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180. Distinguish between a gorernment clerk occupying a position ander the national, state, county, city, or town government and a clerk in an office, store, manufacturing establishment, etc.

181. Retorn a veterinary surgeon separately from another surgeon.

182. Distinguish a journalist erlitor, or reporter from an author or other literary person who does not follow journalism as a distinct profession.

183. Return a chemist, «essayer, metallurgist, or other scientific person by his distinctive title.

Domestic and Personal Service. 184. Specify each occupation or kind of service rendered in detail, according to the fact, as hotel keeper, bourding-house keeper, restaurant keeper, saloon keeper, or bartender; housekeeper, cook, or serrant (in hotel, boarding-house, hospital, institution, privato family, etc.); barber or hairdresser; janitor, sexton, or undertaker; nurse or midwife; watchman, policeman, or detective. The above are given only as examples of the occupations which would naturally be included under this general class of work.

185. Return as a housekeeper a woman who receives a stated wage or salary for her services, and do not confuse her with a woman who keeps house for her own family or for herself, without any gainful Occupation, or with a grown daughter who assists in the household duties without pay. A wife or daughter who simply keeps house for her own family should not be returned as a housekeeper in any case. (See paragraph 218.)

186. A clerk in a hotel, restaurant, or saloon should be so described and carefully distinguished from a bartenuler. In many instances a bartender will state his occupation as "clerk" in wine store, etc., but the character of the service rendered by such a person will readily determine whether he should be classed as a "bartender," or as a "clerk."

187. A stationary engineer or fireman should be carefully distinguished from a locomotive engineer or fireman.

188. A soldier, sailor, or marine enlisted in the service of the United States should be so returnod. Distinguish between an officer and an onlisted man, and for a civilian employee state the kind of service performod by him.

200. Distinguish also between an erpreesium, truunster, royman, and murringe aand hack driver.

201. A steam railroad employee should be reported according to the nature of his work, as buggageman, brakemun, conductor, railroad luluorit, locomotive engineer, locomotive fireman, suilchman, yarıma, etc.

202. An officiul of u ruilroud, telegraph, espress, or wher company should be returned by his title and carefully distinguished from an employee of such company.

203. Return a boatman, canwalman, pilit, longshoren, stevedore, or sailor (on a steam or sailing vessel) according to his distinctive occupation.

204. A telegraph operator, Irle phone operator, telegraph linemen, telephone lineman, clectrir-light m, etc., should be reported according to the nature of the work performed.

Manufacturing and Mechanical Pursuits. 205. In reporting this class of occupations there are many difficulties in the way of showing the kind of work done rather than the article made or the place worked in. The nature of certain occupations is such that it is well-nigh impossible to find properly descriptive terms without the use of somo expression relating to the article made or place in which the work is carried on.

206. Do not accept “maker” of an article or “works in " mill, shop, or factory, but strive always to find out the particular work done.

207. Do not use the words “factory operative," but specify the kind of work clone, as cotton mill-spinner; silk mill-marer, etc.

208. Avoid in all cases the use of the word “mechanic," and state whether a carpenter, muxon, house painter, machinist, plumber, etc.

209. Do not say “tinisher," "molder," "polisher,'' etc., but describe the work done, as bru188 finisher, iron molder, steel polisher, etc.

210. Distinguish between a person who tends machines and the one skilled workman or laborer in mills, factories, and workshops.

211. Describe the proprietor of the establishment as a "manufactarer," and specify the branch of manufacture, as collon inanufacturer,

In no case should a manufacturer be returned as a "maker" of an article.

212. In the case of an apprentice, state the trade to which appren. ticed, as Apprentice-carpenter, etc.

213. Distinguish between a butcher, whose business is to slaughter cattle, swine, etc., and a provision dealer, who sells meats.

214. Distinguish also between a glorrr, hatter, or furrier who actually makes in his own establishment all or part of the gloves, hats, or fors which he sells, and a person who simply deals in but does not make these articles.

215. Do not describe a person in a printing office as a "printer" where a more expressive term can be used, as compositor, porossman, proxx foeder, etc.

216. Make the proper distinction between a 'clock or wuch "maker" and a clock or wuch repairer." Do not apply the word "joweler" to those who make watches, watch chains, or jewelry in large establishmonts. 217. Distinguish between a cloakmaker, dressmaker, seamstres, tailoress,

In the case of a souing-machine operator, specify the kind of work done.

Nongainful Pursuits.


Pursuits of Trade and Transportation.


189. Distinguish carefully between a real estate agent, insurance agent, rivim ugen, or commission agint, etc.

190. If a person combines two or more of these occupations, as is often the case, return the occupation from which he derives the larger share of his income.

191. Return an accountant, bookkeeper, clerk, cashier, etc., according to his distinctive occupation, and state the kind of service rendered, as surrountant-insuruner; Wwwokkeeper--wholesale lry goodx; clerk-gus comprog; rushier- music store.

192. Do not confound a clerk with a salesman, as is often done, especially in dry goodly stores, grocery stores, and provision stores, Tienerally speaking, a person so employed is to be considered as id salesman, wless most of his service is in the office on the books and accounts; otherwise hechonkl be returned as salesman--elry gools; sulesmur-grourries, etc.

19:3. A stenographer or typewriter should be reported as such, and should not be described simply as a clerk."

194. Distinguish carefully between a buk clerk, cushier in luink, or immk official, describing the particular position filled in each case. case should a luamk cushirt be confounded with a cashier in a store, etc.

195. Distinguish between a foreman and overseer, a packer and shipper, a porter and helper, and an errand, office, and messenger boy in a store, etc., and state in each case the character of the duties performed by him, as foreman-wholesale wool; packer-rrockery; porter-rublwr yourlx; rvrand boy-/ry goods; messenger boy-telegraph.

196. State the kind of merchant or dealer, as dry goods merchwul, wood amul coal (lealer, etc. Whenever a single word will express the business carried on, as yrorrr, it should be used.

197. In the case of a buckster or peddler also state the kind of goods sold, as peddler--tinrare.

198. Distinguish a traveling salesman from a salesman in a store, return the former as a commercial trurcler,'' and state the kind of goods sold by him.

199. Retorn a boarding or livery stable keeper separately from a hostlor or other stable employee.

In no

218. If a person is attending school write “at school." No entry in colomn 19 should be made, however, for a lawyer, merchant, manufacturer, etc., who has retired from practice or business; nor for a wife or daughter living at home and assisting only in the household daties without pay (see paragraph 185); por for a person too old to work, or a child onder 10 years of age not at school.

219. The doing of domestic errands or family choros out of school hours, where a child regularly attends school, is not an occupation. But if a boy or girl, above 10 years of age, is earning money regalarly by labor, contributing to the family support, or appreciably assisting in mechanical or agricultural industry, the kind of work performed should be stated. (See paragraph 162.)

220. In the case of an inmate of an institution or homo, such as a hospital, asylum, home for the aged, soldiers' home, penitentiary, jail, etc., no entry is required in column 19 onloss the inmate is actually engaged in remonerative work for which he receives a stated wage in addition to his board. The occupation of an officer or regular employee of such institution or home, however, is to be entered in this column, the same as for all other persons having a gainful occupation.

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221 Column 20. Months not employed. -- The object of this ques tion is to get the lines of months (or parts of months) in the cenrus year (June 1, 1894, tu May 31, 1900) during which h PROTI having a painful trupation was not employed. For those who have nu gainiul ocupation, leave the column blank.

2:22. The law does not contemplate that this question shall apply solely to the principal occupation in which the person may have been engaged during the year, but it is the intent to find out the number of months (or parts of months) during which a person ordinarily engaged in gainful labor was not employed at all.

223. A return is required in columns 19 and 20 for each and every person 10 years of age and over who was engaged in gainful labor during any part of the census year (June 1, 1899, to May 31, 1900, inclusive), or who is ordinarily occupied in remunerative work but during the census year was unable to secure work of any kind. In the latter case enter his customary occupation, as carpenter, bricklayer, etc., in column 19 and the figure "12" in column 20 to show that, although he had an occupation or trade, he was not employed at all during the year at that or any other kind of work.

EDUCATION, 224. Column 21. Attended school (in months).-For all persons attending whool during the year ending June 1, 1900, enter the numHm-s of nonthy (or parts of months) of school attendance, as 9, 8), «tr. lía por un of school age did not attend school at all during the year, write: "0." For all other persons to whom the inquiry is not applicable, leave the column blank.

225. Column 22. Can read. -Write “ Yes" for all persons 10 wars of age and over who can read any language, and "No" for all other pemains of that age who can not real in any language. For prons under 10 years, leave the column blank.

220, Column 23. Can write.- Write “yes” for all persons 10 years of age and over who can write any language, and “No” for all other persons of that age who can not write in any language. For pruuns under 10 years, leave the coluinn blank.

2:27. The inquiries in columns 22 and 23 are intended to show the literacy of all persons 10 years of age and over, and should be answered arcording as they are able to read or write the language ordinarily spoken by them.

228. Column 24. Can speak English.– Write "Yes" for all person 10 years of age and over who can spmak English, and" 17" for all other puront of that age who can not speak English. For persons under 10 years, leave the column blank.

2:37. If a family cultivates a farm, but resides in a house detached from the farm, in a village or elsewhere, the farm and the house must jointly be considered the family home and that home a farm, unless the chief occupation of the person operating the farm is something other than farming. In the latter case, the house alone is to be regarded as the home. See paragraphs 269-270.)

2:38, Owned or rented.- A home is to be classed as "owned" whenever the title, in whole or in part, is vested in any member of the family (not a boarder) by which the house is occupied. It is owned if any member of the family has a life interest or estate in it; or if it is occupied by a settler on the public domain who has not "proved up;" or if it is held under a contract or bond for a deed, or occupied for redemption purposes after having been sold for debt. (See paragraph 295.)

It is not necessary that full payment for the property should have been made. All homes not owned as herein explained are to be classed as "rented."

239. In case of a farm part of which is owned and part rented; or in case different members of the same family operate different farms, of which one is owned and the other rented; or in case of the cultivation of a farm by a family which does not reside upon the farm, but elsewhere. the dwelling being owned and the farm rented, or, on the contrary, the farm being owned and the dwelling rented, the principle applies that "part ownership is ownership." In all these and similar cases write in column 25 the letter "0."

240. Following the same general rule, if a family occupies a house upon leased land for which "ground rent" is paid, and the building is owned by any member of the family (not a boarder), write "0." Owner. ship of the building and not the ground, or of the ground and not the building, by the occupant, is part ownership.

241. If, of two families occupying the same house, one has an interest in it, and the other not, the home occapied by the former is to be returned as "owned," but that occupied by the other as "rented."

142. Free or mortgaged.--The question in column 26 applies only to nomes which are owned (in whole or in part, as explained above). Its aim is to ascertain whether the home, or so much of the home as is owned by the occupant, has been fully paid for and is without incombrance of any sort, either in the form of a mortgage or otherwise. This question has no relation to rented property.

243. All homes which are not fully paid for, or upon which there is any incumbrance in the form either of a mortgage or of a lien upon which judgment has been had in a court, are to be reported as mortgaged, but no others.

244. Liabilities or incumbrances of any sort which attach to land occupied in connection with a home, but not owned by the family, are not to be regarded as mortgages upon the home. For instance, if, as mentioned in paragraphs 239 and 240, in the case of a farm partly owned and partly rented, or in that of two farms, one of which is owned and the other rented, or in that of a house erected by the occupant apon ground owned by another person, there is a mortgage upon the leased land, but not upon the farm or portion of a farm or dwelling owned by the occupant, the house is to be returned as free from mortgage.

245. Farm or house.- The letter "F" in column 27 means that some member of the family operates a farm, which should be separately reported on the agricultural schedule, and its number in the order of visitation en. tered in column 28. In all other cases enter in column 27 the letter " H." Usually a farmer resides upon his farm, and persons who reside on farms are farmers. If, however, a family resides upon a farm, but no member of the family operates it, write "H." On the other hand, if a farm is operated by any person who does not reside upon it, but off the farm, in a village or elsewhere, enter against the name of the head of the family of which sach person is a member the letter "F."

246. Farm number.- The serial number of each farm reported, in the order of visitation, is to be entered in column 28. precisely as the numbers of houses and families enumerated are entered in columns 1 and 2. (See paragraphs 98 101 and 102-106.) This number should, in every instance, be the same as the number in the heading of the corresponding farm schedule. (See paragraphs 233 and 277.)


229. Fill columns 25, 26, and 27 for each heal of family only; fur very other person, leave the columns blank.

2:30. Column 25.- Tf the home is owned, write "0." If it in runterl, write “R."

2:31. Column 26.-If the home is rented, leave the column blank. 11 it is owned and mortgageri, write " M." Ti it is owned free from mortgage incombrance, write “F."

2:32. Column 27.- If the home is a farm, write “F.” If it is only a house, write" 11."

2:33. Column 28.-li the home is only a house, leave the column blank li the home is a farm, write the number of its farm schedule; that is, the farm number as reported on Shedule No. 2, relating to agriculture. Enter the number of each farm schedule on the line for the member of the family by whom the farm is operated. (Se paragraphs 246 and 277.)

2:34. Definition of home. - By the word "home" in the census is meant any place of abode inhabited by any person or persons, whether it 19 a house, a tont, a boat, or whatever it may be. If any such place of abode is inbabited by more than one family, it is the home of each of them, and it may accordingly be counted as two or more homes instead of one. The family see paragraphs 102-1061 is the basis for all inquiries in columns 25. 26, and 27.

2:35. A home occupied by a family engaged in farming, gardening, or any other form of agricultural production includes the land cultivated, If occupied by a family not so engaged, it includes only the dwelling and the ground occupied by it, with the appurtenances thereto.

“SCHEDULE NO. 1-POPULATION: INDIAN POPULATION” (1914"x184", printed on two sides, space for 20 entries on The top of the questionnaire contained questions 1-28 which each side, reverse side contained continuation of instructions. were identical with those on the general schedule.)

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This moditie form of Schedule No. 1 is to be used in making the
enumeration of Indians, both those on reservations and those living in
family groups outside of reservations.

Detached Indians living either in white or negro families outside of
reservations should be enumerated on the general population schedule (Form
0–224) as members of the families in which they are found; but detached
whites or negroes living in Indian families should be enumerated on this
schedule as members of the Indian families in which they are found. In
other words, every family composed mainly of Indians should be reported
entirely on this schedule, and every family composed mainly of persons not
Indian should be reported entirely on the general population schedule.

This schedule contains on each side twenty horizontal lines, each run-
ning twice across the page, and it is consequently possible to enumerate on it
only forty persons (twenty persons on the A side and twenty persons on the
B side). Each Indian should be carried through from the beginning to the
end of the line on which he is entered, as line 1, line 2, etc., and each inquiry
from column 1 to column 38 which applies to the individual case should be

COLUMNS 1 TO 28.—These columns are identical with those on the general
population schedule. Fill each column, so far as the inquiry applies, in
accordance with the instructions for filling the corresponding columns in the
general population schedule, but note the following additional instructions in
relation to filling columns 1, ?, and 19:

COLUMNS 1 AND ?.-If you are canvassing a given territory with both
the general population schedule (Form 7-224) and this schedule for Indian
population, make two independent series of numbers for these columns, one
series in each kind of schedule, so that the last numbers on the two schedules
when indded together will correctly vive the whole number of swellings and
of fainilies visited and enumarated in your entire district.

('OLUMS 19.-If the Indian has 10 Occupation and is wholly dependent
on the livrernment for support, write “Ration Indian. If he is partly self-

11pporting and partly dependent pon the Government, write the occupation
had then the letter "R“ (for ration). If the Indian is under ten years of
age and receives rations, write “linderingaR.

The following instructions itpply to columns ?:) to 3s;

COLUMN 29.-Write the Indian name, if the person has one, in addition
to the English nanie given in columu 3. If the Indian has only one name,
Indian or Englishi, repeat the name in this column.

COLUMNS 30, 31, AND 32.-If the Indian was born in this country
answers should be obtained, if possible, to inquiries 1:3, 14, and 15, relating
to the state of birth of the person and of his or her parents. In any event
secure the name of the tribe with which the person is connected and the nanie
of the tribe of his or her parents, and enter the same in columns 30, 31, and 32.

COLUMN 33.-If the Indian has no white blood, write (). If he or she has
white blood, wiite t, d, 4, whichever fraction is nearest the truth.

COLUMN 34.-If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, or if
the Indian woman is a plural wife or has more than one husband, write
“Yes. If not, write "No." If the Indian is single, leave the column blank.

CITIZENSHIP.-If the Indian was born in this country, no entry can be
made in columns 16, 17, or 18; but for columns 35, 36, and 37 answers must
be obtained. If the Indian was born in another country, answers will be
made both in columns 16, 17, and 18, and in columns 35, 36, and 37, in accord-
ance with the facts.

COLUMN 35.-Au Indian is to be considered “taxed” if he or she is
detached from his or her tribe and living among white people as an indi-
vidual, and as such subject to taxation, whether he or she actually pays
taxes or not; also if he or she is living with his or her tribe but has received
an allotment of land, and thereby has acquired citizenship; in either of these
two cases the answer to this inquiry is “Yes."

An Indian on a reservation, without an allotment, or roaming over un-
settled territory, is considered “not taxed," and for such Indians the answer
to this inquiry is “No."

COLUMN 36.-If the Indian was born in tribal relations, but las acquired
American citizenship, write the year in which it as acquired. If he or she
has not acquired citizenship, leave the column blank.

COLUMN :37.-If the Indian acquireil citizenship by receiving an allotment
of land from the Government, write “ Yes." If he or she acquired citizenship
by other means, write "No." If he or she has not acquired American citizen.
ship, leave the column blank.

COLUMN 35. If the Indian is living in it tent, teper, or other temporary
structure, write “movable". If he or she is living in it permanent dwelling
of any kind, write "fixeri."

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