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THE COMMISSIONERS AND OFFICERS

OF THE

State Board of Charities.

1902.

COMMISSIONERS APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR. NAMES AND

RESIDENCES.

First Judicial District.-WILLIAM R. STEWART, 31 Nassau street, New York.

New York County.STEPHEN SMITH, M. D., 640 Madison avenue, New York.

New York County.-ANNIE G. DE PEYSTER, 101 West Eightyfirst street, New York.

New York County.-MICHAEL J. SCANLAN, 56 Pine street, New York.

Second Judicial District.*

Kings County. JOHN NOTMAN, 136 Joralemon street, Brooklyn.

Third Judicial District.-SIMON W. ROSENDALE, 57 State street, Albany.

Fourth Judicial District.-NEWTON ALDRICH, Gouverneur, St. Lawrence county.

Fifth Judicial District.-DENNIS MCCARTHY, 219 South Salina street, Syracuse.

Sirth Judicial District.*

Seventh Judicial District.-ENOCH VINE STODDARD, M, D., 62 State street, Rochester.

Eighth Judicial District.-WILLIAM H. GRATWICK, 877 Elli. cott square, Buffalo.

• Vacant.

OFFICERS.

WILLIAM RHINELANDER STEWART, President.
ENOCH VINE STODDARD, M. D., Vice-President.
ROBERT W. HEBBERD, Secretary.
BYRON M. CHILD, Superintendent of State and Alien Poor.
WALTER S. UFFORD, Superintendent of Inspection.

GENERAL OFFICES OF THE BOARD.
THE CAPITOL, Albany, N. Y.

Hours: 9 A, M. to 5 P. M. On Saturdays to 12 m. ROBERT W. HEBBERD, Secretary.

The Secretary has general supervision of the employes and of all branches of the Board's work.

EMPLOYES OF THE GENERAL OFFICE.
WELLINGTON D. IVES, Chief Clerk.
ELLEN L. TENNEY, Statistician.
WILLIAM C. HINCKLEY, Stenographer.
LILIAN SCHLESINGER, Clerk.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND ALIEN POOR. This department has supervision of the State, Alien and Indian dependent classes, and performs the duties required by law or prescribed by the Board for their final care and settlement; it is also charged with the inspection of the State charitable and reformatory institutions, the almshouses and other municipal institutions which report to the Board, and the foster homes of children placed out in families. BYRON M. CHILD, Superintendent, The Capitol, Albany, N. Y. HENRY D. KERR, Deputy Superintendent, 287 Fourth avenue,

New York city. ROBERT W. HILL, Inspector of State Institutions, The Capitol,

Albany, N. Y. CYRUS C. LATHROP, Inspector of Almshouses, The Capitol,

Albany, N. Y. EBEN P. DORR, Inspector of Almshouses, The Capitol, Albany,

X. Y.

GEORGE MCLEOD, Agent, Eastern Department, Blackwell's

Island Almshouse, New York city. SEWARD WIKOFF, Agent, Western Department, 241 Ter

race, Buffalo, N. Y. GEORGIA L. FANNING, Private Secretary to Superintendent

of State and Alien Poor. ANNA MITCHELL, Stenographer.

DEPARTMENT OF INSPECTION.

This department has charge of the visitation and inspection of all institutions, societies or associations which are of a charitable, eleemosynary, correctional or reformatory character, excepting state and municipal institutions and those having the custody of State, Alien and Indian poor. WALTER S. UFFORD, Superintendent of Inspection, The

Capitol, Albany, N. Y.
JULIA S. HOAG, Clerk.
IONA KARKER, Stenographer.
CHARLES L. GEHNRICH, Clerk.
FANNIE G. SCHLESINGER, Junior Clerk.

EASTERN INSPECTION DISTRICT.
Office, 287 Fourth avenue, New York city.

Hours: 9 A. M. to 5 P. M. On Saturdays to 12 m.
FRANK KUNZMANN, Superintendent.
HENRY M. LECHTRECKER, Inspector.
JOHN B. PREST, Inspector.
MARY S. OPPENHEIMER, Inspector.
L. ELIZABETH THACHER, Inspector.
KATE F. CAHILL, Stenographer:
CHARLES E. MUHLEISER, Page.

WESTERN INSPECTION DISTRICT.
Office, 853 Povers Building, Rochester, N. Y.

Hours: 9 A. M. to 5 P. M. On Saturdays to 12 m.
WILLIS L. WEEDEN, Superintendent.
KATHARINE M. RULISON, Stenographer.

EXTRACTS FROM THE CONSTITUTION

of the State of New York Relating to the State Board of Charities.

ARTICLE VIII.

$ 11. The legislature shall provide for a state board of charities, which shall visit and inspect all institutions, whether state, county, municipal, incorporated or not incorporated, which are of a charitable, eleemosynary, correctional or reformatory character, excepting only such institutions as are hereby made subject to the visitation and inspection of either of the commissions hereinafter mentioned, but including all reformatories except those in which adult males convicted of felony shall be confined; a state commission in lunacy, which shall visit and inspect all institutions, either public or private, used for the care and treatment of the insane (not including institutions for epileptics of idiots); a state commission of prisons which shall visit and in spect all institutions used for the detention of sane adults charged with or convicted of crime, or detained as witnesses or debtors.

1. CORPORATIONS—WHEN CHARITABLE IN NATURE—CAPACITY TO TAKE CHARITABLE GIFTS. The capacity of a corporation to take and administer charitable gifts does not imply that the corporation must necessarily be of a charitable nature.

2. EXEMPTION FROM TAXATION AS INDICATION OF CHARITABLE NATURE OF CORPORATION. The exemption from taxation given by chapter 553 of the Laws of 1890 to societies for the prevention of cruelty to childreu does not show that the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children is of the class designated as charitable, since charitable insti. tutions were already exempt, and the statute was not necessary if this corporation belonged to that class, and, moreover, exemption from taxation is a privilege frequently conferred by the legislature upon corporations with no charitable features whatever.

3. CORPORATION RECEIVING MONEY FROM CITY TREASURY. In receiving and disbursing the money which is annually given from the city treasury to the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children that corporation does not receive or administer any charity, but only takes an allowance from the city for doing work that otherwise would derolre upon the police department.

4. NEW YORK SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDRENPURPOSE AND CHARACTER OF—NOT SUBJECT TO VISITATION BY STATE BOARD OF CHARITIES. The New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, organized under chapter 130 of the Laws of 1875, for the prevention of cruelty to children and the enforcement by all lawful means of the laws relating to or in any wise affecting children, is not a charitable institution within the scope of sections 11 to 14 of article 8 of the Constitution, chapter 771 of the Laws of 1895 and chapter 546 of the Laws of 1896, giving to the State Board of Charities the right of visitation with respect to all charitable institutions, since it receives no public money for charitable uses and administers no charity in any legal sense, but exists for the sole purpose of enforcing the criminal laws to prevent cruelty to children, although the corporation, as a mere incident of its work, feeds, clothes and cares for children temporarily while detained as witnesses or victims of cruelty pending the prosecution of the offenders in the courts.

5. STATE SUPERVISION OF CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS-EXTENT OF. The scheme of state supervision of charitable institutions under the Constitution and statutes was not intended to apply to every institution engaged in some good or commendable work for the relief of humanity from some of the various ills with which it is afflicted, but only to those corporations, public or private, maintained in whole or in part by the state, or some of its political divisions, through which charity, as such, is dispensed by public authority to those having a claim upon the generosity or bounty of the state. People er rel. State Board of Charities v. New York Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 16 N. Y. (42 App. Div. 83, reversed).

1. CORPORATIONS, WHEN CHARITABLE. A charitable institution, within the meaning of sections 11 to 14 of article 8 of the Constitution, chapter 771 of the Laws of 1895, and chapter 546 of the Laws of 1896, giving to the State Board of Charities the right of visitation with respect to all charitable institutions, is one that in some form or to some extent receives public money for the support and maintenance of indigent persons, and by public money is meant money raised by taxation not only in the State at large, but in any city, county or town. People ex rel. State Board of Charities v. The New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 162 N. Y., 429.

2. PRIVATE CHARITABLE INSTITUTION NOT SUBJECT TO STATE INSPECTION. A purely private institution, which, without any compensation from the public, cares for or maintains indigent adults or children who voluntarily seek it as a home, or who remain there voluntarily, is not subject to State inspection or regulation. Id.

In that case (161 N. Y. 233) the only question before the court was whether the defendant was an institution of " charitable, eleemosynary, correctional or reformatory " character within the nomenclature of section 11, article VIII of the Constitution, and, therefore, subject to the visitation of the State Board of Charities, a question not at all involved in this case. For 1. Mohawk and Hudson River Humane Society, 165 N. Y.

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