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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE-BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 24 CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES: 1920—POPULAT
NATIVITY AND MOTHER TONGUE.
and, in addition, the mother tongue. (See Tostructions.)
INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS
These generally followed the directions given in 1910 (see pp. 4245) and 1920. College students, except cadets at Annapolis and West Point, were to be enumerated at their homes, but student nurses were to be counted where they were being trained. Veteran status (items 30 and 31) excluded persons who served only during peace time. The war or expedition was to be entered by an abbreviation: World War, WW; Spanish-American War, Sp; Civil War, Civ; Philippine insurrection, Phil; Boxer rebellion, Box; or Mexican expedition, Mex.
There were specific instructions for reporting race. A person of mixed White and Negro blood was to be returned as Negro, no matter how small the percentage of Negro blood; someone part Indian and part Negro also was to be listed as Negro unless the Indian blood predom
inated and the person was generally accepted as an Indian in the community. A person of mixed White and Indian blood was to be returned as an Indian, except where the percentage of Indian blood was very small or where he or she was regarded as White in the community. For persons reported as American Indian in column 12 (color or race), columns 19 and 20 were to be used to indicate the degree of Indian blood and the tribe, instead of the birthplace of father and mother.
In order to obtain separate figures for Mexicans, it was decided that all persons born in Mexico, or having parents born in Mexico, who were not definitely White, Negro, Indian, Chinese, or Japanese, would be returned as Mexicans (Mex).
Any mixture of White and some other race was to be reported according to the race of the parent who was not White; mixtures of colored races were to be listed according to the father's race, except Negro-Indian (discussed above).
Enter on this schedule the name, sex, age, degree of blood, tribe, post-office address, and agency where enrolled
of any person in your district who is an Indian.
EXPLANATIONS OF ENTRIES TO BE MADE ON SCHEDULE
In column 1 enter the sheet number of the Population Schedule on which the Indian is enumerated; and in column 2 enter the line number which is on the left-hand margin of the Population Schedule opposite the name of the Indian.
Columns 3, 4, 5, 6, and i are to be filled in with the name, sex, age, degree of blood, and tribe of the Indian. In column 6 use "F" for full blood and “M” for nincd blood. The entries for these columns are the same as for the Population Schedule.
In column 8 yive exact post-office address of the Indian. In case of an infant or young child, give name of parent, or other person, to whom or in whose care a letter should be addressed.
In column 9 give Indian agency where Indian claims to be enrolled; if Indian does not claim enrollment at any agency, write “None.”