« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
CENTURY OF INDEPENDENCE.
FROM DISCOVERY OF AMERICA TO AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1492. San Salvador, the first land discovered in America by
Christopher Columbus, Oct. 12; Cuba, Oct. 27; His
paniola, Dec. 6. 1493. A Spanish Colony at Hispaniola.
Second voyage of Columbus. 1495. May 3.-Jamaica discovered by Columbus. 1496. Sebastian Cabot discovers Newfoundland for Henry VII.
of England, and by him called Prima Vista.
Third voyage of Columbus. 1498. The eastern coast of North America found by Americus
Vespucius, after whom America was finally named. 1502. The continent of America discovered by Columbus.
Fourth voyage of Columbus.
guese. 1506. May 15.-Columbus died at Valladolid. 1507. The New World first called America, after Amerigo Ves
pucci, by Waldseemuller, of Fribourg.
'Board of American Trade established at Seville. 1508. The Spaniards colonize Cuba, Jamaica, and Porto Rico.
Negro slaves imported into Hispaniola. 1510. Settlement at Darien. 1511. Cuba conquered by 300 Spaniards.
1512. Florida discovered by Ponce de Leon. 1517. First patent for importing negroes into America granted
Mexico discovered by Francisco Fernandez. 1521. Mexico conquered by the Spanish, under Cortez. 1524. Verazzanni, a Florentine navigator, in the service of
France, explores the coast of America from the Caroli
nas to Newfoundland. 1527. The Bermudas discovered by Juan Bermudas, a Spaniard. 1534. James Cartier discovered the St. Lawrence River, and
took possession of the whole country in the name of the
King of France. 1535. The mint of Mexico, the richest in the world, begun. 1536. California discovered by Cortez.
Ferdinand de Soto, with a fleet of 10 vessels and a gay
company of 600 men, land at Tampa Bay and com
mence their march into the interior. 1541. Mississippi River discovered by De Soto. 1542. De Soto dies, and is buried in the Mississippi River. 1553. New Mexico discovered by the Spaniards. 1564. Coligny sends a colony of Huguenots to Florida; they are
destroyed by the Spaniards. 1565. St. Augustine, Fla., settled by the Spaniards. 1576. Greenland visited by Frabisher. 1583. Tobacco first carried from Virginia to England. 1584. Virginia visited by Sir Walter Raleigh.
Miles Standish born-a military leader of the Pilgrims in
New England. He died in 1656. 1585. Davis' Strait discovered by the English navigator whose
name it bears. John Cotton, a learned divine of Boston, born. He died
First English colony in America, founded at Roanoke. 1587. John Winthrop, Governor of the Colony of Massachu
setts, born. Died in 1649. 1588. William Bradford, second Governor of. Plymouth Colony,
born. Died in 1657. 1594. Edward Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, born.
Died in 1643. 1601. Roger Williams born. He founded Rhode Island. Died
Acadia colonized by the French. 1602. Cape Cod discovered by Bartholomew Gosnold. 1603. Martin Pring, an English navigator, examines the shores
and large rivers of Maine, and the coast as far as Martha's Vineyard.
1604. John Eliot, “The Apostle to the Indians," born. Died in
1690. 1605. Quebec founded by the French. 1606. Martin Pring makes a second and more accurate survey
of the coast of Maine.
The London and Plymouth Companies receive Charters. 1607. Virginia, sometimes called the Old Dominion, settled in
April, at Jamestown, on the James River, by the London
River, Maine, by the Plymouth Company 1609. Sir John Sommers cast away on the Burmuda Islands.
Plot of the Indians disclosed by Pocahontas.
Hudson's Bay discovered by Henry Hudson. 1610. The Virginia Colony reduced from nearly 500 to 60. 1613. Pocahontas married to Mr. John Rolf.
The Dutch erect some trading posts at the mouth of the
Hudson River. 1614. New York City founded by the Dutch.
North Virginia called New England by Prince Charles. 24 natives of New England carried off and sold by Hunt.
Capt. John Smith explores the coast of New England. 1616. Baffin's Bay discovered by Wm. Baffin, an Englishman
Settlement of Virginia by Walter Raleigh. 1617. Most of the inhabitants from Narragansett to Penobscot
swept away by war and pestilence. 1620. The first negro slaves in the English colonies of North
America were brought to Virginia in a Dutch vessel
of-war. Dec. 21 (Dec. 11, 0. S.). --First settlement in New Eng
land, at Plymouth, Mass. 1621. A treaty made with Massasoit. 1622. March 27.—Massacre of 347 Virginians by the Indians. 1623. New Hampshire settled at Little Harbor and Dover.
Albany, Capital of New York, settled by the Dutch, and
called Beaverwyck. 1624. New Jersey settled. 1628. John Endicott settles at Salem, Mass.
Massachusetts Bily Colony founded.
Charlestown, Mass., founded. 1629. First church in Massachusetts formed at Salem.
First permanent settlement of the Dutch at Manhattan. 1630. Arrival of Governor Winthrop at Boston, with about 1,500
1631. First vessel built in Massachusetts, called the “Blessing
of the Bay,” launched July 4. John Smith, celebrated in Virginia history, dies. Aged
1633. Connecticut settled at Windsor by Holmes, from Mass. 163-1. Maryland settled at St. Mary's, on the Potomac, by 200
Catholics. 1635. The Say brook Colony, Conn., established. 1636. Providence, R. 1., settled by Roger Williams. 1637. War with the Pequot Indians-Connecticut.
First Synod at Newtown, occasioned by Ann Hutchinson. 1638. Delaware settled by the Swedes, near Christian Creek.
The New Haven Colony established.
tablished at Cambridge, Mass., by John Harvard. 1639. Settlements on the Connecticut united as the Connecticut
“The Freeman's Oath” and an almanac printed. 1640. Number of einigrants to America to this date--20.000. 1641. New Hampshire united with Massachusetts. 1643. Confederacy formed, under the name of United Colonies
of New England, for mutual defense.
The second Indian. massacre occurs in Virginia.
name of Rhode Island. 1645. Clayborne's rebellion in Maryland. 1646. Act of Massachusetts Legislature for carrying the Gos
pel to the Indians.
Thomas Mayhew, prencher to the Indians, shipwrecked. 1647. Epidemic through America. 1650. North and South Carolina settled.
Conversion of the Indians on Martha's Vineyard, Mass. 1651. The Navigation Act passed by the English Parliament. 1652. Voluntary submission of Maine to Massachusetts.
Gorton and Roger Williams make a decree against slav
ery in Rhode Island. 1655. Law in Massachusetts requiring that “All hands not
necessarily employed on other occasions, such as women, boys, and girls, should spin according to their skill and
A civil war occurs in Maryland. 1656. Persecution of the Quakers in Massachusetts.
peace of Breda,
1656. Ann Hibbins, of Boston, executed for witchcraft. 1663. Carolina granted to Lord Clarendon and seven other no
blemen of England by Charles II.
The Albemarle County Colony formed. 1664. New Netherlands taken by the English from the Dutch,
and named New York.
America at Cambridge.'
The Connecticut and New Haven Colonies united.
Six towns of Christian Indians in Massachusetts. 1667. The ceding of New York to the English confirmed by the 1670. Bees first introduced into New England by the Emglish.
South Carolina settled, on the Ashley River.
Spain. 1672. White slaves bought in England, and brought to Vir
ginia. Average price for five years' service, £5; while
à negro was worth £25. 1673. Virginia ceded to Culpepper and Arlington. 1675. War with Philip, King of the Wampanoags, in New
Indian War in Virginia. 1676. King Philip killed, and his tribe destroyed.
Bacon's rebellion breaks out in Virginia.
Jamestown burned. 1677. Virginia becomes a proprietary Government, with Cul
pepper as Governor. 1679. New Hampshire made a royal province (first time). 1680. Settlement begun at Charleston, S. C. 1681. Pennsylvania granted by James II, to William Penn. 1782. Philadelphia founded hy William Penn.
The Duke of York grants Delaware to William Penn. 1686. Sir Edmund Andros appointed Royal Governor of New
England. 1687. The Connecticut Charter hid in the “Charter Oak.” 1688. New York and New Jersey added to the jurisdiction of
several years. 1689. King William's war commenced, and continued 8 years. 1690. Port Royal captured by the English, under Sir Wm.