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for this proportion of the awards in favor of its own tion to the necessity of legislation concerning the citizens.
marriages of American citizens contracted abroad, I invite your attention to the legislation which and concerning the status of American women who will be necessary to provide for the payment. may marry foreigners, and of children born of
In this connection I am pleased to be able to American parents in a foreign country. express the acknowledgments due to Sir Edward The delicate and complicated questions continually Thornton, the umpire of the commission, who has occurring with reference to naturalization, expatriagiven to the consideration of the large number of tion, and the status of such persons as I have above claims submitted to him much time, unwearied pa- referred to, induce me to earnestly direct your attience, and that firmness and intelligence which are tention again to these subjects. well known to belong to the accomplished repre In like manner, I repeat my recommendation that sentative of Great Britain, and which are likewise some means be provided for the hearing and deterrecognized by the representative in this country of mination of the just and subsisting claims of aliens the republic of Mexico.
upon the Government of the United States within a Monthly payments of a very small part of the reasonable limitation, and of such as may hereafter amount due by the Government of Venezuela to citi- arise. While, by existing provisions of law, the zens of the United States on account of claims of the Court of Claims may in certain cases be resorted to latter against that Government continue to be made by an alien claimant, the absence of any general prowith reasonable punctuality. That Government has visions governing all such cases, and the want of a proposed to change the system which it has hitherto tribunal skilled in the disposition of such cases upon pursued in this respect, by issuing bonds for part of recognized fixed and settled principles, either prothe amount of the several claims. The proposition, vides no remedy in many deserving, cases or comhowever, could not, it is supposed,
properly be ac- pels a consideration of such claims by Congress or cepted, at least without the consent of the holders the Executive Department of the Government. of certificates of the indebtedness of Venezuela. It is believed that other governments are in ad. These are so much dispersed that it would be diffi- vance of the United States upon this question, and cult, if not impossible, to ascertain their disposition that the practice now adopted is entirely unsatisfacon the subject.
tory. In former messages I have called the attention of Congress by an act approved the 3d day of March, Congress to the necessity of legislation with regard 1875, authorized the inhabitants of the Territory of to fraudulent naturalization and to the subject of ex- Colorado to form a State gavernment, with the name patriation and the election of nationality.
of the State of Colorado, and therein provided for The number of persons of foreign birth seeking a the admission of said State, when formed, into home in the United States, the ease and facility with the Union, upon an equal footing with the original which the honest immigrant may after the lapse States. of a reasonable time become possessed of all the A constitution having been adopted and ratified privileges of citizenship of the United States, and by the people of that State and the acting Governor the frequent occasions which induce such adopted having certified to me the facts as provided by said citizens to return to the country of their birth, ren- act, together with a copy of such constitution and der the subject of naturalization and the safeguards ordinances as provided for in the said act, and the which experience has proved necessary for the pro- provisions of the said act of Congress having been tection of the honest naturalized citizen of para- duly complied with, I issued a proclamation upon mount importance. The very simplicity in the re- the 1st of August, 1876, a copy of which is hereto quirements of law on this question affords oppor- annexed. tunity for fraud, and the want of uniformity in the The report of the Secretary of War shows that the proceedings and records of the various courts, and Army has been actively employed during the year in the forms of the certificates of naturalization in subduing, at the request of the Indian Bureau, issued, affords a constant source of difficulty.
certain wild bands of the Sioux Indian nation and I suggest no additional requirements to the acqui. in preserving the peace at the South during the elecsition of citizenship beyond those now existing, but tion. The commission constituted under the act of I invite the earnest attention of Congress to the July 24, 1876, to consider and report on the" whole necessity and wisdom of some provisions regarding subject of the reform and reorganization of the uniformity in the records and certificates, and pro- Army” met in August last, and has collected a large viding against the frauds which frequently take mass of statistics and opinions bearing on the subplace, and for the vacating of a record of naturaliza- ject before it. These are now under consideration, tion obtained in fraud.
and their report is progressing. I am advised, These provisions are needed in aid and for the though, by the president of the commission that it protection of the honest citizen of foreign birth, and will be impracticable to comply with the clause of for the want of which he is made to suffer not in- the act requiring the report to he presented, through frequently. The United States has insisted upon me, to Congress on the first day of this session, as the right of expatriation, and has obtained after a there has not yet been time for that mature deliberalong struggle an admission of the principle con- tion which the importance of the subject demands. tended for by acquiescence therein on the part of Therefore, I ask that the time of making the report many foreign powers and by the conclusion of be extended to the 29th day of January, 1877. treaties on that subject. It is, however, but justice In accordance with the resolution of August 15, to the government to which such naturalized citizens 1876, the Army regulations prepared under the act have formerly owed allegiance, as well as to the of March 1, 1875, have not been promulgated, but United States, that certain fixed and definite rules are held until after the report of the above-menshould be adopted governing such cases, and pro- tioned commission shall have been received and viding how expatriation may be accomplished. acted on.
While immigrants in large numbers become citi By the act of August 15, 1876, the cavalry force zens of the United States, it is also true that per- of the Army was increased by 2,500 men, with the sons, both native-born and naturalized, once citizens proviso that they should be discharged on the exof the United States either by formal acts or as the piration of hostilities. Under this authority, the effect of a series of facts and circumstances, abandon cavalry regiments have been strengthened, and a their citizenship and cease to be entitled to the pro- portion of them are now in the field pursuing the teetion of the United States, but continue on con- remnants of the Indians with whom they have been venient occasions to assert a claim to protection in engaged during the summer. the absence of provisions on these questions,
The estimates of the War Department are made And in this connection I again invite your atten- up on the basis of the number of men authorized by
law, and their requirements, as shown by years of The complete repairs of our five heavy iron-clads experience; and also with the purpose on the part are only delayed on account of the inadequacy of of the bureau officers to provide for all contingen- the appropriations made last year for the working cies that may arise during the time for which the bureaus of the Department, which were actually estimates are made. Exclusive of engineer esti- less in amount than those made before the war, notmates (presented in accordance with acts of Con- withstanding the greatly enhanced price of labor gress calling for surveys and estimates for improve- and materials, and the increase in the cost of the ments at various localities), the estimates now pre- naval service, growing out of the universal use and sented are about six millions in excess of the appro- great expense of steam-machinery; The money priations for the years 1874–75 and 1875–76. This necessary for these repairs should be provided at increase is asked in order to provide for the increased once, that they may be completed without further cavalry force (should their services be necessary), to unnecessary delay and expense. prosecute, economically, work upon important public When this is done, all the strength that there is buildings, to provide for armament of fortifications in our Navy will be developed and useful to its full and manufacture of small-arms, and to replenish the capacity, and it will be powerful for puposes of deworking stock in the supply departments. The ap- fense, and also for offensive action, should the nepropriations for these last named have for the past cessity for that arise within a reasonable distance few years been so limited that the accumulations in from our shores. store will be entirely exhausted during the present The fact that our Navy is not more modern and year, and it will be necessary to at once begin to re- powerful than it is, has been made a cause of complenish them.
plaint against the Secretary of the Navy, by persons I invite your special attention to the following who at the same time criticise and complain of his recommendations of the Secretary of War:
endeavors to bring the Navy that we have to it 1. That the claims under the act of July 4, 1864, best and most efficient condition, but the good for supplies taken by the Army during the war be sense of the
country will understand that it is reall
, removed from the offices of the Quartermaster and due to his practical action that we have at this time Commissary Generals and transferred to the South any effective naval force at command. ern Claims Commission. These claims are of pre The report of the Postmaster-General shows the cisely similar nature to those now before the South excess of expenditures (excluding expenditures on ern Claims Commission, and the War Department account of previous years) over receipts for the fisbureaus have not the clerical force for their exami- cal year ended June 30, 1876, to be $4,151,988.66. nation nor proper machinery for investigating the Estimated expenditures for the fiscal year ending loyalty of the claimants.
June 30, 1878, are $36,723,432.43. 2. That Congress sanction the scheme of an annu Estimated revenue for the same period is $80,645,ity-fund for the benefit of the families of deceased 165, leaving estimated excess of expenditure, to be officers; and that it also provide for the permanent appropriated as a deficiency, of $6,078,267.43. organization of the Signal Service; both of which The Postmaster-General, like his predecessor, is were recommended in my last annual message. convinced that a change in the basis of adjusting
3. That the manufacturing operations of the Ord- the salaries of postmasters of the fourth class is necesnance Department be concentrated at three arsenals sary for the good
of the service, as well as for the and an armory, and that the remaining arsenals be interests of the Government, and urgently recorrsold, and the proceeds applied to this object by the mends that the compensation of the class of postOrdnance Department.
masters above mentioned be based upon the busiThe appropriations for river and harbor improve- ness of their respective offices, as ascertained from ments for the current year were $5,015,000. With the sworn returns to the Auditor of stamps canceled. my approval, the Secretary of War directed that of A few postmasters in the Southern States have this amount $2,000,000 should be expended, and no expressed great apprehension of their personal new work should be begun and none prosecuted safety on account of their connection with the postal which were not of national importance. Subse- service, and have specially requested that their requently this amount was increased to $2,237,800, and ports of apprehended danger should not be made the works are now progressing on this basis. public lest it should result in the loss of their lives.
The improvement of the South Pass of the Missis- But no positive testimony of interference has been sippi River, under James B. Eads and his associ- submitted, except in the case of a mail-messenger ates, is progressing favorably. At the present time at Spartanburg, in South Carolina, who reported there is a channel of twenty and three-tenths (20.8) that he had been violently driven away while in feet in depth between the jetties at the mouth of charge of the mails, on account of his political affilithe pass, and eighteen and one-half (181) feet at ations. An assistant superintendent of the railway the head of the pass. Neither channel, however, mail service investigated this case, and reported that has the width required before payments can be the messenger had disappeared from his post, learmade by the United States. A commission of en- ing his work to be performed by a substitute. The gineer officers is now examining these works, and Postmaster-General thinks this case is sufficiently their reports will be presented as soon as received. The report of the Secretary of the Navce shows bogestive to justify him in recommending that
more severe punishment should be provided for the that branch of the service to be in condition as ef- offense of assaulting any person in charge of the fective as it is possible to keep it within the means mails, or of retarding or otherwise obstructing them and authority given the Department. It is, of course, by threats of personal injury. not possible to rival the costly and progressive es "A very gratifying result is presented in the fact tablishments of great European powers with the old that the deficiency of this Department during the material of our Navy, to which no increase has been last fiscal year was reduced to $4,081,790.18, ss authorized since the war, except the eight small against $6,169,938.88 of the preceding year. The cruisers built to supply the place of others which had difference can be traced to the large increase in its gone to decay. Yet the most has been done that ordinary receipts (which greatly exceed the estimates was possible with the means at command; and by therefor and a slight decrease in its expenditures." substantially rebuilding some of our old ships with The ordinary receipts of the Post-Office Departdurable material, and completely repairing and re- ment for the past seven fiscal years have increased fitting our monitor fleet, the Navy has been gradu- at an average of over eight per cent. per annum, ally so brought up that, though it does not maintain while the increase of expenditures for the same pe its relative position among the progressive navies of riod has been but about 5.50 per cent. per annum, the world, it is now in a condition more powerful and the decrease of deficiency in the revendes has and effective than it ever has been in time of peace. been at the rate of nearly two per cent. per arnum.
The report of the Commissioner of Agriculture plied science in the administration of the affairs of accompanying this message will be found one of Government. great interest, marking, as it does, the great prog Many nations have voluntarily contributed their ress of the last century in the variety of products exhibits to the United States to increase the interest of the soil, increased knowledge and skill in the in any permanent exhibition Congress may provide labor of producing, saving, and manipulating the for. For this act of generosity they should receive same to prepare them for the use of man; in the im- the thanks of the people, and I respectfully suggest provements in machinery to aid the agriculturist in that a resolution of Congress to that effect be adopted. his labors, and a knowledge of those scientific sub The attention of Congress cannot be too earnestly jects necessary to a thorough system of economy in called to the necessity of throwing some greater safeagricultural production, namely, chemistry, botany, guard over the method of choosing and declaring the entomology, etc. A study of this report by those election of a President. Under the present system interested in agriculture and deriving their support there seems to be no provided remedy for contesting from it will find it of value, in pointing out those the election in any one State. The remedy is para articles which are raised in greater quantity than the tially, no doubt, in the enlightenment of electors. needs of the world require, and must sell, therefore, The compulsory support of the free school, and the for less than the cost of production, and those which disfranchisement of all who cannot read and write command a profit over cost of production because the English language-after a fixed probation-would there is not an over-production.
ineet my hearty approval. I would not make this I call special attention to the need of the Departe apply, however, to those already voters, but I would ment for a new gallery for the reception of the ex to all becoming so after the expiration of the probahibits returned from the Centennial Exhibition, in- tion fixed upon. Foreigners coming to the country cluding the exhibits donated by very many foreign to become citizens, who are educated in their own nations; and to the recommendations of the Commis- language, should acquire the requisite knowledge of sioner of Agriculture generally.
ours during the necessary residence to obtain natuThe reports of the District Commissioners and ralization. If they did not take interest enough in the Board of Health are just received—too late to our language to acquire sufficient knowledge of it read them and to make recommendations thereon- to enable them to study the institutions and laws of and are herewith submitted.
the country intelligently, I would not confer upon The International Exhibition held in Philadel- them the right to make such laws nor to select those phia this year, in commemoration of the one hun- who do. dredth anniversary of American independence, has I append to this message, for convenient reference, proved a great success, and will, no doubt, be of en- a synopsis of administrative events and of all recduring advantage to the country. It has shown the ommendations to Congress made by me during the great progress in the arts, sciences, and mechanical last seven years. Time may show some of these skill
, made in a single century, and demonstrated recommendations not to have been wisely conceived, that we are but little behind older nations in any but I believe the larger part will do no discredit to one branch, while in some we scarcely have a rival. the Administration. One of these recommendations It has served, too, not only to bring peoples and met with the united opposition of one political party products of skill and labor from all parts of the in the Senate, and with a strong opposition from the world together, but in bringing together people from other, namely, the treaty for the annexation of Santo all sections of our own country, which must prove a Domingo to the United States, to which I will spegreat benefit in the information imparted and pride cially refer, maintaining, as I do, that if my views of country engendered.
had been concurred in, the country would be in a It has been suggested by scientists interested in more prosperous condition to-day, both politically and connected with the Smithsonian Institution, in and financially. a communication herewith, that the Government Santo Domingo is fertile, and upon its soil may exhibit be removed to the capital and a suitable be grown just those tropical products of which the building be erected or purchased for its accommo- United States use so much, and which are produced dation as a permanent exhibit. I earnestly recom or prepared for market now by slave-labor almost mend this, and believing that Congress would second exclusively; namely, sugar, coffee, dye-woods, mathis view, I directed that all Government exhibits at hogany, tropical fruits, tobacco, etc. About seventythe Centennial Exhibition should remain where they five per cent of the exports of Cuba are consumed by are, except such as might be injured by romaining the United States. A large percentage of the exin a building not intended as a protection in inclem- ports of Brazil also find the same market. These ent weather, or such as may be wanted by the De are paid for almost exclusively in coin--legislation, partment furnishing them, until the question of per- particularly in Cuba, being unfavorable to a mutual manent exhibition is acted on.
exchange of the products of each country. Flour Although the moneys appropriated by Congress shipped froin the Mississippi River to Havana can to enable the participation of the several Executive pass by the very entrance to the city on its way to Departments in the International Exhibition of 1876 à port in Spain, there pay a duty fixed upon articles were not sufficient to carry out the undertaking to to be reëxported, transferred to a Spanish vessel and the full extent at first contemplated, it gives me brought back almost to the point of starting, paying pleasure to refer to the very efficient and creditable a second duty, and still leave a profit over what manner in which the board appointed from these would be received by direct shipment. All that is several Departments to provide an exhibition on the produced in Cuba could be produced in Santo Dopart of the Government have discharged their du- mingo. Being a part of the United States, comties with the funds placed at their command. With- merce between the island and mainland would be out a precedent to guide them in the preparation of free. There would be no export duties on her shipsuch a display, the success of their labors was amply ments nor import duties on those coming here. attested by the sustained attention which the con- There would be no import duties upon the supplies, tents of the Government Building attracted during machinery, etc., going from the States. The effect the period of the Exhibition from both foreign and that would have been produced upon Cuban comnative visitors.
merce, with these advantages to a rival, is obseryI am strongly impressed with the value of the col- able at a glance. The Cuban question would have been lection made by the Government for the purposes of settled long ago in favor of free Cuba.” Hundreds the Exhibition, illustrating, as it does, the mineral of American vessels would now be advantageously resources of the country, the statistical and practi- used in transporting the valuable woods, and other cal evidences of our growth as a nation, and the uses products of the soil of the
island, to a market,
and of the mechanical arts and the applications of ap- in carrying supplies and emigrants to it. The island
is but sparsely settled, while it has an area sufficient March 6th.-Mr. Edmunds, from this committee, for the profitable employment of several millions of reported the following, which was agreed to: people. The soil would have soon fallen into the Ordered, That the Senate will
, according to its standing hands of United States capitalists. The products rules and orders in such casos provided, take proper order are so valuable in commerce that emigration there thereon (upon the presentation of articles of impeachment), would have been encouraged; the emancipated race of which due notice shall be given to the House of Repre of the South would have found there a congenial
Eentatives. home where their civil rights would not be disputed, resentatives herewith.
Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House of Repand where their labor would be so much sought after that the poorest among them could have found the March 8th.-As Mr. Caleb P. Marsh, the chief witmeans to go. Thus in cases of great oppression and nees against the Secretary, had fled to Canada, on cruelty, such as has been practised upon them in report of the Judiciary Committee the House reconmany places within the last eleven years, whole mitted the resolution to proceed with the impeachcommunities would have sought refuge in Santo ment, and instructed the committee to take further Domingo. I do not suppose the whole race would testimony. At the same time, a bill was passed to have gone, nor is it desirable that they should go protect witnesses against being held to answer for Their labor is desirable-indispensable almost- any act concerning which they may testify.. where they now are. But the possession of this March 30th.-The Committee on the Judiciary of territory would have left the negro “master of the the House reported articles of impeachment, which situation” by enabling him to demand his rights at were ordered to be printed, and which were adopted home on pain of tinding them elsewhere.
on April 3d, with resolutions appointing managers on I do not present these views now as a recommen- the part of the House, and directing the articles to dation for a renewal of the subject of annexation, be presented. On the same day the Clerk of the but I do refer to it to vindicate my previous action House appeared at the bar of the Senate, and said in regard to it.
that the House had agreed to the articles of impeachWith the present term of Congress my official life ment, and that the House bad appointed Mr. Scott terminates. "It is not probable that public affairs Lord, of New York; Mr. J. Proctor Knott, of Kenwill ever again receive attention from me further tucky; Mr. William P. Lynde, of Wisconsin; Mr. than as a citizen of the republic, always taking a John A. MacMahon, of Ohio; Mr. George A. Jenks, deep interest in the honor, integrity, and prosperity of Pennsylvania; Mr. Elbridge G. Lapham, of New of the whole land.
U.S. GRANT. York; and Mr. George F. Hoar, of Massachusetts, EXECUTIVE MANSION, December 5, 1876.
to conduct the impeachment against Wil. liam W. Belknap, late Secretary of War.
April 4th.-The managers of the impeachment on Impeachment of William W. Belknap. the part of the House of Representatives appeared On the 2d of March, 1876, Mr. Clymer, of Pennsyl- at the bar of the Senate and exhibited the following vania, chairman
of the Committee on Expenditures articles. Proclamation being made, Manager Lord in the War Department, submitted to the House of read the articles: Representatives the following resolutions:
Articles exhibited by the House of Representatires of the Resolved, That William W. Belknap, late Secretary of War,
United States of America, in the names of themikleee be impeached of high crimes and misdemeanors while in
and of all the People of the United States of America, office.
against William W. Belknap, late Secretary of War, Resolved, that the testimony in the case of William W. in maintenance and support of their impeachment Belknap, late Secretary of War, be referred to the Committee
against him for high crimes and misdemeanors ucila on the Judiciary, with instructions to prepare and report
in said office. withont unnecessary delay suitable articles of impeachment fice as Secretary of War of the United States of America, ta
ARTICLE I. That William W. Belknap. while he was in ofResolved, That a committee of five members of this House wit, on the 8th day of October, 1870, had the power and sube appointed and instructed to proceed immediately to the
thority, under the laws of the United States, as Secretary of bar of the Senate, and there impeach William W. Belknap,
War as aforesaid, to appoint a person to maintain a trading late Secretary of War, in the name of the House of Rep
establishment at Fort Sill
, a military post of the United States: resentatives and of all the people of the United States of
that said Belknap, as Secretary of War as aforesaid, on the America, of high crimes and misdemeanors while in office, day and year aforesaid, promised to appoint one Caleb P. and to inform that body that formal articles of impeachment Marsh to maintain said trading-establishment at said military will in due time be presented, and to request the Senate to
post; that thereafter, to wit, on the day and year aforesaid take such order in the premises as they deem appropriate.
the said Caleb P. Marsh and one John S. Evans entered inte
an agreement in writing substantially as follows, to wit: The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and Articles of agreement made and entered into this sth day the Speaker appointed, as the committee called for in of October, in the year of our Lord 1870, by add betweca the second resolution, Mr. Clymer, Mr. Robbins, of John 8. Evans, of Fort sill, Indian Territory, United States North Carolina, Mr. Blackburn, Mr. Bass, and Mr. of America, of the first part, and Caleb P. Marsh, of No. 51 Danford. March 3d.-A message was received by the Senate New York, of the second part, witnesseth, namely:
Whereas the said Caleb P. Marsh has received from Gennotifying it of the action of the House, and there, eral William W. Belknap, Secretary of War of the United after the committee of the House, having appeared States, the ointment of post-trader at Fort Sill aforesaid: at the bar of the Senate, demanded that the Senate and whereas the name of said John S. Evans is to be filled take order for the appearance of the said William into the commission of appointment of said post-trader at W. Belknap to answer said impeachment.
Fort Sill aforesaid, by permission and at the instance and te The President pro tempore : "Mr. Chairman and quest of said Caleb P. Marsh, and for the purpose of carrying gentlemen of the committee of the House of Repre- Evans is to hold said position of post-trader as aforesaid sentatives, the Senate will take order in the prem- solely as the appointee of said Caleb P. Marsh, and for the ises."
purpose hereinafter stated: The committee thereupon withdrew.
Now, therefore, said John 8. Evans, in consideration of Mr. Edmunds offered the following order:
said appointment and the sum of one dollar to him in hand
paid by said Caleb P. Marsh, the receipt of which is hereby Ordered, That the message of the House of Represent- acknowledged, hereby covenants and agrees to pay to said atives relating to the impeachment of William W. Belknap Caleb P. Marsh the sum of twelve thousand dollars annosily, be referred to a select committee, to consist of five Senators. payable quarterly in advance, in the city of New York sfore The resolution was agreed to.
said ; said sum to be so payable during the first year of this By unanimous consent, the President pro tempore hereinafter contained to the contrary notwithstanding and
agreement absolutely and under all circumstances, arything was authorized to appoint the committee; and thereafter said sum shall be so payable, unless increased or Messrs. Edmunds, Conkling, Frelinghuysen, Thur- reduced in amount, in accordance with the subsequent proman, and Stevenson, were appointed.
visions of this agreement
In consideration of the premises, it is mutually agreed be. War as aforesaid, for sald consideration, did corruptly permit tween the parties aforesaid as follows, namely:
the said Evans to continue to maintain the said trading1. This Agreement is made on the basis of seven cavalry establishment at said military post. And so the said Belknap companies of the United States Army, which are now sta was thereby guilty, while he was Secretary of War, of a high tioned at Fort Sill aforesaid.
misdemeanor in his said office. 2. If at the end of the first year of this agreement the ART. III. That said William W. Belknap was Secretary of forces of the United States Army stationed at Fort Sill War of the United States of America before and during the aforesaid shall be increased or diminished not to exceed one month of October, 1870, and continued in office as such hundred (100) men, then this agreement shall remain in full Secretary of War until the 2d day of March, 1876; that as force and unchanged for the next year. If, however, the said Secretary of War as aforesaid said Belknap had authority, forces shall be increased or diminished beyond the number under the laws of the United States, to appoint a person to of one hundred (100) men, then the amount to be paid under maintain a trading-establishment at Fort Sin, a military post this agreement by said John S. Evans to said Caleb P. Marsh of the United States, not in the vicinity of any city or town ; shall be increased or reduced in accordance therewith and in that on the 10th day of October, 1870, said Belknap, as Secreproper proportion thereto. The above rule laid down for tary of War as aforesaid, did, at the city of Washington, in the continuation of this agreement at the close of the first the District of Columbia, appoint one John B. Evans to year thereof shall be applied at the close of each succeeding maintain said trading-establishment at said military post, and year, so long as this agreement shall remain in force and that said John S. Evans, by virtue of said appointment has effect.
since, till the 2d day of March, 1876, maintained a trading8. This agreement shall remain in force and effect so long establishment at said military post; and said Evans, on the as said Caleb P. Marsh shall hold or control, directly or in 8th day of October, 1870, before he was so appointed to maindirectly, the appointment and position of post-trader at Fort tain said trading-establishment as aforesaid, and in order to Sill aforesaid.
procure said appointment and to be continued therein, agreed 4. This agreement shall take effect from the date and day with one Caleb P. Marsh that, in consideration that said the Secretary of War aforesaid shall sign the commission of Belknap would appoint him, the said Evans, to maintain said post-trader at Fort Sill aforesaid, said commission to be trading-establishment at said military post, at the instance issued to said John 8. Evans at the instance and request of and request of said Marsh, he, the said Evans, would pay to said Caleb P. Marsh, and solely for the purpose of carrying him a large sum of money, quarterly, in advance, from the out the provisions of this agreement.
date of his said appointment by said Belknap, to wit, twelve 5. Exception is hereby made in regard to the first quar thousand dollars during the year immediately following the terly payment under this agreement, it being agreed and un 10th day of October, 1870, and other large sums of money, derstood that the same may be paid at any time within the quarterly, during each year that he, the said Evans, should next thirty days after the said Secretary of War shall sign be permitted by said Belknap to maintain said trading-estabthe aforesaid commission of post-trader at Fort Sill.
lishment at said post; that said Evans did pay to said Marsh 6. Said Caleb P. Marsh is at all times, at the request of said sum of money quarterly during each year after his said said John S. Evans, to use any proper influence he may have appointment, until the month of December, 1875, when the with said Secretary of War for the protection of said John s. last of said payments was made; that said Marsh, upon the Evans while in the discharge of his legitimate duties in the receipt of each of said payments, paid one-half thereof to conduct of the business as post-trader at Fort Sill aforesaid. him, the said Belknap. Yet the said Belknap, well knowing
7. Said John 8. Evans is to conduct the said business of these facts, and having the power to remove said Evans from post-trader at Fort Sill aforesaid solely on his own responsi said position at any time, and to appoint some other person bility and in his own name; it being expressly agreed and un to maintain said trading-establishment, but criminally disderstood that said Caleb P. Marsh shali assume no liability in regarding his duty as Secretary of War, and basely prosthe premises whatever.
tituting his high office to his lust for private gain, did unlaw8. And it is expressly understood and agreed that the fully and corruptly continue said Evans in said position, and stipulations and covenants aforesaid are to apply and bind permit him to maintain said establishment at said military the heirs, executors, and administrators of the respective post during all
of said time, to the great injury and damage parties.
of the officers and soldiers of the Army of the United States In witness whereof the parties to these presents have stationed at said post, as well as of emigrants, freighters, hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first and other citizens of the United States, against public policy, above written,
and to the great disgrace and detriment of the public service. JOHN 8. EVANS, [BEAL.]
Whereby the said William W. Belknap was, as Secretary CALEB P. MARSH. (SEAL.] of War as aforesaid, guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors
in office. Signed, sealed and delivered, }
ART. IV. That said William W. Belknap, while he was in E. J. BARTLETT.
office and acting as Secretary of War of the United States of
America, did, on the 10th day of October, 1870, in the exerThat, thereafter, to wit, on the 10th day of October, 1870, cise of the power and authority vested in him as Secretary said Belknap, as Secretary of War aforesaid, did, at the in of War as aforesaid by law, appoint one John 8. Evans to stance and request of said Marsh, at the city of Washington, maintain a trading-establishment at Fort Sill, a military
post in the District of Columbia, appoint said John S. Evans to of the United States; and he, the said Belknap, did receive maintain said trading-establishment at Fort Sill, the
military from one Caleb P. Marsh large sums of money, for and in post aforesaid ; and, in consideration of said appointment of consideration of his having so appointed said John S. Evans said Evans so made by him as Secretary of War as aforesaid, to maintain said trading-establishment at said military post, the said Belknap did, on or about the 2d day of November, and for continuing him therein, whereby he has been guilty 1970, unlawfully and corruptly receive from said Caleb P. of high crimes and misdemeanors in his said office. Marsh the sum of one thousand five hundred dollars; and Specification 1. On or about the 2d day of November, that at divers times thereafter, to wit, on or about the 17th 1870, said William W. Belknap, while Secretary of War as day of January, 1871, and at or about the end of each three aforesaid, did receive from Caleb P. Marsh one thousand months during the term of one whole year, the said William five hundred dollars, in consideration of his having appointed W. Belknap, while still in office as Secretary of War as afore said John 8. Evans to maintain a trading-establishment at said, did unlawfully receive from said Caleb P. Marsh like Fort Sill aforesaid, and for continuing him therein. sums of one thousand five hundred dollars, in consideration of the appointment of the said John S. Evans by him, the Here follow sixteen similar specifications chargsaid Belknap, as Secretary of War as aforesaid, and in con ing the receipt of money at various times, the whole sideration of his permitting said Evans to continne to maintain the said trading-establishment at said military post dur and fifty dollars.
amount being twenty-four thousand four hundred ing that time. Whereby the said William W. Belknap, who was then Secretary of War as aforesaid, was guilty of high ART. V. That one John S. Evans was, on the 10th day of crimes and misdemeanors in office.
October, in the year 1870, appointed by the said Belknap to AET. II. That said William W. Belknap, while he was in maintain a trading-establishment at Fort Sin, a military post office as Secretary of War of the United States of America, on the frontier, not in the vicinity of any city or town, and did, at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on said Belknap did, from that day continuously to the 2d day the 4th day of November, 1873, willfully, corruptly, and un of March, 1876, permit said Evans to maintain the same; lawfully, take and receive from one Caleb P. Marsh the sum of and said Belknap was induced to make said appointment by one thousand five hundred dollars, in consideration that he the influence and request of one Caleb P. Marsh; and said would continue to permit one John S. Evans to maintain a Evans paid to said Marsh, in consideration of such influence trading-establishment at Fort Sill, & military post of the and request and in consideration that he should thereby inUnited States, which said establishment said Belknap, as duce said Belknap to make said appointment, divers large Secretary of War as aforesaid, was authorized by law to per sums of money at various times, amounting to about twelve mit to be maintained at said military post, and which the thousand dollars a year, from the date of said appointment to raid Evans had been before that time appointed by said the 25th day of March, 1872, and to about six thousand dolBelknap to maintain; and that said Belknap, as Secretary of lars a year thereafter until the 2d day of March, 1876, all