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The recent improvements are two low-pressure boilers for heating purposes. Natural gas has been found available and is used both for heating and illuminating purposes. A new barn and silo was built during the year, and it is proposed to put steel ceilings upon four rooms of the main building, and make further provision for extinguishing fire.

This almshouse is one of the very best in the State in the matter of its care and provision for the inmates.

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CATTARAUGUS COUNTY ALMSHOUSE.

Machias, N. Y.

John LITTLE, Keeper. This is another of the almshouses planned upon the cottage system. It has six wooden buildings, each two stories high, with attic and cellar, besides a number of older structures which are not now in use for dormitories. These older buildings are out of repair, and some of them, like the laundry building and the two-story frame building in the rear of the stone house, should be replaced by new ones.

An appropriation of $800 has been made for repairs to the barn, but other than that no improvements are in contemplation.

This almshouse has an excellent water supply. Its greatest need is a properly equipped hospital. One of the four cottages in the main group could be arranged for that purpose.

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CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY ALMSHOUSE.

Dewittville, N. Y.

MERVIN E. SMITH, Keeper. This alms house is large enough to accommodate 200 inmates, and the property is estimated to be worth $90,000. All the buildings are of brick and in good repair, and when inspected were found clean and in order.

The recent improvements are two silos, each of which has a capacity for seventy-five tons of ensilage. A well 150 feet deep has been sunk to supply additional water to the institution.

For some time the hospital facilities have been inadequate for the needs of the almshouse. The supervisors in recognition of this fact, appropriated $8,000 for an addition. This is to take the place formerly occupied by the old asylum which was removed last year. It will make a fitting front for the present hospital, and will give ample accommodations for the sick. The supervisors have always taken great interest in the care of the public dependents, and have not hesitated to make appropriations whenever the same were required for the well-being

of the poor.

The food furnished the inmates at the time of inspection was found to be of excellent quality and in abundance. The hospital has its own kitchen where the special diet of the sick is prepared.

One improvement which would add to the safety of the inmates and be a necessary precaution for their safety is a proper fire escape upon the hospital.

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ERIE COUNTY ALMSHOUSE.

Buffalo, N. Y.

John A. STENGEL, Keeper. The description of this almshouse as a "long stone building," which was made years ago, still holds good, but this stone building has a capacity for the accommodation of 600 inmates, besides the number who can be taken care of in the Erie County Hospital, which is practically a part of the almshouse.

The fact that the building is old may be taken as indicative of the fact that it needs many alterations and repairs. Great consideration is given to the order and cleanliness of the almshouse, and the large population taxes the watchfulness and attention of the officials.

During the year some sheds were built to take the place of those burned, and the roads and grades were labored upon. One advantage over former conditions is that due to the introduction of steam in the new barn. The former barn was burned down, in all probability because a stove was used to heat the harness room.

The matter of dietary is considered of prime importance in this institution, and the food served to the inmates, in consequence, is varied and well cooked, as well as abundant.

It is a matter of congratulation that this almshouse is in such good condition and under such excellent management.

THE CARE OF THE SICK.

Among the public hospitals of the State, the Erie County Hospital deserves a prominent place. During the last few years many important changes have been made in the building. A large amount of money was spent to adapt the original building to hospital purposes. In addition to this, the pavilion system 10w adopted will provide a group of separated pavilions by means of which a proper classification of the sick can be made.

Although regarded as a great misfortune at the time, the burning of the building formerly used for tuberculosis patients was really a benefit to the hospital. It gave an opportunity to remove this class of patients to a greater distance, and freed the main hospital from the proximity of an exceedingly dangerous structure. The new tuberculosis pavilion, now put in occupancy, is a very satisfactory building. Its equipment is up-to-date, and the patients committed to it will find their surroundings all they can reasonably desire. It is located at some distance in rear of the main building, and gives a sufficient separation from the other patients whose weakened condition might invite phthisis if associated with consumptive patients.

It is expected that other similar pavilions will be added from time to time until this hospital be adequately fitted to render ample medical and surgical service to the great city of Buffalo. Like the almshouse, it is in good hands. Its adminis. tration has proven competent and satisfactory.

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The census of the almshouse was as follows:

Males. Number of inmates...

232 Children under two years old....

19 Children between two and sixteen.... 8 Number of blind.....

2 Number of deaf-mutes..

1 Number of feeble-minded...

0 Number of idiots....

2 Number of epileptics.

1

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GENESEE COUNTY ALMSHOUSE.

Linden, N. Y.

THURMAN A. Hart, Keeper. The buildings which compose the almshouse group of Genesee county are valued at about $20,000, and are mostly frame structures. They are in good repair, although no improvements have been made recently. It is expected that some ditching and tiling will be accomplished on the farm this spring, as an appropriation of $500 has been made for that purpose.

The use of kerosene oil for illuminating purposes, and stoves and hot air furnaces, makes the necessity for precautions against fire apparent. At the present time these are not sufficient, and should be added to until the safety of the inmates is assured. Fortunately the third floor of the men's building is not now used for dormitory purposes, but an increase in population might require it, hence outside fire-escapes may well be added.

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