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ber, 1875, in St. Andrew's Church, Toronto, of Truth, praying that, with the Divine blessing in which he expressed views at variance with upon the further study of the
Word of God, all diftithe doctrines of the Church on the subject of tous doctrine incurred may speedily cease to perplex
culties as to the Scriptural evidence of the momeneverlasting punishment. He had been called his mind. to account by the lower courts of the Church, and examined by committees, but failed to (6.) A number of ministers of the Presbysatisfy his examiners, avowing that he held terian Church of Canada in connection with " that there was ground to hope that God the Church of Scotland refused to enter into would eventually remove sin and suffering en- the union with the Canada Presbyterian tirely from every part of his dominions.” Mr. Church, and, after the union was consumMacdonnell spoke in the discussions on his mated, 'declared themselves to constitute the case, and explained that his position was one synod in connection with the Church of Scotof doubt. He was ready to believe the truth land. This synod met in Montreal in June. of God on the doctrine in question, but had The Rev. David Watson was appointed modnot been able to satisfy his mind as to what erator. Trustees were appointed for the varithe truth actually was. The Assembly adopted ous funds of the synod, and the usual comthe following action on the case:
mittees were also appointed. A petition was That this Assembly, sustaining the reference for presented from the congregation of West King, judgment, find that, in the statement made before praying for ordinances in connection with the this Assembly, Mr. Macdonnell has declared that Church of Scotland, and complaining of the he does not hold the doctrine of everlasting
punish- proceedings which had resulted in their being ment in the sense held by the Church and formulat deprived of their church property. A list was he has adopted no doctrinal views contrary to the presented of congregations in similar circumConfession of Faith: Therefore, Resolved, first, That stances. It was agreed that a commission, the above twofold statement is not satisfactory to with synodical powers, be appointed to watch this Assembly; second, that a committee be ap- such cases, and, if that were called for, to apthat they may be able to bring in a report as to Mr. point a deputation to proceed to Edinburgh Macdonnell's views which may be satisfactory to and attend the next General Assembly, or the this Assembly.
meetings at any tiine of the Colonial Com
mittee of the Church of Scotland. The committee subsequently reported that Mr. Macdonnell had met with them and stated Church of Scotland. The General Assem
VI. PRESBYTERIANS IN SCOTLAND. (a.) The that, while he was desirous to meet the wishes bly of the Established Church of Scotland met of the Assembly in regard to conference with in Edinburgh, May 18th, and was opened cerethe committee, he respectfully referred them to monially by the Earl' of Galloway as her the statement he had already made before the Majesty's Lord High Commissioner. The Rev. General Assembly, as clearly defining his posi- Dr. Cook, of Borgue, was elected moderator. tion, and that the report of that statement, The statistical report stated that the total which was published in the Daily Mail of revenue of the Church for its various agencies June 16th, was substantially correct. The and schemes had been £350,621, as against committee offered the following minute relat- £282,834 in 1875. The income for the colonial ing to the case, which was adopted by the As scheme bad been £17,138, and that for the sembly:
Jewish mission £6,035. The income for home Considering-1. That this General Assembly has missions had been £11,857. declared that the statement of his views made by
The report of the Endowment Committee Mr. Macdonnell before it was not satisfactory; 2. That, on meeting with the committee appointed showed that 25 churches had been endowed by the Assembly to confer with him, he signi- during the year, making a total of 240 churches fied that he had at present no further statement endowed since the scheme was projected. The to make, by which his position toward the doctrine total number of charges, parishes, unendowed trine of the eternity or endless duration of the pun- chapels, etc., now in possession of the Church, ishment of the wicked, as taught in the Confession of was 1,473. The income for home missions had Faith, is a doctrine of Scripture which every min- been £11,857, showing a considerable increase ister of this Church must hold and teach-the Gen- over the income of the previous year. The ineral Assembly feels under obligation to continue its come for the Jewish missions had been £6,035. care in this matter; but, inasmuch as Mr. Macdonnell The missions were established at Constantinoexpresses his regret for having preached the sermon which gave occasion to these proceedings, has in- ple, Alexandria, Beyrout, Salonica, and Monastimated that his mind is at present in an undecided tir. The income for foreign missions had been state as regards the doctrine in question, and has £12,949, and the expenditures for the same had engaged, while
seeking for the light, not to contra- been £8,679. An overture, declaring clergyin the hope that Mr. Macdonnell may find his views men of the Church of England, among others, in accord with the standard on the subject in ques- eligible for admission into the Scottish Church, tion: Resolved, That further time be given him was rejected, and an amendment was adopted carefully to consider the matter; and that he be re- declaring Presbyterian ministers alone eligible. quested to report through his presbytery, to the next A case of approach to ritualism in the church of the Church on the subject. The Assembly would of Dunse was decided by the Assembly. An commend their brother to the guidance of the Spirit altar-cloth and cross had been introduced into
VOL. XVI. - 43 A
the church. The synod had ordered them re members, 190,242 ; Sunday-school teachers, moved. The Assembly, on appeal, confirmed 12,129; Sunday-school scholars, 92,502 ; averthe order of the synod.
age Sunday attendance on church, 85,000. The (6.) Free Church of Scotland.--The Gen- total income for 1875 was £419,965. eral Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland The General Synod of the United Presbytemet at Edinburgh, May 18th. · Dr. Thomas rian Church (Scotland) met in Edinburgh, May McLaughlan, of Edinburgh, was chosen mod- 11th. The Rev. John Rankine was chosen erator. Report was made that the sum of moderator. The synod, by a vote of 373 to £70,357 had been raised for foreign missions, 45, gave its sanction to the union of the United and' £5,191 for the conversion of the Jews. Presbyterian Church in England with the EngThe report of the colleges made mention of a lish Presbyterian Church. An animated de bequest of £13,000, a gift of £8,000, of the bate took place on the question of Disestabraising of £10,000 toward a fourth chair in lishment, at the end of which the synod reAberdeen College, and of a legacy of £17,000 solved to issue a pastoral letter advocating a serto the new college. The total amount of funds erance between the Church and the State. The raised for Church purposes during the year had attention of the synod was called to the case been £534,450 108. 9d. A motion was adopted of the proposed monument to Thomas Gillesby an overwhelming majority, to the effect that pie in the churchyard of the Abbey of Dannothing in recent legislation has altered the fermline. It was intended to inscribe upon the attitude of the State to the Church which led monument a record of Mr. Gillespie's expulto the disruption; that the Free Church should sion and deposition by the General Assembly not be moved from the ground which it had of the Established Church of Scotland, but the taken, etc. On the 25th of May the Synod of Government had refused to allow the word the Reformed Presbyterian Church in Scot- “deposed” to be used. A resolution was land, consisting of 36 ministers and 34 elders, passed, declaring "that the synod hear with came into the Assembly, with its moderator at surprise and regret of her Majesty's Board of its head, and the union of the two bodies was Works' refusal, and remit it to the Disestabformally consummated.
lishment Committee to cooperate with the (c.) Reformed Presbyterian Church. — The United Presbyterian Presbytery of DunfermSynod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church line, with power to memorialize the Governin Scotland met at Glasgow, March 13th. The inent in regard to the matter." Rev. David Taylor, of Glasgow, was chosen VII. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN ENGLAND.moderator. The statistical reports showed that The fortieth meeting of the Synod of the Presthe Church included 42 congregations, with byterian Church in England was held in Liver7,500 members, and that its annual contribu- pool
, beginning May 1st. The Rev. Dr. J. tions amounted to about £14,000. The synod, Oswald Dykes was chosen moderator. The by a vote of 57 to 6, adopted a resolution in statistical report showed that the number of favor of union with the Free Church. This communicant members of the Church was 29,resolution, having received the approval of the 045—1,963 more than the number reported the presbyteries and synods, bad now become the previous year. The total amount of receipts resolution of the Church. The Committee on for the year had been £98,484, and the total Union was reappointed to carry the negotia- amount paid as stipends for the year had been tions to a conclusion. The union with the £38,069. The total income for home missions Free Church was finally consummated in the had been £2,133. Seven new fields of labor General Assembly of that body, May 25th. had been occupied. The expenditures of the
(d.) Reformed Presbyterian Synod. --The Re- Foreign Mission Committee for the year had formed Presbyterian Synod of Scotland met in been £8,268, or £505 in excess of the income. Glasgow, May 8th. The Rev. Robert Wallace The committee had twelve missionaries in was chosen moderator. His address was upon China, besides three who were at home for the duties devolving on covenanted witness. rest, fifty-six native evangelists, and twentyHe spoke of the Church over whose synod he three students. The mission-stations
were at was moderator as the true Reformed Presby- Amoy, Swatow, and the island of Formosa. terian Church of Scotland. The Church called A motion for the immediate consummation of Reformed Presbyterian, which was about to the union with the United Presbyterian conbecome amalgamated with the Free Church, gregations in England was carried, with only had no proper claim to the designation Re- two dissentient votes. The Union Committee formed Presbyterian. That Church had been was reappointed to arrange for the reunion en for a number of years violating many of the dis- the 13th of June. tinctive principles and practices of the Re The synod reassembled in Liverpool, Jone formed Presbyterian Church of Scotland. The 13th, to perfect the union with the United business of the synod was of a routine char- Presbyterian Synod. The latter body met at acter.
the same time in a neighboring church in the (e.) United Presbyterian Church.—The fol- same city. After transacting some routine lowing are the statistics of the United Presby- business in each court, including the approval terian Church, as reported in May, 1876: Num- of the basis of union, the members of the two ber of congregations, 620; of elders, 5,075; bodies marched in procession to Philharmonie
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 675
Hall, where they coalesced. The minutes of Syria. In 1831 he went with the Austrian the two synods were read, and the moderators army to Bologna as imperial commissioner; in in turn declared the two churches one. The 1832 he was sent on a special mission to Rome, first Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Eng- and in 1833 to Egypt, to mediate between the land was then constituted. The Rev. Dr. An. Sultan and the Viceroy. In 1834 he was apderson, of Morpeth, was elected moderator, pointed embassador to Greece, where he reDeputations were received from various Pres- mained up to 1849, having been raised to the byterian churches in the United Kingdom, and rank of major-general in 1843, and created a the synod was visited by the Nonconformist Freiherr (baron) in 1845. In February, 1849, ministers of Liverpool in a body. The United he went to Berlin as embassador, remaining Church will consist of eleven presbyteries, there until 1852; and in 1853 he became Presiwith 263 congregations, 50,000 members, and dent of the Bundestag (Federal Diet) in Franka yearly income of £160,000.
fort, having been in the mean while raised to VIII. IRISH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.—The the rank of lieutenant field-marshal, and creGeneral Assembly of the Irish Presbyterian ated a privy councilor. In 1855 he was apChurch met at Belfast, June 5th. The Rev. pointed imperial nuncio and embassador to John Meneely, of Belfast, was elected modera- Constantinople, and in 1867 envoy extraorditor. Report was made that the total income nary to the same court, in which position he of the Church for the year had been £141,152 remained up to 1871. Upon his retirement 98. 9d., or £1,307 58. 33. less than the income from the service he was created a count. He of the previous year. The report of the for- wrote a number of works on the Eastern eign missions was stated to be the most satis. countries, his chief work being “Geschichte factory that had ever been presented to the des Abfalls der Griechen vom türkischen Assembly. The work was carried on princi- Reich" (6 vols., 1867-'68). pally in India and China. The subject of in PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH. strumental music in the churches was again in the table on next page is given a summary discussed. Five of the congregations, which of the statistics of the Protestant Episcopal were reported as in offense the year before in Church in the United States of America for employing instruments, had agreed to give up 1875–76, as they appear in the Church Altheir use if the Assembly would provide them manac for 1877 (Pott & Young, New York). with precentors; but the ministers and congre- The aggregate number of communicants is gations of Enniskillon and Queenstown still given as in forty-three dioceses and nine misheld out, and refused to submit to the decision sionary districts. The number of communiof the previous Assembly. Action in their cants in the whole Church is estimated in the cases was deferred.
Church Almanac as 286,000. The aggregates The Elementary Education Committee made of other items are given by the Almanac in a a report of their action during the year, in op- "general statistical summary" in many inposing the attacks which had been made upon stances incomplete), as follows: Number of the non-sectarian system of education.
dioceses, 45; of missionary districts (includIX. Welsh CALVINISTIO METHODISTS.—The ing Africa, China, and Japan), 13; of bishops, annual meeting of the Calvinistic Methodist As- 59; of bishops elect, 2; of priests and deasociation (which, in spite of its name, is a Pres- cons, 3,192; whole number of clergy, 3,251 ; byterian body) was held at Tredegar, in June. number of parishes, about 2,800 ; number of The Rev. T. James, of Llanelly, presided. The ordinations in 37 dioceses and 5 missionary following is a summary of the statistical re- districts, 214; of candidates for deacon's ports: Number of churches, 33 ; of ministers, orders in 35 dioceses and 5 missionary dis30; of preachers, 8; of leaders, 123 ; of com- tricts, 251; of churches consecrated in 18 diomunicants, 2,339; of candidates for member- ceses and 3 missionary districts, 53; of bapship, 322; of children in the Church, 921. tisms in 40 dioceses and 9 missionary districts,
Š. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN NEW SOUTH 41,453; of confirmations in 43 dioceses and 9 Wales.-Union of the Presbyterian churches missionary districts, 26,954; of Sunday-school was effected in New South Wales in 1865. teachers in 39 dioceses and 7 missionary dis1876 there were in the colony some 66 minis- tricts, 24,894; of Sunday-school scholars in 40 ters and 108 churches, besides other preaching. dioceses and '7 missionary districts, 235,509 ; places, with a total seating capacity for 24,000 amount of contributions in 40 dioceses and 8 persons. The number of Presbyterian churches missionary districts, $6,804,448.29. in the colonies and mission-fields in the South Whittaker's Protestant Episcopal Almanac ern seas was 407, with 850 ministers.
and Directory gives as the number of commuPROKESCH - OSTEN, Count Anton, an nicants in the diocese of Arkansas, 768; in Austrian diplomatist, born December 10, 1795; Florida, 828; in Oregon and Washington, 756; died October 26, 1876. He became, in 1827, in Niobrara, 415; in the African missions, chief of the general staff of Admiral Count 400. This Almanac also gives the following Dondolo, with whom he remained until 1830. totals: Number of bishops, 59; of bishops In this position he concluded treaties for the elect, 2; of priests and deacons, 3,171 ; of amelioration of the condition of the Christians parishes, about 2,900; of baptisms, 42,031; with the Pashas of St. Jean d'Acre and of of confirmations, 26,761; of communicants,
DIOCESES AND MISSIONS.
27 110 18 50 98 91 192 26 82 18 24
Fond du Lac
43 20 41 95 81 22 165 148 55 51 27 51 23 27 90 805 60 63 78 194 59 41 47 42 80 21 82 189 83 96 66 19
26 23 69 193 78 66 77 120 57
Quarterly - American Church Review, NewClergy. Partshes.
ark, N. J.
The forty-first annual meeting of the Board Alabama...
of Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church Albany
was held in Philadelphia, Pa., October 10th. California
Reports were made of the receipts and exCentral New York,
10,874 Central Pennsylvania,
penditures for the year, as follows: The total
17,683 receipts of the board were $295,000.65; disDelaware.
bursements, $309,451.81; debt, $72,705.66; Easton..
investments, $139,507.16. From and includ
1,691 ing 1835 till October, 1876, the total amount Georgia
received and expended by the Domestic ComIndiana..
8,810 mittee had been, in round numbers, $2,500,000, Lowa......
giving an annual average of nearly $61,000 Kentucky.
4,037 during forty-three years. More than fortyLong Island.
12,561 three dioceses and ten missionary jurisdictions Louisiana
2,059 had, for longer or shorter periods, been given Maryland..
17,880 to the work of the committee, and all but sisMassachusetts. Michigan..
teen of these had also been receivers. FortyMinnesota
3,404 four dioceses and missionary jurisdictions had Mississippi.
contributed to the work of the Indian ComMissouri..
mission. Contributions were also acknowlNew Hampshire..
1,763 edged from England, Japan, and Liberia. Two New Jersey
7,010 New York...
young men of the Chippewa Indians had been North Carolina..
4,347 ordained to the diaconate, two others were Northern New Jersey...
6,440 ready to enter upon the same office, and four Ohio. Pennsylvania.
more had been received as candidates for holy Pittsburg..
orders. The missionary bishops of Japan re5,574 4,062
ported that there were at Ozaka station 4
4,862 presbyters, 6 teachers, 27 communicants, 2 Tennessee.
day-schools with 24 scholars, and 1 SundayTexas. Vermont,
school with 25 scholars; and at Tokio station Virginia..
11,925* 2 presbyters, 4 teachers, 35 eommunicants, Western Michigan.. Western New York.
10,594* 4 day-schools with 61 scholars, and 2 SunWisconsin..
8,627 day-schools with 68 scholars. Two persons Oregon and Washington.
had been baptized at Ozaka, and 19 persons Dakota.... Colorado and Wyoming.
had been baptized and 17 confirmed at Tokio. Montana, Utah, and Idaho.
The Bishop of Hayti reported that there had Nevada.... Niobrara ..
been 50 baptisms and 27 confirmations in his Northern Texas....
diocese, and that there were in it 283 con muWestern Texas..
nicants and 88 Sunday-school scholars. The Northern California..
Commission of Home Missions to the Colored Western Africa....
People reported that the normal school at China.
Raleigh, N. c., the school and parish at Peters Europe..
burg, Va., and the high-school at Charleston, Total...
S. Č., were in a highly successful and pros284,835
perous condition. The Bishops of Nebraska 268,534 ; of ordinations, 211; of candidates and Dakota, of Colorado and Wyoming, and for orders, 331; of Sunday-school teachers, of Montana, Idaho, and Utah, made reports 26,429 ; of Sunday-school scholars, 245,397; showing a steady advance of the interests of amount of contributions, $6,539,927.79. the Church in their respective
dioceses. The following periodicals are published in the interest of the Protestant Episcopal Church: was held in Philadelphia, October 13th and
A special meeting of the House of Bishops Weekly-The Church Journal and Gospel Mes 14th. The principal business of the meetsenger, New York; the Churchman, Hartford, ing was the election of missionary bishops for Conn.'; the Episcopal Register, Philadelphia, the dioceses of China and Cape Palmas, AfriPa.; the Southern Churchman, Alexandria, ca. The Rev. Samuel I. J. Scherenschewsky, Va.; the Standard of the Cross, Cleveland, D.D., was elected Missionary Bishop for China. Ohio; the Pacific Churchman, San Francisco, Dr. Scherenschewsky had been elected to the Cal.; the Western Church, Milwaukee, Wis.; same office one year before, but had then dethe 'Oregon Churchman, Portland, Oregon. clined to accept it. At this time, however, he Monthly—the Parish Visitor, New York; yielded to the renewed call of the bishops, and the Church Eclectic
, Utica, N. Y.; the Spirit signified his acceptance. The Rev. John T. of Missions, New York; the Church Maga- Magrath, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Jackson, eine, Brooklyn, N. Y.; the Parish Messenger. Mich., was elected Missionary Bishop of Cape * Number reported in 1875.
53 44 88 80 40 160 88 94 46 23
174 863 516 817
500 469 590
New Mexico and Arizona..
The seventeenth annual meeting of the $3,900. The receipts of the Society had been American Church Missionary Society was held $2,620, leaving a deficiency of $1,280. in Philadelphia, October 25th. The Rev. S. H. The anniversary of the Society for the InTyng, D. D., presided. The receipts of the crease of the Ministry was held at PhiladelSociety for the year had been $54,550.50. In phia, October 8th and 9th. The report was the field of domestic missions the Society had made for the year ending September 1, 1876. more than one bundred and twenty-five sta- The Society had begun the year with $625.tions, representing fourteen dioceses and three 74 in the treasury, and had received till the missionary jurisdictions. Forty-three mission- date of the report, from 45 dioceses and misaries had been commissioned, eight had re- sionary jurisdictions, the sum of $28,869.66. signed, one had died, and thirty-three were Its expenditures had been $32, 939.50. It had now in active service. In the field of foreign aided 153 scholars, representing 42 diocese:3 missions the Society occupied the city of and missionary jurisdictions. One in eight Mexico, with a district surrounding it, having of all the clergy of the Protestant Episcopal & radius of from two hundred to four hundred Church now living had received help from the miles. More than sixty congregations were Society. It had assisted students from every officially connected with the Church of Jesus, diocese studying in every college and seminary or, to describe it by its full legal title, “Thé of the Church. Méxican Branch of the Catholic Church of the The third meeting of the Church Congress Lord Jesus Christ Militant upon Earth.” The was held at Boston, beginning November 14th. worship of this Church is guided in accord- The opening address was delivered by Bishance with a provisional service-book, entitled op Huntington, of Central New York. The "Prayers and Hymns.” This work is liturgi- Bishop of Massachusetts presided, and delivcal and responsive in character, and is to be en- ered an address of welcome to the Congress. larged and perfected by the legislative body of the following topics_were discussed during the Church, under the advice of the bishops who the sessions: “The True Place of Art in compose the Mexican Commission of the House Christianity;" “ Foreign Missions, under our of Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Present Knowledge of Non-Christian Nations, Its ministry is constituted of men who were their Morals and their Religions;" "The Reordained by Bishop Lee, of Delaware, on hislation of the Protestant Episcopal Church to recent visit to Mexico, who have also been the Freedom of Religious Thought;”. “The Reaided by former Roman Catholic priests who lations of Secular and Religious Education;" have renounced their Church. Seven candi- "The Morals of Politics;" «The Just Liberty dates were awaiting holy oders. Many lay in the Adaptation of the Services to the Varied assistants were employed.
Wants of the People;" “ The Prevention and The tenth annual meeting of the Evangelical Cure of Drunkenness;": "Revivals and ChrisEducation Society of the Protestant Episcopal tian Nurture." Church was held in Philadelphia, October 26th. The Diocesan Convention of Iowa met in Bishop Vail, of Kansas, presided. The report Davenport, May 31st. At a former meeting of the Board of Managers showed the financial of the Convention, the Rev. J. H. Eccleston, condition of the Society to be as follows: of Philadelphia, had been elected bishop. The Money on hand at the beginning of the year, validity of the election was disputed on ac$737.23; amount received during the year, count of some informalities, and Dr. Eccles$24,536.83. The Society was free from debt, ton declined to serve. A new election was and, notwithstanding the stringency of the therefore necessary. A letter was read from times, had aided every worthy student who Dr. Eccleston declining a nomination. On had applied for help. Forty-six students were the first ballot, the Rev. W. Stevens Perry, on the Society's roll at the beginning of the D. D., President of Hobart College, Geneva, year, and twenty-four had been added since. N. Y., received a very large majority of the The number still upon the rolls was forty. votes, and was elected. A resolution was
The annual meeting of the New York Bible unanimously adopted commending the action and Common Prayer-Book Society was held of Dr. Eccleston in the case. Dr. Perry was in New York City, October 22d. Report was ordained bishop at Trinity Church, Geneva, made that during the year the Society had N. Y., September 10th. given away about 28,000 volumes of Bibles, The tenth annual session of the National prayer-books, and Testaments. The Society Convocation of the Haytian Church was held in was at present engaged in publishing in sepa- Port-au-Prince, beginning June 11th. Conferrate parts a translation of the prayer-book ences on religious subjects formed a prominent into German, made under the supervision of a feature of the meeting. The educational insticommittee appointed by the General Conven- tution set on foot by Bishop Holly was cordially tion of the Protestant Episcopal Church. approved. It was decided to celebrate the com
The forty-third anniversary of the Bishop pletion of the tenth year of the existence of the White Prayer-Book Society was held in Phila- Church by giving a contribution of one hundred delphia, in October. The Society had during dollars to the centennial fund of the Board of the year distributed 17,965 volumes of Bibles, Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church of prayer-books, and hymnals, at a total cost of the United States, that Church having been the