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1778 1813 1790

Livingston, Philip, Statesman ...........
Livingston, Robert R., Statesman.
Livingston, William, Statesman.
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Poet..
Lossing, Benson John, Author....
Lowell, James Russell, Poet............

1716 ...1747 .1723 1807 ..1813 1819

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McClellan, George Brinton, Military officer .............
Madison, James, Fourth President.........
Manu, Horace, Educationist ...........
Marion, Francis, Military officer..
Marshall, John, Jurist.
Mason, George, Statesman.
Mather, Cotton, Clergyman.
Mather, Increase, Clergyman,
Maury, Matthew Fontaine, Naval officer
Meade, George Gordon, Military officer.
Miftiin, Thomas, Military officer.
Mitchell, Donald Grant, Author.
Mitchell, Maria, Astronomer ......
Mitchell, Ormsby Mack night, Astronomer.
Monroe, James, Fifth President.
Morgan, Daniel, Military officer..
Morris, George P., Poet and Journalist
Morris, Gouverneur, Statesman.....
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, Inventor
Morton, Samuel George, Naturalist.
Morton, William Thomas Green, Physician......
Motley, John Lathrop, Historian.
Mott, Valentine, Suryeon....
Moultrie, William, Military officer...
Mowatt, Anna Cora, Actor and Author..
Murray, John, Clergyman...

, Murray, Lindley, Grammarian.

...1799

.1810

1862 ..1758 1831 ..1736 1802

1802 1861 .1752 1816 .1791 1872

1851 .1819...... 1868 1814 .1785 1865 ...1731 1805

.1819 1870 ..1741 1815 ..,1715 1826

Nast, Thomas, Artist...
Neal, John, Author and Poet...

.1840
.1793

Olmstead, Denison, Astronorner.
Otis, James, Orator and Patriot
Owen, Robert, Philanthropist...

1791 .1725 ...1771

1859 1783 1858

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..1823

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Paine, Thomas, Political and Dristical writer ................
Palfrey, John Gorham, Author .....
Parker, Theodore, Clergyman and Author.
Parkmau, Francis, Author....
Parsons, Theophilus, Jurist.
Parton, James, Author...
Paulding, James Kirke, Author and Politician..
Payne, John Howard, Actor and Dramatist.
Peabody, Andrew Preston, Clergyman and Scholar.
Peabody, George, Philanthropist.........
Peale, Charles Wilson, Painter ..
Peirce, Benjamin, Mathematician.
Percival, James Gates, Poet...
Perkins, Thomas Handaryd, Philanthropist..
Perry, Oliver Hazard, Naval officer.
Phillips, Wendell, Oraior and Reformer..
Phips, Sir William, Governor of Mass........
Physic, Phillip Syng, Physician and Surgeon
Pickens, Andrew, Military officer ........

1869 1827

.1779 .1792 .1811 .1795 ..1741 .1809 1795 ..)764 .1785 1811 1651 ..1768 ...1739

1856 1854 1819

1695 1837 1817

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Pickering, Timothy, Soldier and Statesman.
Pierce, Franklin, Fourteenth President....
Pierpout, John, Clergyman and Poet........
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, Soldier and Statesman
Poe, Edgar Allan, Poet......
Polk, James Knox, Eleventh President.
Porter, David, Naval officer.
Powers, Hiram, Sculptor..
Preble, Edward, Naval officer.
Prentice, George Denison, Poet and Journalist.
Prentiss, Seargeant Smith, Lawyer and Orator
Prescott, William, Military officer...
Prescott, William Hickling, Historian.
Priestley, Joseph, Philosopher, Chemist ond Theologian..
Prince, Thomas, Minister and Chronologist...
Putnam, Israel, Military officer..

1805 .1761 ...1802

.1808 ...1726 .1796 .1733

1829 1869 1866 1825 1819 1849 1813 1873 1807 1870 1850 1795 1859 1804 1758 1790

... 1687 ••... 1718

Quincy, Josiah, Jr., Patriot..
Quincy, Josiali, statesman and Scholar..

...1744
..1772

1775 1864

..1773

...1820

Randolph, John, Orator
Raymond, Henry Jarvis, Journalist..
Read, Thomas Buchanan, Painter and Poet....
"Reed, Henry, Author.....
Reed, Joseph, Statesman.
Reveu, Paul, Engraver and Patriot.
Rittenhouse, David, Mathematician and Astronomer
Rodgers, Jolin, Naval officer...
Rosecrans, William Starke, Military officer......
Rowson), Susanna, Author.....
Rumford, Sir Benjamin Thompson, Physicist......
Rush, Benjamin, Physician....
Rush, Richard, Statesman and Diplomatist....
Rutledge, John, Statesman and Jurist........

1833 1869 1872 1854 1785 1818 1796 1838

...1822

.1808 ,17411 ..1735 ....1732 ..1771

1819 1762 1753 1745 ..1780 ...1739

1824 1814 1813 1859 1800

1818

1834 1864

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St. Clair, Arthur, Military officer.....

1734 Sargeut, Epes, Author and Journalist.

1812 Saxe, John Godfrey, Poet....

.1816 Say, Thomas, Naturalist.

1787 Schoolcraft., Henry Rowe, Author.

..1793 Schurtz, Carl, Orator and Politician.

1829 Schuyler, Philip, Military officer

1733 Scott, Winfield, Mitilary officer..

..1786 Seaton, William Winston, Journalist.

1785 Sedy wick, Catherine Maria, Author..

.1789 Sedgwick, Joli), Military officer.

..1813 Sewall, Samuel, Jurist....

1652 Seward, Williain Henry, Statesman ......

1801 Shaw, Lemuel, Jurist....

1781 Sheridan, Philip Henry, Military officer.......

...1831 Sherman, Roger, Statesman...

1721 Sherman, William Tecumseh, Military officer.

1820 Sigourney, Lydia Howard Huntley, Author.

1791 Silliman, Benjamin, Physicist.....

..1779 Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., Physicist.

1816 Simms, William Gilmore, Author

.1806 Sparks, Jared, Historian....

........1789 Sprague, Charles, Poet.....

....1791 Sprague, William Buell, Clergyman and Author.

...1795 Spring, Gardiner, Clergyman and Author.

. 1785 Standish, Miles, Pilgrim .....

..1584 Stanton, Euwiu McMasters, Lawyer and Statesman...............1814

1804 1866 1866 1867 1864 1730 1872 1861

1793

1865 1801

1870 1866 1874

1873 1656 1869

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Stark, John, Military officer ...
Stedman, Edmund Clarence, Poet..
Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, Statesman.
Stephens, John Lloyd, Traveller ......
Stevens, Thaddeus, Political Leader ......
Stewart, Charles, Naval officer....
Stewart, Alexander T., Merchant...
Stiles, Ezra, Clergyman and Scholar
Stoddard, Richard Henry, Poet...
Story, Joseph, Jurist.
Stuart, Gilbert Charles, Painter....
Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beers and Sculptor.
Sullivan, James, Statesman and Jurist.
Sullivan, John, Military officer,
Sully, Thomas, Painter .........
Sumper, Charles, Orator and Statesman.
Sumter, Thomas, Military officer.

.1727 1795
1823
.1779 1815
.1819
.1812
.1754 1828
...1744 1808

1795 ....1783 1872 ..1811 1874 1734 1832

...... .1740

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Taney, Roger Brooke, Jurist.....
Taylor, James Bayard. Traveller and Author.
Taylor, Zachary, Twelfth President...
Thorean, Henry David, Naturalist and Scholar...
Tickuor, George, Scholar and Author.
Trowbridge, John Townsend, Author
Trumbull, John, Poet..........
Trumbull, John, Painter....
Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, Poet and Essayist.......
Tudor, William, Scholar and Diplomatist.
Tyler, John, Tenth President .....

1784 ..1817 1791 .1827 1750 1756

..1813
1779

1831 1813 1871 1830 1862

...1790

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Warren, John, Physician......
Warren, Jolin Collins, Surgeon and Author.
Warren, Joseph, Physician and Patriot..
Warren, Willian, Comedian......
Washington, George, First President...
Wayland, Francis,

Scholar and Clergyman...
Wayne, Anthony, Military officer ......
Webster, Daniel, Statesman, Lawyer and Orator..
Webster, Noah, Philologist and Publicist ......
Weed, Thurlow, Journalist and Politician....
Weir, Robert Walter, Painter ....
West, Benjamin, Painter
Wheaton, Henry, Jurist and Diplomatist.
Whipple, Edwin Percy, Essayist....
White, Andrew Dickson, Educator
White, Richard Grant, Philologist and Scholar
Whitney, Eli, Inventor..
Whitney, William Dwight, Philologist.......
Whittier, Johu Greenleaf, Poet.
Wilkes, Charles, Naval officer..
Willard, Emma C., Teacher and Author
Williams, Roger, Founder of R. I........
Willis, Nathaniel Parker, Poet and Journalist......
Wilson, Alexander, Ornithologist...
Wilson, Henty, Statesman,
Winslow, Edward, Pilgrim.........
Winthrop, John, Governor of Mass..
Woolsey, Theodore Dwight, Scholar ......
Worcester, Joseph Emersou, Lexicographer.

1825

...

1785 ...1819

1832 .1822 1765 1827 1807 ..1801 ...1787

1599 ..1807 1766

1812 ... 1595 ....1588

..1801 .....1784

1870 1683 1807 1813

1655 1649

1865

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

TIK FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

The most exemplary character, perhaps, that ever adorned any era in history, and who received in his life-time the noble appellations of the Founder of a Republic,” and “the Father of his Country," was born in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia, on the 22d of February, 1732. Šis early instruction was domestic and scanty, but full of good discipline and sound principles; and as his father died when he was only ten years old, he had no subsequent opportunities for acquiring a thorough literary or scientific education. However, as his mind was naturally mathematical and philosophical, he prepared himself to be useful to his fellow-citizens as a civil engineer; and as the country was wild, and much of it then unsurveyed, he occasionally found agreeable and profitable employment in surveying different parts of his native State. He also directed much of his attention to the science of arms, in the use of which every young man was instructed, in order to repel the incursions of the Indians, who were often led on by skillful Frenchmen. At the age of nineteen, he was appointed one of the adjutant-generals of Virginia, which gave him the rauk of major, and soon after he was advanced to a colonelcy, and sent by Governor Dinwiddie to the Ohio with dispatches to the French commander, who was erecting fortifications from Canada to New Orleans, in violation of existing treaties. The Governor was so much pleased with the faithful discharge of this duty, that he ordered his journal, which extended to only eighty days, to be printed; but, small as it was, it afforded evidence of great sagacity, fortitude, and a sound judgment, and firmly laid the foundation of his future fame.

In the spring of 1755, Washington was persuaded company General Braddock as an aid, with the rank of Colonel, in his disastrous expedition against Fort DuQuesne; and had his advice been followed on that occasion, the rebult would have been different. Three years afterward (1758) Washington commanded the Virginians in another expedition against the fort, which terminated successfully. At the close of this campaign he left the army, and was soon after married to Mrs. Martha Custis (the widow of Colonel Daniel Parke Custis), whose maiden name was Dandridge, and whose intelligent and patriotic conduct, as wife and widow, will ever be gratefully remembered in American annals.

In 1759, he was elected to the House of Burgesses, and continued to be returned to that body, with the exception of occasional intervals, until 1774, when he was sent to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress. His well-tempered zeal and military skill, which enabled him to suggest the most proper means for national defense, if the country were urged to extremities, soon fixed all eyes upon him, as one well qualified to direct in the hour of peril; and accordingly, after the first scene of the revolutionary drama was opened at Lexington and Concord, and an army had concentrated at Cambridge, he was, on the 15th of June, 1775, unanimously appointed Commander-in-Chief of the American forces. The self-sacrificing spirit which governed his future course is too well known to require any elucidation.

After bringing the war to a successful termination, he hastened to Annapolis, where Congress was then in session, and on the 23d of December, 1783, formally resigned his commission.

In May, 1787, he was elected to the Convention which met at Philadelphia for the purpose of forming a Constitution, and was at once called upon to preside over its deliberations. After that admirable instrument was adopted by the people, he was unanimously elected the first President of the United States for four years; at the expiration of which he was unanimously reëlected for a second term.

On the 12th of December, 1799, he was seized with an inflammation in the throat, which grew worse the next day, and terminated his life on the 14th, in the 68th year of his age.

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