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PART I.

Causes of Laughter.

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“ Legitimæ inquisitionis vera norma est, ut nihil inveniatur in Globo Materiæ quod non habeat parallelum, in Globo Chrys. tallino sive Intellectı. Hoc est, ut nibil veniat in practica, cujus non sit etiam doctrina aliqua et theoria."

DE AUGMENTIS. “ Etiam dubitabit quispiam potius quam objiciet; utrum nos de naturali tantum Philosophia, an etiam de Scientiis reliquis, Lo. gicis, Ethicis, Politicis, secundum viam nostram perficiendis loquamur. At nos certe de universis hæc, quæ dicta sunt, intelligimus: atque quemadmodum vulgaris Logica, quæ regit res per Syllogismum, non tantum ad Naturales, sed ad omnes Scientias pertinet; ita et nostra, quæ procedit per Inductionem, omnia complectitur. Tam enim Historiam et Tabulas inveniendi con. ficimus de Ira, Metu, et Verecundia, et similibus, ac etiam de exemplis rerum Civilium: nec minus de molibus mentalibus Memoriæ, Compositionis et Divisionis, Judicii, et reliqnorum ; quam de Calido et Frigido, aut Luce, aut Vegetatione, ant siinilibus."

“ Inquisitio formarum sic procedit; super naturam datam primo facienda est comparentia ad intellectum omnium instantiarum notarum, quæ in eadem natura conveniunt, per materias licet dissimillimas. Atque hujusmodi collectio facienda est historice, absque contemplatione præfestina, aut subtilitate aliqua majore."--Novum ORGANUM.

SECTION I.

GENERAL CAUSES.

THE OLD CLERGYMAN.

An old clergyman in the north of England was invited to dine with the Earl of Derby, at his noble castle in the neighbourhood of Liverpool. The old man dressed himself in his best suit, and adorned himself in his largest and best-powdered wig. He arrived at the castle about an hour before visiters usually assemble, and, having waited some time alone in a large room, which he could not enough admire, he ventured, with some hesitation, to ask one of the servants, whether he might be permitted to see any of the rooms of this magnificent mansion. The servant, with that urbanity so characteristic of the servants of the nobility, said he would with pleasure attend him through the different apartments. The old man, wishing not to give unnecessary trouble, said that, unless there was any impropriety, he would venture alone through the adjoining rooms, which would be quite sufficient gratification to him. The servant made his bow, and the old gentleman proceeded. The clergyman cautiously opened the doors, and in rapture admired the different noble apartments, splendid in oriental grandeur. At length he arrived at a small but highly decorated room : it was surrounded with sofas; and in the midst of the Aoor there was a beautiful mosaic pavement. There was a handsome silk rope suspended from the centre of the room, but the chandelier was missing. This was of no importance to the old man; he could not have been more delighted if he had been in the palace of the enchanters. He pulled the rope, and was instantly in a deluge of water. It was the great shower bath for the family.

If any heedless boy should be disposed to laugh at the disagreeable situation of this old clergyman, and inclined to analize the cause of his laughter, he may find an agreeable sensation arising from the consciousness of his relative comfort in not being half-drowned ; and the consciousness of superiority in not being so simple as the old man: and he will find, also, that this agreeable sensation was sudden. “ Forasmuch,” says Hobbes, as the same thing is no more ridiculous when it groweth stale or usual; whatever it be that moveth laughter, it must be new and unexpected.” Such laughter would, therefore, be occasioned by “ A sudden agreeable sensation.”

THE PROFESSOR OF MUSIC.

The professor of music in the university is not likely to be so well acquainted with the classics, as with the harmony of sweet-sounds. A candidate for a degree is always presented in a Latin address to the

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