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THE INVOLVEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF PANAMA IN THE
OF REVOLUTIONARIES IN LATIN AMERICA
JUNE 6, 7, AND JULY 10, 1979
Serial No. 96–22
Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1980
CIS RECORD ONLY:
COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES
JOHN M. MURPHY, New York, Chairman THOMAS L. ASHLEY, Ohio
PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan
GENE SNYDER, Kentucky WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina
EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey MARIO BIAGGI, New York
DAVID C. TREEN, Louisiana GLENN M. ANDERSON, California
JOEL PRITCHARD, Washington E (KIKA) DE LA GARZA, Texas
DON YOUNG, Alaska JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana
ROBERT E. BAUMAN, Maryland GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts
NORMAN F. LENT, New York DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi
DAVID F. EMERY, Maine CARROLL HUBBARD, JR., Kentucky
ROBERT K. DORNAN, California DON BONKER, Washington
THOMAS B. EVANS, JR., Delaware LES AUCOIN, Oregon
PAUL S. TRIBLE, JR., Virginia NORMAN E. D'AMOURS, New Hampshire ROBERT W. DAVIS, Michigan JAMES L. OBERSTAR, Minnesota
WILLIAM CARNEY, New York
MELVIN H. EVANS, Virgin Islands
CARL L. PERIAN, Chief of Staff
JACK E. SANDS, Minority Counsel
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PANAMA CANAL
CARROLL HUBBARD, JR., Kentucky, Chairman DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi
ROBERT E. BAUMAN, Maryland DAVID E. BONIOR, Michigan
DAVID C. TREEN, Louisiana JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan
ROBERT K. DORNAN, California WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina
WILLIAM CARNEY, New York MARIO BIAGGI, New York
PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California GLENN M. ANDERSON, California
TERRENCE W. MODGLIN, Staff Director
W. MERRILL WHITMAN, Consultant
July 10, 1979.
Thomas, Col. James C., U.S. Air Force (retired)
Article: “Mexico to Cut Ties to Somoza Regime”:
Additional material submitted-Continued
Excerpt from Congressional Record: “Protect U.S. Taxpayers and
Consumers-Stop the Payaway”
and Brimstone?-Panama Gun Running in the Caribbean"
Article of May 4, 1979 from Critica: “Hugo Asking for Reinforcement"..
Applications for arms shipment disposition
Tri-Continental Conference ..
List of 100.30 Caliber Universal, carbine rifles sold to Jose Alvarez
Aldrich, George H.: Memorandum of October 25, 1974, on intervention in
the internal affairs of other states.....
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1979
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:17 a.m., in room 1334, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Carroll Hubbard, Jr., chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.
Present: Representatives Hubbard, Biaggi, Anderson, Bowen, Oberstar, Hughes, Bonior, Lowry, McCloskey, Bauman, Davis, Carney, and Evans of the Virgin Islands.
Also present: Representatives Lagomarsino and Hansen.
Staff present: Carl Perian, chief of staff; Larry O'Brien, chief counsel; Penny Perian, administrator; Terry Modglin, professional staff; Jack Sands, minority chief counsel; Kai Midboe, minority counsel; Susan Baffa, press secretary; Jean Fling, secretary to chief of staff; Marty McLaughlin, press assistant; Taddy McAllister, clerk; Molly Dominick, secretary; Michael Smith, staff; and Ken Fendley, staff.
Mr. HUBBARD. The Panama Canal Subcommittee of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee will now come to order.
The chairman has been on the House floor asking the Speaker and the House for unanimous consent that we meet today. Under the 5-minute rule, under which the House is now proceeding, we need unanimous consent permission that we be allowed to meet while the House is proceeding. That permission was granted.
Fellow committee members, distinguished witnesses, and visitors, we are convening these hearings, less than 3 months after the completion of hearings on implementing legislation, to give overview to a set of concerns that have emerged in clearer focus. Consonant with the spirit of collegiality in our committee, we are here at the written request of the Honorable Robert Bauman, ranking minority member of the Panama Canal Subcommittee.
As chairman, I am prepared to let the evidence from important sources speak for itself. Witnesses from the nations affected by the matter at hand have been invited to be heard. Congressional colleagues and officers of the executive branch will also disclose information they have gathered from long and careful investigation.
Now to the issue.
During the past several weeks, there has been exposure of a number of incidents of gun smuggling along the Gulf of Mexico from Texas to Florida. In each episode, the Panamanian Government was involved with the purchase and shipment of arms des