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was the son of one Mr. Great-Grace (of whom you read in the first part of the records of the Pilgrim's Progress ;) and he is set there to teach pilgrims how to believe down, or to tumble out of their ways, what difficulties they should meet with, by faith. Mark: xi, 23, 24. Then said Mr. Great- Heart, “ I know him ; he is a man above many." ; Then they had them to another place, called mount Innocence : and there they saw a man clothed all in white; and two men, Prejudice and Ill-Will, continually casting dirt upon him. Now, behold, the dirt, whatsoever they cast at him, would in a little time fall off again, and his garment would look as clear as if no dirt had been cast thereat. Then said the pilgrims, What means this? The Shepherds answered, This man is named Godly-Man, and the garment is to shew the innocency of his life. Now those that throw dirt at him, are such as hate his well-doing ; but as you see the dirt will not stick upon his clothes, so it shall be with him that lives truly innocently in the world. Whoever they be that would make such men dirty, they labour all in vain for God, by that a little time is spent, will cause that their innocence shall break forth as the light, and their righteousness as the noon-day.
Then they took them, and had them to mount Charity, where they shewed them a man that had a bundle of cloth lying before him, out of which he cut coats and garments for the poor that stood about him; yet his bundle or roll of cloth was never the Jess. Then said they, What should this be? This is, said the Shepherds, to shew you, that he that has a heart to give of his labour to the poor, shall never want wherewithal. 6. He that watereth, shall be watered himself.” And the cake that the widow gave to the prophet, did not cause that she had ever the less in her barrel, They had them also to the place, where they saw
The Shepherds shew the Pilgrims the By-Way to Hello
one Fool and one Want-Wit washing of an Ethiopian, with an intention to make him white; but the more they washed him, the blacker he was. Then they asked the Shepherds, what that should mean ? So they told them, saying, Thus shall it be with the vile person ; all means used to get such an one a good name, shall in conclusion tend but to make him more abominable. Thus it was with the Pharisees, and so it shall be with all hypocrites,
Then said Mercy, the wife of Matthew, to Chris. tiana her mother, I would, if it might be, see the hole in the hill, or that commonly called the ByWay to hell. So her mother brake her mind to the Shepherds. Then they went to the door (it was on the side of an hill ;) and they opened it, and bid Mercy hearken a while, So she hearkened and heard one saying, “ Cursed be my father, for holding of my feet back from the way of peace and life.” And another said, "Oh, that I had been torn in pieces, before I had, to save my life, lost my soul!” And another said, “If I were to live again, how would I deny myself, rather than come to this place!" Then there was as if the very earth groaned and quaked under the feet of this young woman for fear; so she looked white, and came trembling away, saying, “ Blessed be he and she that is delivered from this place.”
Now when the Shepherds had shewn them all these things, then they had them back to the palace, and entertained them with what the house would afford: but Mercy, being a young and breeding woman, longed for something that she saw there, but was ashamed to ask. Her mother-in-law then asked her what she ailed, for she looked as one not well? Then said Mercy, There is a looking-glass hangs up in the dining-room, off which I cannot take my mind; if therefore I have it not, I think I shall miscarry... Then said her mother, I will mention thy The Shepherds give presents to the Pilgrims.
wants to the Shepherds, and they will not deny it thee. But she said, I am ashamed that these men should know that I longed. Nay, my daughter, said she, it is no shame, but a virtue, to long for such a thing as that. So Mercy said, Then, mother, if you please, ask the Shepherds if they are willing to sell it. :
Now the glass was one of a thousand. It would present a man, one way, with his own features, ex. actly ; and turn it but another way, and it would shew one the very face and similitude of the Prince of the pilgrims himself. Yes, I have talked with them that can tell, and they have said, that they have seen the very crown of thorns upon his head, by looking in that glass; they have therein also seen the holes in his hands, in his feet, and his side. Yea, such an excellency is there in that glass, that it will shew hiin to one where they have a mind to see him ; whether living or dead, whether in earth or in heaven; whether in a state of humiliation, or in his exaltation; whether coming to suffer, or coming to reign. James i. 23-25. 1 Cor. xiii. 12. 2 Cor. iii. 18.
Christiana therefore went to the Shepherds 'apart, (now the names of the Shepherds were Knowledge, Experience, Watchful, and Sincere, (see Part I.) and said unto them, There is one of my daughters, a breeding woman, that, I think, doth long for something that she hath seen in this house, and she thinks she shall miscarry if she should by you be denied.
Exp. Call her, call her ; she shall assuredly have what we can help her to. So they called her, and said to her, Mercy, What is that thing thou wouldest have? Then she blushed, and said, The great glass
that hangs up in the dining-room. ; So Sincere ran and fetched it, and with a joyful
consent it was given her. Then she bowed her head, and gave thanks, and said, By this I know that i have obtained favour in your eyes.
The Pilgrims leave the Delectable Mountains.
They also gave to the other young women such things as they desired, and to their husbands great commendations, for that they had joined with Mr. Great-Heart, to the slaying of giant Despair, and the demolishing of Doubting Castle. About Christiana's neck the Shepherds put a bracelet, and so they did about the necks of her four daughters; also they put earrings in their ears, and jewels on their foreheads.
When they were minded to go hence, they let them go in peace, but gave not to them those certain cautions which before were given to Christian and his companion. The reason was, for that these had Great-Heart to be their guide, who was one that was well acquainted with things, and so could give them their cautions more seasonably; to wit, even then when the danger was nigh the approaching. What cautions Christian and his companions had received of the Shepherds, they had also lost by that the time was come that they had need to put them in practice. Wherefore, here was the advantage that this company had over the other. From hence they went on singing, and they said,
« Behold how fitly are the stages set /
For their relief that pilgrims are become!
That make the other life our mark and home.
That we, though pilgrims, joyful lives may live..
That shew we pilgrims are, where'er we go."
i. When they were gone from the Shepherds, they quickly came to the place werę Christian met with one Turn- Away, that dwelt in the town of Apostasy. · (See Part I.) Wherefore of him Mr, Greai-Heart, their guide, did now put them in mind, saying, This is the place where Christian met with one TurnAway, who carried with him the character of his rebellion at his back. And this I have to say con
The Pilgrims mect Valiant -for-Truth.
to the way agare much despite his hand.
cerning this man ;-he would hearken to no counsel, but once a-falling, persuasion could not stop him..
When he came to the place where the cross and the sepulchre was, he did meet with one that bid him look there; but he gnashed with his teeth, and stamped, and said, he was resolved to go back to his own town. Before he came to the gate, he met with Evangelist, who offered to lay hands on him to turn him into the way again. But this Turn-Away resisted him, and having done'much despite unto him, he got away over the wall, and so escaped his hand.
Then they went on; and just at the place where Little-Faith formerly was robbed, there stood a man with his sword drawn, and his face all bloody. - Then said Mr. Great-Heart, What art thou? The man made answer, saying, I am one whose name is Valiant-for-Truth ; I am a pilgrim and -am going to the Celestial City. Now as I was in my way, there were three men that did beset me, and propounded unto me these three things :-. Whether I would become one of them ;-2. Or go back from whence I came ;-3. Or die upon the place ? To the first I "answered, I had been a true man a long season, and therefore it could not be expected that I now should cast in my lot with thieves. Prov. i. 10-19. Then , they demanded what I would say to the second ? So I told them, the place from whence I came, had I not found incommodity there, I had not forsaken it at all; but finding it altogether unsuitable to me, and very unprofitable for me, I forsook it for this way. Then they asked me what I said to the third ? And I told them, My life cost more dear far, than that I should lightly give it away: besides, you have nothing to do to put things to my choice; wherefore at your peril be it if you meddle. . Then these three, to wit, Wild · Head, Inconsiderate, and Pragmatic, drew upon me, and I also drew upon them. So we fell to it, one against three, for the space of three hours. They