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DOCUMENT DEPARTMEN

THE INVOLVEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF PANAMA IN THE
PURCHASE AND SHIPMENT OF ARMS DESTINED FOR THE USE

OF REVOLUTIONARIES IN LATIN AMERICA

JUNE 6, 7, AND JULY 10, 1979

Serial No. 96–22

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries

IVERSITY

STANFOR

OCT 1980

GOVT

U.S.

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

66-422 O

WASHINGTON : 1980

CIS RECORD ONLY:

COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

JOHN M. MURPHY, New York, Chairman THOMAS L. ASHLEY, Ohio

PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan

GENE SNYDER, Kentucky WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey MARIO BIAGGI, New York

DAVID C. TREEN, Louisiana GLENN M. ANDERSON, California

JOEL PRITCHARD, Washington E (KIKA) DE LA GARZA, Texas

DON YOUNG, Alaska JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana

ROBERT E. BAUMAN, Maryland GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

NORMAN F. LENT, New York DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi

DAVID F. EMERY, Maine CARROLL HUBBARD, JR., Kentucky

ROBERT K. DORNAN, California DON BONKER, Washington

THOMAS B. EVANS, JR., Delaware LES AUCOIN, Oregon

PAUL S. TRIBLE, JR., Virginia NORMAN E. D'AMOURS, New Hampshire ROBERT W. DAVIS, Michigan JAMES L. OBERSTAR, Minnesota

WILLIAM CARNEY, New York WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey

MELVIN H. EVANS, Virgin Islands
BARBARA A. MIKULSKI, Maryland
DAVID E. BONIOR, Michigan
DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii
MICHAEL OZZIE MYERS, Pennsylvania
JOE WYATT, Texas
MIKE LOWRY, Washington
EARL HUTTO, Florida
EDWARD J. STACK, Florida
BRIAN DONNELLY, Massachusetts

Carl L. PERIAN, Chief of Staff
LAWRENCE J. O'BRIEN, Jr., Chief Counsel
JULIA P. PERIAN, Chief Clerk/Administrator

JACK E. Sands, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PANAMA CANAL

CARROLL HUBBARD, JR., Kentucky, Chairman DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi

ROBERT E. BAUMAN, Maryland DAVID E. BONIOR, Michigan

DAVID C. TREEN, Louisiana JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan

ROBERT K. DORNAN, California WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

WILLIAM CARNEY, New York MARIO BIAGGI, New York

PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California GLENN M. ANDERSON, California

(Ex Officio)
MIKE LOWRY, Washington
JOHN M. MURPHY, New York
(Ex Officio)

TERRENCE W. MODGLIN, Staff Director
BERNARD TANNE BAUM, Special Counsel

W. MERRILL WHITMAN, Consultant
KENNETH C. FENDLEY, Professional Staff

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CONTENTS

52

Hearings held-

Page

June 6, 1979

1

June 7, 1979.

119

July 10, 1979.

247

Statement of-

Atwood, J. Brian, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Affairs,

Department of State

Bryant, Clyde G., Jr., Chief, Support Services Division, Office of Munitions

Control, Department of State..

5

Davis, Richard J., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Enforcement and

Operations

93

Prepared statement.

103

Gleason, Eugene W., investigator, Committee on Merchant Marine and

Fisheries

112

Grove, Brandon, Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Af-

fairs, U.S. Department of State ..

163

Hansen, Hon. George, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Idaho.

219

Kelly, Maximillian, Secretary to the President of Nicaragua.

27

Prepared statement.....

Kozack, Michael, legal adviser for Inter-American Affairs, Department of

State

163

McAuliffe, Lt. Gen. Dennis P., Commander in Chief, U.S. Southern

Command

163

Pallais, Hon. Louis, Vice President of Nicaragua..

27

Prepared statement....

56

Robinson, William B., Director, Office of Munitions Control, Department of

State

5

Selva, Armando, a U.S. citizen from Miami Beach, Fla

215

Sumner, Lt. Gen. Gordon, Jr., U.S. Army (retired)

124

Prepared statement...

122

Thomas, Col. James C., U.S. Air Force (retired)

152
Ulloa, Jose Carlos, Nicaraguan Customs Official

27
Additional material submitted-
Dornan, Hon. Robert K.:
Analysis of "Law of the Land"

237

Hansen, Hon. George:

Article by Don Phillips

229

Article by Jim Adams..

230

Article by Joe Crankshaw: “Arms Smuggled by Panamanians, Investi-

gator Says".

233

Article by Joe Crankshaw and Sam Jacobs: "Is Miami U.S. Capital for

Guns?"

225

Article from the American Legion Bulletin: Panama Battle Shifts to

the House"

230

Article: “Mexico to Cut Ties to Somoza Regime”:

225
Article: “Panama Treaty Implementation in Serious Trouble

229
Article: “Protect American Taxpayers and Tollpayers—Add the 'Hon-
esty' amendment to H.R. 111"

227
Article: "Somoza Says Communists Lead Unrest

224

Cost of 1977 Panama Canal Treaties 1980-2000

231

Excerpt from Congressional Record: Panama's Multimillion-dollar

Gun Trafficking Brings Criminal Charges in U.S. Courts"..

231

510SU

XL

11/00 31150-192

116i

NILE

Page

228

223
240

27

15

Additional material submitted-Continued
Hansen, Hon. George-Continued

Excerpt from Congressional Record: “Protect U.S. Taxpayers and

Consumers—Stop the Payaway”.
Excerpt from Congressional Record of May 21, 1979: “A Lake of Fire

and Brimstone?-Panama Gun Running in the Caribbean”
Hubbard, Hon. Carroll: Subpena of Armando Selva

Murphy, Hon. John M:

Article of May 4, 1979 from Critica: “Hugo Asking for Reinforcement”..

Article of May 29, 1979: “Nicaraguan Solidarity Committee Selling

War Bonds”

Article: “Sandinist Brigade Members Asked to Report to Center"

Pallais, Hon. Louis: Final report of the group of military advisers of the

investigating Committee of the Council

of the Organization acting provi-

sionally as organ of consultation ....

State Department:

Applications for arms shipment disposition

Application/License for permanent export of unclassified implements

of war and related unclassified technical data.

Manuel Pineiro

Non-Intervention Provision

Panamanian Committee for Human Rights

Panamanian Consul

Panamanian Consul purchase of ammunition and guns

People's Solidarity Movement......

Response of committee requested list of actions constituting a violation

of the principle of non-intervention

Sandinista movement

Statement about Cuba, Panama, and guns to Sandinistas..

Tri-Continental Conference.

Sumner, Lt. Gen. Gordon, Jr.: Biography...

Treasury Department:

Court Indictment: United States of America v. Jose A. Pujol, Carlos

Wittgreen, Walter McComas, James Howell, and Jose Antonio

Alvarez.

List of 100 .30 Caliber Universal, carbine rifles sold to Jose Alvarez
Communications submitted,

Aldrich, George H.: Memorandum of October 25, 1974, on intervention in

the internal affairs of other states........
Murphy, Hon. John M.: Letter of January 31, 1977, to the President

105

98

242
208

PANAMA GUNRUNNING

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1979

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PANAMA CANAL,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:17 a.m., in room 1334, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Carroll Hubbard, Jr., chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.

Present: Representatives Hubbard, Biaggi, Anderson, Bowen, Oberstar, Hughes, Bonior, Lowry, McCloskey, Bauman, Davis, Carney, and Evans of the Virgin Islands.

Also present: Representatives Lagomarsino and Hansen.

Staff present: Carl Perian, chief of staff; Larry O'Brien, chief counsel; Penny Perian, administrator; Terry Modglin, professional staff; Jack Sands, minority chief counsel; Kai Midboe, minority counsel; Susan Baffa, press secretary; Jean Fling, secretary to chief of staff; Marty McLaughlin, press assistant; Taddy McAllister, clerk; Molly Dominick, secretary; Michael Smith, staff; and Ken Fendley, staff.

Mr. HUBBARD. The Panama Canal Subcommittee of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee will now come to order.

The chairman has been on the House floor asking the Speaker and the House for unanimous consent that we meet today. Under the 5-minute rule, under which the House is now proceeding, we need unanimous consent permission that we be allowed to meet while the House is proceeding. That permission was granted.

Fellow committee members, distinguished witnesses, and visitors, we are convening these hearings, less than 3 months after the completion of hearings on implementing legislation, to give overview to a set of concerns that have emerged in clearer focus. Consonant with the spirit of collegiality in our committee, we are here at the written request of the Honorable Robert Bauman, ranking minority member of the Panama Canal Subcommittee.

As chairman, I am prepared to let the evidence from important sources speak for itself. Witnesses from the nations affected by the matter at hand have been invited to be heard. Congressional colleagues and officers of the executive branch will also disclose information they have gathered from long and careful investigation.

Now to the issue.

During the past several weeks, there has been exposure of a number of incidents of gun smuggling along the Gulf of Mexico from Texas to Florida. In each episode, the Panamanian Government was involved with the purchase and shipment of arms des

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