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tax ......

of votes cast for any individual candidate on of bonds issued for various purposes and at the State ticket was for the Democratic nomi- various times before, during, and after the nee of Secretary of State, 124,010, giving him late civil war—and is at present nearly $42,a majority of 15,096 over his Republican com- 000,000, including the interest accrued and petitor.

unpaid, on the principal. A comprehensive From the official count of the votes on pres- summary exhibiting the amounts of the sevidential electors,' it appears that the average eral issues of State bonds, and the interest due majority cast for the Democratic nominees on them respectively on October 1, 1876, is over the Republican was something above 16,- thus officially presented : 000; the average number of votes cast for the The bonded debt of the State on October 1, former having been 122,354 ; for the latter, Bonds issued before the war, called " old 106,248.

$8.872,900 00 With regard to the election of members of Interest unpaid on same...

4,003,777 50 the State Legislature, the strength of the two

Total, principal and interest..

$12,876,677 50 parties in either House is as follows: Senate Bonds issued since the war, under acts passed Democrats 39, Republicans 10; House of Rep- Interest unpaid on same.

$1,781.000 00 resentatives—Democrats 82, Republicans 33.

807,150 00 All of the proposed amendments to the State Bonds issued since the war, under ordinance

$2,388,180 constitution submitted to the people were rati

and acts passed since the war, not special fied. They will begin to go into practical op

$2,015,045 év eration on January 1, 1877.

Interest unpaid on same.

921,127 95 As to the election of Congressman in the

$2,986,172 95 fourth district, the Republican candidate, Isaac This class embraces the following issues : WilJ. Young, was successful by a majority of 77

mington, Charlotte & Rutherford Railroad,

issued during the war, under acts passed bevotes over Joseph J. Davies, the Democratic fore the war, and renewed by acts of 1862 nominee - the former having received 4,407 Registered certificates of Board of Education..


389,045 00 votes, the latter 4,330. In that district in 1872 Chatham Railroad, ordinances convention... 1,188,000 00 the Republican majority for Governor was 525. Williamston & Tarboro Railroad...

150,000 @

Penitentiary........ The members of the new General Assembly

44,000 met for the regular session at Raleigh on No Total, principal and interest... $2,015,045 19 vember 20, 1876. In the Senate, James L. Bonds issued under funding acts of 1866-168, Robinson, of Mason, Democrat, was elected Funding act of 1866.....

$2,417,200 60 President, he having received 35 votes, and Interest unpaid on same.

1,157,798 0 George Green, of Craven, his Republican com Total, principal and interest.

$3,674,983 ve petitor, 6. Mr. Robinson presides in the Senate till the beginning of January, 1877, when, in interest unpaid on saine.

Funding act of 1868..

$1,702.900 W

819,252 0 accordance with the new constitution, Thomas J. Jarvis, the new Lieutenant-Governor-elect,

Total, principal and interest.

$2,522,152 00 will be qualified, and assume the presidency of Total for funding.....

$6,097,145 that body ex officio.

Bonds issued during the war, under acts passed In the House of Representatives, Charles

before the war, for internal improvement

purposes, including $245.000 tor Chatham Price, of Davie, Democrat, was elected Speak Railroad, issued under ordinance of convener by a vote of 66 against 27 cast for Daniel Interest unpaid on same.

, ,

$951,000 to L. Russell, of Brunswick, Republican. The financial condition of the State, in regard

Total, principal and interest..

$1,543,985 to revenue and expenditure for the year ending Special tax bonds...

$11,407,000 to September 30, 1876, was as follows:

Interest unpaid on same..

4,897,770 00 Balance in hands of State Treasurer, October

Total, principal and interest.

$16,304,770 1, 1875:

Total debt, including interest, exclusive of Educational fund. $14,089 78 special tax.......

25.842,160 45 Public fund

184,703 111

Total debt, with interest, including " special$198,742 891 tax" bonds......

$41.846,984 Receipts of educational fund for fiscal year ending September 30, 1876...

$42,285 59

An act was passed by the Legislature of Receipts of public fund for fiscal year ending

1874–75 proposing a compromise of the State September 30, 1876...

524,089 17debt, and specifying the manner in which it $566,274 764 should be effected; but its provisions have

not been carried into execution, as only a few

$765,017 66 Disbursement of educational fund for fiscal

among the creditors signified their willingness year ending September 30, 1876....

$54,707 98 Disbursement of public fund for fiscal year

to accept the proposed compromise, and the ending September 30, 1876....

528,055 22

bonds held by them represent so small a por

tion of the debt that it was deemed unadris

$352,763 15 Leaving in hands of State Treasurer, Octo

able to incur the expense of issuing new bonds, tober 1, 1976:

and laying a special tax on all the taxable Educational fand.

$1,567 44 property in the State for the purpose of payPublic fund.....

180,687 07 ing the interest on such a small amount. The public debt of North Carolina consists The Governor urged on the Legislature the








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necessity of a prompt and decisive action in not hope to advance rapidly in intelligence and
this matter, saying: “It is very important wealth.
that we should compromise, commute, and The education of youth is commendably
settle the State debt, so that our financial con- cared for in the State, without discrimination
dition may be the better known, both at home between whites and blacks, the children of
and abroad, and our public credit again estab- either race receiving instruction in separate
lished upon a sound basis."

schools, but in the same manner and on the
same conditions. The following statement ex-
hibits the number of children of school age, as
well as the number of teachers, school-houses,
and academies for white and colored children
in North Carolina in November, 1876:
Male white children of school age.

128,580 Female white children of school age. 119,980 Total of wbite children.....

248,510 Male colored children of school age..

77,583 Female colored children of school age....... 75,415

Total number of colored children....... 152,998

Total number of children of school age.. 401,508 White-school districts...

2,702 Colored-school districts.

1,372 Total......

4,070 FIFIS

Public school-houses for white children...... 1,934
Private school-houses for white children....
Public school-houses for colored children.... 1,871
Private school-houses for colored children...

3,990 With a view greatly to increase the material Academies for white children.

Academies for colored children. prosperity of the State, and also to retain

Colleges for white children. within her borders the vast sums of money Colleges for colored children now constantly sent abroad for the purchase White male teachers in public schools... 1,294 of almost all kinds of manufactured goods,

White female teachers in public schools.

Colored male teachers in public schools Governor Bragden recommended that, without Colored female teachers in public schools... abating the protection and favor due to all branches of agriculture, the chief source of all


2,894 wealth, the General Assembly should hold out

Graded schools, so called, have been opened suitablé inducements to encourage the estab- in several places, and are conferring signal lishment of other industries both to supply the benefits on the communities in which they exraw material required and to work it out for ist. The object and extent of the instruction use, more especially as North Carolina is en given in these schools are "to begin with the dowed by Nature with almost inexhaustible rudiments for little children, and gradually to resources for the raising of such raw materials ascend, until the larger and older scholars are in great variety and abundance. He says:

thoroughly instructed in the higher branches of We ought to manufacture and supply ourselves

learning, thus fitting them for the active busiwith a large proportion of our woolen clothes

set sailiness of life without further instrnction, or prekinds, especially of the coarser and more substantial paring them for college, where they may make kind.

still further and higher progress in learning and We ought to spin and weave at least one-half of knowledge." our cotton-crop, which cannot be less than 200,000 bales per annum.

The State University at Chapel Hill was We ought to manufacture our own iron from the opened for the reception of students on the vast beds of ore which we have in various parts of 10th of September, 1875, and is now in sucthe State, some of which are not excelled for

quality cessful operation. elsewhere in the earth.

An act was passed by the last General AsWe ought to get out and use more of our timber, sembly directing the State Treasurer to issue and send more of it than we do to the markets of the to the trustees of the said university a certifiworld. We ought to direct very much more of our attention and energies to the great work of building cate of indebtedness for $125,000, bearing inup a home market for our people, and of thus living terest at six per cent., payable in two semimore within ourselves.

annual installments, to be used by the said A policy of this kind would benefit every interest, trustees in support of the university. The sum prosperity of the farmers, by creating a demand here of $7,500 is annually paid from the public at home for their products.

Treasury on that account. It would also save millions of dollars per annum In the State Asylum for the Insane there to the State, which are now expended outside our were, at the beginning of November, 1876, borders, and which constitute a constant drain upon 264 patients under treatment. The whole our wealth. It would also diversify labor and give employment number of patients admitted into this instituto all classes of our people, without which we can- tion since the day of its first opening, Febru

VOL. XVI.-89 A

ary 23, 1856, is 1,173, of whom 302 have been public works or farmed out to contractors, on discharged cured, 114 improved, 180 unim- conditions generally advantageous to the State. proved, and 313 bave died.

The directors have furnished certain numbers An act was also passed at the preceding ses- of convicts to be kept out at work in different sion “ to provide another asylum for the insane places, as follows: 332 to the Western North of North Carolina,” its building to be located Carolina Railroad, where they have built three within three miles of Morganton, and to be sets of quarters, the probable value of the work called “The Western Insane Asylum." The already done by them on it being estimated at act appointed five commissioners to purchase $100,000; 50 to the Insane Asylum at Raleigh, in behalf of the State a suitable tract of land where they have manufactured the bricks used for that purpose, and to superintend the erec- in the construction of the new kitchen and tion of the building. To meet the necessary store-room for that institution ; 50 to the new expenses, the act appropriated the sum of Insane Asylum near Morganton, for making $50,000 for 1875, and of $25,000 for 1876, be. bricks and grading the grounds; 30 to the sides empowering the commissioners to employ North Carolina & Georgia Railroad Comin the construction of this asylum as many pany, which line will form a part of the westconvicts as the authorities of the State-prison ern division of the Western North Carolina could furnish for it. The whole amount ap- Railroad leading from Asheville to Murphy in propriated has been drawn from the public Cherokee County, the residents of this county Treasury, and a number of convicts put at having agreed to defray the expense of transwork in the asylum building, which is now porting, feeding, clothing, and furnishing mediin the course of erection.

cal attendance to the convicts for their labor; An act was also passed by the last General 30 to the lessees of the New Hanover WorkAssembly “to provide for the colored insane house for the remainder of their term, upon of North Carolina," appropriating the annual the same agreement as with the residents of sum of $10,000, to be paid to the directors of Cherokee County ; 200 to the Spartanburg the Marine Hospital at Wilmington, for the & Asheville Railroad Company for two years. support and treatment of the colored insane, This company has agreed, besides clothing, as a branch of that hospital. The provisions feeding, guarding, and furnishing the prisoners of this act have remained without effect, as the with medical attendance, to pay into the treascommission appointed to carry them out has ury of the prison a yearly sum of $81.20 been unsuccessful in coming to an agreement for each prisoner. These conditions have been with the directors of the Marine Hospital, who punctually fulfilled by the company. showed themselves unwilling to connect the A considerable number of convicts is kept treatment of colored insane with the institution at work within the penitentiary inclosure, under their charge.

there being connected with it a foundery and As the colored race constitutes a large pro- machine-shop, a blacksmith-shop to manufactportion of the population of North Carolina, ure tools for quarrying stones and other pur. the establishment of an asylum for colored in- poses, and a shoe-shop in which are made all sane under the same rules, regulations, and the shoes worn by the convicts retained within treatment, as are used in the State for white the prison and those sent out of it to be kept patients, is earnestly recommended by the Gov- at work elsewhere in the State. The work in ernor.

these shops is performed by convicts, and, it is In the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb stated, in a very satisfactory manner. and the Blind, the whole number of pupils en During the last two years a strong cell-buildrolled within the last two years has been 221, ing, containing sixty-four cells, has been erected namely: deaf-mutes 128, of whom 63 were within the penitentiary inclosure, and was males, and 65 females; blind 93—males 51, fe- ready for use in November, 1876. The buildmales 42.

ing is of brick, with iron doors and frames. The inmates of this institution are well cared The making of the bricks and the cutting of for and most kindly treated. Its financial con- all the stone-work used in the structure have dition seems to be very satisfactory. Its in- been done by convicts. They have also made come during the two years ending October 31, the iron doors aud frames, at less than one-half 1876, amounted to $101,355.41, made up by of the original contract price. $90,000 from the regular yearly appropriation The management of the State-prison for the of $45,000 ; $3,000 special appropriation ; $80 two years ending October 31, 1876, has been interest ; $2,020.25 from the shoe-shop con- most satisfactory on the part of its several ofnected with the institution; $718.15 from mis- ficers, and the conduct of the convicts in recellaneous sources; and $5,997.01 surplus in gard to discipline apparently commendable. the treasurer's hands on November 1, 1874. Owing to the increase in the number of conThe whole expenditure for the said two years victs, of their guards and overseers, there is was $89,931.41 ; leaving in the Treasury a bal- shown in the financial account of the prison $ ance, on November 1, 1876, of $15,361.41. deficiency of $21,678.97, to cover which and

The number of convicts in the State-prison supply the wants of the prison the directors is quite large. They are usefully employed asked of the Legislature an immediate approwithin and without the inclosure, either on priation.

Among the prisoners now confined in the what. A joint resolution to fix the pay for penitentiary of North Carolina there are "a the time previous to January 1, 1877, at the white man sent thither for a term of ten years, reduced rate prescribed by the constitutional for stealing a Bible while drunk; a youth for amendments for the time thereafter-namely, a term of three years for stealing one goose, mileage, at 10 cents per diem, of members, at valued at ten cents; another for a term of $4; of President of the Senate and Speaker of three years for receiving a stolen chicken!” the House of Representatives, at $6; and of the

Under the law, as it now stands, according chief clerks of the two Houses, at $5—was into the decision of the Supreme Court, assault troduced in the Senate on November 21st, and and battery, even an assault with a deadly adopted on the 22d. The resolution, as adopted, weapon and with intent to murder, is not å being sent to the Lower House for concurrence, penitentiary crime!

was passed-yeas 97, nays 11. As the Western North Carolina Railroad was Matthew W. Ransom was elected to the to be sold under a decree of the Circuit Court United States Senate for six years from March of the United States, the General Assembly of 4, 1877. 1874–75 passed an act to purchase the said Both Houses agreed to adjourn on December road for the State at a price not exceeding 13th, and reassemble on the 30th, the last $890,000. It appointed the Governor and two working day of the month in 1876, which other citizens a commission to make the pur- agreement was carried into execution. chase, and pay for it by issuing bonds in the During the twenty days of session before name of the Western North Carolina Railroad the recess, a considerable amount of work was Company, and in the usual form of mortgage- done by the Legislature, but chiefly of a local bonds, the principal to be paid at fifteen years nature.. from the date of issue, and in the mean time A joint resolution was introduced into the bearing interest at the rate of seven per cent. Lower House by a colored member, requesting per annum, payable semi-annually. The act the Representatives of North Carolina in Conempowered the Governor, after the purchase, gress to procure such legislation from that body to appoint three commissioners to manage the "as will assign to the negroes of the South affairs of the road during the pleasure of the two or three Territories west of the Missouri, General Assembly, and to build and complete for their exclusive use.” The resolution was its unfinished portion to its termini at Paint taken up at the sitting of December 11th, when, Rock and the Georgia or Tennessee line, near as some among his colleagues seemed inclined Ducktown, according to the charter granted to ridicule his proposition by moving to refer to the railroad company. For the execution of it to the Committee on Military Affairs, and to this work the act authorized the last-named the Committee on the Insane Asylum, he decommissioners to use the labor of convicts from clared to the House that from facts and reflecthe State penitentiary, and also the net earn- tions he had come to the conclusion that the ings of the road, as they might deem proper. two races could not live together in the South The judicial sale of the road, with all its prop- in that hermony which was necessary and deerty and franchises, including road-bed, super- sirable ; adding that this sentiment and belief structure, equipment, and all its real and per- were entertained by a large portion of his sonal estate, took place on the 22d of June, race. He then moved to postpone the further 1876, when the above-named commission, with consideration of his resolution to January 10, the Governor at its head, bought it for the 1877. A motion to table the whole matter State, to whom a perfect title was conveyed in was rejected by a vote of 50 nays to 37 yeas; due time. The Governor then appointed the and the motion to postpone to January 10th three commissioners. A considerable amount adopted. of work has since been done on this road. On December 30th the members of the Legis

One of the first matters acted upon by the lature met again to resume the work of the members of the Legislature after the opening session. On January 1, 1877, in accordance of the session on November 20th was their with the amended constitution, Zebulon B. own-pay, as the amendments to the constitu- Vance, the new Governor-elect, was formally tion adopted reduce its present amount some- installed in office.

OBITUARIES, AMERICAN. AMERMAN, to other hands, and Mr. Amerman returned to JOHN, Jr., was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., April New York, and formed a partnership with the 2, 1809; died there, January 6, 1876. He was late James Van Norden, making the printing the oldest employing printer in New York, of legal matters a specialty. having followed that occupation for half a cen ANTHONY, JAMES, born in Franklin Countury. In 1834 he established with P. T. Bar- ty, Pa.; died at San Francisco, January 30, in nam the Herald of Freedom, a weekly journal, the 62d year of his age. He emigrated to at Norwalk, Conn. The paper soon passed in- California in 1849; in 1851 he became part

proprietor and sole directing spirit of the Sac- State on the Democratic ticket. His term erramento Union, in which position he continued pired in 1855, and in 1856 he removed to Clintill 1874, wielding an important influence for ton, Iowa, and engaged in the practice of law. good in the affairs and politics of the Pacific He was elected to the Legislature in 1859, and coast and the nation.

acted with the Republicans in the session of ARNOLD, Aaron, born in the Isle of Wight, 1860 and the extra session of 1861. In July, in 1794; died in New York, March 18th. He 1861, he was appointed Adjutant-General of came to the United States in 1823, and in 1827, Iowa, which office he beld until the time of with his nephew, George A. Hearn, established his death. in New York City a wholesale and retail dry Baldwin, Judge CALEB; died at Council goods store, under the firm-name of Arnold & Bluffs, Iowa, in December. He was one of Hearn. In 1842 Mr. Hearn was succeeded by the judges of the Court of Alabama Claims. Mr. Arnold's son-in-law, James M. Constable, BALLOU, GEORGE C., an extensive cotton and the name of the firm was changed to and woolen manufacturer in Woonsocket, R.I.; Aaron Arnold & Co. In 1853 Mr. Arnold's died March 26th. son Richard, and J. P. Baker, were admitted BARLOW, SAMUEL BANCROFT, was born in to the firm, which then became known by its Granville, Mass., in April, 1798; died in New present title, Arnold, Constable & Co. In 1869 York, February 28th. He was graduated from Mr. Aaron Arnold left to his partners the ac- the Yale Medical School in 1821. In 1841 be tive management of the business, which had removed to New York, and was for many years now become one of the largest in the city. a professor in the Hahnemann (Homeopathic)

ASPINWALL, Colonel THOMAS; died in Brook- College. He was well known as an antiquarian line, Mass., August 11th, aged 90 years. He and philologist. was the oldest survivor of the War of 1812, BARRETT, Rev. Myron; died in Newton, and his services were memorable as major of N. J., May 8th. Ho was born in Dutchess the Ninth United States Infantry. From 1815 to County, N. Y., September 9, 1816, and grad1853 he was United States consul at London. uated from Yale College in 1844. He com

BABOOOK, GEORGE R.; died September 22d, pleted his education at the Princeton Theologiin Dannemora, N. Y. He took a prominent cal School in 1851, and became pastor of the part in State politics, and was elected State First Presbyterian Church of Newton in 1854. Senator in 1850. In 1875 his name was brought BARRY, Commodore GARRET R., pay-diretforward for Controller, but he declined to be a tor of the United States Navy; died in New candidate. He was subsequently appointed York, February 26th, at the age of 81. He a member of the State-prison Commission. was in almost constant service in the navy

Bacon, Rev. Dr. George, was born at New from 1817 until his retirement in 1867. Haven, Conn., in 1836; died in Orange, N. J., BARTLETT, General WILLIAM F.; died at September 15th. He was a son of Dr. Leon- Pittsfield, Mass., December 17th, at the age of ard Bacon, graduated at Yale College, and, thirty-six years. He entered the artsy, in after a voyage to China for his health, re- 1861, as a captain in the Twentieth Regiment turned to this country and entered Andover of Massachusetts Volunteers. He was engaged Theological Seminary. At the age of twenty- in the battle of Ball's Bluff, October 21, 1861, four he received a call from the Orange Val- and made the official report of the engagement ley Congregational Church, where he contin- for his regiment. He lost a leg at the battle of ued to minister during his life.

Fair Oaks, Va., in May, 1862. He afterward BAGLEY, GEORGE Ř., resident engineer of became colonel of the Forty-ninth Massachuthe Eads jetties; died December 14th, aged 54 setts Regiment, which became a part of Genyears.

eral Augur's division, in Louisiana, in 1868, BAGLEY, Colonel JAMES, a sachem of the and took part in several engagements. In Tammany Society, and an ex-Alderman of New the assault on Port Hudson, Colonel Bartlett York, was born in Ireland in 1822; died in was shot through the wrist and the heel. ReNew York, December 21st. He commanded turning to Massachusetts he organized the the Sixty-ninth Regiment from 1862 to 1866. Fifty-seventh Regiment, and was again wound

BAKER, NATHANIEL B., born in Hillsbor- ed in the battle of the Wilderness. In the ough (now Henniker), N. 'H., September 29, summer of 1864 he was captured and confined 1818; died in Des Moines, Iowa, September in Libby Prison. Soon after he was exchanged 11th. He graduated at Harvard College in he was brevetted major-general. He was an 1839, and was admitted to the bar in 1842. Independent Republican, and in 1875 declined For three years he was joint proprietor and the Democratic nomination for Lieutenanteditor of the New Hampshire Patriot. In Governor of Massachusetts, 1845 he was appointed Clerk of the Court of BARTLEY, Mrs., wife of Judge Bartley, and Common Pleas, and in 1846 Clerk of the Su- sister of General Sherman; died in Washingperior Court of Judicature for Merrimac Coun- ton, January 10th. ty. In 1851 he was elected to the Legislature, BENSON, SAMUEL P.; died August 12th. He was chosen Speaker of the House, and served was a member of the Maine Legislature in 1834 two terms. He was a presidential elector in and 1836, and Secretary of State in 1838 and 1852, and in 1854 was elected Governor of the 1841. He was elected to Congress in 1853,

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