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wages and labor; 13.3 per cent. for provisions; 2.5 per cent. for household stores; 5.2 per cent. for clothing; 17.4 per cent. for fuel and light; .2 of 1 per cent. for hospital and medical supplies; .4 of 1 per cent. for transportation and traveling expenses; 6.2 per cent for shop, farm and garden supplies; 1.2 per cent. for ordinary repairs; 1.3 per cent. for expenses of managers, and 4.4 per cent. for all other ordinary expenses.

Chapter 644, Laws of 1901 (appropriation bill), for maintenance and for salaries of officers and teachers appropriated $24,000.

Chapter 645, Laws of 1901 (supply bill), for deficiency on account of maintenance for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1901, appropriated $2,000.

Chapter 642, Laws of 1901 (supplemental supply bill), for grading of grounds appropriated $7,500.

Chapter 707, Laws of 1901 (special act), made the following appropriations: For the erection of one brick dormitory building having capacity for 40 inmates (boys), $13,000; for steel tower and tank for water supply, $2,500; for repairs and alterations to hospital, $500; for fire apparatus, $350; for grading, $2,500. The special new appropriations amounted to $26,350, and the total appropriations to $52,350.

No contracts have been made for the erection of the brick dormitory building, for which $13,000 was appropriated, nor for the steel tower and tank for water supply, $2,500.

The work under the other appropriations has been contracted


Additional and improved accommodation provided by the new buildings has made it possible to do more satisfactory work, and as the Asylum assumes its final form it is taking rank with other

successful institutions devoted to Indian education.

The appropriation of $13,000 for an additional dormitory has proven insufficient, owing to the increased cost of material. It will be necessary to add to this appropriation at least $3,000 to secure the immediate erection of this dormitory. Another building of the same size is needed for the accommodation of the boys. This will take the place of the dangerous frame building now used as a dormitory, and will complete the original plan for the dormitories adopted in 1896 by the State authorities and the Board of Managers.

An appropriation is also needed to build a new power-house, chimney stack, and connecting subways. The site selected for the power-house is sufficiently removed from the main group of buildings to diminish the danger of fire, and at the same time provide adequate room for the heating and power plants.

Conduits, tanks and fittings in connection with the new water tower are necessary, as is also an additional dynamo.

This Asylum is the only State institution which affords education and shelter to destitute and orphan Indian children, and should be thoroughly equipped to prepare these Indian wards of the State for the responsibilities of life. The time is, probably, not far distant when all Indians will be full citizens, and the State of New York owes it to itself to see that those for whom it is directly responsible shall be ready for the duties and privileges of citizenship. It is not enough that these children be fed, clothed and sheltered; they must be properly trained. An education which falls short of a full equipment for the duties and opportunities of the strenuous life of our modern civilization is incomplete. It tends to discouragement-to the loss of that heart and hope which is the mainspring of success. This is especially true of our Indian wards. They enter our competitive life under a heavy

handicap. They are easily discouraged by failure, and in addi. tion must face the conscious or unconscious opposition of a dominant race. Hence their education and training should be such as will overcome the natural handicap under which they labor, and furnish the means for self-support gained in honor. able and profitable employment.

From another consideration this Asylum deserves hearty support. The children are gathered from all the Indian reservations of this state, and take back to these reservations the spirit of modern civilization. Each Indian child, thoroughly trained and educated, becomes a living force for good to the older Indians. The work of the school is felt in the homes and quickens a commendable ambition for better things. It thus acts as a check to prevent an increase of pauperism, and promotes thrift and enterprise. Thus the Asylum does a double work and exerts an influence on the adult Indians, as well as upon the children in its care. It makes for the mental, moral and physical welfare of all the Indians in the State of New York, and is, therefore, an important factor in the promotion of the general welfare.

The Board recommends the following appropriations, or so much thereof as may be necessary, for the institution:

For one brick building, having capacity for 40 inmates (boys) and attendants, $17,500; for additional appropriation to supplement the appropriation of $13,000 for a brick building, made by chapter 707, Laws of 1901, $4,500; for furnishing, $600; for conduit, piping, tanks, and fittings in connection with the new water tower, $3,000; for additional dynamo, wiring and lights, $3,000; for moving and converting “ Nursery” into a laundry building, $2,000; for flooring in basements of present dormitories, $400;

for labor of installing plumbing fixtures in hospital addition, $100; for power house, chimney stack and connecting subways, $15,000; for new boilers and connections, and removing plant to new power-house, $6,500; making the special appropriations approved of, $52,600; maintenance appropriation, $25,000; making the total appropriation, $77,600.



[Established 1865.] This School has capacity for 120 pupils. The number of pupils October 1, 1900, was 100, and 34 were received during the year. The number in attendance October 1, 1901, was 109, of whom 60 were boys and 49 were girls. The average number during the year was 121, and the average weekly cost of support, including the value of home products ($277.89), $6.10; excluding the value of home products, $6.06.

The receipts of this institution for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1901, were as follows: Cash balance from the preceding year, $74.12; from special appropriations, $3,528.35; from general appropriations, $38,300.71; from all other sources, $1,403.57; total, $43,306.75.

The ordinary expenditures were: For salaries of officers, wages and labor, $23,922.27; for provisions, $7,027.01; for household stores, $355.75; for clothing, $501.88; for fuel and light, $3,183.22; for hospital and medical supplies, $175.58; for transportation and traveling expenses, $136.09; for shop, farm and garden supplies, $1,110.17; for ordinary repairs, $41.36; for expenses of trustees, $236.16; returned to State Treasurer, $1,403.57; for all other ordinary expenses, $1,279.96; total ordinary expenditures, $39,673.02.

The total extraordinary expenditures were $3,528.35 for improvements, making the aggregate expenditures $43,201.37. The only asset October 1, 1901, was the balance in cash, $105.38.

Of the ordinary expenditures during the year, 62.5 per cent. was for salaries, wages and labor; 18.3 per cent. for provisions; .9 of 1 per cent. for household stores; 1.3 per cent. for clothing; 9.1 per cent. for fuel and light; .5 of 1 per cent. for hospital and medical supplies; .4 of 1 per cent. for transportation and travel. ing expenses; 2.9 per cent for shop, farm and garden supplies; .6 of 1 per cent. for expenses of trustees, and 3.5 per cent. for all other ordinary expenses, including a small expenditure for ordinary repairs.

Chapter 644, Laws of 1901 (appropriation bill), appropriated for the maintenance and instruction of the inmates $38,000; and the supply bill, chapter 645, made a further appropriation for maintenance of $2,000.

Chapter 405, Laws of 1901 (special act), appropriated the following sums for the benefit of the school: For repairs and betterments (in addition to $1,500 appropriated by chapter 419, Laws of 1900), $1,500; for electric wiring and fixtures, $2,500; for lockers in gymnasium, $446; for library and apparatus, $1,000; for painting woodwork, walls and ironwork, $1,000; for fire extinguishers, $100; a total of $6,546.

Thus the total of all appropriations, special and general, was $46,546.

All the sums appropriated for extraordinary repairs for the State School for the Blind at Batavia have been either expended or the work is contracted for.

The general conditions which prevailed in this school at the time of the last annual report continue substantially unchanged.

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