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constructions. Each is possible under the dock, Randolph, Robertson, Sharon, West, Whyte, language. The Constitution says:

Windom, and Wright-39.

ABSENT-Messrs. Alcorn, Anthony, Bayard, Bruce, The President of the Senate shall, in the presence Caperton, Clayton, Conover, Cragin, Dorsey, Engof the Senate and the House of Representatives, lish, Goldthwaite, Hamlin, Harvey, Jones of Nevada, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then bé Kernan, Morrill of Maine, Morrill of Vermont, Patcounted.

terson, Sherman, Spencer, Stevenson, Wadleigh, and

Wallace-23. "It does not say who shall count them; it leaves it open to inference that they shall be

So the amendment to the amendment was counted by the two Houses on the one hand, rejected. or by the President of the Senate on the other. The President pro tempore: “The question I will assume, for the sake of the argument, recurs on the amendment proposed by the that you can give to it either construction. Í Senator from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper), which will assume that it is open to both views. Then will be read.” the question comes, which is the more reason The Secretary read the amendment, as folable, which is the better, which is the safer of lows: the two: to adopt that construction which And if the two Houses do not agree as to which gives this great power to one man, the Presi- return shall be counted, then that vote shall be dent of the Senate, who may be counting the by States in the manner provided by the

Constitu

counted which the House of Representatives, voting votes for himself, as it has turned out six times tion when the election devolves upon the House, in our history; or would it be safer to leave it shall decide to be the true and valid return. to the determination of the two Houses of Congress, representing the States and the peo- follows:

The yeas and nays being taken, resulted as ple? If we are open to adopt either one of these constructions, I say the latter is the Gordon, Johnston, Kelly, McCreery, McDonald,

YEAs-Messrs. Bogy, Caperton, Cooper, Davis, safer, it is the more reasonable, it is in con- Ransom, Saulsbury, Thurman, and Withers-18. formity with the spirit of our government and Nays-Messrs. Allison, Booth, Boutwell, Burnof popular institutions. I then adopt the lat- side, Cameron Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wister construction."

consin, Christiancy, Cockrell,'Conkling, Dawes, The Presiding Officer (Mr. Mitchell in the Hamilton, Hitchcock, Howe, Ingalls, Jones of Flor

Dennis, Eaton, Edmunds, Ferry, Frelinghuysen, chair): "The question is on the amendment of ida, Key, Logan, McMillan, Maxey, Merrimon, the Senator from New Jersey (Mr. Freling- Mitchell, Morton, Oglesby, Paddock, Robertson, huysen) to the amendment of the Senator Sargent,'West, Whyte, Windom, and Wright-35.

ABSENT from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper).",

Messrs. Alcorn, Anthony, Bayard,

Bruce, Clayton, Conover, Cragin, Dorsey, English, The question being taken, resulted as follows: Goldthwaite, Hamlin, Harvey, Jones of Nevada, YEAs—Messrs. Allison, Anthony, Bruce, Burn- Kernan, Morrill of Maine, Morrill of Vermont, Norside, Cameron of Pennsylvania, Conkling, 'Dawes, wood, Patterson, Randolph, Sharon, Sherman, SpenFerry, Frelinghuysen, Hamlin, Howe, Logan, McMil cer, Stevenson, Wadleigh, and Wallace-25. lan, Morrill of Vermont, Morton, Paddock, Robert So the amendment was rejected. Bon, Sharon, West, and Windom-20. Nays-Messrs. Bayard, Bogy, Booth, Boutwell,

Mr. Maxey, of Texas, said: "I offer an Christiancy, Cooper, Davis, Eaton, Goldthwaite, amendment, and ask that it be read.” Gordon, Ingalls, Johnston, Jones of Florida, Kelly, The Chief Clerk: “The amendment is to Kernan, Key, MoCreery, McDonald,

Maxey, Merri- add to the second section the following: mon, Mitchell, Norwood, Randolph, Ransom, Saulsbary, Stevenson, Thurman, Whyte, and Withers-29. But if the two Houses fail to agree as to which of

ABSENT-Messrs. Alcorn, Cameron of Wisconsin, the returns shall be counted, then the President of Caperton, Clayton, Cockrell, Conover, Cragin, Den- the Senate, as presiding officer of the two Houses, mis, Dorsey, Edmunds, English, Hamilton, Harvey, shall decide which is the true and valid return, and Hitehooek, Jones of Nevada, Morrill of Maine, Ogles. the same shall then be counted." by, Patterson, Sargent, Sherman, Spencer, Wadleigh, Wallace, and Wright-24.

The President pro tempore: "The section

will be read as it will stand if this amendment So the amendment to the amendment was be agreed to.” rejected.

The Chief Clerk read as follows: The Presiding Officer: "The question is on

SECTION 2. That if more than one return shall be the amendment offered by the Senator from received by the President of the Senate from a State, Virginia (Mr. Johnston) to the amendment of purporting to be the certificates of electoral votes the Senator from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper)." given at the last preceding election for President and

Mr. Johnston: "I ask for the yeas and nays.” Vice-President in such State, all such returns shall The question being taken, resulted as follows: be opened by him in the presence of the two Houses

when assembled to count the votes; and that return YEAs-Messrs. Allison, Bogy, Davis, Johnston, from such State shall be counted which the two Kelly, McCreery, Ransom, Sargent, Saulsbury, Thur- Houses, acting separately, shall decide to be the man, and Withers-11.

true and valid return. But if the two Houses fail Nays-Messrs. Booth, Boutwell, Burnside, Came- to agree as to which of the returns shall be counted, Pon of Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wisconsin, Chris- then the President of the Senate, as presiding officer bianey, Cockrell, Conkling, Cooper, Dawes, Dennis, of the two Houses,

shall decide which is the true Eaton, Edmunds, Ferry, 'Frelinghuysen, 'Gordon, and valid return, and the same shall then be counted. Hamilton, Hitchcock, Howe, Ingalls, Jones of FlorIda, Key, Logan, McDonald, McMillan, Maxey, Mer

Mr. Edmunds, of Vermont, said: "I have rimon, Mitchell, Morton, Norwood, Oglesby, Pad- two objections to this amendment. The first

is one perhaps of mere phraseology. It de- Hamlin, Maxey, Robertson, Sargent, and Withers clares that the President of the Senate, as presiding officer of the two Houses, shall de- Boutwell, Burnside, Cameron of Wisconsin, Caper

Nays-Messrs. Allison, Anthony, Bayard, Booth, cide. I do not think myself, under the Con- ton, Christiancy, Conkling, Dawes, Dennis, Eaton, stitution, that any duty of the President of the Edmunds, English, Ferry, Frelinghuysen, GoldSenate imposed upon him by the Constitution, thwaite, Gordon, Hamilton, Howe, Ingalls, Johnston, in respect of counting the votes, is in the Jones of Florida, Jones of Nevada, Kelly, Key, Mccharacter of a presiding officer of the two Maine,' Morton, Norwood, Oglesby, Sharon, Whyte, Houses, which implies a strict joint assembly, and Wright-38. and logically to my mind would imply that the ABSENT-Messrs. Alcorn, Bruce, Clayton, Cocktwo Houses then and there assembled, as they rell, Conover, Cooper, Cragin, Davis, Dorsey, Harfrequently do in the States, as they do in my of Vermont, Paddock, Patterson, Randolph, RanStato, should act in a consolidated way, and som, Saulsbury, Sherman, Spencer, Stevenson, Thurdecide any question that might arise just as man, Wadleigh, Wallace, West, and Window—28. either House would alone. Therefore, phrased as the amendment is, I cannot vote for it for

So the amendment was rejected. that reason, for I do not understand that the Mr. Merrimon, of North Carolina, said: "I President of the Senate is the presiding officer now offer the amendment which I suggested." of either House when he is performing that

The Chief Clerk: “It is proposed in secduty, in any legal and constitutional sense. tion 2 of the bill, lines seven, eight, and nine, That he sits in the chair, and that everybody to strike out the words: keeps quiet, I agree; but in respect of it in a The two Houses acting separately shall decide to legal and constitutional sense I do not believo be the true and valid return. it at all. But of course it would be very easy “And in lieu thereof to insert: to change that phraseology.

Shall be duly authenticated by the State author“The objection that I have in substance to ties, recognized by, and in harmony with, the United this amendment, and which to my mind is States, as provided by the Constitution. absolutely fatal, 'is that the President of the

“So that the section will read, if amended: Senate may be, sometimes has been, and very

That if more than one return shall be received by likely often will be, a candidate for President or the President of the Senate from a State, purporting for Vice-President himself, and this amendment to be the certificates of the electoral yoles given at proposes that that very person, selected by the last preceding election for President and Vicedesignation, shall, in a case of great doubt and President in such State, all such returns shall be dispute, when the two Houses, acting with a opened by him in the presence of the two Houses patriotic disposition to follow the law and the from such State shall be counted which shall be Constitution, are unable to agree, decide him- duly authenticated by the State authorities recoge self whether he shall be President or not. It nized by, and in harmony with, the United States, appears to me that that would be a very unsafe as provided by the

Constitution." and dangerous proposition. It is wrong in The President pro tempore: “The question principle, as I thinks; and, that it would be is on the amendment proposed by the Senator dangerous in the last degree in practice, I have from North Carolina.' no doubt at all."

The amendment was rejected. Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, said: “I Mr. Randolph, of New Jersey, said: "I have would suggest to the Senator from Texas to withheld the amendments that were under dismake a correction in his amendment by blot- cussion yesterday, partly because I did not inting out the words 'as Presiding Officer of the tend to speak to them, and partly because I felt two Houses.'"

that some amendments might be offered that Mr. Maxey: “I will state to the Senator would do away with the necessity for those from Pennsylvania that my attention was which I had already presented. I now offer called to that by the Senator from Vermont. as an amendment to the pending bill the addiI think the expression ‘President of the Sen- tional sections which I send to the Chair, and ate' is sufficient, and that the words as I ask the Clerk to read them." Presiding Officer of the two Houses' are un The Chief Clerk: “It is proposed to insert necessary. I ask that that modification be as additional sections to the bill the following: made."

SECTION - To insure each State the count of the The Chief Clerk: "It is proposed to insert electoral vote, except it shall be rejected, as provided at the end of the second section of the bill the for in section 1 of this act, it is declared the duty of following:

each House of Congress to record its vote by yeas But if the two Houses fail to agree as to which of and valid returns of a State, and it shall be the duty

and nays upon all questions as to which are the true the returns shall be counted, then the President of of the presiding officer of each House to immediately the Senate shall decide which is the true and valid forward to the other a true and detailed return of return, and the same shall then be counted."

such vote. The President pro tempore: “The question Sec. — Should it then appear that the two Houses is on agreeing to this amendment."

have failed to agree as to which are the true and The call of the roll resulted as follows:

valid returns, they shall immediately reassemble,

and the President of the Senate shall announce those Feas-Messrs. Bogy, Cameron of Pennsylvania, returns as valid which shall have received a majority

of all the votes cast in both Houses of Congress, con- the said Supreme Court to proceed to examine as to sidered as if in joint meeting assembled.

who are the legal electors of said State, and shall Sec. – Should it occur that the aggregate vote have power to send for persons and papers; and the of both Houses be equally divided upon the ques- said Chief-Justice shall, on or before the last Tuestion, then, and in that event only, the President of day in January next succeeding the meeting of the the Senate shall give the casting vote.

electors of President and Vice-President, report to Mr. Randolph: “The Senator from Indiana, the President of the Senate which of the said electors in speaking to this question, said that no plan electors so designated shall, if in all other respects had been presented, that no plan could be pre- they are legal, be counted before

the two Houses. sented, which would not in certain exigencies Mr. Burnside: “I am aware that there may. leave a State unrepresented. I called his at- be a supposed constitutional objection to this, tention yesterday to the fact that the operation but I think in an emergency like this, if it is of the amendment that I had proposed would possible for Congress to give the Constitution get rid of that difficulty. Under the amend- a liberal construction which will enable us to ment that I have suggested there is no contin- avoid the discord that may arise from double gency in which the electoral vote of a State sets of returns from any single State at the can fail to be counted. Whether this be the next election, we ought to do it. Take, for right plan or not, I do not pretend to say, but instance, the case of Louisiana. If the elecI do say that the two Houses of Congress in toral votes should be so equally divided as to one way or another will decide, and must de- make the return from that State decide the eide, which the true returns of a State are, election, it is clear to me, and must be clear to and the difficulty that has been so frequently every Senator here, that the two Houses would suggested in the course of this debate is over- disagree upon that subject. It is clear to me come by it, and that, too, in a plain, practical that the present House of Representatives, the manner."

same House which is to act when we count the The yeas and nays were ordered ; and being electoral votes at the next_presidential electaken, resulted as follows:

tion, would declare the McEnery government YEAs Messrs. Bayard, Caperton, Cooper, Davis, the legal government of the State of Louisiana. Gordon, Johnston, McCreery, Randolph, Ransom, We all know that the Senate would declare the Saulsbury, Thurman, and Withers-12. Nars - Messrs. Bogy, Boutwell, Burnside, Cam- Kellogg government

the legal government beeron of Wisconsin, Christianey, Conkling, dragin, cause it has already passed a resolution to that Dawes, Dennis, Dorsey, Eaton, Edmunds, Ferry, effect. Frelinghuysen, Goldthwaite, Hamlin, Howe, Jones “Now, Mr. President, is it at all reasonable of Florida, Kelly, Key, Logan, McDonald, McMil- to suppose

that either party would be satisfied lan, Merrimon, Mitchell, Morrill of Maine, Morton, with the result in such a case when the electoOglesby, Paddock, Patterson, Sargent, Spencer, Wadleigh, West, Whyte, Windom, and Wright--37ral votes are counted next February? Does

ABSENT — Messrs. Alcorn, Allison, Anthony, any Senator believe that there would not be
Booth, Bruce, Cameron of Pennsylvania, Clayton, great discord in the country if that state of
Cxkrell, Conover, English, Hamilton, Harvey, Affairs should arise ? Yet under this bill it
Hitchcock, Ingalls, Jones of Nevada, Kernán, Maxey,
Morrill of Vermont, Norwood, Robertson, 'Sharon, may arise. I hold it to be the duty of Con-
Sherman, Stevenson, and Wallace-24.

gress to pass some law or make some joint rule So the amendment was rejected.

that will avert the difficulty." The bill was reported to the Senate as

Mr. Bayard, of Delaware: “I will offer now amended, and the amendments made as in an amendment, the amendment originally proCommittee of the Whole were concurred in. posed by the Senator from Tennessee (Mr. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a

Cooper)." third reading, and was read the third time.

The Chief Clerk: “At the end of the secMr. Burnside, of Rhode Island, said: “I ond section it is proposed to insert :" more a reconsideration of the vote by which

And that if the two Houses do not agree as to this bill was ordered to a third reading, with which return shall be counted, then that vote shall 8 view to offer an amendment."

be counted which the House of Representatives,

voting by States in the manner provided by the The President pro tempore: “The Chair Constitution when the election devolves upon the hears no objection. The motion to order the House, shall decide to be the true and valid return. bill to a third reading is reconsidered, and the The President pro tempore : "The question bill is now open to amendment."

is on the amendment of the Senator from DelMr. Burnside: “I now offer my amend- aware (Mr. Bayard). The amendment is to ment."

modify the second section before the question The Chief Clerk read the amendment; which is taken on the amendment of the Senator from is to strike out all of section 2, and insert in Rhode Island (Mr. Burnside) to strike it out liea thereof

and insert a substitute. The Chair understands That if more than one return shall be received by that this is the same amendment originally the President of the Senate from a State, purporting offered by the Senator from Tennessee (Mr. to be the certificates of electoral votes given at the last preceding election for President and Vice-Pres

Cooper). llent in such state, he shall immediately make a re

The question being taken, resulted as follows: port thereof to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Yeas-Messrs. Bayard, Bogy, Caperton, Cooper, Court of the United States, who shall at once cause Davis, Goldthwaite, Johnston, Kelly, Key, McCree

ry, McDonald, Maxey, Randolph, Ransom, Sauls In the Senate, on January 10th, Mr. Whyte, bury, Thurman, Wallace, and Withers-18. NAYS—Messrs. Allison, Anthony, Booth, Burn

of Maryland, offered the following: side, Cameron of Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wiscon

Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatica sin, Christiancy, Conkling, Dawes,

Dennis, Dorsey, concurring), That the people of the several States, Eaton, Edmunds, English,

Ferry, Frelinghuysen, acting in their highest sovereign capacity as free and Hamilton, Hamlin, Howe, Jones of Nevada, Logan, independent States, adopted the Federal Constitution McMillan, Merrimon, Mitchell, Morrill of Maine, and established a form of government in the nature Morton, Oglesby, Paddock, Patterson, Sargent, of a confederated republic, and, for the purpose of Sherman, Whyte, Windom, and Wright-84. carrying into effect the objects for which it was

ABSENT—Messrs. Alcorn, Boutwell, Bruce, Clay- formed, delegated to that Government certain rights ton, Cockrell, Conover, Cragin, Gordon, Harvey, enumerated in said Constitution, but reserved to the Hitchcock, Ingalls, Jones of Florida, Kernan, Mor States respectively or to the people thereof all the rill of Vermont, Norwood, Robertson, Sharon, Spen- residuary powers not delegated to the United States cer, Stevenson, Wadleigh, and West-21.

by the Constitution nor prohibited by it to the States. So the amendment was rejected.

No vote was taken on the resolution. The President pro tempore: “The question recurs on the amendment proposed by the

In the House, on December 15, 1875, Mr. Senator from Rhode Island (Nr. Burnside)."

Hale, of Maine, submitted the following preamThe amendment was rejected.

ble and resolution, upon which he called the The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a previous question : third reading, and was read the third time.

Whereas, The country is suffering under the evils of The President pro tempore : "Shall the bill in business and stimulates speculation, to the preju

an irredeemable currency, which causes uncertainty pass ?”

dice of legitimate business and labor; and whereas The yeas and nays being taken, resulted as both political parties in the United States stand comfollows:

mitted against repudiation and in favor of a speedy YEAs--Messrs. Allison, Anthony, Booth, Burn- established a like policy in the act of March 16, 1869,

return to specie payment; and whereas Congress side, Cameron of Pennsylvania, Cameron of Wiscon- which was followed by the act of January 14, 1875, sin, Christiancy, Dawes, Dorsey, Ferry, Frelinghuy- providing for the resumption of specie payments on sen, Hamilton, Hamlin, Hitchcock, Ingalls, Jones the 1st day of January, 1879: therefore, of Nevada, Key, Logan, McMillan, Merrimon, Mitchell, Morrill of 'Maine, Morton, Uglesby, Paddock, prompt legislative measures should be taken to ren

Resolved, That, in the judgment of this House, Patterson, Sargent, Sherman, Spencer, Thurman, der the said act of January 14, 1875, effective, by Windom, and Wright-32. Nays-Messrs. Bayard, Bogy, Caperton,

Cockrell, whatever power may be necessary to that end.

placing in the hands of the Secretary of the Treasury Conkling, Cooper, Davis, Dennis, Eaton, Edmunds, English, Goldthwaite, Howe,

Johnston, Jones of The question was upon seconding the preFlorida, Kelly, McCreery, McDonald, Maxey, Ran- vious question. dolph, 'Ransom, Saulsbury, Stevenson, Wallace, Whyte, and Withers-26.

The House divided ; and the tellers reported ABSENT--Messrs. Alcorn, Boutwell, Bruce, Clay- that there were-yeas 75, nays 143. ton, Conover, Cragin, Gordon, Harvey, Kernan, So the previous question was not seconded. Morrill of Vermont, Norwood, Robertson, Sharon, Wadleigh, and West—15.

In the House, on December 15th, Mr. HolSo the bill was passed.

man, of Indiana, said: “I submit the followIn the Senate, on December 15, 1875, Mr. ing resolution and on it demand the previous Morton, of Indiana, submitted the following

question: " concurrent resolutions, which were read:

Resolved, That in the judgment of this House, in

the present condition of the financial affairs of the 1. Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representa- Government, no subsidies in money, bonds, publie tives concurring), That the people of the United lands, indorsements, or by pledge of the public credStates constitute a nation, and are one people in the it, should be granted by Congress to associations or sense of national unity.

corporations engaged or proposing to engage in pub2. Resolved, That the Government of the United lic or private enterprises; and that all appropriations States is not a compact between

the States in their from the public Treasury ought to be limited at this municipal and corporate characters, but was formed time to such amounts only as shall be imperatively by the people of the United States in their primary demanded by the public service. capacity; that the rights of the States are defined and guaranteed by the Constitution, and not by any

The previous question was seconded; yeas outside theory of State sovereignty; and that the 138, nays not counted. rights of the States cannot be enlarged or diminished The main question was ordered. except by an amendment to the Constitution. 3. Resolved, That the rights of the States have the been ordered, the question is, Will the House

The Speaker: “The main question having same sanction and security in the Constitution as the rights and powers of the national Government; and adopt the resolution?" that local domestic government by the States within the limits of the Constitution is an essential part of lows:

The question was taken, and resulted as folour free republican system, 4. Resolved, That the doctrine that a State has the

YEAs - Messrs. Adams, Ainsworth, Anderson, right to secede from the Union is inconsistent with Ashe, Bagby, George A. 'Bagley, John H. Bagley, the idea of nationality, is in conflict with the spirit Jr., John H. Baker, William H. Baker, Ballou, Bang and structure of the Constitution, and should be re- ning, Beebe, Bell, Blackburn, Blaine, Blair, Bland, garded as having been forever extinguished by the Bliss, Blount, Boone, Bradford, Bradley, John suppression of the rebellion.

Young Brown, William R. Brown, Horatio C. BurThe resolutions were ordered to be printed, Caldwell, William P.

Caldwell, Campbell, Candler,

chard, Samuel D. Burchard, Burleigh, John H. but no subsequent action was taken on them. Cannon, 'Cason, Caswell, Cate, Cauldfield, Chapin,

Chittenden, John B. Clarke, of Kentucky, John B.
Clark, Jr., of Missouri, Clymer, Cochrane, Collins, and resulted as follows:

The question was taken on the resolution, Conger, Cook, Cowan, Cox, Crapo, Crounse, Culberson, Cutler, Danford, Davis, Davy, De Bolt,

YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Ainsworth, Anderson, Denison, Dibrell, Dobbins, Durand,

Eames, Eden, Ashe Atkins, George A. Bagley, John H. Bagley, Egbert, Ellis, Ely, Evans, Faulkner, Felton, Forney, Jr., John H. Baker,

William H. Baker, Ballou,

BanFort, Foster, Franklin, Freeman, Frost, Frye, Ful? ning, Beebe, Bell,

Blackburn, Blair, Bland, Blount, ler, Garfield, Gause, Gibson, Glover, Goodin, Gun- Boone, Bradford, Bright, John Young Brown, Wilter

, Hale, Andrew 1. Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, liam R. Brown, Buckner, Horatio C. Burchard, SamHaralson, Hardenbergh, Benjamin W. Harris, Hen- uel D. Burchard, Burleigh, Cabell, John H. Caldry R. Harris, Harrison, Hartridge, Hartzell, Hatcher, well, William P. Caldwell, Campbell, Candler, CaHaymond, Henderson, Henkle, Hereford, Abram s son, Cate, Cauldfield, Chapin, Chittenden, John B. H-witt, Goldsmith W. Hewitt, Hill, Hoar, Holman, Clarke, John B. Clark, Jr., Clymer, Cockrane, ColHooker, Hopkins, Hoskins, Hubbell, Hunter, Hurd, lins, Conger, Cook, Cowan, Cox, Crapo, Crounse, Jenks, Frank Jones, Joyce, Kasson, 'Ketchum,

Kim- Culberson, Cutler, Danford, Darrall, Davis, Davy, ball, King, Knott, Franklin Landers, George M. De Bolt, Dibrell, Douglass, Dunnell, Durand, Landers, Lapham, Lawrence, Leavenworth, Levy, Eames, Eden, Egbert, Ellis, Ely, Evans, FaulkLewis, Lord, Luttrell, Lynch, Lynde, Levi A. Mack ner, Felton, Forney, Fort, Foster, Franklin, Freeey, Magoon, Maish, MacDougall, McCrary, Mc- man, Frost, Frye, Fuller, Garfield, Gause, Gibson, Dill , McFarland, McMahon, Metcalfe,

Miller, 'Milli- Glover, Goode, Goodin, Gunter, Hale, Andrew H. ken, Money, Monroe, Morgan, Morrison, Mutchler, Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, Hancock, HardenNash, Neal, New, Norton, O'Brien, Odell, Oliver, bergh, Benjamin W. Harris, Henry R. Harris, John Packer, Page, Payne, John F. Philips, William A. T. Harris, Harrison, Hartridge, Hartzell, Hatcher, Phillips, Pierce, Piper, Plaisted, Poppleton, Potter, Haymond, Henderson, Henkle, Hereford, Abram s. Rainey, Randall

, Rea, James B. Reilly, Rice, John Hewitt, Goldsmith W. Hewitt, Hill, Hoar, Holman, Robbins, William M. Robbins, Roberts, Robinson, Hooker, Hopkins, Hoskins, House, Hunter, HunMiles Ross, Rusk, Sampson, Savage, Sayler, Scales, ton, Jenks, Frank Jones, Thomas L. Jones, Joyce, Schumaker, Seelye, Sheakley, Singleton, sinuick- Kasson, Kelley, Ketchum, Knott, Franklin Landers, son, A. Herr Smith, William E. Smith, Southard, George'

M. Landers, Lane, Lapham, Lawrence, Sparks, Springer, Starkweather, Stenger, Steven- Leavenworth, Levy, Lewis, Lord, Luttrell, Lynde, son, Stowell, l'arbox, Teese, Thompson, Thomas, Levi A. Mackey, Maish, McCeary, McDill, McMaThornburgh, Martin I. Townsend, Tufts, Turney, hon, Metcalfe, Miller, Milliken, Mills, Money,

MonVan Vorhes, Vance, Waddell, Waldron, Charles č. roe, Morgan, Morrison, Mutchler, Neal, New, NorB. Walker, Alexander S. Wallace, Walling, Ward, ton, O'Brien, Odell, Oliver, O'Neill, Packer, ParWarren, Wheeler, Whiting, Whitthorne, Wiggin- sons, Payne, John F. Philips, William A. Phillips, ton,

Wike, Willard, Alpheus S. Williams, Charles Pierce, Piper, Poppleton, Potter, Powell, Randall G. Williams, James Williams, James D. Williams, Rea, Reagan, John Reilly, James B. Reilly, Rice, Jeremiah N. Williams, William B. Williams, Willis, John Robbins, William M. Robbins, Roberts, Rob Benjamin Wilson, James Wilson, Alan Wood, Jr., inson, Miles Ross, Sobieski Ross, Sampson, Savage, Fernando Wood, and Woodworth-223.

Sayler, Scales, Schumaker, Seelye, sheakley, SinNars---Messrs. Cabell, Darrall, Douglas, Dunnell, gleton, Sinnickson, A. Herr Smith, William E. Goode, Hancock, John T. Harris, House, Hunton, Smith, Southard, Sparks, Springer, Starkweather, Hyman, Thomas L. Jones, Kelley, Larnar, Mills, Stenger, Stevenson, Stone, Swann, Tarbox, Teese, Morey, O'Neill, Parsons, Reagan, John Reilly, Slem Terry, Thompson, Thomas, Throckmorton, Martin ons, Smalls, Straight, Stone,

Terry, Throckmorton, 1 Townsend, Washington Townsend, 'Tucker, Tucker, Robert B. Vance, John W. Wallace, Eras- Tufts, Turney, Van Vorhes, John L. Vance,

Robert tas Wells, G. Wiley Wells, White, Yeates, and B. Vance, Waddell, Waldron,

Charles C. B. WalYoung--36.

ker, Gilbert C. Walker, John W. Wallace, Walling, Nor Voting-Messrs. Atkins, Banks, Barnum, Walsh, Ward, Warren, Erastus Wells, 'Wheeler, Bass, Bright, Buckner, Darham, Farwell, Hathorn, Whitehouse, Whitthorne, Wigginton, Wike, Wil? Mays, Hendee, Iloge, Hurlbut, Kehr, Lane, Edmund Jard, Alpheus S. Williams, Charles G. Williams, W. M. Mackey, Meade, Phelps, Platt, Powell,

Pratt, James Williams, James D. Williams, Jeremiah N. Purnam, Sobieski Ross, Schleicher, Swann, Wash: Williams, William B. Williams, Willis, Benjanin arton Townsend, Gilbert C. Walker, Walls, Walsh, Wilson,

James Wilson, Alan Wood, Jr., Fernando Whitehouse, Andrew Williams, Wilshire, and Wood, Woodworth, Yeates,

and Young--233. Woodburn-33.

Nays-Messrs. Bradley, Denison, Haralson, Hoge, So the resolution was adopted.

Hubbell, Hyman, Lynch, MacDougall, Nash, Page,

Plaisted, Pratt, Smalls, Alexander S. Wallace, Walls, In the House, on December 15th, Mr. G. Wiley Wells, White, and Whiting—18.

Nor Voring—Messrs. Bagby, Banks, Barnum, Springer, of Illinois, said: "I offer the follow- Bass, Blaine, Bliss, Cannon, Caswell, Dobbins, During resolution, upon which I move the previous ham, Farwell, Hathorn, Hayes, Hendee, Hurd, Hurlquestion :"

but, Kehr, Kimball, King, Lamar, Edmund W. M. Resolved, That, in the opinion of this House, the Platt, Purman, Rainey, Rusk, Schleicher, Slemons,

Mackey, Magoon, McFarland, Meade, Morey, Phelps, precedent established by Washington and other Straight, Stowell, Thornburgh, Andrew Williams, Presidents of the United States, in retiring from the Wilshire, and Woodburn-38. presidential office after their second term, has become, by universal concurrence, a part of our repub

Accordingly the resolution was adopted. liean system of government, and that any departure from this time-honored custom would be unwise, In the House, on March 13, 1876, Mr. Baker, of unpatriotic

, and fraught with peril to our free insti- Indiana, said: “I send a resolution to the Clerk's tutions.

desk to be read, and move that the rules be susThe question was put upon seconding the pended so as to adopt the resolution now, and previous question, and on a division there were upon that motion I call for the yeas and nays.” -yeas 144, nays 2.

The Clerk read as follows: So the previous question was seconded. The main question was then ordered to be put, be- stitute one nation and not a mere confederacy of

Resolved, That the people of the United States coning upon the adoption of the resolution. States or nations; that the Constitution was formed

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