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245,000.00

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390

11, 896.30

census

100,000.00

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100,000.00

4,680.00

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20,000.00

census

5,000.00

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267 Appropriation for continuation of the work of the

tenth census
331 Appropriation for completion of the work of taking

the tenth census and closing the bureau, including

salaries
344 Publication and distribution of reports of the tenth
345 Appropriation for printing and binding tenth-census

reports....
384

Continuing the appropriation of Mar. 3, 1881, for print

ing and engraving for 35 days after June 30, 1882...
636 Appropriation for continuing the work of the tenth
637 Directions for binding compendium and distribu-

tion of reports of the tenth census.
627 Appropriation for the work of taking the tenth census

and closing the bureau, including salaries
555 Appropriation for salaries of employees in the office

of the Secretary of the Interior for distributing the

reports of the tenth census
564 Public Printer authorized to accept private proposals

for printing maps and illustrations for reports of

the tenth census.
16 Appropriations for current expenses of the tenth

census

Appropriation for outstanding liabilities of the tenth
274 Public Printer authorized to print additional copies

of reports of the tenth census when he has received
sufficient number of orders accompanied by the
cost price thereof with 10 per cent additional to

warrant such printing.
185 Appropriation for salaries of employees in the office

of the Secretary of the Interior, for distributing the

reports of the tenth census
212 | Appropriation for the work of taking the tenth census

and closing the bureau, including salaries
Directions for printing, binding, and distribution of

reports.
516 Work on the tenth census to continue until further

Congressional action.
416 Appropriation for salaries of employees in the office of

the Secretary of the Interior for distributing the re

ports of the tenth census.
462 Office of the tenth census abolished; unfinished work

transferred to the office of the Secretary of the Inte

rior for completion.
Appropriation for payment of obligations of the tenth

census outstanding prior to Jan. 1, 1885.

Appropriation for payment of salaries of clerical force.
199 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office of

the Secretary of the Interior......
Appropriation for salary of laborer in the office of the
Secretary of the Interior, for distributing the reports

of the tenth census
271 Appropriation to pay for printing material.

Appropriation for expenses of the tenth census..
622 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office of

the Secretary of the Interior....
54 Appropriation to complete the publication of reports

of the tenth census.
284 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office of

the Secretary of the Interior..
734 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office of

the Secretary of the Interior.

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in lieu of subsistence.

1,000,000.00

Mar. 19, 1890

26

Apr. 3, 1890

26

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116

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$3,075,000.00

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1,800.00

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1,400,000.00

350,000.00

[blocks in formation]

250,000.00

1,800.00

1,000,000.00

[blocks in formation]

200,000.00

50,000.00

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100,000.00

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1,800.00

27

560,000.00

Free transmission of census mail matter by registered

mail authorized.
161 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for

taking and compiling the results of the eleventh

census
257 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office

of the Secretary of the Interior....
313 Collection of facts from unincorporated express com-

panies, the same as from incorporated ones required.
392 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses in

taking and compiling the results of the eleventh

census
Appropriation for continuing the printing, engraving,

and binding of the eleventh census
735 Apportionment of Congressional Representatives.
888

Directions concerning the printing and distribution

of eleventh census reports.

Appropriation for printing eleventh census reports...
937 | Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office

of the Secretary of the Interior..
972 | Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses in

taking and compiling the results of the eleventh

census
5 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for

continuing the work of compiling the results of the

eleventh census
Appropriation for the work of the division of farms,

homes, and mortgages...
36 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for

continuing the work of compiling the results of the

eleventh census..
86 Amending act of Mar. 1, 1889, by requiring informa-

tion to be obtained in regard to all productive in-
dustries; penalty for refusal to answer authorized

inquiries.
212 Appropriation for salary of census clerk in the office

of the Secretary of the Interior..
295 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for

continuing the work of compiling the results of the

eleventh census..
Appropriation for the work of the division of farms,

homes, and mortgages...
Appropriation for printing the final volumes of reports

of the eleventh census.
371 Appropriation of $250,000 of March 3, 1891, made avail-

able for the fiscal year 1892-93.
473 Directions concerning the printing and distribution

of eleventh census reports.
658 Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for

continuing the work of compiling the results of the

eleventh census..
Appropriation for salaries and necessary expenses for
continuing the work of collecting and compiling

statistics of farms, homes, and mortgages.
Census office abolished, to terminate Dec. 31, 1893;

unpublished work and records to be transferred to
the office of the Secretary of the Interior, under
whose direction the work is to be completed; man-
ner of application of unexpended balances of appro-

priations provided for.
3 Time for completion of the work of the eleventh

census extended to June 30, 1894. Commissioner of
Labor may be authorized and directed by the Presi-
dent of the United States to perform the duties of

Superintendent of Census.
18 Appropriation for salaries, rent, and necessary ex-

penses in continuing the work of compiling the

results of the eleventh census..
Appropriation for maintenance of printing office in

the census office.
Appropriation for payment of bills contracted for

printing, engraving, and binding..
60 Preparation of abstract of the eleventh census di-

rected; certain provision of Act of Mar. 1, 1889,
repealed; time for completion of the work of the

eleventh census extended to Mar. 4, 1895.
206 Accounts relating to the census office to be examined

by the Auditor for the Interior Department.
439 Disposition of unexpended balance of appropriation

for completion of the work of the division of farms, homes, and mortgages; report on social statistics of cities to be published as a monograph; abstract of eleventh census to burinted instead of digest.

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$125,000.00

175,000.00

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10,000

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15,000.00

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536 Appropriation for salaries, rents, and necessary ex

penses for completing the work of compiling the

results of the eleventh census..
Appropriation for printing, engraving, and binding

the final reports of the eleventh census.
605 Printing office in the census office excepted from the

requirement that Department printing offices shall

be under the control of the Public Printer.
611 Distribution of eleventh census reports continued

under existing law.
857 Census oflice abolished, to terminate Mar. 4, 1895;

unfinished work to be completed in the office of the
Secretary of the Interior; services of the Commis-
sioner of Labor, in charge of the completion of the
eleventh census, to be continued; use of unex-

pended balances for printing authorized.
838 Appropriation for salaries, rents, and necessary ex-

penses of completing the work of compiling the

results of the eleventh census.
24 Appropriation for salaries, rents, and necessary ex-

penses in continuing the work of compiling the

results of the eleventh census.
468 Commissioner of Labor directed to correspond and

confer with census officers of other governments in
order to secure uniformity in future censuses; also

to submit a plan for a permanent census service.
167 Appropriation for employment of laborers in the work

of distributing the reports of the eleventh census ...
293 Appropriation for salaries, rents, and necessary ex-

penses in continuing the work of compiling the

results of the deventh census.
294 | Appropriation to continue printing, engraving, and

binding the final volumes of the eleventh census
Appropriation for rents accrued in March and April,

1895
566 | Appropriation for employment of laborers in the work

of distributing the reports of the eleventh census.
567 Appropriation for salaries, rent, and necessary ex-

penses incident to the proper care of the records of

the eleventh and previous censuses....
301 | Appropriation for employment of laborers in the work

of distributing the reports of the eleventh census...
Appropriation for salaries, rent, and necessary ex-
penses incident to the proper care of records of the

eleventh and previous censuses.
672 Appropriation for payment of work connected with

3, 960.00

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10,000.00

250,000.00

162.50

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3, 960.00

6, 800.00

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3, 960.00

6,800.00

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the Indian report of the eleventh census.. Appropriation for payment of certain special agents

of the eleventh census..... Appropriation for expenses of the eleventh census.. Appropriation for payment of amount due an enu

merator.. Appropriation for payment of rent for June, 1898. Appropriation for salary of clerk in charge of census records for June, 1898.

600.00

535.00 136.92

36.50 166.66

148. 30

APPENDIX E.

CENSUS ACTS: 1790, 1840, 1850, 1880, 1890, 1900.

[The first six censuses of the United States were taken under the act of March 1, 1790, with amendments and extensions, as shown by the acts of March 3, 1839, as amended by the act of February 26, 1810, under the provisions of which the sixth census, in 1810, was taken. The seventh, eighth, and ninth censuses were taken under the act of May 23, 1850, as amended by the act of August 30, 1850, with some modifications. The tenth census was taken under the act of March 3, 1879, as amended by the act of April 20, 1850, and the eleventh census under the act of March 1, 1889, as amended by the acts of January 23, 1990, February 22, 1890, April 3, 1990, May 21, 1890, August 14, 1890, and July 6, 1892, and the joint resolution of March 19, 1990. The twelfth census is to be taken in June, 1900, under the act of March 3, 1899.]

ACT APPROVED MARCH 1, 1790. AN ACT providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Americu in Congress assembled, That the marsháls of the several districts of the United States shall be, and they are hereby authorized and required to cause the number of the inhabitants within their respective districts to be taken; omitting in such enumeration Indians not taxed, and distinguishing free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, from all others; distinguishing also the sexes and colours of free persons, and the free males of sixteen years and upwards from those under that age; for effecting which purpose the marshals shall have power to appoint as many assistants within their respective districts as to them shall appear necessary; assigning to each assistant a certain division of his district, which division shall consist of one or more counties, cities, towns, townships, hundreds or parishes, or of a territory plainly and distinctly bounded by water courses, mountains, or public roads. The marshals and their assistants shall respectively take an oath or atfirmation, before some judge or justice of the peace, resident within their respective districts, previous to their entering on the discharge of the duties by this act required. The oath or affirmation of the marshals shall be, “I, A. B. marshal of the district of do solemnly swear (or afhrm) that I will well and truly cause to be made, a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within my district, and return the same to the President of the United States, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled 'An act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the best of my ability.” The oath or affirmation of an assistant shall be, “I, A. B. do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will make a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within the division assigned to me by the marshal of the district of and make due return thereof to the said marshal, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled “An act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the best of my ability.” The enumeration shall commence on the first Monday in August next, and shall close within nine calendar months thereafter. The several assistants shall, within the said nine months, transmit to the marshals by whom they shall be respectively appointed, accurate returns of all persons, except Indians not taxed, within their respective divisions, which returns shall be made in a schedule, distinguishing the several families by the names of their master, mistress, steward, overseer, or other principal person therein, in manner following, that is to say: The number of persons within my division, consisting of

; appears in a schedule hereto annexed, subscribed by me this

179

A B, assistant to the marshal of
Schedule of the whole number of persons within the division allotted to A B.

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SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That every assistant failing to make return, or making a false return of the enumeration to the marshal, within the time by this act limited, shall forfeit the sum of two hundred dollars.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the marshals shall file the several returns aforesaid, with the clerks of their respective district courts, who are hereby directed to receive and carefully preserve the same: And the marshals respectively shall, on or before the first day of September, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, transmit to the President of the United States, the aggregate amount of each description of persons within their respective districts. And every marshal failing to file the returns of his assistants, or any of them, with the clerks of their respective district courts, or failing to return the aggregate amount of each description of persons in their respective districts, as the same shall appear from said returns, to the President of the United States, within the time limited by this act, shall, for every such offense, forfeit the sum of eight hundred dollars; all which forfeitures shall be recoverable in the courts of the districts where the offenses shall be committed, or in the circuit courts to be held within the same, by action of debt, information or indictment; the one half thereof to the use of the United States, and the other half to the informer; but where the prosecution shall be first instituted on behalf of the United States, the whole shall accrue to their use. And for the more effectual discovery of offenses, the judges of the several district courts, at their next sessions to be held after the expiration of the time allowed for making the returns of the enumeration hereby directed, to the President of the United States, shall give this act in charge to the grand juries, in their respective courts, and shall cause the returns of the several assistants to be laid before them for their inspection.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That every assistant shall receive at the rate of one dollar for every one hundred and fifty persons by him returned, where such persons reside in the country; and where such persons reside in a city, or town, containing more than five thousand persons, such assistant shall receive at the rate of one dollar for every three hundred persons; but where, from the dispersed situation of the inhabitants in some divisions, one dollar for every one hundred and fifty persons shall be insufficient, the marshals, with the approbation of the judges of their respective districts, may make such further allowance to the assistants in such divisions as shall be deemed an adequate compensation, provided the same does not exceed one dollar for every fifty persons by them returned. The several marshals shall receive as follows: The marshal of the district of Maine, two hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of New Hampshire, two hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Massachusetts, three hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Connecticut, two hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of New York, three hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of New Jersey, two hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Pennsylvania, three hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Delaware, one hundred dollare; the marshal of the district of Maryland, three hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Virginia, five hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Kentucky, two hundred and fifty dollars; the marshal of the district of North Carolina, three hundred and fifty dollars; the marshal of the district of South Carolina, three hundred dollars; the marshal of the district of Georgia, two hundred and fifty dollars. And to obviate all doubts which may arise respecting the persons to be returned, and the manner of making the returns,

Sec. 5. Be it enacted, That every person whose usual place of abode shall be in any family on the aforesaid first Monday in August next, shall be returned as of such family; and the name of every person, who shall be an inhabitant of any district, but without a settled place of residence, shall be inserted in the column of the aforesaid schedule, which is allotted for the heads of families, in that division where he or she shall be on the said first Monday in August next, and every person occasionally absent at the time of the enumeration, as belonging to that place in which he usually resides in the United States.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That each and every person more than sixteen years of age, whether heads of families or not, belonging to any family within any division of a district made or established within the United States, shall be, and hereby is, obliged to render to such assistant of the division, a true account, if required, to the best of his or her knowledge, of all and every person belonging to such family respectively, according to the several descriptions aforesaid, on pain of forfeiting twenty dollars, to be sued for and recovered by such assistant, the one-half for his own use, and the other half for the use of the United States.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That each assistant shall, previous to making his return to the marshal, cause a correct copy, signed by himself, of the schedule,

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