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purpose in it. A smiling Providence. The very man. The first formal call to the pastorate. Mr. Lord accepts. The beginning of a brilliant ministry. A happy occasion. A lofty motive. God's seal upon it. The most remarkable revival as yet. Another one, Still another more powerful than the others. Mr. Lord's sacred enthronement in the hearts of his people. A privilege. His tragic death. Its awful gloom upon the community. Widefelt sorrow. “Those dear children have they been hurt !” “The Lord have mercy, I am going." A solemn and memorable day in August, 1861. Rev. Dr. Whitaker's high tribute. Mr. Lord's charming personality. Unusual powers. His remarkable services in Boston. Rev. Mr. Jones's conversion. A bright gem in his crown. The church enlarged. Belfry added. Mr. Lord's family.

CHAPTER VII. Other ambassadors of the Most High. Mr. Lord's successor. Rev. Charles H.

Holloway. His coming to Shelter Island. Installed as pastor. Length of service. A man of marked literary ability. Building the present parsonage. Various homes of the clergy who resided on Shelter Island. The first parsonage owned by the Society. Mr. Holloway's successor. Coming of the Rev. Thomas Harries. Unanimously called as pastor. Dully installed. Various clergy assisting at installation. Mr. Harries' long term of service. An able and efficient servant. Ministry blessed with revival power. Number of persons who united with the Church during ministry. Memory greatly cherished. Forced to resign through ill health. Resolutions of the Church concerning his services. Moved to Brooklyn. Date of death. Place of birth. His early life. Called to the ministry. Various fields of labor. A preacher of righteousness for fifty years. Succeeded by the Rev. Dr. A. P. Bissell. Date of coming. Relation to the Society. His ministry favored with a blessed quickening. A scholarly man. The receiver of various degrees from American and European institutions. Place of birth. Course of study. Varied labors. His present honorable position. Dr. Bissell followed by the Rev. Benjamin F. Parliman. Term of service on Shelter Island. Blessed with a remarkable revival. Largest in gathering in the history of the Church. A memorable occasion. Two consecrated young souls. Their holy zeal. An untimely death, but not in vain. Another speedy death. Bro. Parliman's ministry. Conspicuous also for the erection of our cozy chapel. His place of birth and present charge. His successor, the author. Unanimously called as pastor. Installation services and those who took part. His place of birth. Parentage. Early life. Called from a mercantile life into the gospel ministry. Course of preparation. Graduation and ordination. First service in the ministry. Second service as pastor of the Newtown Presbyterian Church. His great privilege. Called to Shelter Island. His saintly mother. A tribute of love and an ardent wish. Representatives of the Church in the gospel ministry. Those who are living. Rev. Charles E, Havens and Rev. Nelson B. Chester. Sketches of their earnest and useful careers. Our noble roll of Ruling Elders. Short biographies of each of those who have passed to their eternal reward. Other noted worthy members of the Church and congregation. Conclusion. Poem, “ Hallowed Echoes."

As an introduction to this volume, permit these few words concerning its origin. In July, 1896, feeling the need of renovating our church building, a meeting was called to consider the best means for raising the required funds.

Two means were decided upon, namely, the holding of a lawn festival and the circulation of a subscription paper among the members and friends of the church. These were immediately put into execution, with the happy result that we were able to completely renovate the interior of our main audience room by the third Sunday of the following March, at a cost of about fifteen hundred dollars, all of which was paid for, with a small balance besides, which was turned to missionary purposes. With gratitude to God for His favor upon our work, we felt the need of rededicating our renovated building to His service, and prepared accordingly a series of services to begin with Sunday, March 21st, and to continue through the week until and including the following Sunday. On the morning of the first Sunday the renovated building was rededicated, the rededicatory sermon being preached by the Rev. Arthur P. Newman, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Bridgehampton, L. I. We turned to him for this important service not only because he is an able Presbyter and beloved, but because he is a successor in the pastorate of the Bridgehampton Church of the Rev. Dr. Aaron Woolworth, who preached the first dedicatory sermon when the present building was completed in 1817. Brother Newman's text was the same as Dr. Woolworth's, namely, Ps. 123:6, “The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are glad.” It was an inspiring discourse, and cheered us on in our renewed endeavor. For the evening service of that Sunday we prepared a historical paper, and it was that effort which has led us on to the present result of this volume. We found so much that was interesting and valuable in our research that we were able but to touch the beginning of things on this island in our first paper. We continued our research and presented another installment on the 4th of April following. Again we resumed our study. With increasing delight we found our effort growing both in interest and in proportions. As we came to the time when Shelter Island was fully organized into a town by the election of town officials, and so met the names of the twenty men who were the founders

of our iown, we felt, in view of so much that is creditable and delightful in the history of this place, and of their undying connection with it, that their names were worthy of a more permanent form than had yet been given to them. Thus one thing led on to another until now behold what we have endeavored to do—write a series of historical papers on Shelter Island and its Presbyterian Church, with genealogical tables of most of the founders of the town and church. We say "behold” for the reason that it was something which we least intended to do when we started out in the preparation of an historical paper, to be read in connection with the rededication of our church. We feel that such an effort, had we known it at the beginning, would have made us hesitate to the degree of great reluctance, if not to entire refusal. It is only through the uniform kindness which we have received from one and another that we have been able to accomplish this. Among the many who have thus cheered us on and aided us greatly are the following to whom this public courtesy is due, namely, Rev. Epher Whitaker, D. D., and N. Hubbard Cleveland, of Southold, L. I.; Richard C. Fosdick, of St. Paul, Minn.; Miss Katherine E. Havens, of Stamford, Conn.; Mrs. M. S. D. Lawrence, of Quiogue, L. I.; the Misses Horsfords, of Cambridge, Mass.; Mrs. Daniel Hudson, and Byron Griffing, of Shelter Island; Mrs. Sophar Woodhull, of Laurel, L. I.; Mrs. Stuart Terry, of Peconic, L. I.; Miss Elizabeth M. Brown, of New London, Conn.; Mrs. Mabel L. Huntington, of Rome, N. Y.; Mrs. Emma H. Thomson, of New York city; William Wallace Tooker, of Sag Harbor, L. I.; Rufus King, of Yonkers, N. Y., and George R. Howell, archivist of the State Library, Albany, N. Y.

To them as well as to all who have in any way encouraged and assisted the author he extends most hearty and lastir:g thanks.

And now the volume is to go forth into the hands of the public. What is sought by its issue is simply this: to help fix in memory and in history the things it records as having occurred upon this beautiful island.

Faithfully yours, Shelter Island, N. Y.

J. E. MALLMANN. March 15, 1899.

ERRATA Page 42, line 38, for George and Mary Havens of Fisher's Island substitute Jonathan and Ilannak (Brown) Havens.

Page 43, line 40, omit daughter of Jonathan and Eliza Brown, and grand-daughter of the first Nathaniel Sylvester.

Page 80, in table and wherever subsequently the name Doughlass is so spelt; it should be Douglass.

Page 127, line 16, for Edward read Edgar.
Page 136, line 18, for Annable read Annabal.

AND ITS PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.

CHAPTER I.

Remember the former things of old.

-PROPHET ISAIAH. THESE words enjoin upon us a precious duty, the duty of retro

spection, of calling up the past. It therefore has to do with history. In complying then with this charge, “Remember the former things of old,” we shall endeavor to set before you that part of the past which bears upon the history of this fair isle of the sea, and of this honored Church of God. In other words, I am moved to give you an historical paper; the subject of which is, “Shelter Island and its Presbyterian Church.” I am moved to do this, because the occasion of this morning, namely, the rededication of this renovated building to the service and glory of God, gives a fitting opportunity to do what our text exhorts us to do, that is, take a glance backward and “remember the former things of old.” For such an event emphasizes the past; is in itself a reminder of former days. A rededication suggests a first or former dedication. It thus turns the mind backward, and the mind once thus turned, seems to take delight in travelling over the whole line of sequence and antecedents. Besides this, as I remarked in my opening sentence, the duty enjoined in our text is a most precious duty, precious not only in the sense of being valuable, a truth in itself sufficient to incite one's powers to such a duty, but precious in the sense of exciting within us peculiar affections and encouragements; in showing us how vitally the present is connected with the past; the present being but the outgrowth of the past, as the man is but the outgrowth or development of the boy. By this study we shall see, that the opportunities of to-day are the flowers of the buds of yesterday. That without a past there could never have been a present, much less a future, all of which is precious, doubly precious, since as Dr. McKenzie says in his introduction to Dr. Byington's recent work on “The Puritan,” “no study is more essential than that which makes us wise in our past that we may be prudent in our future.” By the help of our God, I want to aid you in catching this thread of development; this sequence and consequence in the history of this beautiful island with which the life of our church is so closely interwoven. I can say, that to me it has been both a pleasant and a profitable study. It has excited within me those peculiar affections and encouragements already referred to. I have been thrilled by the many things of interest, the hallowed memories, sacred associations, attractive personalities, etc., connected with this garden spot of earth. And as I was thus affected, I understood, at least in part, why a beautiful daughter of this island and church, should have been moved to write the sweet poem, “My Native Isle,” that Mrs. Mary Gardiner Horsford did. The subject is worthy of every line of it. I too have wished that the feelings which have come to me, while pursuing my present purpose, might have been voiced and versed through a poet's skill. This much will do for an introduction.

Let me now proceed to give you what I have been able to gather together from one source and another. The earliest reference bearing upon this island that has come under my notice bears the date of 1637. That, my hearers, is just two hundred and sixty years ago. It is a memorable year in the history of our country. Memorable for the conquest that the New England settlers achieved under the leadership of Capt. John Mason and Capt. John Underhill over the fierce tribe of Indians known as the “Pequoits," who had so long harassed and terrorized them. But in that year, goaded on to extreme measures by the murders that the Pequoits had committed, those early settlers rose up in their might and exterminated that tribe of savages by the aid of fire, sword and gun. It is in connection with that very work of conquest on the hills of Mystic, Conn., that this first reference touching our island is made. Before mentioning it, however, it will help us in our understanding of it, to know that the Pequoits were the most powerful tribe of Indians east of the Hudson River. Their chief sachem, according to Goodkin's History, "held dominion over divers petty Sagamores, who were chiefs of the tribes on Long Island, over the Mohegans, and over the Sagamores of Quinipiac, yea, over all the people that dwelt on the Connecticut River, and over some of the most southerly inhabitants of the Nipmuck country about Quinebaug.” Hence the tribes on Long Island, including Shelter Island, were subject to the Pequoits; and acknowledged it, by paying them tribute. Indeed, the earliest

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