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The arms found correspond in type and characteristics to those customarily used in military organizations,

The automatic rifle F.N. (F.A.L.) and the submachine gun UZI (F.N.), arms that are for individual use and are light and small and have high firing velocity, are appropriate for use in guerrilla warfare and fighting in towns.

The other arms generically considered as supporting arms for infantry are characterized by their substantial firing power and by the fact that they are easily transported by hand in any territory. Adequate for use in irregular warfare, even by small groups of guerrillas, they may be used effectively against installations, concentrations of people, stores of fuels or explosives, vehicles, etc.

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The place where the material that is the subject of the denouncement was discovered is on Punta Macama or Macamba, on the North-northwest coast of the Paraguaná Peninsula, State of Falcón, approximately 4 kilometers east-northeast

Punta Macolla. At the spot pointed out by the witnesses to the discovery, a :pression was found on the beach, measuring approximately 40 meters in length y a little more than I meter in width. This ran parallel to the shore at a distance from it of approximately 20 meters and appeared to be the vestige of a ditch.

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a.

Topography The Paraguaná Peninsula is characterized by its generally level terrain, except for some small hills and the Santa Ana Peak (900 meters). It is joined to the mainland by the Isthmus of Medanos, a small sandy strip approximately 20 kilometers long by 5 kilometers wide. The sandy, stony soil of the peninsula produces a vegetation consisting of small trees, thorny shrubs, and cactus. Transit for vehicles of all kinds is limited to a few existing roads, all of which are natural and/or secondary in the central and northern zone, with a few improved roads in the south and southwesto A single paved road permits access to the mainland through the Isthmus of Medanos, joining the refinery area in the southwest of the peninsula with the city of Coro. Except on the roads mentioned, transit is generally feasible only for pedestrians and equestrians and is limited by lack of resources and water and by the characteristics of the low and thorny vegetation.

b. Hydrography. The coastline from Punta San Román, the northern geographic point of the Paraguaná Peninsula, runs toward the SW for a distance of approximately 20 kilometers as far as Punta Macolla, along which are a few points that offer a leeward protection to ships. On Punta Macolla there is a

lighthouse with a visibility range of 25 kilometers. The ten.fathom depth line runs at a distance of from 2 to 4 kilometers of Punta Macama or Macamba, and there are no dangers to navigation beyond those limits.

C.

Meteorology. Meteorological statistics for the period October-November showed a prevailing wind from the northeast at an average speed of 13 meters per second. There are generally 4 or 5 days of rainfall each month. There is no possibility of foggy days, and the average cloud cover is 3/10 to 5/10.

d. Tides. Even through there is no exact information available, a visual inspection showed the existence of small tides that do not exceed a height of

feet.

e.

Deylight. The length of the day, dusk, and night, on the date and at the place of discovery, was 11h42m, 2h34m, and 9h44m, respectively.

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Access to Punta Macama or Macamba is reached through a secondary road that runs parallel to the coast, leading southwest to Macolla, Los Teuques, and Punto Fijo, and northeast to Puerto Escondido. From Macolla it also leads to Pueblo Nuevo in the central part of the peninsula. The conditions of this road become precarious during the rainy season.

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There is easy access to the coast from the sea, and owing to the depth of the Gulf of Venezuela, a ship could navigate during the night with little probability of being identified, and approach the coast where the discovery was made.

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a.

The control and vigilance of roads in the Peninsula is only partially effective because of insufficient means.

b. The nature of the land and the vegetation make it very difficult to ontrol and exercise vigilance except along the roads, both in the coast regions ad in the interior of the land. This circumstance could facilitate the temporary hiding of persons and objects.

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Access to the mainland through the Isthmus of Medanos provides favorable possibilities for control and vigilance.

d. Maritime control and vigilance of the region is not very effective because of insufficient means.

e.

In short, from the point of view of the possibilities for control and vigilance of the region, it is easy to introduce materials to the Peninsula of Para guaná from the sea. Transfer of such materials from the Peninsula to the mainland presents certain difficulties.

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A. There is sufficieni evidence and/or other bases for judgment to Justify the statement that the following material belonged to Cuba:

1.

Automatic rifles, F.N. (F.A.L.) 7.62 mo Cal. NATO. (References:
Paragraph I.Col of this report).

2.

Submachine guns "UZI" 9 mm Cal. L.P. (F.N.) (References: Paragraph
I.C.2 of this report).

3.

(References: Paragraph

Rockets (Bazooka) 3.5" M28A2, Lot COP-4-802.
I.C.6 of this report).

4.

Shells for 57 mm recoilless rifle, Lot LOP-13-54 (References:
Paragraph I.C.8 of this report).

5. 40 A.P. outboard motor, Model RDS-25D, Seriai No. C 367809, Johnson.

(References: Paragrapla I.C.9 of this report).

B. There is evidence that arms of the same type, model and/or mark as the following were sent to Cuba:

1. 57 mm recoilless rifles, M18 (References: Paragraph I.C.7 of this

report).

2. 3.5" rocket launchers (Bazookas), M20, S.A.P.R.I. (References:

Paragraph I.C.7 of this report).

3. 3.5" rocket launchers (Bazookas), M20, S.J.S. (References: Paragraph

I.C.5 of this report).

4o 60 mm mortars with their respective mounts and base plates (References:

Paragraph I.C.3 of this report).

C. There is no evidence that makes it possible to establish the origin of the 60 mm mortar shells, the 3.5" M28A2 rockets (Bazooka) (except Lot COP-4-802), and the shells for 57 mm recoilless rifle (except HË Lot LCr-13-54).

D. The remaining elements appearing in the inventory consist of additional war materiel to which reference was made in the preceding paragraphs, or implements of common use.

E. The war materiel comprising the shipment was found totally covered at a single place, in uniform condition and packaging, with the same type of wrapping, and together constituting a single shipment, all of which reveals a common origin.

F. The war materiel was discovered to be in perfect condition of preservation and upkeep; prepared for immediate use; of common use in regular armies; taken together it follows a certain organic concept, balanced and homogeneous, and, according to its characteristics, is suitable for use in guerrilla activity.

G. There has been a deliberate attempt to conceal the origin of the shipment, witness the erasures and perforations made on the different arms at places where identifying marks were imprinted.

H. In view of the geographic characteristics of the Paraguaná Peninsula and the existing possibilities and means for control and vigilance over the area, there is basis for the assumption that the shipment was transported by sea and surreptitiously unloaded at the place where it was discovered.

I. Among the documents seized from Venezuelan subversive elements are some (The Caracas Plan) that call for the use of arms that, in type and number, correspond to those found on the Paraguaná Peninsula. Detailed instructions are also given for their handling and use.

J. Found among the shipment of materials were knapsacks of cardboard and canvas and clip carriers for F.A.L. rifles, the characteristics of which do not correspond to those of the models used in regular armies. On the contrary, they fulfill the requirements of materials for guerrilla operations,

K. Among the war materiel there were 50 caliber ammunition and legs for 30 caliber machine guns. These correspond to weapons not found in the shipment but whose use was called for in the Caracas Plan.

III. CONCLUSIONS

From the analysis of evidence and other bases of judgment, the group of military advisers reaches the following conclusions with reference to the war materiel found by the Venezuelan authorities on the Paraguaná Peninsula:

(References: Paragraphs II.A-II.B and II.E

A. That it came from Cuba. of this report).

B. That it was prepared by well organized persons who were acquainted with materials and methods commonly used only in regular organizations. (Ref

Paragraphs II.E-II.F and II.G of this report).

erences:

(References:

C. That it was intended to be used for subversive purposes. Paragraphs II.F-II.G-II.I-II.J and II.K of this report).

(References:

D. That it forms part of a more extensive plan to send arms. Paragraphs II.I and II.K of this report).

E. That it would have been transported by sea and surreptitiously unloaded at the place where it was discovered. (References: Paragraph II.H of this report).

February 18, 1964

Commander Emilio Massera
Military Adviser, Delegation of Argentina

Colonel Fernando Izurieta Molina
Military Adviser, IADB

Colonel Juan Giró Tapper
Military Adviser, IADB

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