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TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, IN REGARD TO THE TARIFF ON WOOL.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled:
Your memorialists, the General Assembly of the State of Colorado, represent that
Whereas, One of the great industries of our State, fourth in wealth and importance of all our interests, representing twenty millions of dollars of combined capital invested, and an annual produćtion of fifteen million pounds of wool, has been seriously affected by the recent redućtion in the tariff on wool, and, in fact, is threatened with total extinction, thereby involving in loss and ruin thousands of our hardest working citizens; and
Whereas, The only benefit resulting to any one has been to build up a foreign industry in a foreign land, and inasmuch as the law of 1883, which was instituted to decrease the revenues and instead has increased them in the sum of nearly one and a half million dollars in the year 1884; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we, the General Assembly of the State of Colorado, earnestly request the immediate restoration of the tariff of 1867 on wool.
Resolved, That a copy of this memorial be forwarded to our senators and represenative in congress, and that they be requested to use all honorable means to restore the tariff of 1867 on the importation of wool.
Approved April 7, 1885.
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, and to the President of the United States and Secretary of the Inferior:
Your memorialists, the General Assembly of the State of Colorado, would respe&tfully represent:
That certain railroad companies in the State of Colorado have claimed certain public lands in said State as land grant subsidies under the general ačts of congress of 1862 and 1864, and subsequent acts, to aid in the construćtion of trans-continental lines of railroads; that said acts of congress provide, in substance, that when a map of the general location of railroad right-of-way shall be filed with the general land office, all odd, numbered sections, within twenty miles on either side of said line of railroad, not claimed as a homestead or pre-emption, would inure to such railroad from the date of filing such map; that the railway companies, however, claimed all lands embraced in such odd sections not entered at the date of the passage of such acts of congress, and many of the settlers, rather than subjećt themselves to long and expensive litigation with the railway companies to test the question of title, abandoned their locations. The railroad companies then claimed that, although such entries might have been valid, by voluntary abandonment by the settlers the title to such abandoned locations vested, by operation of law, in the railway companies; such abandoned locations have since been known as “lapsed entries,” and the railway companies have sold many thousand acres of such lapsed entries situated within this State, that the purchasers thereof, without question of the validity of their title, have settled thereon, with their families, and have made valuable and extensive improvements thereon. That the supreme court of the United States, in a late decision, held that the title to such “lapsed entries” reverted to the United States government; that, upon such abandonment, the railway companies acquired no title, and could convey none. This decision leaves the purchasers from the railway companies without title to the lands which they have lived upon for years in good faith, believing they had a good title to the same. The greater number of such purchasers are persons who have exhausted all of their rights to acquire title to government lands by virtue of the pre-emption, homestead and timber culture laws of the United States, and are now powerless to acquire title from the government to such lands, and are at the mercy of land sharks, who may, at any time, jump their farms and unrighteously possess themselves of the settlers' hard labor of years. Your memorialists, therefore, pray that such provision be made that persons holding or improving any such lands, under deed or contraćt from any such railway companies, be permitted to purchase from the government such land so held by any such persons, respectively, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre; and that such right of any such person be superior to that of any other applicant for purchase from the government by homestead, pre-emption, timber culture, or otherwise, when such last named applicant's claim is subsequent to any such holding or improvement or deed or contračt.
TO CONGRESS FOR THE REMOVAL OF THE SOUTHERN UTE INDIANS FROM COLOR ADO.
To the Senate and House of Representatives, in Congress assembled:
Your memorialists, the General Assembly of the State of Colorado, respectfully represent:
That the Southern Ute Indians retained within the boundaries of this State, and upon a strip of land more than ninety miles long and the entire length of the county of La Plata, roam in their natural and savage state, subjećt to no laws or government except the slight control which a local Indian agent is able or willing to exercise. Experience has shown that such a tribe of Indians, under no more restraint than that imposed by an ordinary white man, ačting in the light of his own discretion, and but too often governed by his own private interests, is liable to break out or commit depredations upon the persons and property of their white neighbors. And your memorialists say that in verity said Indians during the last few years have, in fact, committed many grievious depredations upon the settlers bordering upon their reservation; have murdered many people; have frequently stolen numbers of horses and cattle and killed many others in mere wantonness; have burned down dwellings, raided stores and otherwise wronged and molested the settlers; that it is common for them to leave their reservation and intrude upon the people, lawful occupants of the lands they occupy, and make insolent demands for arms and food, often helping themselves, especially in the absence of the natural protectors of the several families molested, and doing violence when refused or resisted; that they fire the grasses and destroy the food of the stock of the settlers; girdle the trees, destroy the forests; hunt and fish out of season, and do other things which are prohibited by the laws of the State and of the United States; and, while committing such outrages and depredations, are generally better armed than the settlers, who, so far, have relied on the protećting arm of the General Government. And your memorialists further say that the injećtment of savages into the midst of civilized communities, of irresponsible marauders among an enlightened and law-abiding people, is a system repugnant to the recognized ideas and pračtices of civilized governments, and liable in the near future to bring on a conflićt between the races which can be subdued only at a large cost of life and property. That, in fact, the southwest part of Colorado and the northwest portion of New Mexico are being so rapidly settled, and the white people are becoming so restless under their many unrighted wrongs, that they freely talk of relying upon themselves for that protećtion which the Government has failed to afford them; so that, in the very nature of things, some new and, perhaps, slight provocation will precipitate the inevitable conflićt. And your memorialists respectfully submit, in view of the fact that Colorado is fast becoming a densely populated State, and especially that there are a number of territories sparsely settled under the sole control of the General Government, that the Southern Ute tribe of Indians ought to be removed from within her borders; that the speedy removal of said tribe from the long and narrow strip they now occupy, and which crosses all the natural outlets of La Plata county, would be a measure of safety to them, and of peace and safety to the white people who border their reservation. It would, at the same time, open up a large acreage of agricultural land to settlement, and permit the people of Colorado and New Mexico to have that safe and free intercommunication to which they are entitled. Approved March 11, 1885.
HOUSE JOINT MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS FOR THE RELIEF OF ANSON RUDD.
To the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled:
Your memorialist, the General Assembly of the State of Colorado, respectfully represents:
That on the 20th day of March, A. D. 1868, Anson Rudd, of the county of Fremont and State of Colorado, was the owner of a tract of land, consisting of about eighty acres, being a part of the N. E. J4 of section 32, in township 18 south, range 70 west of the 6th principal meridian; that on the day last named, the said Anson Rudd conveyed to the United States of America a portion of said tract of land, bounded and described as follows: Beginning at the N. W. corner of N. E. J4 of said se&tion 32, and running thence east on the north line of said quarter se&tion one hundred (IOO) rods; thence south forty (40) rods; thence