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for Burnley, in the month of November, 1868, LIAM, a British officer, born in 1817; died Janand was a warm supporter of Mr. Gladstone. uary 27, 1876. He entered the army as cornet
SHAWE, CHARLES AUGUSTUS, a British gen- in the cavalry in 1835, and was appointed maeral, born in 1791; died April 7, 1876. He ob- jor-general in 1864. He served for many tained his first commission as ensign in May, years in the British army in India, taking part 1808, and served in the Coldstream Guards, in in the campaigns against Afghanistan, Beloothe Peninsula, from 1810 to 1812, and in Hol- chistan, Persia, and for the suppression of the land and Belgium in 1813-'14. He was severe- Indian mutiny. At the creation of the Dominly wounded at Bergen-op-Zoom. He had been ion of Canada he was appointed Lieutenantcolonel of the Seventy-fourth Highlanders since Governor of Ontario, which position he held 1856.
for some time. SHILLETO, Rev. RICHARD, a British_scholar; STUART, Sir John, a British statesman, born died September 24, 1876. He was a Fellow of in 1793; died October 30, 1876. He was called St. Peter's College, Cambridge, was one of the to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1819, and was for most accomplished Greek scholars in the uni- years, until his death, one of the benchers. versity, and was the instructor of the majority He was made Queen's Counsel in 1839, and apof the best scholars of the university. On two pointed one of the Vice-Chancellors of Engoccasions, in 1839 and 1840, he acted as one of land in 1852, which position he filled with disthe examiners for the classical Tripos. He edited tinction until March, 1871. He was created Demosthenes's “De Falsa Legatione," and at a knigbt upon his elevation to the judicial the time of his death was engaged in editing bench, and represented Newark in the con"The History of the Peloponnesian War” by servative interest from 1846 to 1852, and BuryThucydides.
St.-Edmunds from the latter date until made a SIMPSON, RICHARD, a British writer, born in judge. 1820; died April 5, 1876. In 1862 he founded, TALBOT, Sir CHARLES, a British admiral, born together with Lord Acton and others, the Lib- in 1801; died August 8, 1876. He entered eral weekly, The Rambler, and, after that had the Royal Naval College in 1815, and in 1817 suspended publication, The Home and Foreign embarked as a volunteer on board the PromeReview, which did not appear for more than theus. He subsequently served on the South two years. He was the author of a "Life of American stations, and on the night of April Campian," and other works.
6, 1831, an insurrection having broken out at SOULIÉ, EUDORE, & well-known writer on Rio de Janeiro, he rescued and brought off art and literature, and the conservator of the from the Palace of São Christovão the EmMuseum of Versailles, born in 1817; died in peror and Empress, a service which Dom Pedro June, 1876. He began his career at Versailles II. acknowledged by presenting him with the in 1836, under the patronage of Chateaubriand, decoration of the Brazilian Order of the Southwho was his godfather. Since then he grad- ern Cross. In 1845 he served off the coast of ually rose to the highest position in the service Borneo, and was commodore at the Cape of of that museum. To English students he was Good Hope from 1852 to 1854. As captain of best known by his excellent Catalogue, which the Algiers, from 1854 to 1856, he was emis not a new guide-book, but an important con- ployed in conveying troops to the Baltic, and tribution to the history of art in the seven- also at the blockade of Sebastopol. His last teenth and eighteenth centuries; but in France command was at the Nore, from 1864 to 1866. his name is mostly associated with that of TarnocZY, MAXIMILIAN, Cardinal Archbishop Molière, of whom he wrote a most interesting of Salzburg, Austria, born October 24, 1806; and exhaustive biography. Other works of died April 4, 1876. He entered the priesthood which he was part editor are the “Mémoires at an early age, was consecrated Archbishop of de Dangeau," "Mérnoires du Cardinal de Salzburg in 1850, and cardinal in 1873. He Luynes," and the Journal d'Hérouard. was distinguished alike for his piety and zeal.
STEIFENSAND, XAVIER, a German engraver Taylor, Sir Henry GEORGE ANDREW, a Briton copper, born in 1809; died January 6, 1876. ish general
, born in 1783 ; died February 9, Among his works are numerous engravings on 1876. He served in the Mahratta campaign in copper of the paintings of celebrated artists, as 1803–4, under the Duke of Wellington, and Kaulbach, Overbeck, Chauvin, and others. His was wounded at Assaye; was subsequently most celebrated engraving is that of the "Wor- Town-Major of Madras (1825), and held several ship of the Three Wise Men,” by Paul Vero- brigade commands, terminating with the comnese, which he completed in 1873.
mand of the Northern Division. He was creSTEWART, Colonel ALEXANDER, a British of- ated a G. O. B. in 1873. ficer, born in 1825; died September 22, 1876. TELEKI, Count Dominik, an Hungarian noHe served with the expedition in China in bleman, born in 1810; died May 1, 1876. He 1842–43, was present at the capture of Woo- had been director and honorary member of the sung and Shanghai, the storming of Ching- Hungarian Academy, a member of the HunKiang-Foo, and the operations before Nanking. garian Reichstag, where he belonged to the He had been inspector-General of Ordnance Deak party, and had written a number of hisund Magazines at Madras.
torical essays. STISTED, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Wil TINDALL, Louis SYMONDS, a British admiral;
died February 4, 1876. He entered the navy within a few years his own theatre—the Wallin 1825, and obtained his first commission in ner-Theater-which soon becaine one of the 1832. He took part in the attack upon Chuen- most famous in the city. In 1868 he retired pe, in the taking of the Bogue forts, in the to private life on account of his health. storming of the enemy's works close to Wham WALPOLE, FREDERICK, M. P., born Septempoa Reach, and in the capture of the last fort ber 18, 1822; died April 2, 1876. He entered protecting the approaches to Canton, and in the Royal Navy in 1839, and served with disthe other operations against that city. As a tinction in the first Anglo-Chinese War, in the reward for his services on that occasion, he India waters, and during the operations on the was made a commander in 1841. He obtained Danube. In politics he was a Conservative. post-rank in 1852, and went on the retired list He contested Lynn unsuccessfully in Novemin 1864; became retired rear-admiral in 1868, ber, 1865, and in 1868 was returned to Parliaand vice-admiral in 1874.
ment for North Norfolk. He was the author TOCQUEVILLE, HIPPOLYTE, Comte DE, & of “ Four Years in the Pacific," "The Ansayrii, French senator, born in 1812; died in August, or Further East," and other works. 1876. In 1871 he was elected from La Manche WALPOLE, Sir ROBERT, born in 1808; died to the National Assembly, and in 1875 was July 12, 1876. He was a lieutenant-general
, elected by that body one of the life-senators, and was created a K. C. B. in 1859. the fifty-seventh, by 340 votes.
He was a WILDE, Sir WILLIAM ROBERT WILLS, Knt., member of the Left Centre.
M. D., F. R. C. S. I., a British physician; died Traube, LUDWIG, a German physician, born April 19, 1876. He was Surgeon-Oculist in January 12, 1818; died April 11, 1876. He was Ordinary to the Queen in Ireland, and was professor in the University of Berlin, and was knighted in 1864 by the Earl of Carlisle, Lordone of the most distinguished clinical instruc- Lieutenant of Ireland, "to mark the sense of tors of the nineteenth century.
services rendered to statistical science, espeVitale, Count LUIGI S., an Italian states- cially in connection with the Irish census." inan; died in January, 1876. He was one of WINTHER, CHRISTIAN, one of the most disthe earliest champions of the unity and liberty tinguished Danish poets, born July 29, 1796; of Italy. Having been appointed senator in died in the latter part of December, 1876. He 1848, he resigned a year later when a political published a large number of poems, all of them change took place. He was again appointed of great beauty. He also wrote a number of senator in 1860, and was for a number of novels and juvenile works, among them "Tre years secretary of the Presidential Bureau. Fortällinger" (1851), and "En Morskavstog." For some years previous to his death he took (1850), and a translation of Goethe's “Rei. no active part in the labors of the Senate, neke Fuchs." He published a collection of his owing to his advanced age.
poems in nine volumes (1860). The Danish VOLKAART, WILHELM, a German artist, born Diet, in 1851, granted him an annual pension June 23, 1815; died March 14, 1876. He was of 1,000 rigsdalers. chiefly distinguished as an historical painter. WUTTKE, HEINRICH, a German historian, His best works are: “The Murder of Rizzio" born February 12, 1818; died June 14, 1876. (1841), “Mary Stuart on the Scaffold" (1844), In 1848 he became a member of the Vorparlaand "The Death of Admiral Coligny" (1846). ment in Frankfort; was appointed professor
VOLLMER, ALEXANDER JOSEPH, & Gerinan in the university, and elected as Robert Blum's philologist, born September 26, 1803; died De- successor to the German National Assembly, cember 5, 1876. His best work is a critical where he helped to found the Grossdeutsche edition of “Gudrun" (1845). His edition of (Great German) party. He was the author of the “Nibelunge Not” and “Klage” introduced numerous works, of which “Die deutschen in 1845 the great collection of "Dichtungen Zeitschriften und die Entstebung der öffentdes deutschen Mittelalters." Together with lichen Meinung" (1866; third edition, 1875) and Conrad Hoffmann he published a corrected “Geschichte der Schrift und des Schriftthums edition of the “Hildebrand-Lied" (1850), and (1 vol., 1872, et seq.) are especially valued. in 1862 he published his corrections of the ZIEGLER, Franz, a Prussian politician, born fragments of the “Skeireins."
February 3, 1803; died October 1, 1876. As WADDINGTON, Joshua, a British merchant, Mayor of Brandenburg, in 1840, he became born in York, England, in 1792; died in Val- very popular, was elected a member of the paraiso, October 11, 1876. In 1817 he went to National Assembly of 1848, and was the only Valparaiso, where he established himself in one of the tax-refusers who was arrested and business, his house becoming one of the largest tried for treason. From 1864 to 1870 he was on the Pacific coast of South America. a member of the Prussian Chamber of Depu
WALLNER, Franz, a German actor, born Sep- ties, and since 1867 a member first of the tember 25, 1810; died January 19, 1876. He North-German and afterward of the German began his career as actor in 1830, with a travel- Reichstag. He was the author of several ing-troupe in Krems, Austria. During a trip novels, among them “Nondum," "Landwehrthrough Germany he appeared within ten years mann Krille," and "Der Bettler vom Capitol," on almost every German stage of any account. and of a number of works on social questions. In 1854 he went to Berlin, where he built ZUOCALMAGLIO, VINCENZ von, a German
politician and author, born May 26, 1806; died The taxes levied in 1876, collectible in 1877, November 23, 1876. In 1836 he published, are: under the nom de plume Montanus, his largest State taxes ..
$4,646,620 54 work, "Vorzeit," in eight volumes. In his County and local..
23,894,635 98 Delinquencies and forfeitures
1,443,929 30 "Geschichte des deutschen Volks," he advocated the unity of Germany under the leader Total.
$29,965,185 82 ship of Prussia. OHIO. The following is a brief summary the grand duplicate of 1876, are:
The taxable valuations in Ohio, as shown by of the present financial condition of the State:
Real estate in cities, towns, and villages.... $371,848,098 00 On the 15th day of November, 1875, the public
Real estate not in cities, towns, or villages.. 704,940,269 00 debt was.... $7,949,920 13 Personal property ....
520,681,599 00 The redemptions during the year were-Loan of 1875... 1,465,414 82 Total...
Which is a decrease from the grand dupli-
1,105,596 00 Of the amount outstanding on the 15th of No. vember, 1875, the sum of $11,865 had ceased
This decrease arises as follows: to draw interest, the holders thereof having been notified to surrender their stock for re
On personal property.
$14,979,219 09 demption, so that the interest-bearing funded
Increase in the value of real debt of the State is.......
$6,472,640 80 estate in cities, towns, and A reduction during the past year of. .... 1,477,279 82
Increase in the value of real
estate not in cities, towls,
18,873,323 00 Domnestic debt, payable in Columbus..
$1,105,896 00 Total.....
From the foregoing statement it appears that The local indebtedness of the State is as the State debt was reduced during the year follows:
almost one and a half million dollars, and September 1, 1875. September 1, 1876. that the indebtedness of counties, townships, Debts of counties
$3,044,578 90 $2,934,099 43 and school districts was reduced over $300,Debts of townships, including debts incurred by boards of
000. But cities of the first and second class, education, other than for
and incorporated villages, have increased their separate school districts.... 222,971 13 229,724 83 indebtedness more than $10,000,000 since the Debts of cities, first and second class.
20,250,722 11 80,510,603 68 close of the fiscal year 1875. Debts of incorporated vil
The State School Commissioner complains lages...
981,862 64 1,074,069 05 Debts of school districts (spe
of the neglect to furnish him with complete cial)....
1,507,953 43 1,314,581 57 returns in all cases, thus rendering his statisTotals.... $25,957,585 21 $36,059,978 56 tics imperfect. The following is a summary
of the leading facts shown by the reports reThe amount of reimbursable debt, therefore, ceived:
Number of youth of school age in the State in
1,017,726 Local, 86,059,978 56 Number of school districts in the State
1,968 Number of sub-districts in township districts.
$42,544,458 86 Estimated value of school-bouses, including Irreducible debt (consisting of school, college,
$20,969,557 and other trust funds)..
22,846 Number of pupils enrolled in the schools.
722,963 Aggregate public debts in Ohio (State,
Average number of pupils in daily attendance 447,189 local, and trust funds)...... $46,752,200 76 Total of receipts, including balance on hand
September 1, 1875..
$12,205 518 44 The local indebtedness in this statement is
Total of expenditures.
$5,462,757 51 reckoned to September 1, 1876, and the State The Board of State Charities report that the debt to November 15, 1876.
aggregate numbers under public care or reThe balance in the State Treasury on the 15th
straint in the State are as follows: of November, 1875, was. $1,429,778 52 In charitable and benevolent institutions..
12,543 The receipts from all sources for the fiscal year
In penal and reformatory institutions..
16,960 ending November 15, 1876, were..... 5,159,667 96
Making a total of........
29,508 Total amount of funds in the Treasury for the year.
$6,559,446 48 The ratio of taxation for the maintenance The disbursements for all purposes during the
of these classes is one and six-hundredths of year have been
one mill (1787) on each dollar of taxable propBalance in the Treasury, November 15,
erty in the State; so that the citizen paying 1576.....
taxes on one thousand dollars' worth of propThe taxes levied in 1875, collectible in 1876, erty pays ten cents and six mills for the supwere:
port of charitable, penal, and reformatory instate taxes .
stitutions, State, county, and city. This aggreCounty and local
23,003.976 18 gate is reached, for the most part, by returns Delinquencies and forfeitures.
940,211 00 of actual numbers from State and county instiTotal
$28,893,182 87 tutions. As a few counties failed to make full
returns, the actual aggregate is probably in ex- for all purposes was $12,861,934. The total indebtcess of the number given above. The number einess was $20,800,491. of acres reported from eighty-one counties as constitution, already referred to, the State debt,
Under the provisions of the eighth article of the occupied for Infirmary farms is 17,398, of which notwithstanding the extraordinary expenditures of 12,906 acres are under cultivation.
the war, has been reduced from over $20,000,000, The State Mine Inspector reports about 300 the amount due in 1851, until it is now only about coal-mines in the State, of which all but twen- $7,000,000. An important part of the constitutional
provisions which have been so successful in State ty-five were worked in 1876. The total amount finances is the section which requires the creation of coal raised was not over 3,000,000 tons, it of a sinking-fund, and the annual payment of a having been a year of unusual dullness in the constantly-increasing sum on the principal of the coal-trade, no one mining region working even State debt. Let a requirement analogous to this be half-time. Seventy serious and thirteen fatal enacted in regard to existing local indebtedness; let accidents are reported.
a judicious limitation of the rate of taxation which
local authorities may levy be strictly adhered to: The Adjutant-General reports the infantry and allow no further indebtedness to be authorized force of the State to consist of nine regiments except in conformity with these principles, and we and three battalions, including seventy-five may, I believe, confidently expect that within a few companies, with forty-two companies unat- cities and towns of the State will disappear, and tached; the artillery force includes two four- that other wholesome and much-needed reforms in gun and ten two-gun batteries; the cavalry the whole administration of our municipal governforce consists of two unattached companies. ment will, of necessity, follow the adoption of what
may be called the cash-system in local affairs.
The Legislature met January 3d. One of its first proceedings was to pass an act repealing the “Geghan Law," the passage of which by the preceding Legislature had created much feeling, and was made an issue in the political campaign of 1875, the charge haring been made that the law had been passed by a Democratic Legislature at the demand of the Catholics. The first session closed April 12, one hundred and seventy-three general laws and a large number of local and special laws having been passed. Among the general enactments were laws reorganizing the governments of the State institutions, the preceding Legislature having reorganized them on a different party basis when it came into power. The office of Controller of the Treasury was abolished. Several laws were passed limiting the
taxing powers of municipal corporations, and The State Board of Centennial Managers re- restricting their powers to incur debts, and proported to the Governor that a very successful hibiting appropriations beyond the amounts actexhibition had been made by the State at Phil- ually in the Treasury to the credit of the several adelphia, and that the sum appropriated by funds. One law prohibits the making of conthe Legislature had more than sufficed for the tracts for special improvements
, such as streetneeds of the Board, there being a surplus of openings, paving, etc., until all the money has several thousand dollars. The entire number been placed in the Treasury by special assessof Ohio exhibits was 1,000, of which 250 re- ment on the property benefited. A large part ceived awards—a proportion larger than was of the municipal indebtedness was made up of obtained by any other State for the same class bonds issued for special improvements, and of articles.
this enactment put a sudden stop to further Rutherford B. Hayes was inaugurated Gov- work of the kind. A law was also passed for ernor on the 10th of January. In bis inaugu- the protection of children engaged in public ral address he called the attention of the Legis- shows, preventing a child under fourteen years lature to the great increase of local taxation old being thus exhibited. and local indebtedness. He said:
The Prohibition State Convention was held in The following statement, showing the increase of Columbus, February 23d. The following State municipal taxation and indebtedness in the cities ticket was nominated : Secretary of State, E. and large towns of Ohio, ought to arrest attention : In 1871, in thirty-one of the principal cities and
S. Chapman, of Montgomery; Judge of Sutowns of the State, the average rate of taxation was preme Court, D. W. Gage, of Cleveland; memtwenty-three and one-tenth mills on the dollar. ber of Board of Publio Works, Ferdinand The total amount of taxes levied for all purposes Schumacher, of Akron. was $8,988,064. The total indebtedness was $7,
The platform adopted was as follows: 187,082
In 1875, in the same cities and towns, the average 1. That the making and vending of alcoholic liquor rate of taxation was twenty-eight and three-tenths as a beverage is fraught with evil to property, peace, mills on the dollar. The total amount of taxes levied health, and life.
2. Government was organized to shield man against incident to the manufacture, sale, and use of wrong and criminal acts of men.
alcoholic beverages. 3. Those who fail to secure this protection violate the design of government.
The Republican State Convention met at Co4. The most flagrant violation of government is lumbus, March 29th, and placed in nomination found among those who make our government, and the following ticket: Secretary of State, Milby those who give venders of liquor legal and politi- ton Barnes, of Guernsey County ; Judge of cal encouragement. 5. No government should contravene the purpose
Supreme Court, Washington W. Boynton, of of its formation, by taking into public service those Lorain County; member of Board of Public who are connected with the liquor-traffic, or addicted Works, James C. Evans, of Delaware County. to the dangerous vice of drinking.
The following platform was adopted : 6. A Prohibition party is demanded. Others have
1. The Republicans of Ohio renew their allegiance failed to give or promise prohibition laws. 7. The women are the greatest sufferers. They affirm its principles of free government as declared
to the Republican party of the United States, and reare taxed for its support, and governed without their and defended by the grand men of 1776, and enconsent. They should have the means to protect deared to our times by the sacrifices of war and the themselves—the ballot. 8. Favors a well-maintained system of common
blessings of an assured union of the States, based schools, under the exclusive control of State manage
upon universal liberty.
2. The citizens of the several States of the Union ment and money, and the widest diffusion of the
are also citizens of the nation, and are equal under teachings of the Bible.
the Constitution and laws in all rights of citizenship, A resolution was also adopted calling on the and are entitled to full and equal protection in their General Assembly to take steps to gather sta 3. We favor an honest and economical administratistics showing the crime-increase and death tion of the Government, and favor retrenchment and
reform in the public service. Personal integrity and 8. To the soldiers and sailors who fought for the fidelity should be required of all officials, and when United States the nation owes a debt of gratitude, found to be dishonest and corrupt, they should be and they, and the widows and orphans of those who prosecuted and punished; and we cordially commend have fallen, are justly entitled to liberal bounties and the vigorous prosecution of public offenders by the pensions. present national Administration.
9. The thanks of the people are due to President 4. The national credit and honor must be sacredly Grant for his faithful adherence to Republican prinmaintained.
ciples; and we assure him of the gratitude of the 5. We recognize gold as the true standard of val- country for the distinguished services he has renues and the only steady and safe basis for a circu- dered as a soldier and civilian. lating medium, and declare that that policy of finance 10. The Republican party of Ohio, having confishould be steadily pursued which, without unneces. dence in the honesty, ability, and patriotism of sary injury to business or trade, will ultimately Rutherford B. Hayes, cordially present him to the equalize the value of the coin and paper dollar. National Republican Convention for the nomination
6. We favor a tariff for a revenue with incidental of President of the United States; and our State delprotection to American industry.
egates to that convention are instructed, and the 7. We stand by our system of free common schools district delegates are requested, to use their earnest supported by general taxation; there must be no di- efforts to secure his nomination. cision of the school-fund, and no sectarian interference with the schools.
The Democratic State Convention was held