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Several lines of ocean-steamers touch at the we hail with gratification the act of the Republican Venezuelan ports: the Hamburg line, the Congress definitely providing for that end; and we French line from Saint-Nazaire and Marti- are firmly opposed
to a repeal thereof, or to any step
backward in the matter. nique, and a branch line of the Royal Mail. 6. We are in favor of the untiring prosecution and There is at present no direct steam connection punishment of public frauds and crime wherever with the United States, and all the trade be-existing, and we repeat the declaration, “Let no tween the two countries is carried on by sail- guilty man escape.
7. We demand that our national candidates shall ing-vessels.
be men of tried integrity, who will carry out this The inland trade has lately been much facili- policy of reform, and preserve inviolate the great tated by new cart-roads; and very soon a net results of the war. of well-constructed roads will cover the whole country, while five or six years ago there were but two roads, namely, from La Guayra to Carácas, and from Puerto Cabello to Valencia. In the year 1875 more than $1,500,000 was spent in these public works. The total length of roads already finished is about 1,000 miles. Venezuela has not yet any railroads. The building of a line between Caracas and La Guayra has been resolved upon; the survey is made and the preparatory work almost concluded.
The postal-service is well organized; telegraphic lines connect the principal towns (Puerto Cabello, Valencia, La Victoria, La Guayra) with the capital, and other lines are in course of construction. The republic has postage-stamps of one, five, ten, and twenty cents. Periodicals printed in the country are free
The Democrats of Vermont met in State of postage. VERMONT. The Republican party of this nate their candidates for Governor and other
Convention at Montpelier on June 1st, to nomiState assembled in convention at Burlington on State officers; also for presidential electors, the 29th of March, for the purpose of electing and to appoint ten delegates to the National delegates to the National Republican Conven- Democratic Convention at St. Louis. With retion to be held at Cincinnati. As delegates at gard to the State ticket, W. H. H. Bingham, of large, L. P. Poland, of St. Johnsbury; Whee- Stow, was nominated as candidate for the lock G. Weazey, of Rutland; George Howe, office of Governor; for Lieutenant-Governor, of Brattleboro; and George H. Bigelow, of E. B. Baldwin, of Sharon, and for State TreasBurlington, were elected. The following reso- urer, James B. Mattocks, of Danville, were lutions were adopted by the convention :
nominated. As Democratic candidates for Resolved, That in this centennial year we again presidential electors, there were nominated : affirm our devotion to those fundamental principles W. L. Rodman, of Bridgewater; Lucius Robupon which the Republican party was founded. inson, of Newport; George L. Waterman, of Among these are:
1. The preservation of the liberties and equal Hyde Park; Amos Aldrich, of Woodford; and rights of all citizens throughout, and the impartial Stephen L. Goodell, of Brandon. The delegates and vigorous administration of the laws in every part at large to the National Convention were: of the country for the protection and enforcement of Marcus D. Gilman, of Montpelier; Bradley B. public and private rights, and the punishment of violence and crime.
Smalley, of Burlington; Jasper Rand, of St. 2. The pure and economical administration of Albans; and Phineas S. Benjamin, of Wolcott
. every department of the Government, so as to pro The following platform was adopted by the duce the greatest benefit to the people, with as little
convention: burden of taxation as may be consistent therewith.
3. The safety of the republic depends upon the in Whereas, The Democrats of Vermont, in consentelligence as well as virtue of its citizens; and it is tion assembled, recognizing the present deplorable essential that the public-school system shall be condition of the morals and business interests of the maintained, in order that every child may receive country as the result of a departure from the fundabuch education as will fit him for useful citizenship; mental principles of government as taught and pracand we are unalterably opposed to any division of tised in the early days of the republic, and that a the public-school money for any purpose whatever. return to those principles, and a radical reform in
4. We rally to the standard of the Republican the administration of the Government, are absolutely party as the only one under which we can obtain an necessary for the relief of the people and for the honest and effective maintenance of the Government, preservation of our free institutions, cordially inas well as for the defense of the Treasury against vite the freemen of the State, of whatever political the unjust demands and expenditures growing out predilections, to unite with them in the following of the rebellion.
resolutions : 5. The best interests of all citizens, of every con 1. Fidelity to all the provisions of the Constitution dition and pursuit, imperatively demand the speediest of the United States ; thorough retrenchment and return to a specie basis of values and currency, and economy in Federal and State administrations; the
lessening of the burdens imposed on labor, or by the Mr. Fairbanks received 44,698, Mr. Bingham, reduction of offices and taxation.
2. An honest civil-service reform ; strict account- 21,038: showing a majority of 23,660 for the ability of our officials, enforced by competent civil former over the latter. and criminal remedies; the restoration of the Demo With regard to the State Legislature, the cratic tests of honesty, fidelity, and capacity as qual- thirty members elected for the Senate were all ifications for public officials. 3. Honest payment of the public debt; sacred there are 209 Republicans and 31 Democrats.
Republicans. In the House of Representatives preservation of the public faith. 4. Free schools exempt from sectarian control; no
The Legislature assembled for the regular appropriation of public money for sectarian institu- session at Montpelier on the 4th of October, tions. A free press, accountable for abuse to civil 1876, when both Houses were promptly organand criminal laws.
ized. In the Lower House, John W. Stewart, 5. Home rule; no centralization of State or Federal power; no 'Federal interference in the State or Republican, was elected Speaker by a vote of municipal elections.
186 to 27; the latter number having been cast & Exposure and speedy punishment of corruption for J. W. Bliss, the Democratic nominee for
7. Gold and silver as the only legal tender; no currency inconvertible with coin; coin the only cur- assembly on the 16th, 21st, and 24th of Novem
The two Houses successively met in joint rency recognized by the Constitution.
8. Steady steps toward the resumption of specieber, and elected the Secretary of State, with payments no steps backward.
some other officers of the Executive Depart9. Tariff for the purpose of revenue only. ment; the seven Judges of the Supreme Court, 10. In the confidence that our delegates to the Na- and a number of the
principal officers controltional Democratic Convention at St. Louis will supling the management of charitable and other sentatives of their principles, wo leave them to the institutions under State charge. For Secretary free exercise of their discretion in the choice of men of State, George Nichols, of Northfield, the best fitted to bring about thorough reform in the present incumbent, was reëlected for two years; administration of our national affairs. 11. In the interest of honest and pare governo of Alburg; for Adjutant and Inspector-Gen
for Auditor of Accounts, Jedediah' B. Ladd, redeem the American name from the stigma cast eral, James 8. Peck, of Montpelier; for Quarupon it by the astounding and unparalleled corrup- termaster-General, Levi G. Kingsley, of Ruttion of the party now in power, we cordially invite land; for Railroad Commissioner, Marion W. the cooperation with us of all honest men, irrespec- Bailey, of St. Albans; for Superintendent of
12. That the thanks of the people are due to Public Education, the present incumbent, Edthe House of Representatives of the United States ward Conant, of Randolph, was reëlected for for reducing appropriations and confining expendi- another two-years' term; for Chief-Justice of tures within the proper limits; also for instituting the Supreme Court, John Pierpont, of Verinvestigations, and unearthing frauds and corrup- gennes, for Associate Justices: first districtcommend the action of the Democrats of New York James Barret, of Woodstock; second district and Connecticut in the large reduction of State tax- ---Hoyt H. Wheeler, of Jamaica; third disation which they have produced, as a practical return trict—Homer E. Boyce, of St. Albans; fourth to the economy and strict accountability which al- district-Timothy P. Redfield, of Montpelier; ways characterized the administration of the Gov- fifth district, Jonathan Ross, of St. Johnsernment under the rule of Democrats.
bury; sixth district-H. Henry Powers, of The Republicans held their State Convention Morristown. All of these judges were reat Montpelier on June 27th, for the purpose of elected. nominating their State and electoral tickets. At the election of November 7, 1876, the For the office of Governor, Horace Fairbanks, Republican candidates for presidential electors of St. Johnsbury, was nominated. For the were chosen; also their nominees for Congressoffices of Lieutenant-Governor and State Treas- men generally. The popular vote for the Reurer, Redfield Proctor, of Rutland, and John publican electors was 44,092; for the DemoA. Page, of Montpelier, were nominated with cratic electors, 20,254: Republican majority, out opposition. As candidates for presidential 23,838. electors at large, Jacob Estey, of Brattleboro, The vote polled for presidential electors was and Charles E. Houghton, of Bennington, were canvassed by the county clerks on November nominated.
21st. At the opening of their meeting, counAs the platform of this convention, two sel for the Democratic party appeared before resolutions were reported and accepted by the the Board of Canvassers, and, upon the ground convention: the one adopting the platform which he maintained that they were vested which had been shortly before adopted by the with judicial as well as ministerial powers, National Republican Convention at Cincinnati; he claimed and offered to prove that Henry the other promising for the State ticket as N. Sollace, one of the Republican electors relarge a majority of votes at the election as turned as elected, was ineligible to such office, was ever before obtained.
because he at the time held the office of PostThe election, held on September 5th, resulted master of Bridport; that the votes cast for in the complete success of the Republican can- him, being therefore null and void, could not didates. The aggregate number of votes polled be counted nor he declared elected; but that in the State for Governor was 65,736, of which the votes cast for Amos Aldrich, the Demo
cratic elector, who had received the next high- the government assesses a tax of twenty-five est number, should be counted and he declared cents on the hundred dollars for the year 1876, elected. His argument was replied to by coun- to be paid into the Treasury by the 1st of June, sel for the Republicans, who averred that in 1877. The tax for 1877 is assessed by the same the State of Vermont this Board of Canvassers act at the rate of thirty-five cents on the hunwas not vested with judicial but with minis- dred dollars. terial powers only, although similar boards in The material condition of Vermont in regard some of the other States had judicial powers to her manufactures, trade, and other interests, also. To this the Democratic counsel made a especially her agricultural and dairy operations, rejoinder, after which he submitted to the appears to be eminently prosperous. board a written protest, dated Springfield, No The aggregate value of taxable property in vember 21st, and signed by Amos Aldrich and the State assessed for 1875 was $99,493,526, George M. Fisk, “requesting the board to re- made up of $81,106,760 in real estate, and $18, port to the Secretary of State, and to the 386,766 in personal property. For 1876 it was Governor, that H. N. Šollace, one of the candi- $99,717,533, composed of $81,198,221 in real dates for electors, was on the 7th of November estate, and $18,519,312 in personal property. holding the office of Postmaster of Bridport." The total list of State taxes for 1876 amounted They " protested against the board declaring to $1,150,968.29; for 1876 it was $1,154,901.. the said Sollace elected or appointed an elector, 03: showing an excess of $3,932.74 in favor of and further requested the board to declare thé the latter year. person having the next highest number of votes Of all the New England States, Vermont duly elected as an elector .... and certify the has the largest number of acres of improved same to the Governor, with the number of land. Her whole area consists at present of votes he received.”
3,073,257 acres of improved land, 1,386,934 Having heard the arguments of counsel on of woodland, and 68,613 of waste land. Maine, both sides, the board deliberated on the sub- the largest of those states in extent of terriject among themselves, at the end of which the tory, has 155,464 acres less in improved land following resolution was offered by one of the than Vermont. members, and unanimously adopted by all: VIRGINIA. The public debt of the State
Resolved, That this Board of Canvassers are of the of Virginia consisted on the 30th of Septemopinion that their powers are simply ministerial, ber, the close of the fiscal year, of $18,239,600 and that their duties are clearly defined by the stat- in consols with coupons receivable for taxes, uto of the
State. They therefore decline to receive $1,997,415.80 registered bonds convertible into evidence outside of the certificates of votes by the proper town authorities.
consols, and $9,252,310.58 registered bonds not The board then canvassed the votes as offi- of the State bonds. There was also $3,510,
convertible, making $29,489,326.38 as the total cially returned, and formally informed the 834.35 of accrued interest unpaid. The annual Governor that "Jacob Estey, Charles E. Hough; interest charge is $1,751,175.83. The principal ton, Henry N. Sollace, Roswell Farnham, and of this debt was all incurred prior to the civil Alvin C. Welch, had been duly elected presidential electors from Vermont." The board war, and funded anew in 1871. The statethen adjourned sine die.
ment does not include $15,239,370.74 known The Legislature continued in session eight apart by the funding act for settlement by the
as “West Virginia's Third," which was set , the 28th of November, 1876.
State of West Virginia. There is a library. A large number of useful laws on various stocks and $703,072.63 West Virginia certifi
fund consisting of $1,430,645.25 of available subjects of general and local importance were enacted. Among them were many acts relat-cates, which forms no part of the debt proper, ing to public schools—common, normal
, and The arrears of unpaid interest from the library
and the sinking-fund contains $4,986,771.90. graded-school-districts, school-directors, and other matters pertaining to education. From fund on the 1st of August were $108,816.22, among the number, we here subjoin the sub- and on the 30th of September there was $521,stantial part of the one which defines what in. 267.09 due the sinking-fund. struction is to be imparted in the common and disbursements of the Treasurer for the
The following is a statement of the receipts schools of Vermont : An Act relating to Studies in Common Schools.
year: Section 1. Section 19, chapter 22, of the General Balance on hand October 1, 1875..
$23,417 ge Statutes, is hereby amended to read as follows: Amount received on all accounts during the “Each organized town in the State shall keep and
year, including $1,111,450.13 in renewals of
notes in bank, and which constitute no part support one or more schools, provided with compe of the revenue proper.
8.790,519 73 tent teachers of good morals, for the instruction of the young in orthography, reading, writing, English
$3,816,987 73 grammar, geography, arithmetic, free-hand drawing, Total disbursements during the same period, history and Constitution of the United States, and
including $1,111,480.13 in renewals of notes,
8.773,501 6 good behavior; and special instruction shall be given in the geography, history, constitution, and prin- Balance on hand October 1, 1876, as per books ciples of government of the State of Vermont." of this office......
$42,736 09 An act making provision for the support of The principal expenses were as follows:
For ordinary expenses of the government... 8975,282 88 Old Dominion Granite Company, 57 on the
443,000 00 railroad, and 729 were in the male department For interest on debt.......
1,105,303 88 of the prison, and 111 in the female departThe payments on account of public institu- ment. The average number of inmates during tions, included in ordinary expenses,” were the year was 1,021, maintained at a total cost as follows:
of $26,265.44, or $25.72 per capita. The inThe Central (colored) Lunatic Asylum........ 853,749 96 stitution was greatly overcrowded, 171 cells The Eastern (white) Lunatic Asylum.. 60,000 00 being occupied on the 30th of September by The Western (white) Lunatic Asylum...
60,000 00 The Deaf, Dumb, and Blind.
729 men. The Virginia Military Institute..
25,000 00 The Fish Commissioners of the State have The University of Virginia, appropriation $30,000, paid in part....
been engaged in stocking the James and Ro.
anoke Rivers with California salmon, and Making a total of.....
- $266, 249 96 placing other varieties of salmon, bass, and The revenues from taxation for the year trout, in different ponds and streams of the amounted to $2,679,339.66, which exceeded State. About 800,000 shad were also hatched the average of the previous six years by $201,- and turned into the Rappahannock, and a large 276.28, while the ordinary expenses were less amount of herring-spawn was deposited in by $108,906.44 than the average for six years. streams near tide-water. The estimated expenses for ordinary purposes There was no election for State officers this for the year ending September 30, 1877, are year. The Republicans held a convention at $1,068,199.
Lynchburg on the 12th of April for the purpose On the 30th of September the number of of selecting delegates to the National Convenconvicts in the penitentiary was 1,099, of tion of the party, at which the following platwhom 202 were employed at the works of the form was adopted :
STATE SEAL OF VIRGINIA.
The Republicans of Virginia, reaffirming their veloped the material resources of the country by allegiance to the national Republican party in this increasing the facilities of intercommunication becentennial year as an event which calls for the ex- tween the different sections of the country: Therepression of gratitude to Almighty God that our civil fore, and religious liberties have been preserved through Resolved, 1. That we will remain faithful to the all the vicissitudes of the country, that the Ameri- principles of the national Republican party in can people have successfully maintained before the things concerning the administration of the national world their capacity for self-government, and that affairs, until every right guaranteed by the Constituthe Union remains unbroken either by foreign ag- tion shall be fully secured and enjoyed, and all gression, civil discord, or domestic violence. The existing laws faithfully executed. past of our national history is seen, but its future 2. We favor honesty and economy in the admindepends upon the preservation of the great funda- istration of the Government, and recommend such mental principles which the past has consecrated, retrenchment in the civil service as can be made and which are expressed in the Declaration of Inde- without impairing the efficiency of the different dependence and in the Corstitution of the United partments of public business; and at the same time States with its several amendments. To these the favor liberality, just compensation in the pay of Republican party has always been devoted and public servants, believing it to be the means to faithful. It has carried the Government forward secure the honest and faithful discharge of duty, into the front rank among the nations; it has granted private or public. amnesty with unexampled liberality, it has gradu 3. We are in favor of the quick and condign punally diminished the public debt; it has furnished ishment of all dishonest and corrupt officers of the the country with a national currency. It has main- Government, no matter what their station, and tained an ecocomical standard of publio expendi- pledge our support to secure that result. tures. It has required a faithful collection and dis 4. That the honor and credit of this nation must bursement of the public revenues, and it has de- be maintained inviolate; and, to put this beyond dis
pute, specie payments should be resumed at the ear- shall pay a capitation-tax, and disfranchises all
5. We believe free schools to be the palladium of who have been convicted of bribery at any civil liberty, and that they should be supported by election, embezzlement of public
funds, treason, the general taxation of the people, and we are op- felony, or petit larceny. The registration pro. posed to any division of the school-money for the vision of the constitution was struck out. benefit of any sect or denomination whatever, or to Another amendment authorizes the Legislature any interference with the schools by any sector de- by a two-thirds vote to enfranchise persons who cratic authorities of this state, by whom the money have been disfranchised for engaging in duels. raised for free-school purposes has been taken for Another restores to the Legislature its authorother purposes, thus robbing the children of the ity to restrict the debt and taxation of cities State of that which will best fit them for becoming and towns, and to limit the exercise of municigood citizens.
6. We believe the safety of free institutions de- pal powers generally. pends upon the purity of the ballot; and we ask the
Some excitement was occasioned by the Congress of the United States to pass a law for the sending of a detachment of Federal troops to protection of its citizens in the right of the elec. Petersburg just prior to the election, and keeptive franchise, by which they may obtain the benefit ing it there until the 13th of November. On for the candidate of their choice will be counted hearing of this action the Governor of the for him and them, and not substituted by a stuffed State issued the following proclamation: ballot.
To the People of Virginia: Information has just 7. We indorse the Administration of the President been received from authentic sources, that a detachas distinguished throughout by measures that will ment of the United States Army was this day quarpreēminently redound to the honor and credit of tered at Petersburg, with orders to remain until after this nation, and mark a new era in the history of the elections, and to be under the sole direction of our republic; and especially do we commend the Federal officials. The voting-places at Petersburg determination expressed by the President to ferret are being surrounded with a cordon of bayonets on out the guilty and dishonest officials, in the memo- the eve of the elections. rable saying, "Let no guilty man escape."
It is provided by the Constitution of the United 8. We cordially invite all citizens of Virginia, who States that the Government thereof shall protect are in favor of making this centennial year 1876 a each of the States, on tbe application of the Legislayear of peace and good-will, to help us in electing ture (or the Executive, when the Legislature cannot the candidate that will be nominated by the Na- be convened), against domestic violence. tional Republican Convention to be held in Cincin No domestic violence, no breach of the peace, no nati in June next.
molestation of any citizen in the exercise of any The Democratic Convention took place in rigat, exists, or is threatened, or apprehended, or Richmond on the 31st of May.
peace, order, and security, reign throughout all our Delegates to the National Convention at St. borders. Every citizen, of whatever race, color, or Louis were chosen, an electoral ticket was condition, is protected, can be protected, and will nominated, and a State Central Committee ap- be protected, in all his personal and political rights, pointed. Several speeches were made, ex- this state.
privileges, and immunities, by all the authorities of pressing the sentiments of prominent delegates, No application, by the Legislature or by the Exbut no platform was adopted. Some resolu- ecutive, has been made to the President for protections relating to finance and reform were tion against domestic or other violence. tabled, the majority opposing any declarations of any citizen are assailed or threatened. Never
No complaint is made, anywhere, that the rights whatever. Later in the canvass, on the 31st theless, in the midst of profound peace, and withof August, the State Conservative Commit- out a constitutional requisition from any quarter, tee issued an address defining the position the President of the United States has stationed of the party, and discussing the issues of the troops in a city of this Commonwealth, with the day.
design, as cannot be doubted, of intimidating the The total vote for presidential electors in people, and controlling the pending elections for November was 235,228, of which the Demo And, whereas, so flagrant a usurpation of uncratic candidates received 139,670, and the Re- granted authority endangers the liberties of the publicans 95,558; Democratic majority, 44,112. people, and the integrity of the goverr.ment, imThe total vote on the Constitutional 'amend perils the freedom of the elective franchise, and is
well calculated, as it is doubtless designed, to incite ments was 227,732, of which 129,373 were in and foment the domestic violence which is falsely favor of ratification, and 98,559 against it. pretended to be threatened: The amendments were very generally favored
Now, therefore, I, James L. Kemfer, Governor of by the Conservatives, and opposed by the Re- the Union, and in the name of the Constitution,
Virginia, solemnly protesting before the States of publicans. Of eleven members of Congress against this despotic invasion of our guaranteed chosen, all but one are Democrats. The Legis- rights, do call upon the good people of this Com. lature of 1876–77 is composed of 37 Demo- monwealth, and I command the authorities and crats and 6 Republicans in the Senate, and 101 officers thereof, to keep the peace at any cost, and to Democrats, 25 Republicans, and 6 Indepen- Eation which might be made a pretext for the em
porsevere in abstaining from every act and manifesdents in the House of Representatives. This ployment of armed force in our midst: and I enjoin makes the Democratic majority 31 in the Sen- upon all such moderation and self-denying forbearate and 70 in the House, or 101 on joint ance, such patience and composure, as will prevent ballot.
the possibility of any disturbance of the public
order. One of the constitutional amendments rati Done at Richmond, this fourth day of November, fied requires that all persons, before voting, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred