Eze. xxi. 26, 7. Ho. iii. 4,5. Jno. xix. 15. what death. Ps. xxii. 16. Mt. XX, 19; Xxvi. 2.

Lu. xviii. 32, 3. Juo. lii. 14. See De. xxi. 23.


189 me? Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation 35 and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of 36 this world : if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews : but now is my kingdom not from hence. Pilate 37 therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto him, What 38 is truth?

No. 266. * And when he had said this, he went out John xviii.

38240.". again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I

The same. find in him no fault at all. But ye have a 39 custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, 40 but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

No.267.. + Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and I John xix. 1-3.

The same. scourged him. And the soldiers platted a 2 crown of thorns, and put it on his head; and they put on him a purple robe, and said, Hail, King of the Jews! and 3 they smote him with their hands.

No.258. Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith 4

The same.“ unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. Then came 5 Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man ! When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they 6 cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him : for I find no fault in him. The Jews answered him, We have a law, and 7 * Pilate came out a second time alone, and proposed to release Jesus.

| His proposal being refused, he returned into the judgment-ball; and, hoping to satisfy the Jews, he scourged Jesus, and arrayed him in purple.

Pilate came out a third time, and alone, stating he would bring forth Jesus, decorated in a manner that would convince them that there was nothing dangerous in Jesus' affected royalty. Jesus came forth the first time, aud Pilate sought a second time to release him. xix, 1-8. not. Da. ii. 44; vii. 14. Lu. xvii. 20, 1. Ro. xiv. | Not this. 1 Sa, viii. 7. Ll. xix. 14. Ac. iii. 13, 4. 17. Col. i. 12-4. See kingdom,' p. 36.

scourged. Ps. cxxix. 3. Is. 1. 6; liii. 5. Lu. xviii,

Barabbas-son of confusion.'

Thou sayest. 1 Ti. vi. 13. king,' pp. ll, 20. witness. Jpo. viii, 14 ; xiv. 6. Re. 1.5 ; iii. 14. heareth, Jno. vii. 17; viii. 47; 2. 4, 27. 1 Pe, i. 22. Ihat. Ac. xvii, 19, 20, 32. [1 Jno. iii, 14, 9.

33. Ac. xvi. 22, 3 ; xxii. 24, 5. He. xi. 36. they cried. See Harmony of Predictionis, p. 90. law. Le. xxiv, 16. De. xviii. 20.



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xix 19

PILATE SEEKS TO RELEASE JESUS. by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the 8 Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he

was the more afraid ; 9 * And went again into the judgment hall, and No. 269.

John xix. 9-11. saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus. The same. 10 gave him no answer. Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest

thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to 11 crucify thee, and have power to release thee ? Jesus

answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that

delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 12 + And from thenceforth Pilate sought to No. 270,

release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, The same. If thou let this man go, thou art not Cæsar's friend : who

soever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Cæsar. 13 | When Pilate therefore heard that saying, No. 271;

he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the The Pavement.

judgment seat, & in a place that is called the Pavement, but 14 in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of

the passover, and about the sixth hour. ? And Jesus stood before the governor : ?and No. 272.

Mat. xxvii. they began to accuse him, saying, We found this 11–14.

Mk. xv, 25. fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to Ice

Lu. xxiii. 2, 3. give tribute to Cæsar, saying, that he himself is The same. Christ a King. And Pilate the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest bit. And the chief priests accused him of many 1 Mt. xxvii. 11. 2 Lu. xxiii. 2. 3 Mk. xv. 2. Mat. xxvii. 11. 6 Mk. xv. 3.

* Pilate went in the third time, taking Jesus with him ; and the conversation ensued. verses 9-11.

the conversation recorded verses 9ll was over, Pilate must have come out a fourth, and interceded for Jesus' release the third time. ver. 12.

I Hitherto, there had been no formal examination of our Lord at all. In consequence of that last declaration of the people in verse 12, he brought forth Jesus, and sat down himself. verses 13, 14.

8 Judgment seat. Pilate now prepared to judge our Saviour in a new capacity, in his official character, on the ordinary seat where, as the deputy of Cæsar, he was accustomed to receive and to decide all cases brought before him.


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[Ja. iv, 17. greater. Lu. xii. 47, 8. Jno. ix. 41 ; xv. 22-4. against. Ac. xvii. 6, 7.. When. Is. lvii. 11. Lu. xii. 5. Ac. iv. 19. judgment seat. Ps. lviii, 1, 2; xciv. 20, 1. Ec.v.

xiv. 55, 6. Ac. xxiv. 13. I Pe iii. 16–8. See Mt. xvii. 27 ; xxii. 21. Ro. xiii. 6, 7. Cæsar-Tiberius Cæsar, emperor of Rome, to

whom Judea was subject, as a Roman province, under the government of Pontius Pilate. Thou sayest. This is the good confession 're ferred to by St. Paul, 1 Ti. vi, 13.


191 things: 'and when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. 2And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing ? Behold, 'hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.

? Mat. xxvii. 12. 2 Mk. xv. 4. 3 Mat. xxvii. 13, 4. No. 273;. * Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to 4 Lu. xxiii. 4, 5.

The same." the people, I find no fault in this man. And 5 they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. , No. 274, + When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked 6 Lu. xxiii, 6, 7.

The same." whether the man were a Galilæan. And as 7 soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

,,No.275., And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceed- 8

Before Herod. ing glad : for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him ; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. Then he questioned with him in many words; but he 9 answered him nothing. And the chief priests and scribes 10 stood and vehemently accused him. And Herod with his 11 men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and

No. 276., arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him Luke xxiii. 12. array The Pavement. again to Pilate. And the same day Pilate 12 and Herod were made friends together : for before they were at enmity between themselves.

No.277... And he saith unto the Jews, I Behold your 14 Jno. xix. 14, 15.

The same." King! But they cried out, Away with him, 15 away with him ; crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King ? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cæsar. 1, No: 278_16 And Pilate, when he had called together the 13

The same. chief priests and the rulers and the people, said 14 * This is Pilate's fourth intercession for Jesus' release. + This was done, probably, to strengthen his own argument for the release of Jesus, if it should appear that Herod also found no fault in Jesus.

This irony is accounted for by Jesus' still wearing the purple robe which Herod had put upon him. answ. nothing. See held,' p. 185. (x. 37, 8. 1 because. Mt. iv. 24; ix. 26; xiv.1. Lu. xxiv. 18, 9. throughout. Mt. iv. 23-5. Jno. vii. 41, 52. Ac. hoped. 2 Ki. v. 3-6, 11. Lu. iv. 23. jurisdiction. Lu. iii. 1; xiii. 31.

saine day. Mt. xvi. I. Ac. iv. 27. Re. xvii. 13, 4. desirous. Lu.ix. 7-9. See Lu, xix. 3. Jno.xii.20,1. your K. King,' p. 20. Away. Ac. xxii. 22.

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