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enactment of legislation granting adjusted compensation to Mr. SMITH. I ask unanimous consent for the imniediate ex-service men, which was referred to the Committee on Finance. consideration of the resolution.
Mr. ROBINSON presented a resolution adopted by the The resolution was considered by unanimous consent and trustees of the Pine Bluff (Ark.) Chamber of Commerce, pro- agreed to, as follows: testing against the passage of the so-called Jones bill providing
Resolved, That the Committee on Interstate Commerce, or any suba workmen's compensation insurance fund for the District of committee thereof, be, and hereby is, authorized during the Sixty-eighth Columbia, which was referred to the Committee on the District Congress, to send for persons, books, and papers, to administer oaths, of Columbia. Mr. BURSUM presented a petition signed by over 11,000 hundred words, to report such hearings as may be had in connection
and to employ a stenographer, at a cost not exceeding 26 cents per ex-soldiers, veterans in the United States of the World War, with any subject which may be before said committee, the expenses praying for the passage of the so-called Bursum fourfold thereof to be paid out of the contingent fund of the Senate, and that adjusted compensation bill, which was referred to the Com- the committee, or any subcommittee thereof, may sit during the sesmittee on Finance.
sions or recesses of the Senate. Mr. WILLIS presented petitions of the board pf directors of the Chamber of Commerce of Findlay and of suhdry citizens
REENTRY OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS. of London, Mount Sterling, and West Jefferson, all in the State Mr. SMOOT. From the Committee on Finance I report back of Ohio, praying for the adoption of the so-called Mellon tax-re- favorably, with amendments, the joint resolution (H. J. Res. duction plan, which were referred to the Committee on Finance. 82) extending the time during which
certain domestic animals He also presented a resolution of the Ashland (Ohio) Camp which have crossed the boundary line into foreign countries No. 118, Ohio Division, Sons of Veterans, U. S. A., favoring may be returned free of duty, and I submit a report (No. 70) the granting of pensions of $72 per month to veterans of the thereon. I ask for its present consideration. Civil War and $50 per month to their widows, which was re The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator from Utah ferred to the Committee on Pensions.
asks "unanimous consent for the immedlate consideration of the Mr. FRAZIER presented a telegram in the nature of a joint resolution. Is there objection? petition from members of the Fargo (N. Dak.), Lions Club, Mr. TRAMMELL. I would like to have the joint resolution praying for the adoption of the so-called Mellon tax-reduction read before consent is given for its consideration. plan and opposing the passage of legislation granting adjusted The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Secretary will read the compensation to ex-service men, which was referred to the joint résolution. Committee on Finance.
The READING CLERK. The joint resolution as originally reHe also presented telegrams in the nature of petitions from ferred to the committee reads as follows: the Walsh County Livestock and Improvement Association, of Grafton; the Community Club of Milton, and the Chamber of
Resolved, eto., 'That despite the provisions of the first paragraph of Commerce of Jamestown, all in the State of North Dakota, paragraph 1508 of Title II of the tarift act of 1922, horses, mules, praying for the passage of Senate bill 1597, providing a
asses, cattle, sheep, goats, and other domestic animals, which here$50,000,000 revolving loan to the livestock industry, which were
tofore have strayed across the boundary line into any foreign counreferred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.
try, ar been driven across such boundary line by the owner for temHe also presented resolutions of the Board of County Com- porary pasturage purposes only, or which may so stray or be driven missioners of Hettinger County and of members of the Com before May 1, 1924, shall, together with their offspring, be admitted mercial Club of Wahpeton, in the State of North Dakota, free of duty under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the favoring the passage of Senate bill 1597, providing a $50,000,000 Treasury, if brought back to the United States at any time before
December 31, 1924. revolving loan to the livestock industry, which were referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.
BEC. 2. Any duties paid on any such domestic animals and offspring He also presented a resolution of the Wildrose National thereof returned to the United States after March 1, 1923, and before Farm Loan Association, of Van Hook, N. Dak., protesting the enactment of this resolution shall be refunded by the Secretary of against the adoption of the so-called Coulter plan, providing a the Treasury, and the necessary moneys to make such refunds are $50,000,000 revolving loan to the livestock industry, which hereby authorized to be appropriated. was referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is there objection to the
He also presented a petition of the Van Hook National Farm present consideration of the resolution? Loan Association, of Van Hook, N. Dak., signed by William G. There being no objection, the joint resolution was considered Thomas and 18 other citizens, praying for the enactment of as in Committee of the Whole. legislation reestablishing the United States Grain Corporation, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Secretary will report so as to operate as a marketing agency, buying and selling the proposed amendments. wheat at a domestic price and exporting the surplus at a The READING CLERK. The committee reports the following world price, etc., which was referred to the Committee on amendment: On page 1, line 3, strike out the words " the first Agriculture and Forestry.
paragraph of," so as to read "that despite the provisions of REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
paragraph 1506;" also, on page 1, strike out lines 14 and 15,
and on page 2, lines 1, 2, and 8, being section 2, and insert : Mr. FERNALD, from the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, to which was referred the bill (S. 1918) relative to may prescribe, and upon application therefor made within one year
The Secretary of the Treasury shall, under such regulations as he officers in charge of public buildings and grounds in the Dis-after the enactment of this resolution, refund any duties paid on any trict of Columbia, reported it without amendment.
such domestic animals or offspring thereof returned to the United Mr. JONES of Washington, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, to which were referred the following bills, ton. There is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury
States after March 1, 1923, and before the enactment of this resolul'eported them each without amendment and submitted reports not otherwise appropriated an amount necessary to make such refunds. thereon: A bill (S. 387) to prescribe the method of capital punishment:
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question is upon agreein the District of Columbia (Rept. No. 67); and
ing to the first amendment of the committee. A bill (S. 932) authorizing the transfer to the jurisdiction of The amendment was agreed to. the Commissioners of the District of Columbia of a certain The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question now is upon portion of the Anacostia Park for nursery purposes (Rept. agreeing to the second amendment of the committee. No. 68).
The amendment was agreed to. Mr. STERLING, from the Committee on Post Offices and Post The joint resolution was reported to the Senate as amended, Roads, to which was referred the bill (S. 1750) to amend sec and the amendments were concurred in. tion 217 as amended of the act entitled "An act to codify, re The amendments were ordered to be engrossed and the joint vise, and amend the penal laws of the United States," approved resolution to be read a third time. March 4, 1909, reported it without amendment and submitted a The joint resolution was read the third time and passed. report (No. 69) thereon,
ROADWAY AT KNOXVILLE, IOWA. HEARINGS BEFORE INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMITTEE.
Mr. FERNALD. From the Committee on Public Buildings Mr. KEYES. From the Committee to Audit and Control the and Grounds, I report back favorably without amendment Contingent Expenses of the Senate I report back favorably joint resolution (S. J. Res. 61) authorizing the Director of the without amendment the resolution (S. Res. 123) authorizing United States Veterans' Bureau to grant a right of way over thie ('omniittee on Interstate Conimerce to hold hearings and the United States Veterans Bureau hospitai reservation at employ a stenographer. It is in the usual form.
Knoxville, Iowa, and I ask for its present consideration,
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is there objection to the A bill (S. 2020) granting an increase of pension to Charles request of the Senator from Maine?
A. Heiland (with accompanying papers) ;
Mr. FERNALD. I shall be very glad to make a brief state A bill (S. 2022) granting a pension to Florence E. Wilbur
A bill (S. 2024) granting a pension to Frances Edna Morrow
Whereas it is desired to close the publie highway passing through Adams (with accompanying papers) ;
A bill (S. 2027) granting a persion to Margaret Blunt (with
By Mr. GEORGE (by request) : highway to be closed.
A bill (S. 2030) for the relief of Ethel Williams; t, the The joint resolution was reported to the Senate without
Committee on Claims. amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read
By Mr. BURSUM: the third time, and passed.
A bill (S. 2031) granting an increase of pension to Blas The preamble was agreed to.
Sanchez; to the Committee on Pensions.
A bill (S. 2032) authorizing the Secretary of the Interior te
cause certain investigations to be made upon the Rio Grande, beMr. SWANSON. On December 10, 1923, I introduced the tween the Elephant Butte Dam and Pena Blanca in New Mexico, bill (S. 642) for the relief of C. Pateras & Sons and C. Lemos, for the purpose of determining the feasibility of increasing the owners of the Greek steamship Constantinos Pateras, and it flow thereof and better enabling the United States to carry out its was referred to the Committee on Commerce. I ask that the obligations arising from the treaty of May 21, 1906, and to Committee on Commerce be discharged from the further con- cause the drainage of lands and straightening of the channel, sideration of the bill and that the bill may be referred to the and authorizing
an appropriation therefor; to the Committee on Committee on Claims, where it properly belongs.
Irrigation and Reclamation. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is there objection to the re By Mr. LODGE: quest of the Senator from Virginia? The Chair hears none, A bill (S. 2033) for the relief of Philip T. Post; to the comand it is so ordered.
mittee on (laims. Mr. BURSUM. On behalf of the Committee on Pensions I By Mr. HARRELD: return to the Senate the bill (s. 1385) for the relief of John H. A bill (S. 2034) to authorize the setting aside of certain Lang, whieh has been referred to the Committee on Pensions, tribal lands within the Quinaielt Indian Reservation in Washbut which properly belongs to the Committee on Naval Affairs. ington for lighthouse purposes; to the Committee on Indian It affects the record of a veteran of the Navy which is sought Affairs. to be corrected. A similar bill was before the Committee on By Mr. BRANDEGEE: Naval Affairs at the last session of Congress. I ask that the A bill (S. 2035) for the relief of Albert O. Tucker (with acCommittee on Pensions be discharged from further considera companying papers) ; to the Committee on Military Affairs. tion of the bill and that the bill be referred to the Committee A bill (S. 2036) to provide punishment for fraud against the on Naval Affairs.
United States when committed by an individual; and The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is there objection to the re A bill (S. 2037) to provide for the distribution of the Supreme quest of the Senator from New Mexico? The Chair hears none, Court reports and amending section 227 of the Judicial Code; and the change of reference will be made.
to the Committee on the Judiciary. BILLS INTRODUCED.
By Mr. HARRIS:
A bill (S. 2038) for the relief of H. F. Frick and others; and Bills were introduced, read the first time, and, by unanimous
A bill (S. 2039) for the relief of James R. Patrick, J. T. consent, the second time, and referred as follows:
Hudson, and Leonard O. Pinson; to the Committee on Claims. By Mr. BORAH:
By Mr. SPENCER: A bill (S. 2011) for the relief of Edward Kesson (with ac
A bill (S. 2040) for the relief of the owner of the steamship companying papers) ; to the Committee on Claims.
A bill (S. 2041) for the relief of the owner of the steam tug agricultural commodities, to promote equality between agrieultural commodities and other commodities, and for other pur sit
Division barge No. 4; and
A bill (S. 2012) for the relief of the owner of the Coast Tranposes; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. By Mr. ROBINSON:
A bill (S. 2043) for the relief of all, owners of the cargo on A bill (S. 2013) for the relief of Immaculato Carlino; to the board of the steamship Gaelic Prince at the time of her collision Committee on Claims.
with the U. S. S. Antigone; to the Committee on Claims. By Mr. FLETCHER:
By Mr. McKINLEY: A bill (S. 2014) to authorize the Park-Wood Lumber Co. to A bill (S. 2044) for the relief of Darlington & Co.; to the construct a bridge across the United States Canal which con Committee on Claims. nects Apalachicola River and St. Andrews Bay, Fla.; to the
By Mr. OVERMAN: Committee on Commerce,
A bill (S. 2045) to amend the third paragraph of section 16 By Mr. CURTIS (by request) :
of the interstate commerce act as amended by the transporta bill (S. 2015) establishing a board to be known as the tion act, 1920 (41 Stat. L. p. 456); to the Committee on InterPueblo lands board, and for other purposes; to the Committee state Commerce, on Public Lands and Surveys.
A bill (S. 2046) to amend seetion 413 of the Postal Laws and By Mr. CURTIS:
Regulations of 1913; to the Committee on Post Offices and Post A bill (S. 2016) granting a pension to Samuel F. Hoover; Roads.
A bill (S. 2017) granting a pension to Hallie Wilt (with By Mr. NORBECK: accompanying papers) ;
A bil] (S. 2047) granting a pension to Adam F. Glaser (with A hill (s. 2018) granting a pension to Mary M. Freiberger accompanying papers) ; and (with accompanying papers) ;
A bill (S. 2048) granting an increase of pension to Earl H. A bill (S. 2019) granting an increase of pension to Alexander Klock (with accompanying papers); to the Committee on C. Powell (with accompanying papers) ;
FREIGHT RATES ON PERISHABLE PRODUCTS.
I have no fault to find with the high ideals of those who feel Mr. TRAMMELL submitted the following resolution (S. Res.
that the soldier should be willing and ready to lose not only 126), which was referred to the Committee on Interstate Com his life but all his other possessions as well in defense of his merce :
native land, if it is the common lot; but I see nothing but
ingratitude and flagrant injustice in asking him to suffer the Resolved, That the Committee on Interstate Commerce be, and is hereby, directed to investigate the present high freight and express proportion to that sustained by his shopmates who remained at
tortures of war and in addition bear a financial loss out of all rates being charged for the transportation of citrus fruits, other fruits, home in peace and safety and had their wages doubled. It vegetables, and other perishable farm products, with a view to bringing about early action that will result in a substantial reduction in the self which carried our men to victory can not be paid for with
goes without saying that the sublime courage and disregard of existing freight and express rates which represent an increase of ap-money; but if we admit that the soldier will require and deproximately 60 per cent over pre-war rates on such perishable products and are so excessive as to greatly hamper the fruit and vegetable forfeiture of half his wages when we send him to the front?
serve food and shelter upon his return, how can we justify a growers.
To-day we want our taxes reduced; that is natural. It does ADJUSTED COMPENSATION OF WORLD WAR VETERANS.
not take an Isaiah to foretell the popularity of a proposal to Mr. McLEAN. Mr. President, I have received a good many reduce taxes. But I do not forget that six years ago we wanted communications from my constituents for and against the the German Army reduced, and we wanted it reduced in a 50-called bonus. I now desire in the interest of time and hurry. We raised a great army; the cost was great; the issue convenience to put into the Record a very brief statement of was in doubt. Something might have happened; some terrible my views upon that question.
engine of destruction, some chemical surprise might have visMr. President, if we look for the origin of the idea that we
ited our Army and left us at the mercy of the enemy. Tribute shall commercialize patriotism if we pay our ex-service men
might have been exacted as the price of peace that would $2 :1 day instead of $1. we shall easily find that it is a very have left us poor-poor in spirit and in purse--In which event old inheritance, a tradition, a habit, and a habit that is not such a thing as adjusted compensation never would have been Justified under existing conditions. The thoughtful person thought of. But I repeat, under existing conditions, what exknows that our political, religious, and economic views are
cuse have we for denouncing our brave soldiers as raiders and largely formed and fastened by heredity and environment. looters because their friends call our attention to the fact During umtold centuries war was the normal state of society. that we reduced their pay while they were reducing the GerThe Army was the only profession worthy of a gentleman. It man Army and the stay-at-homes had their wages increased was the only road to fame and fortune, the only ladder upon Why should we treat the soldier with less consideration than we which the common man could climb to noble heights and take do our peace officers? We do not dock a policeman's pay his family with him. As the warrior who could slay with because his service may cost him his life if he does his duty battle ax or spear the greatest number of his fellow men rep- / at all times. resented the highest type of citizenship, the men whom he slew
If another war should come-which God forbid-everybody id npon whose dead bodies he walked to position and power and everything should be called to the service under the same were entitled to an appreciation of a sort that would keep interpretation of duty. Rich and poor, at home or in the Army, their courage to the sticking point, otherwise the glorious pro- should be under common orders to work or fight as necessity fession of arms would become unpopular. The idea that no may demand. This habit once contracted by the peoples of the higher honors and no greater happiness could come to a man
earth would soon make an end to war. Everybody then would than that found in death on the battle tield was born about the be able to see that wars do not pay and act accordingly. The time that our ancestors worshipped the god of war as the fact that we did not do this in the last war does not excuse only true one and sacrificed human beings to propitiate him. us from recognizing and paying a just debt if we can afford to
I am happy to say that our conceptions of the blessings and pay it. benefits resulting from wars have changed somewhat in recent There is an old saying that we pay our dollars to those who times. In those days men fought for the sake of the fight; that cheat us, our dimes to those who amuse us, and our pennies is, all the real gentlemen. Now, they are supposed to fight to our teachers and defenders. How long can we conscienin defense of the right only; and the right, of course, is their tiously continue this rule of compensation now that the Great country. The idea that a man should be quick to defend his War has revealed to us its glaring inequities? Benjamin Frankcountry in time of danger and patiently suffer all the sacrifices lin once remarked that serving God consists in doing good to our which may be necessary is as sound to-day as it was 5,000 fellow men, but that praying is an easier method and the one years ago-all the sacrifices that may be necessary, but, mark adopted by most people. So serving the State by those who do you, none other.
not risk their lives in its defense would seem to demand just In the old days when the respectable portion of society fought treatment ofor those who do, but bountiful donations or denunall the time the expenses were largely paid by the conquered ciatory or complimentary rhetoric, as the case may require, is in the form of slaves or other plunder. When loot was scarce a cheaper method and one apparently very popular at the the home clods who worked the soil were impressed for sup- present time. plies necessary to keep the army fed. Pay rolls were out of On Armistice Day I went to a neighboring city, and the exthe question, except in cases where monarchs could steal enough perience was most reassuring. Youth was shouting for joy, and from their own or another monarch's subjects to hire the sub tears were running down the cheeks of the aged, including my jects of a third monarch. The idea that the soldier should not own. I did not think at the time that they were crocodile be called upon to offer more than his life for his country unless tears, and I do not think so now. A short time ago we buried it was necessary had just begun to dawn upon the American an unknown soldier at Arlington. A ceremony more impressive people a century ago or more, but the traditions and habits in its solemn expression of a nation's undying gratitude was which a race has carried for thousands of years are stubborn never witnessed. So much for the dead. I think those who did things, especially when they combine in defense of its bank not die deserve something better than abuse or good wishes. accounts.
Let us now see what we could do if we had one-tenth part If the late war had brought disaster and poverty to all, the of the courage, one-tenth part of the spirit of self-sacrifice, ex-service men would have met the common lot without com which animated our soldiers in 1918. Let us see how some of plaint. But it appears that our wealth as a Nation during and the stay-at-homes suffered last year from the awful burden of since the war has been greatly increased. Therefore the only taxition now existing. They spent for question involved in this controversy is, Can we justly ask the soft drinks, including ice cream and soda
$:30, 000, 000 soldier to risk more than his life in defense of his country? Cereal beverages
150, 000, 000 In other words, the question is not what the ex-service men
500, 000, 000 want us to do, but what we in our great abundance ought to Tobacco and snuft
1, 800, 000, 000
800,000,000 want to do for them. We are the richest Nation on earth to- Automobiles and parts.
2, 635, 000, 000 day, our wealth exceeds $300,000,000,000. Are we justified in tak- Planos, organs, ete
250,000,000 ing the poor debtor's oath to avoid paying $2 a day to the men Chewing gum.
25, 000, 000)
50,000,000 who saved the country from political, industrial, and moral Canly
1, 000, 000, 000 bankruptcy? If we pay them $2 or $2.25 a day, shall we Firearms and whells
50,000,000 destroy their patriotism or their sense of duty to their country, Cigar and cigarette holders
Electric fans, portable.
8, 000, 000
3, 000, 000) of which country we constitute 97 per cent ? Can we expect Liveries, *te
3, 000, 001) to "swell the chorus of the Union" by touching with the chilly Ilunting and shooting garments.
5, 000.000 fingers of accumulation the cords of memory which lead to our
800, 000, 000) Yachts
3, 000, 000) baitle fields?
| Toilet roups, etc
400, 00, 000
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA GASOLINE TAX. Carpets, rugs, wearing apparel, etc.
1, 600, 000, 000 Jewelry, watches, etc..
450, 000, 000
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Morning business is closed, Perfumery and cosmetics.
750, 000, 000 Admissions and dues-
800, 000, 000
and the calendar under Rule VIII is in order. Ice cream.
250, 000, 000 The first business on the calendar was the bill (s. 120) to Cakes, etc.
850, 000, 000 provide for a tax on motor-vehicle fuels sold within the DisLuxurious services Luxuries in hotels and restaurants
$750, 000, 000 trict of Columbia, and for other purposes, which had been reLuxurious food, etc-
5,000,000,000 ported from the Committee on the District of Columbia with Other luxuries-joy riding, pleasure pesorts, races, etc. 3,000,000.000 an amendment.
Mr. KING. Let the bill be read, Mr. President. Grand total. ----
24, 219, 000, 000
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be read. These figures are taken from the reports in the Treasury De The reading clerk read the bill, as follows: partment. If we were willing to spend 1 per cent less on these luxuries fee of $1 for all motor vehicles and a tax of 2 cents per gallon on all
Be it enacted, etc., That on and after January 1, 1924, a registration for the establishment of a bonus fund, if we think we could motor-vehicle fuels sold within the District of Columbia shall be levied endure the awful sufferings that would result from this econ- and collected in the manner hereinafter provided, one ball of which tax omy, we would save $242,190,000, considerably more than double shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States to the entire the annual bonus requirements. The fact is that no nation in all history has lived as luxuriously and extravagantly as the credit of the District of Columbia, in lieu of the personal property tax American people are living to-day. Luxury and laziness are 1924, and the other half, as well as all registration fees, shall be paid
on motor vehicles, which tax shall be remitted on and after July 1, fast becoming a habit as fixed as that which has silenced the into the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the United " better angels of our nature” in our discussion of the bonus States and to the credit of the District of Columbia in the same proquestion. We talk about international peace, and we want interna- the Treasury of the United States and from the revenues of the District
portions as appropriations for the District of Columbia are paid from tional peace; but we must have domestic peace if we are to go of Columbia ; but no registration fee shall be charged for any motor up instead of down and out, and we can not have it unless we vehicle bearing a registration marker or plate of any State which deserve it. Those of us who have the good luck to inherit or
grants to the actual residents of the District of Columbia the privilege make money must be fair to the less fortunate. Capital must of using the roads of that state in return for a like privilege granted be fair to labor, and labor must be fair to capital. Their in the actual residents of that State by the District of Columbia, and on terests are identical. Both must be fair to the public, and all three should pray to be delivered from their inherited bad except as in this act provided, shall be levied or assessed upon any
and after January 1, 1924, no tax of any character or description, habits and turn over a new leaf, and, as an earnest of motor vehicle in the District of Columbia : Provided, That this act and their reformation, do the fair thing by the men who less than any section thereof shall be inoperative and of no effect unless the six years ago saved the Nation from unspeakable disaster. State of Maryland shall agree to permit, on and after January 1, 1924, The American people are all right at heart. They have forgot- the free and unrestricted use of the public highways of that State by ten ; that is all. A wise man once remarked that gratitude is motor vehicles bearing registration markers or plates of the District the most deified of virtues, and the most easily deserted. Moreover, the taxes which the Government collects, though unrestricted use of the public highways of the District of Columbia is
of Columbia in like manner and to the same extent as the free ana hard to bear, are not to be compared with those that are laid extended to motor vehicles bearing registration markers or plates of the by unintelligent selfishness, or, as Mr. Franklin puts it-I trust State of Maryland. I may be pardoned for quoting him again—" by pride, folly, and indolence." Our soldiers won the war at least six months
Sec. 2. That the following words, terms, and phrases are, for the ahead of the date set by their most optimistic officers, but the purposes hereof, defined as follows, viz: longed-for victory of peace is still to be won
(a) “Motor vehicles " as used in this act shall be held and conThe foundation of lasting peace and prosperity is the same strued to mean and include all vehicles propelled by internal-combusas the foundation of true and pure religion, namely, service, tion engines, electricity or steam, except traction engines, road rollers, honest service. If I could vote in secret on this question, and and vehicles propelled only upon rails and tracks:
(b) * Motor vehicle fuels” as used in this act shall be held and should vote against the adjusted compensation act, I would be ashamed of myself for the rest of my life, hecause my con- construed to mean and include gasoline and other volatile and inflamscience would tell me that my vote was entirely controlled by mable liquid fuels produced or compounded for
the purpose of operating my desire to have my taxes reduced.
or propelling internal-combustion engines: Provided, That kerosene Last session 1 advocated a paid-up insurance policy for the shall not be considered to be a liquid fuel in the meaning of this act. ex-service men. This could not be dissipated and would invite strued to mean and include any person, firm, or corporation who im
(c) The term “ dealer" as used in this act shall be held and conindustry and economy on the part of the recipient. Such a disposition of this question would be the best investment the ports or causes to be imported into the District of Columbia gasoline
and other volatile and inflammable liquid fuels, produced or comwell-to-do could make for their children and grandchildren. The claim that the ex-soldier will
be better off if the bonus herein defined, and also any person, firm, or corporation who produces,
pounded for the purpose of operating and propelling motor vehicles as is defeated is without foundation. If a single man and he has served one year, he would not be benefited if his income is less refines, and manufactures or compounds such liquid fuels in the District than $8,000 a year; if a married man, he would not be bene of Columbia for use, distribution, or sale and delivery in the District fited if his income is less than $10,000 a year.
of Columbia. The claim put forth by the press, especially the Republican
SEC. 3. That on and after January 1, 1924, each and every dealer, as press, that the bonus bill will retard our return to prosperity defined in this act, who is now engaged or who may hereafter engage is generally printed on the same page with the announcement in his own name, or in the name of others, or in the name of his reprethat prosperity has already returned. You can take your sentatives or agents, in the District of Columbia, in the sale or use of choice.
motor-vehicle fuel, as herein defined, shall, not later than the last day If the editors of the Republican papers will examine the of each calendar month, render to the assessor of the District of Columbonus plank in our last national platform, they will find the bia a statement of all motor-vehicle fuel sold by him or them in the following promises :
District of Columbia during the preceding calendar month, and shall We hola in imperishable memory the valor and patriotism of the vehicle fuel as shown by such statement, in the mapner and within the
pay a tax of 2 cents per gallon to the collector of taxes on all motorsoldiers and sailors of America who fought in the Great War for
time hereinafter stipulated. human liberty, and we pledge ourselves to discharge to the fullest the obligations which a gratful nation justly should fulfill in appreciation Columbia shall file with the assessor of the Distriet of Columbia, a
Sec. 4. That all dealers in motor vehicle fuel in the District of of the services rendered by its defenders on sea and on land.
duly acknowledged certificate, on forms prescribed, prepared, and furDid this declaration, this solemn pledge, mean anything? nished by the said assessør, containiug the name under which such Does the word “justice,” when found in a Republican plat- dealer is transacting business within the District of Columbie, the form, mean injustice, indifference, and abuse? I think not, and names and addresses of the several persous constitating the firm or I think time will demonstrate the accuracy of this view. To partnership, and, if a corporation, the corporate name under which it my mind, the nation which pays a debt of honor which it can is authorized to transact business, and the panes and addresses of its well afford to pay will find permanent prosperity much sooner principal officers, resident general ageut, and attorney in fact. No than the nation which sees nothing in its civilization but ma- dealer as herein defined shall, on and after January 1. 1924, sell, use, chinery and money, nothing at either end of its rainbow but or distribute any motor vehicle fuel until suck certificute is furnished the fleshpot.
as is required by this act.
SEC. 6. That on and after January 1, 1924, all dealers in motor Snc. 18. That owners of electricity driven and steam operated Vehicle fuel shall render to the assessor of the District of Columbia, motor vehicles shall be charged the following annual registration fees, on or before the last day of cach month, on forms prescribed, prepared, which shall include the registration fee of $1 referred to in section and furnished by the said assessor, a sworn report of the number of 1 of this act : gallons of motor fuel sold or used by them during the preceding calen All motor vehicles operated by steam, $15 per annum. dar month, which report shall be sworn to by one of the principal ofi Electrically driven passenger-carrying vehicles, $11 per annum. cers in case of a domestic corporation, by the resident general agent, or Electrically operated trucks, having 1,000 pounds or less rated attorney in fact, or by a chief accountant or officer in case of a foreign carrying capacity, a minimum charge of $11 per annum plus $2 for corporation, or by the managing agent or owner in case of a firm or each additional 1,000 pounds or less rated carrying capacity, $11. association, which report shall contain a statement of the quantities SEC. 14. That all motor vehicles owned and officially used by the of motor vehicle fuel sold or used within the District of Columbia from United States or by the District of Columbia, shall carry registration his or their respective places of business. Bills shall be rendered to markers or plates of the same character and subject to the same all purchasers of motor vehicle fuel by dealers in motor-vehicle fuel as regulations and provisions as apply to all other motor vehicles operated herein defined except in cases of retail sales. Said bills shall contain within the District of Columbia, all such registration markers or a statement, printed thereon in a conspicuous place, that the liability plates to be furnished without charge. to the District of Columbia for the tax herein imposed has been as Sec. 15. That when under authority of law gasoline or other motor. sumed, and that the dealer or dealers in question will pay said tax on or
vehicle fuel is sold by an agency of the United States within the before the last day of the following month.
District of Columbia, for use in privately owned vehicles, such agency Sec. 6. That the tax in respect to motor-vehicle fuel sold or used in of the United States shall, by agreement with the Commissioners of any calendar month shall be paid on or before the last day of the next
the District of Columbia, arrange for the collection of the tax of 2 succeeding month to the collector of taxes of the District of Columbia, cents per gallon herein authorized to be imposed, and for accounting who shall receipt to the dealer therefor and cover same into the Treas
to the collector of taxes of the District of Columbia for the proceeds ury of the United States to the credit of the United States and to the
of such tax collections. In general, the arrangements so established credit of the District of Columbia in the manner provided by section 1 shall, as far as possible, accord with the provisions of this act. of this act.
Soc. 16. That all prosecutions for violations of the provisions of SEC. 7. That the records of all purchases, receipts, sales, distribution, this act shall be in the police court of the District of Columbia upon and use of motor vehicle fuel of every dealer shall, at all times during Information filed by the corporation counsel of the District of Columthe business hours of the day, be subject to inspection by the assessor bia or any of his assistants. and the collector of taxes of the District of Columbia, or by their duly
SEC, 17. That the Commissioners of the District of Columbia are authorized agents, or by any other agent duly authorized by the Com-authorized and directed to make refunds of registration fees paid missioners of the District of Columbia to make such inspection.
under existing law on motor vehicles to the extent that the payments Suc. 8. That it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation, may be in conflict with the provisions of this act. or any retail dealer or distributor of motor vehicle fuel to receive and
SEC. 18. That all laws inconsistent with the provisions of this act accept any shipment from any dealer or to pay for the same, or to
be, and the same are hereby, repealed : Provided, That nothing herein sell, or offer for sale, any motor-vehicle fuel unless the statement pro
contained shall be construed in anywise to affect the provisions of vided for in section 5 of this act appears upon the invoices of said paragraphs 11, 13, and 14 of the act of Congress relating to license shipment. If any shipment originating and terminating within the taxes, approved July 1, 1902. District of Columbia is received and accepted by any person, firm, or The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill is before the Senate corporation, or any retall dealer or distributor, from any dealer, or is as in Committee of the Whole and open to amendment. sold or offered for sale by him or them, upon the invoice of which Mr. MCKELLAR. Mr. President, I ask the chairman of the said statement does not appear, such person, firm, or corporation, or committee what was done with the amendment striking out, on retail dealer, or distributor shall pay to the collector of taxes the tax page 1, the words " in lieu of the personal property tax on herein imposed or be liable to the District of Columbia for double the motor vehicles, which tax shall be remitted on and after July amount of the said tax, which amount may be recovered by civil suit 1, 1924”? or action in any court of competent jurisdiction.
Mr. BALL. Mr. President, nothing has been done with that Sec. 9. That no tax on motor-vehicle fuels exported or sold for ex
amendment as yet. I am going to ask that that amendment be portation from the District of Columbia to any other jurisdiction or disagreed to. nation shall be imposed.
Mr. MCKELLAR. Is it not a fact that if that language is SEC. 10. That any person, firm, or corporation who shall buy or use
stricken out it will relieve all automobile owners in the Disany motor-vehicle fuel as defined in this act for the purpose of operat-trict of all taxes on their automobiles ? ing or propelling any stationary gas engine, tractor used for agricul
Mr. BALL. All taxes except for license. tural purposes, motor boat, airplane, or aircraft of any character, or who shall purchase or use any of such fuel for cleaning or dyeing, or
Mr. MCKELLAR. In other words, if a gentleman owns a for any purpose other than in a motor vehicle used or operated, or in
$10,000 automobile, and another owns a Ford, neither of them tended to be used or operated, in whole or in part, upon any of the
will pay any tax on his property. Does the Senator think it public highways of the District of Columbia, shall not be required to
is right and proper that these subjects of taxation here in this pay the tax herein imposed, but such fuel shall be sold or delivered to
city shall be exempted from taxation by the Congress? any such person, firm, or corporation by any dealer in the same upon
Mr. BALL. Mr. President, I would like to make just a brief the signed statement of the purchaser or his agent, which said state
statement relative to this matter. In the committee I thought ment shall be given to the dealer at the time of purchase of said fuel
it very proper to make this amendment to the original bill. In and be on a form hereafter to be prescribed by the assessor of the Dis most States automobile owners pay that additional amount, trict of Columbia, and which statement shall set forth the character notwithstanding that in most States there is an additional tax of the use of said fuel and the place of use thereof. That said state
on gasoline of 2 cents a gallon. But the difference between ment shall be retained by the importer of said fuel until the rendi
the situation in the District and in those States is that the tion by him to the collector of taxes of his next monthly report of the money raised by the additional tax on gasoline in the States amount of motor vehicle fuel sold by him during the preceding month, 1 goes directly to the improvement of the roads in those States. and in the collection of the tax herein provided for the quantity of said
While it is a tax, the States get the benefit of it. In the Disfuel represented by such statements shall not be considered.
trict of Columbia the additional tax, which would be about Src. 11. That any person, association, firm, or corporation violating $600,000, would go directly into the Treasury of the United any of the provisions of this act, or any person, firm, or agent of any
States and the District would get no benefit therefrom. corporation, who shall make any false statement in connection with the
Every business organization of the District of Columbia obsale or use of any motor vehicle fuel intended to be used for any of the jects to this tax. I met the Board of Trade on last Thursday purposes described in section 10 of this act shall be deemed guilty of evening and discussed the matter with them, and I asked them a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine if they would object to the bill if an amendment were put in of not less than $50 nor more than $500, or by imprisonment for not
it providing that the $600,000 should be expended on streets in more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
the city of Washington in addition to the ordinary appropriaSEC, 12. That it shall be unlawful for the assessor or the collector of tion by Congress. They said they would not. taxes, or any of the agents or employees of the District of Columbia, to It is unfair to tax the District and not appropriate for imdisclose, except when required so to do by a court of law, the amount provements here the moneys raised by taxation. Last year the of tax paid in pursuance of the terms of this act by any dealer or District of Columbia paid in taxes within $200,000 of $2,000,000 dealers, or any other information contained in the reports filed by any more than the Government appropriated. The citizens here
dealer or dealers under the terms hereof, and any person violating the are perfectly willing to pay a reasonable tax, but if they pay -provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and that reasonable tax Congress should appropriate that sum of
upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than $50 money for proper government here and proper improvement of nor more than $500, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, the streets in this city. It is certainly unfair, when Congress or by both such fine and imprisonment.
controls the District of Columbia absolutely, to tax the people