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ways. The remaining £2,640,000 was to be In September the Viceroy published a resoraised in England by the Secretary of State. lution in council, the principal points of which No loan was to be raised in India, and no fresh are as follows: taxation was intended for the year 1876–77.
The budget announced that the Secretary of State The cash balances in India at the end of 1875– would borrow £2,640,000 in England. This now '76 were estimated at £16,243,214, and at the appears the estimate of the cost in rupees of supplyend of 1876–77 at £13,552,614. The budget ing the sum still remaining to be raised by the Counshowed all branches of the revenue to be favor- cil bills on India, but he expects
the entire loss by able. The receipts from customs duties have mate. The adverse rate of exchange has made this
exchange to be largely in excess of the budget estiincreased since the new tariff act came into insufficient, and the home loan will be £4,000,000. operation, but the fall in the rate of exchange The sum to be supplied to the Home Treasury from caused an estimated loss of over £1,000,000. India will thus be reduced to £12,300,000, of which The Government resolved to restrict the ex- ment cannot form an approximate estimate of the
£3,344,134 has been already obtained.' The Governpenditure on public works as far as possible unfavorable effect on the customs revenue. The unwhile exchange continued unfavorable. The precedentedly large opium-crop in Bengal will probdrawings of the Secretary of State on the ably, cause the expenditure under the head of Indian Treasury during the ensuing financial increased amount borrowed will increase the charge year were to amount to £13,500,000, and the for interest. The resolution went on to say that the loss by exchange was estimated at £2,300,000. financial prospects gave cause for very grave anxiety.
The local governments and heads of departments I hereby publish, for the information of the gov. have been instructed to stop all outlay which is not ernors, administrators, princes, chiefs, nobles, and absolutely necessary, or to which the Government is peoples of this empire, the subjoined act passed by not committed, or a discontinuance of which would the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain and Irenot cause a disproportionate loss. The expenditure land, on the 27th of April, 1876, together with a on extraordinary public works will be largely re- royal proclamation, dated at the court of Windsor, duced. Municipal corporations, native states, and the 28th of April, 1876, in the thirty-ninth year of private persons, are warned not to apply for loans her Majesty's reign, transmitted to this Government except for purposes which cannot be postponed by the most Honorable the Secretary of State for New expenditure will not be sanctioned unless it is India, in his lordship’s dispatch No. 70, of the 13th really indispensable. The Viceroy invites the ear- of July, 1876. Moreover, I publicly notify, under this nest cooperation of local governments and heads of my hand and seal, that it is my intention to hold, at departments in reducing the threatened deficit by ev- Delhi, on the 1st of January, 1877, an imperial asery possible means; and the resolution concluded by semblage, for the purpose of proclaiming to the stating that the present financial disorder is entirely Queen's subjects throughout India the gracious due to the recent rapid fall in the value of silver in sentiments which have induced her Majesty to make relation to gold. It was considered remarkable that to her sovereign style and titles an addition specially the resolution said nothing regarding any of the intended to mark her Majesty's interest in this great many suggestions which had been made for meeting dependency of her crown, and her royal confidence the difficulty caused by the diminished value of the in the loyalty and affection of the peoples and горее. .
princes of India. To this assemblage I propose to
invite the governors, lieutenant-governors, and heads On August 19th Lord Lytton, the Viceroy, of administrations
from all parts of the Queen's Inpublished the following proclamation, with re- dian dominions, as well as those princes, chiefs, and gard to the assumption of the title "Empress nobles, in whose persons the antiquity of the past is of India" by the Queen of Great Britain and who so worthily contribute to the splendor and ireland:
stability of this great empire. I shall forth with
issue such orders in council as may be suitable to actual murderers of Mr. Birch, the English the historical importance of the occasion, and in resident at Perak, were captured. One of conformity with the desire which will be félt by all them made a complete confession, stating that tion which they cherish for their august sovereign by nine men had perpetrated the murder, and public rejoicings and appropriate demonstrations of gave their names. In March the chief Datu loyalty.
Sagor, who was present when Mr. Birch was In the latter part of November the Viceroy nurdered, was captured, while Ismael and made a journey to the Peshawur frontier. He several other Malay chiefs surrendered to the reviewed four thousand troops, and held a Rajah of Quedah, who handed them over to durbar of all the chiefs of the British districts the British. New disorders were reported in on the Peshawur frontier, and met various March and April, but at the close of April chiefs of the Afreedee and Momund tribes. everything was quiet, and the rebellion was While at Peshawur the Viceroy commenced suppressed. his inquiries into the measures necessary for The inhabitants of the Naga Hills, who had the reorganization of the frontier in a personal been punished for outrages committed on surinterview with the Lieutenant-Governor, the veying-parties in 1875, again attacked a surcommander-in-chief, and the superior local veying-party under Captain Butler in the early officials.
part of 1876, for which they were again seThe troubles in the Malay Peninsula con- verely punished. tinued during 1876. Brigadier-General Ross, The river Leh, in the Punjaub, owerflowed with one hundred and eighty men, proceeded, its banks in August, and destroyed over three on January 4th, to Kotah Lama, a village on hundred houses in the cities Reavul Pindi the Perak River, and disarmed the inhabitants and Sudder Bazaar. without opposition. Accompanied by a small In the early part of December a Mohammeparty, the general afterward again landed, and dan meeting of sympathy with the Turks was was surprised by the enemy in an ambuscade held in the Colvotollah Mosque, Calcutta, at in the jungle. The Malays, after a harmless which 10,000 persons were present. After volley, rushed out upon the British force with prayers for the Queen and the Sultan, the their spears. Major H. L. Hawkins and three memorial to the Queen which had been premen were killed, and Surgeon Townsend and pared by the committee was read, adopted, two men wounded. The village, with its stores and signed. The proceedings were most orof rice, was subsequently burned. Several derly, and marked by much earnestness. Malays were killed. This village had always In Baroda, Sadash Rao, the nephew of the had a bad reputation. The abode of robbers deposed Guicowar, laid claim to the throne,
and attempted to incite a rebellion, for which he was, in February, banished from the coun. try. In April an agrarian outbreak occurred at Bustar, in the presidency of Madras. Thousands of peasants had assembled, but the troops which were immediate
ly dispatched to the է, որինել
scenes of the disorder succeeded in restoring quiet before the close of the month.
Different parts of India were visited during 1876 by the plague and the cholera, the diseases appearing in most places
with terrible severity. GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS AND OCHTERLONY MONUMENT, CALCUTTA.
In the latter part of
the year large districts and escaped prisoners, its name had always in Bombay and Madras were threatened with been a terror to the neighboring districts, and famine, through the failure of the crops on a disgrace to the Bandahara of Perak, who account of excessive drought. Large quantipossessed authority to control the inhabitants ties of grain were sent to the distressed disof this village. But he neither had the power tricts by the Bombay Government; but the nor did he show any inclination to exercise a collectors were directed not to distribute graproper control, and its destruction gave gen- tuitons alms except in cases of extreme neces eral satisfaction. In February three of the sity, and, as far as possible, to exact a fair day'a
labor on the relief-works. In the Deccan, in how probable it is that a storm-wave occurring addition to the failure of the crops, extreme in that region could not fail to do immense dearth of water and fodder was expected. In destruction. The district is honeycombed and the Madras districts rain came in time for a broken up with rivers in all parts of the Ganpartial relief.
Delta ; and some of these rivers, such as On October 31st the delta of the Ganges was the Ganges and the Megus, carry powerful visited by the most destructive cyclone known floods of water to the bay of Bengal. The in history. On the evening of the terrible consequences of a tidal wave must therefore event there were no extraordinary signs of the be tremendous in these districts, because not approach of the storm. At eleven o'clock the only does such a wave pour out upon the land wind freshened, but nothing unusual was seen its own waters, but by rushing up the great in this. Suddenly, about midnight, a mighty rivers it rolls their floods back, and these, rising wave was seen, and in the next instant houses rapidly, must burst over the surrounding counand land were engulfed, and masses of human try, and carry destruction with them. The beings and débris of all sorts were swept away total area of the inundated districts was about on the top of the flood. The flood extended 4,000 square miles-Backergunge, with the islfor many miles inland. The cyclone and storm- and of Dukhin Shahbazpoor, possessing 1,813 wave appeared to have expended their fury on square miles; Noacolly, 900 square miles; and the districts of Backergunge, Noacolly, and Chittagong, nearly 400 square miles. Sir Chittagong; and a glance at the map will show Richard Temple, after a personal inspection
of the afflicted districts, at the instance of the interest, growth, and improvement of SundayGovernment, came to the conclusion that not schools, several of them having especial referless than 215,000 people had been lost ; and ence to the adaptation of the schools to the this fatality is distributed as follows among wants and customs of the people of India. A the Deltaic provinces : Backergunge, possess- Sunday-school Union of India was organized, ing a population of 437,000, lost a fourth of and the churches of the country not reprethat number; Noacolly, with a population of sented in the convention, as well as those 403,000, lost 90,000; and Chittagong, with a which were so represented, were invited to population of 222,000, lost 20,000. Thus, out join in carrying on the legitimate work of such of a grand total population of 1,062,000, 215,- an organization. An executive committee was 000 people were estimated to have perished! appointed, and instructed to labor for obtainBesides the loss of human life, large numbers ing the adhesion of the different Sundayof animals, both domestic and wild, were schools in India to the Indian Sunday-school drowned.
Union, and for the formation of auxiliary A convention representing the Sunday- unions in Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Burmah, schools of India was held at Allahabad, Jan- the Northwest Provinces, Oude, the Central qary 19th. Chairmen were chosen for the dif- Provinces, and the Punjaub. Arrangements ferent days, from the different denominations were made for establishing a monthly periodirepresented in the meeting. A number of cal in the English language, for the use of papers were read on subjects pertaining to the teachers and Sunday-school workers in India,
No. of Sunday
No. of Scholars
of all Ages.
No. of Bible
No. of Scholars
28 114 1,515
to be called the Indian Sunday-School Jour- second baron, the new Viceroy of India, was nal. The first number of this periodical was born November 8, 1831. His father was the issued a few weeks after the adjournment of eminent novelist and statesman, who held the convention. A resolution protesting against office as Secretary for the Colonies in the secthe custom of child marriage was adopted, and ond administration of the late Lord Derby, and it was decided that the subject be brought was created a peer in 1866. The present more prominently before the Indian public. baron was educated first at Harrow, and afterA second meeting of the convention was ap- ward at Bonn, in Germany, where he depointed to be held in 1878, the exact date and voted himself especially to the study of modplace to be hereafter arranged. Statistics of ern languages. He entered the diplomatic the existing Sunday-schools in India were pre- service of the crown when nearly eighteen sented, of which the following is a summary: years of age, and on the 12th of October, 1849,
was appointed attaché at Washington, where his uncle, Sir Henry Bulwer, afterward Lord Dalling and Bulwer, was the British minister, and to whom he acted for the time as private secretary. In February, 1862, he was trans
ferred as attaché to Florence, and in August, I. CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS:
1854, was removed to the embassy at Paris. 1. English-speaking. 74 463 4,242
666 After the peace of 1856 he was promoted to 2. Anglo-vernacular. 8. Vernacular..
858 805 17,175 435 5,272 be paid attaché at the Hague. On the 1st of II. Non-CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS :
, 1858, he received the appointment of 1. Anglo-vernacular. 21 138 3,893
420 first paid attaché at St. Petersburg, and two 2. Vernacular.
141 266 5,804 612 months later was filling a similar post at ConTotal..... 6171781 82,181) 632 7,491 stantinople. While paid attaché at Vienna,
he acted as consul-general at Belgrade, and The total number of scholars, fifteen years was also employed upon a special mission to old and over, was 10,907; number of scholars prevent the renewal of hostilities between the under fifteen, except the infant-classes, 12,025; Turks and the Servians after the capital of the number of scholars in the infant-classes, 4,187; latter had been bombarded. As a recognition average attendance of teachers and scholars, of his services in this capacity, he was, in Oc22,064; number of officers and teachers who tober, 1862, gazetted second secretary in her are church-members, 1,554; number of schol- Majesty's diplomatic service, and was soon ars who are church-members, 7,819; number after promoted to be secretary of legation at of conversions, 542; number of library-books, Constantinople; afterward occupying a like po8,950; number of English periodicals taken, sition at Athens, and then at Lisbon. Having 3,053; total expenses of the schools during assisted in the negotiation of a commercial the year, 6,804 rapees.
treaty between Great Britain and Austria, he NORTHBROOK, THOMAS GEORGE BARING, was transferred to Madrid, and six months Earl of, was born in 1826. He received his later was promoted to the secretaryship of education at Christchurch, Oxford. He was embassy at Vienna. More recently he has successively private secretary to the late Lord been secretary of embassy at Paris, and BritTaunton at the Board of Trade, to Sir George ish minister at Lisbon. In May, 1875, he was Grey at the Home Office, to the present Lord offered the generalship of Madras, then vacant Halifax at the Indian Board, and at the Ad- by the death of Lord Hobart, but declined that miralty until 1857, when he was returned to post; and in January, 1876, was appointed the House of Commons for the united bor- Viceroy of India. He wrote " The Wanderer," oughs of Penrhyn and Falmouth, and this con- “Lucille," “ Julian Fane—a Memoir," a colstituency he continued to represent in the Lib- lection of the national songs of Servia, “The eral interest until his succession to the peerage Ring of Amasis," the poetical works of "Owen on the death of his father in the autumn of Meredith,” “Chronicles and Characters," "Or1866. He was a Lord of the Admiralty from val; or, The Fool of Time," "Fables of Song," May, 1857, to the return of the Conservatives and published the speeches of his father, the to power in 1858; Under-Secretary of State first Lord Lytton, with a prefatory memoir
. for India from June, 1859, to January, 1861; INDIANĂ. The assessed value of taxable and Under-Secretary of State for War from lands and improvements in Indiana is $621,the latter date until the Liberals went out of 416,973 ; railroads, $338,436,919; telegraph office in June, 1866. Upon the formation of companies, $173,241; other corporations, $4,Mr. Gladstone's administration in December, 045,503 ; personal property, $233,667,147 ; 1868, Lord Northbrook resumed office as Un- total taxable property, $1,197,769,783. There der-Secretary of State for War; and when are 282,391 persons in the State subject to a Lord Mayo was assassinated in February, 1872, poll-tax of 50 cents. At the beginning of the he was appointed Governor-General of India. last fiscal period of two years, November 1, Upon his resignation from this office in 1876, 1874, there was a surplus in the Treasury of he was created an earl.
$244,203.78; the receipts from revenue, in LYTTON, EDWARD ROBERT BULWER-LYTTON, 1875, were $1,393,029.78; in 1876, $1,277,
678.73. During the same period $334,042.55 proved, 105 not improved, and two not insane. was received on account of the benevolent in- The expenses of the institution for two years stitutions, being derived from the earnings of were $290,033.24. A new and extensive buildinmates and the contributions of counties. ing, consisting of six distinct hospitals conDuring these two years the payments from nected by towers, is in process of construction. the Treasury amounted to $2,408,718.25, be On the 15th of December the Northern sides $73,679 in redemption of bonds. The Prison contained 603 convicts, an increase durState debt now amounts to $1,097,755.12, con- ing the year of 92. The revenues of the prison sisting of $510,000 six per cent. bonds, due for two years amounted to $145,712.59, po part April 1, 1879; $200,000 six per cent. bonds, of which came from the State Treasury. The due December i, 1879; $200,000 seven per ordinary expenses during the same period were cent. bonds, due April 1, 1878; $139,000 six $130,059.16. The prisoners are let out to labor per cent. war-loan bonds, due in 1881; $29,000 on contracts at 45 cents each per day. The old bonds, required to be redeemed under the average number of convicts in the Southern act of 1872; $16,469.99 five per cent. certificates Prison during the year was 531. The contract of State stock, and $3,285.13 two and a half for labor with the Southwestern Car Company per cent. certificates. The indebtedness of the at 60 cents per day for each prisoner was canState to the school-fund amounts to $3,904,- celed near the beginning of the year on ac783.21, and consists of five per cent. non-nego- count of the bankruptcy of the company. tiable bonds; the common-school fund held New contracts entered into since have been by the counties amounted to $2,523,988.33 in on the basis of 45 cents per day for each prisJune, and the congressional township school- oner. fund was $2,442,100.89, making the total per The political canvass of the year opened manent fund for educational purposes $8,870,- early with the Republican Convention, which 872.43. The revenues to be used in support of was held at Indianapolis on the 22d of Febthe schools realized during the year ending ruary. Delegates to the National Convention June 30th amounted to $3,174,156.77. There were chosen and candidates nominated for are 9,434 schoolhouses in the State, valued at $11,548,993.67. The number of teachers employed is 13,411, of whom 13,317 are white and 94 colored -7,852 male and 5,559 female. The number of children enrolled in the schools during the year was 516,270, of whom 509,307 were white and 6,963 colored. The total number of children of school age in the State was 668,969 whites and 10,261 colored, or 679,230 in all. The average number of school days in the year ending August 31st was 129.
The number of children provided for in the Sol
PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING, LAFAYETTE. diers' Orphans' Home during the year was 294. There were 303 inmates presidential electors as well as for the State ofin the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at the close of fices to be filled in October. The State ticket the year. The expenses of this institution for was as follows: Governor, Godlove S. Orth; the year ending March 31st were $63,553.66. Lieutenant-Governor, Robert E. Robertson The number of pupils in the Institute for the Secretary of State, Isaiah P. Watts; Auditor, Blind during the year ending October 31st was William M. Hess; Treasurer, George F. Her106. The expenditures for two years were riott ; Attorney-General, Jonathan W. Gor$65,518.36.
don; Judges of the Supreme Court, W. P. The Hospital for the Insane contained 482 Edson, A. C. Vorhis, John F. Kibby, and H. patients on the 1st of November, 1874. Dur- o. Newcomb; Reporter of the Supreme Court, ing the two years following 927 were admit- L. S. Miller; Clerk of the Supreme Court, ted and 696 discharged, leaving the number at Charles Schull; Superintendent of Public Inthe close of that period 713. The number struction, Oliver H. Smith. The declaration of deaths was 47 in 1875, and 79 in 1876. Of of principles adopted consisted of twenty-one those discharged 516 were recovered, 50 im- resolutions. The first expressed fidelity to the