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changed. Thus, Berwind's rates show a favorable rate trend over the 8-year period.

quately determine whether rates on high-valued com. modities cover their cost of movement or support the transport costs on basic commodities.

C. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Conclusion

Rate structures between the U.S. North Atlantic and the Virgin Islands are predominantly breakbulk or AQ type rates.

B. RATES AND COSTS Comparison and histories of ocean rates indicate that North Atlantic-Virgin Islands rates of Alcoa and Atlantic have increased considerably over the past 8 years. In contrast, the South Atlantic-Virgin Islands ocean rates of Florida Inter-Island show a favorable rate his

a tory and are substantially lower than those of Alcoa and Atlantic. Combination rates from New York to St. Thomas via San Juan are also lower than those of Alcoa and Atlantic and have a more favorable rate history as do Puerto Rico Virgin Islands rates. As was true in the case of Puerto Rican ocean rate structures, however, it is difficult to render valid conclusions regarding the rates of Alcoa, Atlantic, Florida Inter-Island, and Ber. wind without the detailed cost information needed to analyze their rate structures. As indicated in part I-chapter IV, such detailed cost information is impor. tant not only to the regulatory process but also to the economy of the Virgin Islands. Like Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands may need higher rates on high-valued commodities to support the cost of moving basic commodities, including meats, milk, flour, and other essential goods. Without specific cost data on important categories of cargo, however, the FMC cannot ade

Recommendation

All carriers should not adhere to traditional modes of transportation and rate structures which may artifi. cially inhibit the application of the efficiencies inherent in containerization and new rate structures.

2. Conclusion

Detailed cost information from carriers serving the U.S.-mainland-Virgin Islands trade is important to the regulatory process and the economy of the Islands. Recommendation

It is recommended that common carriers in the U.S. mainland-Virgin Islands trade develop more detailed data with respect to the cost of transporting specific categories of traffic in this trade.

Appendices

and Bibliography

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix
A (Table 1)

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A (Table 2)
A (Table 3)

A (Table 4)
A (Table 5)

B
B (Cont.)
C (Table 1)

C (Table 2)

C (Table 2,

Cont.)

C (Table 3)

C (Table 4)
C (Table 5)

D (Table 1)

D (Table 2)
D (Table 3)
D (Table 4)
D (Table 5)
D (Table 6)

Puerto Rico: Gross Product and Investment; Income and Consumption: Output of
Manufacturing and Agriculture, 1940–68.
Population of Puerto Rico by Municipalities: 1940-68 (Projected to 1986)
Puerto Rico: Per Capita Income; Gross National Product; and External Trade
(Imports and Exports) With the United States, the Virgin Islands, and Foreign
Countries, for the Fiscal Years 1950–1968 (Projected to 1975)
Total Traffic to and From Puerto Rico: 1957-66 (In 000's of Tons of 2,000 Pounds)
Puerto Rico: Trade With Caribbean, South American, and Central American Coun-
tries, Fiscal Years 1960-67
List of Commodities Essential to the Economy of Puerto Rico
Reasons Why Certain Commodities are Important to the Economy of Puerto Rico
Dry Cargo Traffic Between U.S. Mainland and Puerto Rico, by Trade Area and
Carrier, 1958-67 (Projected to 1975)
Principal Moving Commodities of Sea-Land, Seatrain, Motorships, TMT, SACAL,
Lykes, and GPRL From U.S. Mainland Ports to Puerto Rico, by Area Served,
1966-67
Principal Moving Commodities of Sea-Land, Seatrain, Motorships, TMT, SACAL,
Lykes, and GPRL From U.S. Mainland Ports to Puerto Rico, by Area Served,
1966-67
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Summary of the Container Movements and Vessel Utiliza-
tion Between North Atlantic, South Atlantic, West Coast, and Puerto Rico, 1967
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Container Movements to Consignees in Puerto Rico, 1967
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Container Movements to Islands Nearby Puerto Rico, to and
From West Coast Ports and Other Ports, 1967
Cumulative Frequency Distribution Tables, Sea.Land Service, Inc. Elizabeth, New
Jersey to San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Seatrain Lines, Inc., Edgewater, New Jersey to San Juan, Puerto Rico
TMT Trailer Ferry, Inc., Jacksonville, Florida to San Juan, Puerto Rico
Gulf Puerto Rico Lines, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana to San Juan, Puerto Rico
Sea-Land Service, Inc. From Oakland, California to San Juan, Puerto Rico
Comparison of Sea-Land Service, Inc., and Seatrain Lines, Inc. Total Rates, New
York, New York to San Juan, Puerto Rico
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From Elizabeth, New Jersey to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From Elizabeth, New Jersey to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Commodities Essential to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico From New York to
San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Commodities Essential to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico From New York to
San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Comparison of Sea-Land's New York to San Juan Rates With Corresponding Foreign
Rates From New York to United Kingdom, Haiti, Santo Domingo, and Jamaica :
June 1, 1968
Seatrain Lines, Inc. Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates on Principal Moving Com-
modities From New Jersey to San Juan, September 1, 1963; June 1, 1968
Seatrain Lines, Inc. Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates on Principal Moving Com-
modities From New Jersey to San Juan, September 1, 1963; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From Jacksonville, Florida to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From Jacksonville, Florida to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968

E (Table 1)

E (Table 1,

Cont.)

E (Table 2)

E (Table 2,

Cont.)

E (Table 3)

E (Table 4)

E (Table 4,

Cont.)
E (Table 5)

E (Table 5,

Cont.)

E (Table 6)

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E (Table 7)

E (Table 7,

Cont.)

E (Table 8)

E (Table 8,

Cont.)

E (Table 9)

E (Table 10)

E (Table 10,

Cont.)

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E (Table 11)

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E (Table 12)

TMT Trailer Ferry, Inc. (C. Gordon Anderson, Trustee) Trailerload and Less-
Than-Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates on Principal Moving Commodities From
Miami/Jacksonville to San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1, 1960; June 1, 1968
Gulf-Puerto Rico Lines Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From New Orleans, Louisiana to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1961; June 1, 1968
Gulf-Puerto Rico Lines Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From New Orleans, Louisiana to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1961; June 1, 1968
Gulf.Puerto Rico Lines, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight
Rates on Commodities Essential to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico From New
Orleans, La. to San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1, 1961; June 1, 1968
Gulf-Puerto Rico Lines, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight
Rates on Commodities Essential to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico From New
Orleans, La. to San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 1, 1961; June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc. Trailerload and Less Than Trailerload Ocean Freight Rates
on Principal Moving Commodities From Oakland, California to San Juan, Puerto
Rico, September 1, 1961; June 1, 1968
Comparison of Sea-Land Service, Inc.'s Rates on Trailerload Shipments to the
Corresponding Rates of TMT Trailer Ferry, Inc. and Gulf-Puerto Rico Lines, Inc.
From U.S. Atlantic and Gulf Ports to San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 1, 1968
Comparison of Sea-Land Service, Inc.'s Rates on Trailerload Shipments to the
Corresponding Rates of TMT Trailer Ferry, Inc. and Gulf-Puerto Rico Lines, Inc.
From U.S. Atlantic and Gulf Ports to San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 1, 1968
Sea-Land Service, Inc./Berwind Lines, Inc. TL Combination Ocean Freight Rates
From New York Via San Juan to St. Thomas With Comparison to Atlantic Lines-
New York to St. Thomas Rates on Commodities Essential to the Virgin Islands
Alcoa Steamship Company, Atlantic Lines, Ltd. and Florida Inter Island Shipping
Corporation Ocean Freight Rates on Commodities Essential to the Virgin Islands
From U.S. Atlantic Ports to Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
Alcoa Steamship Company Ocean Freight Rates on Principal Moving Commodities
From New York to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
Berwind Lines, Inc. and Florida Inter-Island Shipping Corporation Ocean Freight
Rates on Principal Moving Commodities From U.S. Atlantic and Puerto Rico to
St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
Berwind Lines, Inc. Trailerload Ocean Rates on Commodities Essential to the Virgin
Islands From San Juan, Puerto Rico to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
Abbreviations
Effect of Southbound Ocean Freight Rates and Retailer Markups on Selected Main-
land Wholesale Prices—1967
Indices of Ocean Freight Rates, Retail Prices and Traffic Volume (Imports) Com-
pared, 1960-67
Indices of Ocean Freight Rates, Retail Prices and Traffic Volume (Imports) Com-
pared, 1960-67
Effect of Southbound Ocean Freight Rates on Selected Island Retail Prices, 1967
Commodities on Which Developmental Rates are Requested
Geographic Distribution of Trucking Firms and Equipment, Projected Quantities
for 1959 and 1967
Wages of Trucking Firms—1967, Unionized and Non-Unionized Employees
Trucking Firms, Distribution of Business, 1967
Business Volume of Trucking Firms, 1967
Seasonality in the Business Operations of One-Truck Operators, 1967
One-Truck Operators, Percent of Truckers Drawing Customers From Certain Cate.
gories, 1967
Wages of One-Truck Operators and Number Employed, 1967
Seasonality in Business of Small Trucking Firms, 1967
Staff Conclusions and Recommendations
Bibliography

E (Table 13)

E (Table 14)

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E (Table 15)

F
G (Table 1)

G (Table 2)

G (Table 2,

Cont.)
G (Table 3)
H
I (Table 1)

I (Table 2)
I (Table 3)
I (Table 4)
I (Table 5)
I (Table 6)

I (Table 7)
I (Table 8)
J

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