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of this state," approved March 23, A. D. 1871; and any law providing for any such tax or appropriation, shall be null and void.

Declared to be adopted by the speaker of the house on January 14th, 1885, and after due attestation and filing was so proclaimed by the governor. Vote for the amendment being 119,806; and the vote against the amendment being 15,492.

(Amendment No. 2.)

ARTICLE XXI. Every male citizen of the United States, or male person who has declared his intention of becoming a citizen of the same, of the age of twenty-one years, who has resided in the state twelve months, in the county six months, and in the precinct or ward one month next preceding any election at which he may propose to vote, except such persons as may for the commission of some felony be deprived of the right to vote by law passed by the general assembly, and who shall exhibit a poll tax receipt or other evidence that he has paid his poll tax at the time of collecting taxes next preceding such election, shall be allowed to vote at any election in the State of Arkansas. Provided, that persons who make satisfactory proof that they have attained the age of twenty-one years since the time of assessing taxes next preceding said election and possesses the other necessary qualifications, shall be permitted to vote; and provided further, that the said tax receipt shall be so marked by dated stamp or written endorsement by the judges of election to whom it may be first presented as to prevent the holder thereof from voting more than once at any election.

Declared to be adopted by the speaker of the house on the 12th day of January, 1893; the vote standing for amendment, 75,940; against the amendment, 56,601 ; and after due attestation and filing was so proclaimed by the governor.

(Amendment No. 3) ARTICLE XXII. The governor shall, in case a vacancy occurs in any state, district, county or township office in the state, either by death, resignation or otherwise, fill the same by appointment, such appointment to be in force and effect until the next general election thereafter.

Declared to be adopted by the speaker of the house on January 17, 1895, and after attestation and filing was so proclaimed by the governor. Vote for the amendment being 43,446; and the vote against the amendment being 40,207.

(Amendment No. 4) That Section 10, of Article 17, of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, be amended so as to read as follows:

"ARTICLE XVII, SECTION 10. The general assembly shall pass laws to correct abuses and prevent unjust discrimination and excessive charges by railroads, canals and turnpike companies for transporting freight and passengers, and shall provide for en forcing such law by adequate penalties and forfeitures, and shall provide for the creation of such offices and commissions and vest in them such authority as shall be necessary to carry into effect the powers hereby conferred.

Declared to be adopted by the speaker of the house on January 13, 1999, and after attestation and filing was so proclaimed by the governor. Vote for the amendment being 63,733; and the vote against the amendment being 16,940. (Amendment No. 5)

The county courts of the state in their respective counties, together with a majority of the justices of the peace of such county, in addition to the amount of county tax allowed to be levied, shall have the power to levy not exceeding three mills on the dollar on all taxable property of their respective counties, which shall be known as the County Road Tax, and when collected shall be used in the respective counties for the purpose of making and repairing public roads and bridges of the respective counties, and for no other purpose, and shall be collected in United States currency or county warrants legally drawn on such road tax fund, if a majority of the qualified electors of such county shall have voted public road tax at the general election for state and county officers preceding such levy at each election.

Declared to be adopted by the speaker of the house on the 13th day of January, 1899.

Vote for the amendment being 57,209; and the vote against the amendment being 24,079.

(Amendment No. 6)

The sureties upon the official bonds of all state officers shall be residents of, and have sufficient property within the state, not exempt from sale under execution, attachment or other process of any court, to make good their bonds, and the sureties upon the official bonds of all county officers shall reside within the counties where such officers reside, and shall have sufficient property therein, not exempt from such sale, to make good their bonds. Provided, however, that any surety, bonding or guaranty company, organized for the purpose of doing a surety or bonding business, and authorized to do business in this state, may become surety on the bonds of all state, county, and municipal officers under such regulations as may be prescribed by law.

Vote for amendment, 65,825. Vote against amendment, 23,033. Proclamation declaring Amendment No. 6 adopted and ratified was issued by Governor Jefferson Davis on February 20, 1902.

(Amendment No. 7)

That Section 16, of Article 5, of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, be amended so as to read as follows:

“ARTICLE V, SECTION 16. Pay and Mileage. The members of the general assembly shall receive such pay and mileage for their services as shall be fixed by law. No member of either house shall, during the term for which he has been elected, receive any increase of pay for his services under any law passed during such term. The term of all members of the general assembly shall begin on the day of their election."

Election on above amendment held September 1, 1902. For amendment received 15,598 votes. Against amendment received 43,982 votes. Declared adopted by the speaker of the house of representatives on the 14th day of January, 1903.

(Amendment No. 8) That Section 3, of Article 14, of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, be amended so as to read as follows:

"ARTICLE XIV, SECTION 3. The general assembly shall provide by general laws for the support of common schools by taxes, which shall

never exceed in any one year three mills on the dollar on the taxable property of the state, and by an annual per capita tax of one dollar, to be assessed on every male inhabitant of this state over the age of twenty-one years. Provided, the general assembly may, by general law, authorize school districts to levy by a vote of the qualified electors of such district a tax not to exceed seven mills on the dollar in any one year for school purposes. Provided further, that no such tax shall be appropriated to any other purpose nor to any other district than that for which it was levied."

Election on above amendment held September 3, 1906. For amendment received 92,969 votes. Against amendment received 47,368 votes.

CALIFORNIA

TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALG0—1848 a

Concluded February 2, 1848; ratifications erchanged at Queretaro, May 30,

1848; proclaimed July 1, 1848.

In the name of Almighty God:

The United States of America and the United Mexican States, animated by a sincere desire to put an end to the calamities of the war which unhappily exists between the two Republics, and to establish upon a solid basis relations of peace and friendship, which shall confer reciprocal benefits upon the citizens of both, and assure the concord, harmony, and mutual confidence wherein the two peoples should live, as good neighbours, have for that purpose appointed their respective plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

The President of the United States has appointed Nicholas P. Trist, a citizen of the United States, and the President of the Mexican Republic has appointed Don Luis Gonzaga Cuevas, Don Bernardo Conto, and Don Miguel Atristain, citizens of the said Republic;

Who, after a reciprocal communication of their respective full powers, have, under the protection of Almighty God, the author of peace, arranged, agreed upon, and signed the following Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits, and Settlement between the

United States of America and the Mexican Republic

a

ARTICLE I

There shall be firm and universal peace between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, and between their respective countries, territories, cities, towns, and people, without exception of places or persons.

ARTICLE II

Immediately upon the signature of this treaty, a convention shall he entered into between a commissioner or commissioners appointed by the General-in-chief of the forces of the United States, and such as may be appointed by the Mexican Government, to the end that a provisional suspension of hostilities shall take place, and that, in

* California was first discovered by the Spaniards, in 1512, and they began to establish missions there in 1769. After the Mexican revolution, in 1824, it formed a province of that republic, until 1846, when the inhabitants and emigrants from the United States established an independent government. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo brought it within the limits of the United States, and it was then governed by the commanding officer of the military force stationed there, acting as provisional governor.

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