Yale University Press, 14 Mei 2019 - 192 halaman
A compelling guide to the fundamental place of humour and comedy within Western culture—by one of its greatest exponents
Written by an acknowledged master of comedy, this study reflects on the nature of humour and the functions it serves. Why do we laugh? What are we to make of the sheer variety of laughter, from braying and cackling to sniggering and chortling? Is humour subversive, or can it defuse dissent? Can we define wit?
Packed with illuminating ideas and a good many excellent jokes, the book critically examines various well-known theories of humour, including the idea that it springs from incongruity and the view that it reflects a mildly sadistic form of superiority to others. Drawing on a wide range of literary and philosophical sources, Terry Eagleton moves from Aristotle and Aquinas to Hobbes, Freud, and Bakhtin, looking in particular at the psychoanalytical mechanisms underlying humour and its social and political evolution over the centuries.
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Alexander Bain allows amusement argues Bakhtin bathos benevolence body Brecht carnival carnivalesque Challenor Charles Darwin chuckle claim comedians comedy comic contrast critique culture death delight disruption eighteenth-century emotional English Essay fact fear feeling fiction form of humour Francis Hutcheson Frankie Howerd Freud Friedrich Nietzsche funny George Meredith Gethin Price gratifying human humour involves Ibid incongruity theory individual involve incongruities Irish irony joke kind Kundera laugh laughter London Matthew Bevis McBrain meaning Mikhail Bakhtin Milan Kundera mind mode momentary moral nature NoŽl Carroll norms novel novelist Oliver Goldsmith one’s philosopher play pleasure political reality relax release theory remarks repression Richard Steele Samuel SŠndor Ferenczi satire sense sentiment sexual Shaftesbury Short Introduction Oxford simply Slavoj Žižek smile social order speaks spirit Sterne’s superego superiority theory theatre theory of humour there’s things tion truth virtue Waters’s Wilde’s William Hazlitt witticism women writes York Zupancˇicˇ