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We have seen there wil be a day of Judement, and that the Fedge will judge the world in righteousneffe. We have seen there will be a tasföld fentence pronounced by him : Of absolution upon the Godly, Mit.25.34. Come ge bleBed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you: Of condemnation upon the wicked, v.41. Depart from me ye cursed, into everlasting five, prepared for the Devil and his Angels. We hall cheretore here speak of the state of the wicked, after the righteous Fudge hash pronounced the sentence of condemnation upon them : and shall shew bow their bodies and souls being re-united, shall be lo continued in that life for ever, to undergo the punishment due unto their sins. Here three thing are to be taken into consideration, 1. The duration and continuance of their
per. fons, without ever dying or being destroyed or 15nihilated.
2. The duration of their pains, without e?er bling taken off.
3. The dreadfulnesse of those infernal pains ars to meits.
I. The Scripture speaks expresly that the wicked after the day of judgment shall not be confumes or annihilatid, but remain alive in soul and bod?,
to endure the torments to be in Aicted upon thein by the Fustice of God, for all the fins commicted by them wbile they were in the body The Word of God indeed (peaks of the wicked is of fuch as shall be destroyed, and perish, and dies. Buc we must know that a man may be said to b: destroyed and perish, to be lost and dead, who is rejected, separated and disjoyn'd from God che fountain of glory and blessednefle. And that person may still (ubfift, and be what in his own na . ture he was before, and live the life which doth consist in the vital union of bis foul and body, and So fübfisting undergo the wrath of God for ever. The same Scripture which faies the wicked hall be deflroy'd, and perish and die, saies allo chat hey shall be tormented with never-dying paines , Mac.25.41. Depart from me ye curled ( Thallthe Judge say to the wicked ac the last day). into -verlasting fire. And least any Mhould imagine
hat the fire shall be everlasting, but not the torments; at the 46 v. ic toilowes, and these
all go away into everlasting punishment. Now it he fire be overlasting by which God punishech he damned; and the punifhment inflicted be also verlasting, then must che damned everlastingly
blijft to endure that punishment: Ocherwise here will be a puisbment inflicted, and none ensred; which is a contradiction. Indeed the eterty of that fire prepared for the Devil and bis An. Is is a sufficient demonstration of the eternity
of such as suffer in it. And as that fire is cerned eternal, lo that eternity is described as abfolate ; excluding all limits and determination. The end of the burning of fire is by extinguishing, and that fire wbich cannot be extinguished, can never end : But such is the fire which shall cor. menc the damned. For he whole fax is in his hand, fbill burn up the chaff with urquencheable fire, Mark 3.12.
And he bach told us plainly, (and thereby given us a fair warning) Mat.18.3. that it is better to enter into life bale or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet, to be caff into everlasting fire : (Or as it is Mark 9.43.) To go into Hell, into sbe fire that never shall be quenched. And he bath farther explained himself by chat uxquestionable addition, and undeniable description of the place of torments, where the worm dieth not, and the fire is wat querched. And that we may be
yet tarcher jur’d, thae this fire foaill never be extinguisbei 'wereld thas the smoak of their torments ascendca up for ever and ever, Rev. 14. II. And eba: those who are caft into the lake of fire and brimtar' fhall be tormented day and night for ever and ece. Rev. 10.10. If therefore the fire in which eb damned are to be tormented, be everlasting; so absolutely everlasting, that is hall never : guenched, if fo certainly never to be querched, thu Ehe (monk thereof shall ascend for ever and ever if those that are co be caftinco it shall be tormex
ed for ever and ever (all which the Scriptures expresly teach) then shill the persons of the damned never be destroy'd or annihilated; but Thall subfift for ever, and be coeternal to the cormenting Aames. When therefore the Scripture fpeaks, that the wicked ( after che resurrection) fhall be punished with death, and that a second death, it cannot be founderstood , chac they shall be no more, nor(in any sense) be said to live, or subfift: For the enduring of this fire is that very death; and they are therefore said to die the fecond death, because they endure eternal torments. He that overcometh shall not be hurt by the second death, Rev.2.11. It seemes they which shall die that death, shall be hurt by it ; whereas if it were annihilation, and so a conclusion of their torments, it would be no way hurtful, or injurious, buc highly beneficial to them. But the living torments are the second death, For Rev, 21.8. It was revealed to St. John, that the fearful and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and forcerers, and idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake that burreth with fire and brimstone , which is the se* cond death. Now if to have a part in the lake be the second death, if that part be a perpetual coxtinuance and permansion in torment, (as is before proved) then to say that the wicked shall die the second death, is not a confutation of their eternal being in misery, but an asertion of it ;
because it is the same thing delivered in asher terms, As is well observed by che Learned Mr. Pearson in his Exposition of the Creed. Neither will the phrasis of perdition and deftruilien inler an annibilation of the persons of the damned, no an ending of their tormenis. For ciernity of de struction in the language of the Scripture, lize nifies a perpetual perpeffion and duration in misery. As in the 2 Thef.1.8,9. When Chriftshell come to take vengeance on them that know net God, and obey not the Gospel of our Lord Fesus Chrif, 'cis said, they shall be punished with everlasting de struction, from the presence of the Lord, and frena the Glory of his power. Wherefore from bat hath been said, we may conclude , chai che deved fhill continue toth in foul and body anderie wrath of God, and the torments proceeding from it, never to be quitted of them by annihilation. Here they might have life, but would no:; there they would have death, but cnpot.
II. Asihe damned (bill alwaies be continyedia life and being, to endure the torments due to their 'sins, lo che Fustice of God ivill never (45 to infict those corments upon thein for their fies. The favour of God is not to be obtained, where there is no means letc to obtain it; but in the world to come there is no place for Failb, no vercue in Repentance. As no person once received into the Heavenly manfions fhill ever b: castinio outer darknes, lo certainly none, who