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“Father of Lakes 1 thy waters bend
Beyond the eagle's utmost view,
When, throned in heaven, he sees thee send
Back to the sky its world of blue.

“Boundless and deep, the forests weave
Their twilight shade thy borders o'er,
And threatening cliffs, like giants, heave
Their rugged forms along thy shore.”

LAKE SUPERIOR, the Mediterranean Sea of America, is the largest body of fresh water on the face of the globe. It is 627 feet above the level of the sea, 360 miles long, 160 wide, and its mean depth has been estimated at 900 feet, its elevation above Lakes Huron and Michigan 49 feet, and it is said that near two hundred rivers and creeks flow into it. The greater part of these rivers are not navigable, except by canoes, owing to their numerous falls and rapids.

More than two hundred years ago, before the emigrants of the “Mayflower” ever trod on New England soil, the

French Jesuits of Canada had partially explored this great

lake, and described the form of its shores, in their reports,
as similar to that of a bended bow, the northern shore
being the arc and the southern the cord, while Keweenaw
Point, projecting from the southern shore to the middle of
the lake, is the arrow. A description published by one of
them in Paris, in 1638, is accompanied with a map, dis-
playing the geographical positions of its shores with as
much fidelity as most of those of the present day.
Almost the whole line of its shores is rock-bound; the
rocks, in many places, rising to the height of from ten to
two hundred feet. One of the earliest discoverers described
the lake as “an ocean in a storm, sculptured in granite,”
so striking was the aspect of its bold rocks and towering
mountains, torn, as it were, from their places by some
mighty convulsion of nature. In some places, mountain
masses of considerable elevation stretch along the shore,
while mural precipices, and beetling crags, oppose them-
selves to the surges of this mighty lake, and threaten the
unfortunate mariner, who may be caught in a storm on a
lee shore, with almost inevitable destruction.
High ranges of hills stretch along the northern shores,
commencing in Canada, and reaching to Minnesota. They
arise from twelve hundred to thirteen hundred feet above
the lake, covered with a sparse and stunted growth of
pines, and other varieties of evergreens, mixed with the
usual northern vegetation of birch, aspen, and other trees
peculiar to this region, and presenting scenery unrivalled
for its beauty. The shore is indented with numerous small
bays and harbors. Some of these bays afford secure shel-
ter from storms, as they are sometimes overhung by high
walls of rock, rising from 300 to 600 feet above the water.
Several towns have recently been laid out on the American
shore, which extends about one hundred and fifty miles
along the northwestern coast of the lake. From the re-

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