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cause to be executed all laws affecting public lands heretofore or hereafter reserved under the provisions of section twenty-four of the act entitled “An act to repeal the timber-culture laws, and for other purposes," approved March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-one, an act supplemental to and amendatory thereof, after such lands have been so reserved, excepting such laws as affect the surveying, prospecting, locating, appropriating, entering, relinquishing, reconveying, certifying, or patenting of any of such lands.


Approved February 1, 1905 (33 Stat., 628).
Extract from the appropriation act for the Department of Agriculture,

approved March 4, 1907 (34 Stat., 1271). Provided further, That hereafter no forest reserve shall congressional be created, nor shall any additions be made to one here- for now reserves tofore created within the limits of the States of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, or Wyoming, except by act of Congress."

action necessary

in certain States.

Extract from the appropriation act for the Department of Agriculture,

approved August 10, 1912 (37 Stat., 287). That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby directed Segregation of and required to select, classify, and segregate, as soon as stead entry practicable, all lands within the boundaries of national forests that may be open to settlement and entry under the homestead laws applicable to the national forests, and the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars is hereby appropriated for the purposes aforesaid.

For the expenditure under the direction of the Secre- Expanses of surtary of Agriculture for survey and listing of lands within tural lands. forest reserves chiefly valuable for agricultural and describing the same by metes and bounds or otherwise, as required by the act of June eleventh, nineteen hundred

ninety-nine, thirty-five thousand dollars: Provided, how- Work by Forest

to Service employever, That any such survey and the plat and field notes des thereof paid for out of this appropriation shall be made by an employee of the Forest Service under the direction of the United States surveyor-general, but no land listed under the act of June eleventh, nineteen hundred and six, shall pass from the forest until patent issues.

Extract from the agricultural appropriation act, approved March 4,

1913 (37 Stat., 842). That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby directed Segregation and required to select, classify, and segregate, as soon as stead entry. practicable, all lands within the boundaries of national forests that may be opened to settlement and entry under


California was added by the act of August 24, 1912, page 392.


Service ees.

the homestead laws applicable to the national forests,

and the sum of $100,000 is hereby appropriated for the Expenses of ex: purposes aforesaid: Provided, That not to exceed $35,000 amining, survey- Po ing, etc., agricul- of this sum may be expended under the direction of the tural lands.

Secretary of Agriculture for the examination, survey, and platting of certain lands now listed or to be listed within national forests chiefly valuable for agriculture and describing such lands by metes and bounds, as required by the act of June eleventh, nineteen hundred and six (Thirty-fourth Statute, page two hundred and thirtythree), and the act of March third, eighteen hundred and

ninety-nine (Thirtieth Statute, page ten hundred and Work by Forest ninety-five), and hereafter such surveys, and the plats

love and field notes thereof, shall be made by employees of the

Forest Service, to be designated by the United States sur-
veyor general, and such surveys and the plats and field
notes thereof shall be approved by the United States sur-
veyor general:
Extract from the agricultural appropriation act, approved March 4,

1915 (38 Stat., 1101). Permits for ho That hereafter the Secretary of Agriculture may, upon tional forests. " such terms as he may deem proper, for periods not exceed

ing thirty years, permit responsible persons or associations to use and occupy suitable spaces or portions of ground in the national forests for the construction of summer homes, hotels, stores, or other structures needed for recreation or public convenience, not exceeding five acres to any one person or association, but this shall not be construed to interfere with the right to enter homesteads upon agricultural lands in national forests as now provided by law.

tels, etc., in na



Page See “Preemptions"; also “Soldiers' additional homesteads." 206, 314

For homesteads within withdrawn areas, see “Withdrawal of lands.".



391 Revised Statutes.-Sec. 458-Patents to be signed by President,

and recorder of the General Land Office, and recorded........ Sec. 2288.-Entryman may transfer for church, cemetery, school,

or right of way for railroads, telegraph, telephones, canals, reservoirs, or ditches................

........ Sec. 2289.-Qualifications of entryman-Limit of area ......... Sec. 2290.-Final proof, when and by whom to be made, and

patent to issue_Citizenship........ Sec. 2291.-Certificate and patent, when issued. (See “Three

year law")..... Sec. 2292.—Rights of infant children on death of father and

mother..... Sec. 2293.—Persons in military or naval service.... Sec. 2294.-Officers before whom, and where, proofs may be

made False affidavits-Fees .. - Secs. 2295–2296.—Record of applications --Lands not subject to

debts prior to patent...........
Sec. 2297.—Abandonment for more than six months-Climatic

hindrances. (See “Three-year law")...
Sec. 2298.—Limit of one quarter section......
Sec. 2299.--Effect of prior preemption ...........
Sec. 2300.-Minors having had Army or Navy service dur
Sec. 2301.-Commutation after 14 months from entry ..........
Sec. 2302.—No distinction on account of race or color—Mineral

lands not subject........
Sec. 2304.—Persons having served in Army or Navy during war.
Sec. 2305.-Credit on homestead for time of military service in

war, but residence for one year required-Death of soldier in

Sec. 2308.-Service in the Army or Navy equivalent to residence.
Sec. 2309.—Who may file declaratory statement by agent.......
Sec. 2372.-Procedure to correct error in description of land

Sec. 2448.-Effect of patent issued after death of entryman ....
ENLARGED HOMESTEADS.-Act of February 19, 1909 (35

Stat., 639), as amended by the acts of June 13, 1912 (37 Stat., 132), February 11, 1913 (37 Stat., 666), March 3, 1915 (38 Stat., 953), March 3, 1915 (38 Stat., 956), and March 4, 1915 (38 Stat., 1162)—320 acres permitted in certain States—Land to be designated as nonirrigable-Additional contiguous entries—Area to be cultivated-No commutation-Residence on land not

required in Utah where water insufficient for domestic use... Act of June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 531)-Enlarged homesteads in

Idaho—Where no water for domestic use residence must be

within 20 miles ........ Act of August 9, 1912 (37 Stat., 267)-Preference right to settler

on certain conditions.. Act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat., 1162)—Certain entries made prior

to January 1, 1914, validated... Act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat., 1162)-Applications for land not

designated to be suspended pending determination of character of land....


COAL LANDS, ENTRIES ON.-Act of March 3, 1909 (35 Stat., Page. 844)-Locations, selections, or entries on lands subsequently classified, claimed, or reported as coal.........

87 Act of June 22, 1910 (36 Stat., 583)Lands withdrawn, classified,

or valuable, for coal, subject to disposition under the homestead or desert-land laws, selection under Carey Act and with. drawal under reclamation act. (For State selections, see act

of Apr. 30, 1912, 37 Stat., 105).... Act of April 23, 1912 (37 Stat., 90)—Coal lands in Alabama subject

to act of June 22, 1910........ Act of April 14, 1914 (38 Stat., 335)-Patents in fee to issue if land

is subsequently classified as noncoal....


Stat., 509)-Lands withdrawn classified or valuable for phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas, or asphaltic minerals, subject to location, selection, entry, or purchase reserving the deposits

to the United States....... THREE-YEAR HOMESTEAD LAWS.-Act of June 6, 1912 (37

Stat., 123)-Final proof may be submitted and patent issued at expiration of three years Requirements as to residence

and cultivation........ Act of August 24, 1912 (37 Stat., 455)-Entryman may proceed

under law under which it was made..... Act of March 4, 1913 (37 Stat., 925)-Settler may proceed under

law existing at time of settlement ............ Act of August 22, 1914 (38 Stat., 704)–Entryman may be absent

five months in two periods..... HOMESTEADS WITHIN FOREST RESERVES.-Act of June

11, 1906 (34 Stat., 233) Homestead entries may be allowed for agricultural lands within forest reserves ........... Act of February 8, 1907 (34 Stat., 883) Certain formerly excepted

lands in Black Hills Forest Reserve made subject to entry... Act of May 30, 1908 (35 Stat., 554)-Certain formerly excepted

lands in California made subject to entry ................... Act of July 3, 1912 (37 Stat., 188)–Certain formerly excepted

lands in Black Hills Forest Reserve made subject to entry.... Act of March 3, 1911 (36 Stat., 1084)—Certain erroneously al

lowed entries validated ..... KINKAID ACT.-Act of April 28, 1904 (33 Stat., 547), as amended by the act of May 29, 1908 (35 Stat., 465)-Homestead entries for

640 acres allowed on certain lands in Nebraska.... Act of March 2, 1907 (34 Stat., 1224)-Qualifications of entry

men— Military Service-Isolated tracts ....... Act of August 24, 1912 (37 Stat., 499)-Qualifications of entrymen. MARRIED WOMEN.-Act of June 6, 1900 (31 Stat., 683)-Mar

riage of entrywoman........ Act of February 24, 1911 (36 Stat., 929)-Wife of insane alien... Act of April 6, 1914 (38 Stat., 312)—Marriage of entryman and

entrywoman..... Act of October 17, 1914 (38 Stat., 740)—Entrywoman marrying

an alien... Act of October 22, 1914 (38 Stat., 766)-Deserted wife of entrySETTLERS.-Act of May 14, 1880 (21 Stat., 140)—Time allowed

settlers to put claim of record...... Act of June 8, 1880 (21 Stat., 166)—Proof and patent in event

entryman becomes insane........ RESIDENCE-MILITARY SERVICE.-Act of June 16, 1898 (30

Stat., 473)-Military service in war equivalent to residence.. THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY ACRE LIMITATION.

Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat., 391)-Not to acquire title to

more than 320 acres under the public land laws....... Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat., 1101)-The three hundred and

twenty acre limitation not to include mineral lands ........

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FREE HOMESTEAD LAWS.-Act of May 17, 1900 (31 Stat., Page.

179)—Free homesteads on Indian lands theretofore opened to entry....................................

105 Act of January 26, 1901 (31 Stat., 740)Commutation allowed.. 105 Act of May 22, 1902 (32 Stat., 203)—Second entries........ 106 ADDITIONAL HOMESTEAD ÉNTRIES.-Act of March 2,

1889 (25 Stat., 854)—May complete entry for one quarter section of land.................................................

106 Act of April 28, 1904 (33 Stat., 527)—Additional entry of adjoin

ing land allowed without proof of residence..... SECOND HOMESTEAD ENTRIES.-Act of June 5, 1900 (31

Stat., 269)—Second entry allowed where first was commuted prior to that datePurchasers of Flathead Indian lands included........

107 Act of September 5, 1914 (38 Stat., 712)—Where former entry is

lost, forfeited, or abandoned through no fault of entryman.... LEAVES OF ABSENCE.-Act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat., 854)—

Crop failures, sickness, or unavoidable casualty.............. RELINQUISHMENTS.-Act of May 14, 1880 (21 Stat., 140)—

Lands relinquished become subject to settlement and entry.. CONTESTS. -Act of June 3, 1878 (20 Stat., 91)—Notice of con

test to be published......
Act of July 26, 1892 (27 Stat., 270) Notice to contestant,

Death of contestant...
PROOFS.-Act of March 3, 1877 (19 Stat., 403)—Homestead

affidavit of occupation, before whom made-Fees-False

....... Act of March 3, 1879 (20 Stat., 472)—Notice of final proof to be

published.. Act of June 9, 1880 (21 Stat., 169) Homestead affidavit for entry,

where and before whom made....... Act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat., 854)—Final proof may be taken

within 10 days following day advertised........ Act of Oetober 1, 1890 (26 Stat., 657)—If vacancy in office of

register or receiver the remaining one may take final proof.... Act of January 31, 1903 (32 Stat., 790)-Compulsory attendance of witnesses before registers and receivers ....

112 Act of April 19, 1904 (33 Stat., 186)-Commissioner authorized

to transmit original papers to be used as evidence........ 113 Act of June 29, 1906 (34 Stat., 622)—Notary public interested, disqualified........

........ Act of March 4, 1909 (35 Stat., 1111)-Perjury ...

114 COMMUTATION.-Act of June 3, 1896 (29 Stat., 197)— Allowed after 14 months from date of settlement.....

115 PATENTS.-Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat., 1098)-Correction of

clerical errors—Patent after two years from date of receiver's final receipt.......

....... Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat., 1093)-Suits to annul patents to

be brought within six years...... Act of March 2, 1896 (29 Stat., 42)—Suits to annul patents to

railroads to be brought within six years.... Act of March 2, 1895 (28 Stat., 807) -Patents may be engrossed

by means of typewriters.... DISPOSSESSED OCCUPANTS.-Act of June 1, 1874 (18 Stat.,

50)-May have remedies in courts for improvements.........

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SEC. 458. All patents issuing from the General Land Issue of patents

U or lands. Office shall be issued in the name of the United States, Apr. 25, 1812, and be signed by the President, and countersigned by 1841, 5-8., 417.

2 s., 717; Mar.3, the recorder of the General Land Office; and shall be recorded in the office, in books to be kept for the purpose.


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