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16 He measured the east 'side with the 19 He turned about to the west side, measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with and measured five hundred reeds with the the measuring reed round about.

measuring reed. 17 He measured the north side, five hun- 20 He measured it by the four sides : it dred reeds, with the measuring reed round had a wall round about, five hundred reeds about.

long, and five hundred broad, to make a se18 He measured the south side, five hun paration between the sanctuary and the prodred reeds, with the measuring reed.

fane place.

6 Heb. wind.

Verse 4. " There they shall lay their garments wherein they minister.”—From this it appears still more clearly than from Exod. xxviii., that the priests did not ordinarily wear any of the sacred garments in which they discharged their sacred functions. Whether there was any thing in their dress which distinguished them in common life from the mass of the people does not appear in Scripture ; but certainly they wore none of their sacied habiliments ; and the probability is, that they wore the common dress of the time, being, as the Targum expresses it, “mingled with the people." The Jewish writers favour the opinion that the priests appeared in the common dress of private persons when not officiating. The Rabbinical writers say that the priestly wardrobe was kept by a priest, whose duty it was to deliver out and receive back the sacerdotal vestments, the several articles of which were kept separately in chests in an apartment appropriated to the purpose, each chest having on it the name of the article of dress which it contained, so that there was no confusion or mistake when the dresses were wanted.

CHAPTER XLIII.

*and the wall between me and them, they 1 The returning of the glory of God into the temple. have even defiled my holy name by their 7 The sin of Israel hindered God's presence. 10 abominations that they have committed : The prophet erhofteth them to repentance, and wherefore I have consumed them in mine observation of the law of the house. 13 The mea

anger. sures, 18 and the ordinances of the altar.

9 Now let them put away their whoreAFTERWARD he brought me to the gate, dom, and the carcases of their kings, far even the gate that looketh toward the east : from me, and I will dwell in the midst of

2 And, behold, the glory of the God of them for ever. Israel came from the way of the east: and 10 | Thou son of man, shew the house "his voice was like a noise of many waters : to the house of Israel, that they may be and the earth shined with his glory. ashamed of their iniquities : and let them

3 And it was 'according to the appear- measure the 'pattern. ance of the vision which I saw, even accord. 11 And if they be ashamed of all that ing to the vision that I saw 'when I came to they have done, shew them the form of the destroy the city: and the visions were like house, and the fashion thereof, and the the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; goings out thereof, and the comings in and I fell upon my face.

thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all 4 And the glory of the Lord came into the ordinances thereof, and all the forms the house by the way of the gate whose thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write prospect is toward the east.

it in their sight, that they may keep the 5 So the spirit took me up, and brought whole form thereof, and all the ordinances me into the inner court; and, behold, the thereof, and do them. glory of the Lord filled the house.

12 This is the law of the house; Upon 6 And I heard him speaking unto me the top of the mountain the whole límit out of the house; and the man stood by thereof round about shall be most holy. Be

hold, this is the law of the house. 7 | And he said unto me, Son of man, 13 | And these are the measures of the the place of my throne, and the place of the altar after the cubits: The cubit is a cubit soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the and an hand breadth; even the bottom midst of the children of Israel for ever, and shall be a cubit, and the breadth a cubit, my holy name, shall the house of Israel no and the border thereof by the 'edge thereof more defile, neither they, nor their kings, round about shall be a span: and this shall by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of be the higher place of the altar. their kings in their high places.

14 And from the bottom upon the ground 8 In their setting of their threshold by even to the lower settle shall be two cubits, my thresholds, and their post by my posts, and the breadth one cubit; and from the 1 Chap. 1.2. Chap. I. 4, and 8. 4. 3 Or, when I came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed. See chap. 9. 2, 5.

me.

o Or, sum, or, number.

• Or, for there was but a wall between me and them.

6 Heb. bosum.

7 Heb. lip.

lesser settle even to the greater settle shall 21 Thou shalt take the bullock also of be four cubits, and the breadth one cubit. the sin offering, and he shall burn it in the

15 So the altar shall be four cubits; and appointed place of the house, without the from 'the altar and upward shall be four sanctuary: horns.

22 And on the second day thou shalt 16 And the altar shall be twelve cubits offer a kid of the goats without blemish for long, twelve broad, square in the four squares a sin offering; and they shall cleanse the thereof.

altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock. 17 And the settle shall be fourteen cubits 23 When thou hast made an end of cleanslong and fourteen broad in the four squares ing it, thou shalt offer a young bullock withthereof; and the border about it shall be out blemish, and a ram out of the flock half a cubit; and the bottom thereof shall without blemish. be a cubit about; and his stairs shall look 24 And thou shalt offer them before the toward the east.

LORD, and the priests shall cast salt upon 18 | And he said unto me, Son of man, them, and they shall offer them up for a thus saith the Lord God; These are the or- burnt offering unto the LORD. dinances of the altar in the day when they 25 Seven days shalt thou prepare every shall make it, to offer burnt offerings there- day a goat for a sin offering: they shall also on, and to sprinkle blood thereon.

prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of 19 And thou shalt give to the priests the the flock, without blemish. Levites that be of the seed of Zadok, which 26 Seven days shall they purge the altar approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith and purify it; and they shall consecrate the Lord God, a young bullock for a sin themselves. offering

27 And when these days are expired, it 20 Ånd thou shalt take of the blood shall be, that upon the eighth day, and so thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, forward, the priests shall make your burnt and on the four corners of the settle, and offerings upon the altar, and your "peace upon the border round about: thus shalt offerings; and I will accept you, saith the thou cleanse and purge it.

Lord GOD. 8 Heb. Harel, that is, the mountain of God. • Heb. Ariel, that is, the lion of God. 10 Heb. fill their hands. 11 Or, thank offerings Verse 3. When I came to destroy the city.”—That is, when he came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed. This is a strong and remarkable instance of what occurs several times in the writings of the prophets, who express themselves as doing, or having done, that which they were commissioned to foretel or declare. Some other instances of this practice have been noticed as they occurred.

7. By the carcases of their kings.”—Michaelis, apparently following a hint to that effect in the Targum, suggests that some of the kings were buried and their monuments erected near the wall which surrounded the temple and its courts, and that this vicinity is regarded as a profanation of the temple. The very general disposition manifested in different countries to inter the dead in or near holy places renders this far from improbable; while, on the other hand, it is certain that the law regarded the contact and proximity of a dead body as most polluting Other explanations of the present text have, however, been given. Some understand the passage to refer to idols, called “carcases," as things lifeless and abominable, while others suppose it alludes to the carcases of the human sacrifices offered to Moloch or Milcom, understanding the word rendered their kings” as the proper or titular name of this idol.

8. “ Threshold." -See the note on 1 Sam. v. 5.

same.

CHAPTER XLIV.

3 It is for the prince; the prince, he shall I The east gate assigned only to the prince. 4 The

sit in it to eat bread before the LORD ; he priests reproved for polluting of the sanctuary. shall enter by the way of the porch of that 9 Idolaters uncapable of the priest's office. 15 gate, and shall go out by the way of the The sons of Zadok are accepted thereto. 17 Or. dinances for the priests.

4. Then brought he me the way of the Then he brought me back the way of the north gate before the house: and I looked, gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the toward the east; and it was shut.

house of the LORD: and I fell upon my 2 Then said the LORD unto me; This face. gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, 5 And the LORD said unto me, Son of and no man shall enter in by it; because man, 'mark well, and behold with thine

eyes, the LORD, the God of Israel, hath entered and hear with thine ears all that I say unto in by it, therefore it shall be shut.

thee concerning all the ordinances of the

Heb. set thine heart.

house of the Lord, and all the laws thereof; , and they shall come near to my table, to and mark well the entering in of the house, minister unto me, and they shall keep my with every going forth of the sanctuary.

charge. 6 And thou shalt say to the rebellious, 17 | And it shall come to pass, that when even to the house of Israel, Thus saith the they enter in at the gates of the inner courts Lord God; O ye house of Israel, let it they shall be clothed with linen garments; suffice you of all your abominations, and no wool shall come upon them, while,

7 In that ye have brought into my sanc- they minister in the gates of the inner court, tuary'strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and and within. uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanc

18 They shall have linen bonnets upon tuary, to pollute it, even my house, when ye their heads, and shall have linen breeches offer my bread, the fat and the blood, and upon their loins; they shall not gird themthey have broken my covenant because of all selves so with any thing that causeth sweat. your abominations.

19 And when they go forth into the utter 8 And ye have not kept the charge of court, even into the utter court to the people, mine holy things : but ye have set keepers they shall put off their garments wherein of my 'charge in my sanctuary for your they ministered, and lay them in the holy selves.

chambers, and they shall put on other gar9 Thus saith the Lord God; No ments; and they shall not sanctify the peostranger, uncircumcised in heart, nor uncir- ple with their garments. cumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanc- 20 Neither shall they shave their heads, tuary, of any stranger that is among the nor suffer their locks to grow long; they children of Israel.

shall only poll their heads. 10 And the Levites that are gone away

21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, far from me, when Israel went astray, which when they enter into the inner court. went astray away from me after their idols ; 22 Neither shall they take for their wives they shall even bear their iniquity.

a 'widow, nor her that is put away: but il Yet they shall be ministers in my they shall take maidens of the seed of the sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house of Israel, or a widow 'that had a priest house, and ministering to the house: they before. shall slay the burnt offering and the sacri- 23 And they shall teach my people the fice for the people, and they shall stand be difference between the holy and profane, and fore them to minister unto them.

cause them to discern between the unclean 12 Because they ministered unto them and the clean. before their idols, and caused the house of 24 And in controversy they shall stand Israel to fall into iniquity; therefore have I in judgment; and they shall judge it accordlifted up mine hand against them, saith the ing to my judgments: and they shall keep Lord God, and they shall bear their iniquity. my laws and my statutes in all mine assem

13 And they shall not come near unto blies; and they shall hallow my sabbaths. me, to do the office of a priest unto me, nor 25 And they shall come at no 'dead perto come near to any of my holy things, in son to defile themselves : but for father, or the most holy place: but they shall bear for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for their shame, and their abominations which brother, or for sister that hath had no husthey have committed.

, . 14 But I will make them keepers of the 26 And after he is cleansed, they shall charge of the house, for all the service there. reckon unto him seven days. of, and for all that shall be done therein. 27 And in the day that he goeth into the

15 | But the priests the Levites, the sons sanctuary, unto the inner court, to minister of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanc- in the sanctuary, he shall offer his sin offertuary when the children of Israel went astray ing, saith the Lord God. from me, they shall come near to me to mi- 28 And it shall be unto them for an innister unto me, and they shall stand before heritance: I "am their inheritance: and yo me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, shall give them no possession in Israel: I saith the Lord God:

am their possession. 16 They shall enter into my sanctuary, 29 They shall eat the meat offering, and

3 Or, ward, or, ordinance: and so verse 14 and 16. • Hleb. were for a stumbling-block of iniquity unle, & s Or, ia sweating places. 11 Num. 18. 20. Deut. 10.9, and 18. 1, 2. Josh. 13. 14, 33

? Heb, children of a stranger.

6 Heb. in, or, with sweat, 10 Lev. 21.1:11.

7 Levit. 21. 13.

8 Heb. thrust forth.

Heb. from a priest.

20)

VOL. III.

2 D

15 Exod. 29. 31. Lev. 22. &

the sin offering, and the trespass offering; ye shall also give unto the priest the first of and every dedicated thing in Israel shall your dough, that he may cause the blessing be their's.

to rest in thine house. 30 And the 13 1* first of all the firstfruits of 31 The priest shall not eat of any thing all things, and every oblation of all, of every that is dead of itself, or torn, whether it be sort of your oblations, shall be the priest's : fowl or beast. 12 Or, devoted. 13 Or, chief.

14 Exod. 13.2, and 22. 29, 30. Num. 3. 13, and 18. 12. Verse 2. This gate shall be shut.”—In the note to 1 Chron. ix. 18, we have taken some notice of the Oriental custom of honouring monarchs by appropriating gates to their exclusive use, keeping them closed, except when they are to enter, and building them completely up when the sovereign has finally passed through them. This usage seems to explain the present passage: and to the illustrations already given we may now add the one furnished by Chardin, who informs us, that when a great man in Persia had built a palace, it was the custom for him to entertain the king and his grandees in it for several days. The great gate was iheu kept open ; but when the festivities were over, and the king had departed, it was shut up to be opened no more. He adds, that he understood the same custom to exist in Japan

20. They shall only poll their heads.”—That is, only cut their hair: they were not to shave their heads, on the one hand, nor to allow their hair to grow long, on the other. Jerome conjectures that the regulation forbidding the priests to shave their heads was in order

to distinguish them from several of the heathen priests, and particularly the Egyptian priests of lsis and Serapis, who had their heads shaved and uncovered. Most of the rules which the priests are directed to observe, in this chapter, are the same as those that occur in the Law of Moses, where the most remarkable of them have already received our attention.

CHAPTER XLV.

lation of the holy portion : it shall be for the

whole house of Israel. 1 The portion of land for the sanctuary, 6 for the 7. And a portion shall be for the prince city, 7 and for the prince. 9 Ordinances for the

on the one side and on the other side of the prince.

oblation of the holy portion, and of the posMOREOVER, 'when ye shall divide by lot the session of the city, before the oblation of land for inheritance, ye shall offer an obla- the holy portion, and before the possession tion unto the LORD, 'an holy portion of the of the city, from the west side westward, land: the length shall be the length of five and from the east side eastward: and the and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth length shall be over against one of the porshall be ten thousand. This shall be holy tions, from the west border unto the east in all the borders thereof round about. border.

2 Of this there shall be for the sanctuary 8 In the land shall be his possession in five hundred in length, with five hundred in Israel: and my princes shall no more opbreadth, square round about; and fifty press my people; and the rest of the land cubits round about for the 'suburbs there shall they give to the house of Israel accordof.

ing to their tribes. 3 And of this measure shalt thou mea- 9 Thus saith the Lord God; Let it sure the length of five and twenty thousand, suffice

you, O princes of Israel : remove and the breadth of ten thousand: and in it violence and spoil

, and execute judgment shall be the sanctuary and the most holy and justice, take away your 'exactions from place.

my people, saith the Lord God. 4 The holy portion of the land shall be 10 Ye shall have just 'balances, and a for the priests the ministers of the sanc- just ephah, and a just bath. tuary, which shall come near to minister 11 The ephah and the bath shall be of unto the LORD: and it shall be a place for one measure, that the bath may contain the their houses, and an holy place for the sanc- tenth part of an homer, and the ephah the tuary.

tenth part of an homer : the measure thereof 5 And the five and twenty thousand of shall be after the homer. length, and the ten thousand of breadth, 12 And the 'shekel shall be twenty geshall also the Levites, the ministers of the rahs: twenty shekels, five and twenty shehouse, have for themselves, for a possession kels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh. for twenty chambers.

13 This is the oblation that ye shall offer; 6. And ye shall appoint the possession the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of of the city five thousand broad, and five and wheat, and ye shall give the sixth part of an twenty thousand long, over against the ob- ephah of an homer of barley : I Heb. when ye cause the land to fall.

3 Or, void places. * Heb. espulsions,

? Heb, holiness, * Exod. 30. 13. Levit, 27.25.

Lerit. 19. 33, 36.

Num 3. 47.

goats

14 Concerning the ordinance of oil, the the settle of the altar, and upon the posts bath of oil, ye shall offer the tenth part of a of the gate of the inner court. bath out of the cor, which is an homer of 20 And so thou shalt do the seventh day ten baths; for ten baths are an homer: of the month for every one that erreth, and

15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of for him that is simple: so shall ye reconcile two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Is- the house. rael; for a meat offering, and for a burnt 21 In the first month, in the fourteenth offering, and for 'peace offerings, to make day of the month, ye shall have the passreconciliation for them, saith the Lord God. over, a feast of seven days; unleavened

16 All the people of the land 'shall give bread shall be eaten. this oblation for the prince in Israel. 22 And upon that day shall the prince

17 And it shall be the prince's part to prepare for himself and for all the people give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and of the land a bullock for a sin offering. drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the 23 And seven days of the feast he shall new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all so- prepare a burnt offering to the Lord, seven lemnities of the house of Israel: he shall bullocks and seven rams without blemish prepare the sin offering, and the meat offer- daily the seven days; and a kid of the ing, and the burnt offering, and the "peace daily for a sin offering. offerings, to make reconciliation for the 24 And he shall prepare a meat offering house of Israel.

of an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for first month, in the first day of the month, 25 In the seventh month, in the fifteenth thou shalt take a young bullock without day of the month, shall he do the like in the blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary :

"feast of the seven days, according to the 19 And the priest shall take of the blood sin offering, according to the burnt offering, of the sin offering, and put it upon the posts and according to the meat offering, and acof the house, and upon the four corners of cording to the oil. 7 Or, kid. & Or, thank-offerings. 9 Heb. shall be for. 10 Or, with 11 Or, thank-offerings.

18 Num. 29. 22. Verse 12. “Twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh.—“During the captivity of the Jews, and after their return, they made use of the weights and measures of other nations. Ezekiel accordingly mentions foreign manehs of fifteen, of twenty, and of five and twenty shekels." (Jahn’s ‘Archæologia Biblica,' p. 115.) There is, however, another explanation, which supposes that we are to add these several sums together, in order to obtain the amount of the Hebrew maneh, which is thus stated at sixty shekels. And to account for the singular mode of computation, it is alleged that the component sums were pieces of money, of the respective values stated, and the amount of which made a maneh. Another explanation of this last matter, suggests a reference to the Oriental mode of stating sums of money in contracts and acknowledgments; when, to prevent fraud by changes in single words and figures, not only is the whole sum stated, but it is added, that the half of it is so much, and the quarter so much. Nothing of all this appears very satisfactory to our minds. As it would require discussion, we will not here particularly insist that a comparison of 1 Kings x. 17, with 2 Chron. ix. 16, seems to furnish clearer evidence for taking the maneh at 100 shekels than the present text does for making it sixty ; but, with respect to what is said about coins of different values, we may observe that there is not the least evidence or probability that the Hebrews had any such pieces of money, and that the text does not speak of money or value, but of weight. And then, as to the explanation suggested by the Oriental mode of stating values, it clearly cannot apply in the present instance, since the numbers fifteen, twenty, twenty-five. have not that corresponding relation to each other, and to the whole sum, which the practice alluded to requires. The text is however very difficult; and it is easier to object to the explanations which have been given, than to suggest one liable to no objection.

CHAPTER XLVI.

shall prepare his burnt offering and his

peace offerings, and he shall worship at the i Ordinances for the prince in his worship, 9. and threshold of the gate : then he shall go

for the people. 16 An order for the prince's inhe-forth; but the gate shall not be shut until ritance. 19 The courts for boiling and baking.

the evening Thus saith the Lord God; The gate of the 3 Likewise the people of the land shall inner court that looketh toward the east worship at the door of this gate before the shall be shut the six working days; but on Lord ‘in the sabbaths and in the new the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the moons. day of the new moon it shall be opened. 4 And the burnt offering that the prince

2 And the prince shall enter by the way shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath of the porch of that gate without, and shall day shall be six lambs without blemish, and stand by the post of the gate, and the priests | a ram without blemish.

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