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INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS

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(EVSUS REPORT-CONFIDENTIAL.--Your report is required by Act of Congress. This Act makes it unlawful for the Bureau to disclone any facts, including names or identity, from your census reports. Only rivorn census employees will see your statements, Data collected will be used solely for preparing statistical informa. lion concerning the Vation's population, resources, and business actirilies. Your ('ensus Reports Cannot Be Used for purposes of Taxalion, Regulation, or Investigation.

Form P-16

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

In order to make the census as complete as possible, enumerators were provided with several kinds of schedules, not reproduced here, for use in obtaining information about nonresidents who might not be reported at their homes, transients, new occupants of then-vacant living quarters, absent households, etc. A "household” was defined in terms of “one set of cooking facilities or housekeeping arrangements."

With regard to race, the only change from 1930 was that Mexicans were to be listed as White unless they were definitely Indian or some race other than White.

There were detailed rules for completing the employment portion of the schedule (cols. 21-31) and for coding column 30 on the basis of the occupation entered in column 28.

Veteran status (col. 39) was extended to peacetime service as well as during wars and expeditions.

Enumerators carried a supply of a separate report form, P-16, reproduced at the right, which persons unwilling to give income information verbally could use. The completed form was to be inserted in an accompanying envelope, sealed, and given to the census taker for mailing.

Sixteenth Decennial Census of the United

States: 1940

It should be noted that questions 35 through 50 were asked only of a 5-percent sample of the population.

CONFIDENTIAL REPORT ON WAGE OR SALARY

INCOME, 1939 To be used by those who are unwilling to give to the census

enumerator the answers to questions 32 and 33 This blank will make it possible for you to furnish the answers to the questions relating to wage income in 1939 directly to the Director of the Census in Washington. When you have filled out this blank, place it in the envelope provided by the enumerator, seal the envelope, and return it to him for mailing.

The amount of wages and salary received during the year 1939 by the American people is the best possible measure of employment and unemployment, including partial or irregular employment, during the year. Your cooperation in answering these questions will thus help to provide facts on unemployment, which is one of the most pressing national problems of the day.

Your Signature Is Not Required 32. What was the total amount of

ivages or salary (including
commissions) you received in
cash (or by check or draft),
as an employee, during the
entire year 1939?
If your wages or salary for the year were more than
$5,000, write "over $5,000." Include only money received
for work as an employee in private industry or for the Gov.
ernment, including work on public emergency projects
(WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.). Do NOT include business profits,
professional fees, receipts from sale of farm products, inter-
ent, dividends, rents, income from boarders and lodgers,
pensions, or other income other than wages or enlary in

cash. 33. Did you have income amounting to $50 or (Check

more from sources other than wages or
salary received in cash (or by check or

Yes draft) during the year 1939?.

No O Do NOT write the amount you received. Check "Yes" if you received $50 or more during the year 1939 from any one (or any combination of the following: Business profits, professional fees, receipts from sale of farm products, boarders or lodgers, pensions, rents, dividendx, interest, relief, income in kind, or any other source other than wages or salary in cash (or by check or draft). Income in kind is the value of room, board, or suppliey received in payment for services. Check "No" if you received less than $50 from sources other than wages or salary in cash.

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ualls Residential

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residential

Col 9 Structure built as Distinguish between structwa orie

inally built for redence and contaning the same bumber
of dwelling unito at praent (Residential some"):
structures originally built for residence but with different
number of dwelling unita (“Residential differ"), and struc.
tures originally built for purposes other than residence
("Nonresidential").

Col 13 Number of room. -Do not include halle, bath.

rooms, ar paatria. Do not include attic or base meata uale they we finished on and used or available for use as living quarters Do not include porche or sunroomo unless they are permanently enclosed and used or available for us throughout the year living quarter.

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IV. UTILITY DATA V. FINANCIAL DATA FOR EACH OWNER-OCCUPIED NONFARM UNIT
POR EACH RENT. (In structure without business containing not more than 4 dwelling units)

ER-OCCUPIED
NONFARM UNIT

FOR EACH FIRST MORTO AOE OR LAND CONTRACT 23

28
26

27

28
20 30

31
Furni. Average Value of Mortgage Regular pay.

Dopo

Do Inter- Holder of

shda
ture incl.
monthly property on property ments required

est
payments
un

first mortgage
in rent?
cost of

Yes No
No

for include rate (or land contract)

doc realestate DOW
Yes
Eloc. L-

indien

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dwie

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6
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D

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der Holder of Mtg.
rent?
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5

incl. incl.
No

cat
Bldg.

M. reg princ.? taxes?

rate

& La Co. 16 Yes Yes

Com.
No. of
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reg.

HOLCOS

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Rev.
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Col 36. Preront dobr--Treat

land contracte - forut
mortgage. If there is
mortgage or land con.
tract on the property
enter the amounto non
owed, not the original
amount of the indebted.

Col. 31. Holder of first mortgage (or land contract)?

Bldg. & Ln.-Building and loan association.
Com. Bk. - Commercial bank or trust company.
Sav. Bk. - Mutual or stock mavings bank.
Life Ins. Life insurance company.
Mtg. Co. - Mortgage company.
HOLC Home Owners' Loan Corporation.
Individ. Individual.
Other

Other.

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INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS

The term “structure” was roughly comparable with “dwelling house” used in previous censuses, and 1940 “occupied dwelling units” could be equated with “homes" in 1930. The 1940 housing census, however, included vacant, habitable dwelling units and structures. It excluded units occupied by quasi households (defined as 10 or more lodgers) and various types of institutional and other places (later called “group quarters") not generally considered as part of the U.S. housing market. The dwelling unit itself was defined as “the living

quarters occupied by, or intended for occupancy by, one household.”

The instructions for answering the questions on the occupied and vacant dwelling schedules were fairly simple, and in many cases were spelled out on the forms themselves. Item 11 (state of repair) required the enumerator to report the structure as “needing major repairs” when parts of it, such as floors, roof, walls, or foundations required repair or replacement, “the continued neglect of which would impair the soundness of the structure and create a hazard to its safety as a place of residence.”

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DAILY EVENING ITEM LYNN, MASS., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1919. The Census Man (or Woman) Will Get You If You Don't Watch Out!

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chter opera ZWIEL RELIEF

I EVENING SCHOOLS
BY THE JEWS WELL ATTENDED

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