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ARCHÆOLOGICAL DISCOVERY IN ΤΗΣ, (
North RIDING.-A very interesting discovery has during
the past autumn, been made at Normanby, near Middlesad brough. In order to facilitate certain of the
mining operaitions carried on at that place by the Messrs. Bell, it became
necessary to form a new roadway at a lower level than that hitherto in use, itself lower by four or five feet than the modern surface in the vicinity. During the process of the necessary excavations the attention of the engineer and
workmen was drawn to the presence of human remains. BOCK
There were many fragments of ancient pottery, portions of
two broken querns, the upper stone of a third in an unCo
finished state, and eventually even a portion of a human sa jaw, with three teeth, The bones were principally those of KCCC the ox, and, judging from the form of a skull obtained in
some degree of integrity, of bos longifrons. Some were of large dimensions, and those which had contained marrow
were, with few exceptions, broken across. There were ELECT CCCCCCCC
besides numerous bones of the sheep and deer, and a few of
the swine. Not a few of the shoulder blades of the sheep GK (CCCCCCCCC
or deer were so small as to suggest the presence in Cleveland, at the time to which the deposit belonged, of very small varieties of the breeds represented. On none of these bones did there appear to be any signs of gnawing-perhaps a negative evidence of the absence of any species of dog at
the time. There were also many small bones of various Ckinds, but too much decayed to admit of any attempt to
decide to what creatures they had originally belonged. There was one, however, at least, which testified to the presence of articles of food derived from the sea (exclusive
of others to be presently mentioned); aud that was a bone Harvard College Library
from the flapper, or breast fin, of probably either a seal or a porpoise. Some few of the larger bones showed signs of cutting, the cut parts presenting a rough, jagged edge, strongly suggesting that the cutting instrument employed had been very blunt or very rude. Besides these cut bones, one other, the metatarsal bone of a sheep or deer, was bored through transversely as well as longitudinally, the hole being
perfectly circular. All the bones, without any exception, VERO
were much coated, or their hollow parts lined, with earthy
phosphate of iron, which after a few hours of exposure TS
to the air assumed a very beautiful blue tint. Besides the bones just noticed there was a layer of shells-namely, those of the common sea mussel and the ordinary periwinkle-of six or eight inches in thickness, 14 or 15 feet in length, and of considerable but undetermined width. All the mussel shells had been opened, and in no instance did two still
united at the hinge present themselves. This shell bed lay FROM THE GIFT OF
at a depth of 12 to 14 feet below the old road, and therefore 17 to 19 feet below the modern surface. The bones, pottery,
and querns were most abundantly met with in the part of WILLIAM ENDICOTT, JR.
the deposit just above the shell-bed, and intermingled with them were twigs, leaves, sticks, chips, knots, or broken
branches of trees, charcoal, a specimen or two of wrought (Class of 1887)
wood (pegs or the like), hazel-nuts, acorns, ling, moss,
bracken, sedges, rushes, a few seeds of plants, besides wingOF BOSTON
cases of beetles, half of a small, well-wrought and polished jet ring, and a rude bone peg or two. About five feet above the shell-bed lay an ochrey-yellow band of some inches in thickness, which, with all that lay below it (to a foot and a half or two or three feet beneath the shells), gave unquestionable evidence of having been deposited in water not liable to violent commotion. A careful inspection of the who e deposit and of the surrounding locality seems to lead
to the supposition that there must have been a pool here in (
ancient times. There are reasons for assuming that the bed C C
of this pool originated in the geological movement which CCCCCC
created a fault in the adjacent bed of ironstone, which fault KCC
is shown clearly, in section, a few yards beyond the deposit. <OCCO
But as to the circumstances under which the deposit was CICCI made there is no evidence whatever on which so much as to
found an hypothesis. There may have been a species of KCC
lake dwelling," though no traces of its existence presented COCO
themselves. There may have been a settlement on the verge c CC
of the (probably) steep bank which encompassed one side of
the pool, although on this supposition it is not very possible
to accouut for the equable deposition of the shells and other COOK
light matters, and still less for the diffusion of the bones, pottery, &c.,
over a tolerably wide area. It is barely probable that a family lived in huts constructed in the overhanging trees. It is, perhaps, more probable that the site of the assumed dwelling or dwellings may have been demolished, and no attention drawn to it, at a period much earlier than that of the formation of the present road, that is to say, at the time when the earlier excavations and other works necessary towards quarrying the ironstone in the adjacent bank were in process of being carried out. As to the date of these curious remains, that is also too much a matter of conjecture; but, from the character of the pottery, the querns, and the jet ring, it is assumed to be not extremely remote. They are undoubtedly Celtic, and beyond that little that is positive can be alleged. The discovery of any kind of edged implement or weapon might, perhaps, have
que has been
room for a more definite judgment, but nothing of the discovered. It may be added that the human jaw obtained was remarkably massive and large, and must have belonged
a person of huge proportions. The three teeth, which are 'll in their sockets, are of great size and very much worn vn; indeed, nearly the whole crown is worn away-a fact hich testifies plainly enough to the coarse nature of a very
The betting opened at 6 to 4 on and closed at 2 to l ag ORIDO
Etoile du Nord
demanded, &c. R.M.
MATCH of 1000 sovs, h ft. Brethy Stakes Course.
... Ford am 1 Newcastle's Julius, 8 yrs ....... .... Daley 2 and catching trest, and the favourite got away with a clear her ladyship a wins wn the Bushes Hill, where Lady Eliza
We. Fordham steadied her, however,
Je by stride up the rise, he landed
das 14 nainagsapanese AK APPIDas Dateas
abas Founds in order and reservi za number of cheap days for
the working classes. Mr Rathbone, M.P., strongly a l.
Formal resolutions were then passe and a provisional
the falling of the warehouse in Matthew Street, mis
& fel and his master, Mr John Moss, joiner, were em. EL when the disaster took place. There were a ther
of bricks and rubbish on the spot, however, and but us of the workmen were necessarily slow, dese
unsafe condition of the remaining portion of the
was in the act of pulling away a piece of gold
the jurymen was viewing from
some rousing, by half a length, while three parts of a length divided the next two. Ouragan was a bad fourth, and Suffolk in the rear throughout. The HANDICAP SWEEPSTAKES of 15 sovs each, 10 ft ; for
two and three year olds. T.Y.C. 19 subs. 8 O Mr Samuel's Amour Propre, by Lord of the Isles--Savoir Faire, 3 yrs-car 8st 21b.
Grimshaw 1 6 1 Prince Soltikoff's War Queen, 2 yrs
Jeffery 2 6 8 Mr Thelluscon's Choral, 2 yrs.
Mordan 3 90 Mr C. Rayner's Midwife, 3 yrs.
French 0 8 7 Mr Mackenzie's Mochrie, 3 yrs
Fordham 0 8 4 Sir J. Hawley's Cotytto, 2 yrs ......... Huxtable 0 8 2 Mr Elliott's Barringtoa, 8 yrs..........
Mann 0 8 0 Count Lagrange's Pompier, 2 yrs
Challoner 0 12 Duke of Newcastle's Ninny, 2 yrs ..... ....H. Covey 7 12 Sir F. Johnstone's Sister to Vedette, 3 yrs...... 7 7 Mr Jay's Lilly, 2 yrs...
.Quince 7 7 Baron Rothschild's Nyanza, 2 yrs...... Peake 0 61 Mr De La Ce's Salvor, 2 yrs
Betting : 8 to 1 agst Ninny, 5 to 1 each Salvor and Amour
Moehrie, Nyanza, at
order named, and Barring-
8st 101b, and fillies 8st 71b. Winner to be sold for £150 if
demanded, if for £75 alld 71b. T.Y.C. 8 O Captain Machel's Traviata, by Stockwell-Strayaway
Challoner 1 83 Mr Brayley's Billet--£75 .................
8 0 Mr Hobson's Epigram-£75 8 3 Lord Westmoreland's Demon-975......... Grimshaw 3 that
.Carter 4 Betting : 5 to 4 agst Demon, 2 to 1 Epigram, and 8 to 1 Traviata. Epigram made the running for about three parts of the distance, and then gave up to the others, Traviata going on and it winning by three-quarters of a length ; a neck dividing the second and third. Epigram was beaten a long way.
The winner was claimed for the Danebury stable by Mr Brayley, and Capt. Machel claimed Epigram.
MATCH of 100 sovs, h ft. Last half of Ab.M. 8 7 Lord Westmoreland's Indian Star, by Sabreur or Underhand-Star of India, 4 yrs
.J. Goater 1 8 7 Marquis of Hastings's Athena, 2 yrs ......... Fordham 2
Betting : 5 to 4 on Athena. Indian Star led all the way, and won by two lengths. The PLATE of 50 sovs, for three year olds 7st 121b, feur 8st 1211, five and upwards 9st sib. Winner to be sold for £500, if for
£300 alld 511, £100 10tb. A.F. 8 5 Duke of Newcastle's Sweet Anne, by Knight of KarsAnne Page, 4 yrs--£300
..Daley 1 7 Mr Elliott's
Porter's Knot, 3 yrs- £300 .....Huxtable 2 Mr. A