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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Bureau of the Census
1950 ANNUAL SURVEY OF MANUFACTURES
The purpose of this pamphlet is to assist you in filling out the enclosed Form MA-100 for the 1950 Annual Survey of Manufactures. For your convenience, the manual has been divided into two parts:
Pages PART A. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS..
2-4 PART B. CLASS OF PRODUCT REFERENCE LISTS.
How to Choose the Appropriate Product Class Reference List in Part B of this
Examination of the title of each of the 17 major lines of manufacturing activity described below should assist you in selecting the proper product class reference list applicable to your establishment. Generally, your manufactured products should appear on this selected product class reference list, as each of the lists has been arranged to include most of the products manufactured by establishments engaged in each of the 17 majer industrial lines of activity.
Major Line of Manufacturing Activity
Reference List List No.
on Page: 1. Food and Tobacco Products..
5,6 2. Textile Mill Products..
6,7 3. Apparel and Other Fabricated Textile Products.
7,8 4. Lumber and Wood Products...
8,9 5. Furniture and Fixtures..
9 6. Pulp, Paper, Paperboard, and Paper and Board Products.
9. 10 7. Publishing, Printing, and Related Industries...
10, 11 8. Chemicals and Allied Products.
11, 13 9. Petroleum and Coal Products
13 10. Rubber Products....
13, 14 11. Leather and Leather Products..
14 12. Stone, Clay, and Glass Products.
14, 15 13. Primary Metals..
15, 16 14. Fabricated Metal Products and Machinery..
17-20 a. Fabricated Metal Products...
17,18 b. Machinery (Except Electrical)
18, 19 c. Electrical Machinery, Equipment, and Supplies..
19, 20 15. Transportation Equipment..
20, 21 16. Instruments; Photographic and Optical Goods; Watches and Clocks.
21 17. Miscellaneous Manufactured Products (Including Ordnance and Ammunition). 22
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS TO MANUFACTURERS FOR PREPARING REPORT
(Please read the instructions for each question carefully before entering the figures)
If, however, this procedure will involve you in considerable additional costs and permission to report on a fiscal year basis in the 1947 Census of Manufactures was granted by the Bureau of the Census, you may report on a fiscal basis. (As in the 1947 Census and in the 1949 Annual Survey, however, all employment, payroll, and man-hour figures should relate to the calendar year rather than the fiscal year.) If the establishment began to operate or ceased operation within the year 1950, the dates given in the certification (item 13) should show the exact period which this report covers.
Where the establishment was operated during the early part of the year under other management, make the report for the entire year, if the records are available.
An entry is required in each item on the form. If the answer is none, enter "none" or "O”. If a particular question does not apply to your business, enter "not applicable" or explain briefly in the "Remarks” space.
ITEMS ON THE REPORT FORM
Every concern which receives & form is required to submit a separate report for each of its manufacturing establishments. Concerns with more than one establishment must submit a separate report for each establishment operated during 1950.
For the purposes of this survey, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed; for example, a factory, mill, or plant. Where a single physical location comprises two or more units which maintain separate payroll and inventory records and which are engaged in distinct or separate activities, each such unit shall be treated as a separate establishment.
The 1950 Annual Survey form is substantially the same as the one used for the 1949 Annual Survey. Where decisions have been reached by your company with the Bureau of the Census concerning your reports in the 1949 Annual Survey, or in the 1947 Census of Manufactures, with regard to the definitions of plants, employment groups, product classes, and related items, the same concepts should be used in your reports for 1950. It is recog. nized that, in some cases, the plant records you normally maintain are not identical with the definitions and concepts of the MA-100 form. Since this is a statistical report, reasonably accurate estimates are acceptable. Please refer to any correspondence regarding the 1949 Annual Survey before completing your 1950 report.
In some cases the information asked for in item 10 (Products Shipped) is a summary of detailed product figures requested from concerns on other monthly, quarterly, or annual surveys of the Bureau of the Census. The Product Class Reference Lists (PART B), while for the guidance of manufacturers generally, has been designed so that concerns reporting on these other forms need to transcribe only totals from the records they have previously compiled. This will minimize duplicate reporting without impairing the accuracy of the statistics or greatly increasing the cost of the survey.
You are required to return your report to the Census office shown on the enclosed envelope by February 9, 1951. A copy is also enclosed for your files. If you have not received a sufficient number of forms to cover all the establishments in your concern, please obtain additional copies from that office.
Each report should cover all the production activities (manufacturing, fabricating, processing, and assembling) conducted within the establishment. It should also include activities such as the generation of power for the plant, maintenance of plant and equipment, receiving, shipping; warehousing, storage, research, record keeping, health, safety, cafeteria, and other services, when carried on by the manufacturing establishment. Your report should exclude sales branches, research laboratories, retail stores, and general administrative offices, if they are operated as separate establishments.
Each report should cover the calendar year 1950. If your book records are not kept on a calendar-year basis, carefully prepared estimates for this period will be accepted.
Item 1. “Physical Location of Factory, Plant, or Mill."Enter the actual physical location of your factory, plant, or mill (which may differ from the address at which mail is received). If the establishment is located within the incorporated limits of a municipality, enter the city name. If not so located, enter the official name of the town, township, or similar civil subdivision of the county in which located. (This name is not necessarily the same as the post-office station name used for the mailing address of the establishment.)
Item 2. (See instructions on Form.)
Item 3. Salaries and Wages in 1950.- Report the gross earnings paid in the calendar year 1950 to employ ees on the payroll of this establishment during 1950, including commissions, dismissal pay, all bonuses, vacation and sickIcave pay, and compensation in kind, and prior to such deductions as employees' Social Security contributions, withholding taxes, group insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. Include salaries of officers at this establishment, if a corporation; exclude payments to proprietor or partners, if an
unincorporated concern. Exclude members of armed forces and pensioners carried on your active payroll. (You may follow the definition of salaries and wages that is used for calculating the withholding tax.)
Item 3A. “Wages Paid to Production and Related Workers in 1950.” — Report the total wages paid to working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial, watchmen services, product development, auxiliary production for plant's own use (e. g., power plant), record keeping, and other services closely associated with the above production operations of the establishment covered by the report. Exclude wages and salaries paid to employees defined in 3B below.
Item 3B. "Salaries and Wages Paid to All Other Employees."- Report the total salaries and wages paid to the nonproduction personnel of this establishment, including those engaged in the following activities: Executive, Pumps Wheels Bearings Engines Gears Hardware
Materials Livestock Meats Fruits Grains Flour Sugar Fats and oils Fibers Yarns Dyestuffs Trimmings Plywood Resins Sulfuric acid Alcohols Pigments Rubber Coking coal Crude
petroleum Cement Clay Glass Scrap Pigs and billets Ores Rods Castings Sheet Stampings Wire
Supplies Bolts, screws, and nuts Drills, tools, dies, jigs, and
fixtures which are charged
to current accounts Welding rods, electrodes,
and acetylene Lubricating oils Paint and varnish Findings Soap and cleaning supplies Stationery, stamps and
office supplies First aid and safety supplies Dunnage Water
Containers Pails Drums and barrels Tubes Boxes and bags Crates
purchasing, finance, accounting, legal, personnel, cafeterias, medical, professional and technical activities, sales, sales delivery (e. g., routemen), advertising, credit, collection; installation, and servicing of own products, routine office function, factory supervision (above the working foremen level), and force account construction employees on your payroll engaged in construction of major additions or alterations to the plant who are utilized as a separate work force. Include salaries of officers at this establishment, if a corporation; exclude payments to proprietor or partners, if an unincorporated concern.
Item 4. "Number of Persons Employed in Selected Pay Periods of 1950."- Report employees at this establishment who worked or received pay for any part of the pay period (preferably one week) ended nearest the 15th of March, May, August, and November, 1950. Include all persons on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacation during these pay periods; exclude members of armed forces and pensioners carried on your active rolls. Include officers, if a corporation; exclude proprietor or partners, if an unin. corporated concern. (You may follow the definition of employees specified by your State Unemployment Compensation Agency.)
Item 4A. “Production and Related Workers."-For definition of "production and related workers," see instructions for item 3A above.
Item 4B. “All Other Employees.”-For definition of "all other employees," see instructions for item 3B above.
Item 5. “Man-Hours of Production and Related Workers, by Quarter."-"Man-hours worked” is designed to measure the over-all activity of the plant. The "manhours worked" figure should include all "production and related worker” plant hours (whether worked or paid for). Exclude time on paid vacations, holidays and sick leave, when the employee is not at the plant. Include actual overtime hours rather than a straight-time equivalent hours. If employees elect to work during the vacation period, report only actual hours worked by such employees.
Each quarterly man-hours figure should be a total for the entire quarterly period (either calendar quarter or 13week period). The "Total 1950" figure should account for all man-hours at the plant of production and related workers for the entire year. If a payroll period runs from one quarter into the next, distribute the man-hours between the two quarters.
Item 6. Cost of all Materials, Supplies, Fuel, and Electricity Consumed, and Cost of Contract Work. "Cost” refers to direct charges actually paid or payable after discounts and includes freight. Include materials, etc., received from other plants of your company at the approximate market value plus freight and other direct handling charges. Include materials owned by you but used by others in making products for you. Include materials and supplies used for maintenance and repair of your plant and equipment, as well as for production. Exclude purchases of products resold in the same condition as when purchased, which should be included in item 9B. Exclude materials, supplies, machinery, and equipment used in construction of new plant and new equipment, the costs of which are charged to fixed assets accounts and should be included in item 8.
Item 6A. “Materials, Parts, Containers, and Supplies Consumed."-Listed below are additional examples of materials, parts, containers, and supplies consumed in many industries. Be sure to include the cost of any such materials and all other materials actually consumed or put into production at this establishment in 1950.
Item 6B. “Fuel Consumed."-Include anthracite and bituminous coal, natural and manufactured gas, fuel oil, liquefied petroleum gas, and purchased steam, used for the generation of heat and electricity.
Item 6C. _“Quantity and Cost of Purchased Electric Energy.”—The figures reported for this item should cover electric energy purchased during 1950, for all purposes. Enter in the space provided the total number of kilowatthours purchased, and in the Cost column, the amount actually paid and payable. Include electricity received on an interchange basis.
Item 6D. “Cost of Work Done for You by Others on Your Own Materials (Contract Work)."-If any work was done by others on materials furnished by your establishment, report the total 1950 payments made for such work, including freight out and in. Exclude the cost of materials worked on, which should be included in item 6A.
Item 7. "Inventories."- Establishments in Printing, Publishing, and related industries should omit this item from the report.
Item 8. “Capital Expenditures at This Establishment During 1950 (Exclude Land).”—Expenditures refer to all costs actually incurred during 1950 chargeable to the fixed assets accounts of this establishment and which are of the type for which depreciation accounts are ordinarily maintained. Such expenditures are equal to additions completed during the year, plus construction-in-progress at the end of the year, minus construction-in-progress at the beginning of the year. Do not include costs incurred for maintenance and repairs.
Item 8A. “New Structures and Additions to Plant.”. Report total expenditures during 1950 for new structures and major additions and alterations to buildings and other fixed plants of this establishment.
Item 8B. “New Machinery and Equipment."— Report total expenditures for new production machinery and equipment and other new machinery and equipment. Include new machinery and equipment purchased for replacement purposes, as well as additions to capacity,
Item 8C. “Expenditures for Used Plant and Used Equipment Acquired from Others.”—Report total expenditures for acquisition of old or existing plant and for acquisition of second-hand equipment acquired from others (including the U. S. Government).
Item 9A. “Sales of Products Bought and Resold Without further Manufacture in This Establishment.”. Report the f. o. b. plant value (i. e., invoice sales value) of all products resold in the same condition as when purchased and not made part of another product manufactured by this establishment. Do not include in this figure any value of products reported in item 10.
Item 9B. “Cost of Products Bought and Resold Without further Manufacture in This Establishment.”—Give the cost of all products resold which were reported in item 9A. Do not include in this figure any cost of materials, etc., reported in item 6.
Item 10. “Products of This Establishment Shipped."The product classes included in this instruction manual (Part B) are designed to assist you in completing Item 10. (Each product class is one or a group of the individual products shown on the file copy of your 1947 Census of Manufactures report.) Report each product class and its value on a separate line. A separate value should be reported in Column C for each product class you described in Column A. Do not include on a single line, products which fall under two or more of the product classes listed in the reference list.
In reporting product classes, describe in your own words those products you included in each class, rather than use the title appearing in the reference list. If some of your products do not fall under any of the classes listed, describe these products separately in Column A and report the value of each in Column C of Item 10. If Item 10 does not provide enough space, use the “Remarks" section to report the description of products, the product class code number, and value of these additional products.
Parts, accessories, and attachments produced for sale or interplant transfer are sometimes listed as a separate product class. Unless they are called for separately, include them in the class describing the product to which they relate.
The values reported in Item 10 should represent values f. o. b. plant after discounts and allowances and should not include freight charges or excise taxes. Freight charges can be excluded by the use of carefully prepared estimates when necessary. Include the cost of delivery if delivered by employees of this establishment. Transfers of prod
ucts to other establishments of your company (other manufacturing plants, wholesale branches, retail stores, etc.) should be included at approximate market value in the appropriate class of products.
The figures reported in this item should cover all shipments of this establishment, except for products resold in the same condition as when purchased, which should be included in Item 9A,
Item 11. “Metals Consumed in 1950.”—(To be completed only by establishments using the specified metals in manufacturing their products shipped. Establishments such as textile or apparel plants that use metals chiefly for maintenance and repair need not report this item).
Report in columns B and C the tonnage and cost of the specified metals consumed in 1950 that were received from other companies or from other establishments of your own company. "In column D report the tonnage of the metals that you both produced and consumed in the same establishment; e. g., if your MA100 report includes a "captive” brass foundry as a part of an establishment which further fabricates these rough brass castings and produces a brass valve, the tonnage of brass castings produced in the foundry and machined in the same establishment should be reported in column D.
The quantities of both columns B and D should represent metals processed to the mill or foundry level. These include rough (unmachined) castings, sheet, strip, plate, tubing, pipe, bars, tin plate, terne plate, etc. Metals received which have been fabricated beyond the mill or foundry level (such as valves, forgings, nails, spikes, machined castings, etc.) should not be reported in item 11. Ingots, blooms, or billets used in a forge shop should be reported in item 11.
The instructions above are identical with those used in the 1949 Annual Survey of Manufactures. The one change from the 1949 Survey is that producers of insulated wire and cable are not to report their consumption of bare wire used in making the insulated wire and cable. However, consumers of insulated wire and cable are required to report the copper content of the wire and cable.
The cost of metals reported in this item should be included in the total cost of materials reported in item 6. As in item 6, include in this item mill shapes and castings owned by you but used by others in making products for you.
Item 12. (See instructions on Form.)
PRODUCT CLASS REFERENCE LISTS
Note: An asterisk next to a product class title denotes a significant addition or change (including code change) from the product class reference list used for the 1949 Annual Survey of Manufactures.
1. FOOD AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS
Class Cude No.
Code No. (Enter in
(Enter in Col. B,
Canning and Preserving
20334 Canned fruit juices 20111 Fresh meats (made in establishments primarily en- 20335 Canned vegetable juices gaged in own slaughtering),
20336 Canned baby foods
including lard (made in establishments primarily 20338 Jams, jellies, and preserves
20339 Other canned or preserved products (specify kind) 20133 *Prepared meat products for human consumption; 20341 Dried fruits including lard (made primarily from purchased 20342 Dehydrated vegetables and soup mix
oducts NOTE: Only the first page of the Product
uces, except tomato Class listings is reproduced
ayonnaise 20134 from purchased meats) (specify kind)
20372 Frozen fruits and juices 20151 Poultry and small game (killed and dressed in this 20373 Frozen vegetables
establishment) 20422 Dog and cat food, prepared
Grain-Mill Products 28861 Grease and tallow
20411 Wheat flour, plain 28862 Feed and fertilizer byproducts-include tankage, 20412 Wheat bran, shorts, and middlings meat scrap and bonemeal
20415 Blended and prepared flour, made in flour mills 28941 Glue (vegetable and animal)
20455 Blended and prepared flour, not made in flour mills 28870 Fatty acids
20413 Corn meal 28892 *Stearin and other animal oil mill products other 20414 Other grain-mill products, include rye flour, than fatty acids
hominy grits, etc. Products of Dairies
20421 Prepared animal feeds--except dog and cat food
20422 Dog and cat food, prepared (Include all fresh milk and cream sales in class of
20423 Alfalfa meal and mincral mixtures product 40112 or 40113. Include the cost of all
20430 Cereal breakfast foods
20441 Milled rice and byproducts
(Include in Item 10 only sales of products baked 20210 Butter (churned in this plant)
in this establishment. Resales of products baked 20221 Natural cheese
elsewhere should be reported in Item 9.) 20222 *Process cheese (made in natural cheese facto- 20510 *Bread, rolls, cakes, pies and pastries ries)
20520 Biscuits, crackers, and pretzels 20252 *Process cheese (made from purchased natural cheese)
Sugar, Confectionery, and Related Products 20231 Dried milk, dried buttermilk, etc.
20611 Raw cane sugar 20232 Canned milk
20612 Other cane sugar mill products and byproducts 20233 Bulk evaporated and condensed milk (whole milk, 20621 Refined cane sugar (exclude excise taxes) skim milk, buttermilk, and whey)
20622 Other cane sugar refinery products and byproducts 20234 Ice cream mix and ice milk mix.
20631 Refined beet sugar (exclude excise taxes) 20240 Ice cream and ices
20632 Other beet sugar factory products and byproducts 20251 Special dairy products (malted milk powder, etc.) 20711 Confectionery, except solid chocolate bars 28293 Non-synthetic organic chemicals, include casein; 20715 Salted, roasted, and blanched nuts lactic acid, etc.
20721 Chocolate coatings 40112 *Bottled fresh milk and cream
20722 Other chocolate and cocoa products 40113 *Bulk fresh milk and cream
20730 Chewing gum and chewing-gum base