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ment, ten of them at public auction, at a total price of $915. Eight head of oxen were also bought.

Labor.—The fixed number of men employed in the care and maintenance of all the highways in the two provinces is 85 peones" and 17 foremen. Besides these there has been constantly employed about 100 extra help, earning 80 cents, United States currency, per day.

Repair shops.—Three carpenters and two blacksmiths have been constantly em. ployed in the repair shops of this office.

MARITIME SERVICE.

Buoys.Port of Mariel: Four buoys that were taken from their moorings during the late war were scraped and painted.

After dragging up the mooring cables from the bottom of the bay, the buoys were reestablished at their proper locations.

One day beacon, consisting of an upright pole and horizontal slats, forming a circle, painted white and blue, was established on a small key to leeward of the entrance to the port.

LIGHT-HOUSES.

General supply depot. — All the illuminating oils and all other special goods required have been furnished to all the light-houses of the Central and Occidental regions, supplying them for the whole year.

In the Oriental Region, the light-houses of Maternillos and Punta de Prácticos at Nuevitas have been supplied directly, while special requisitions from the Military Department of Santiago have been filled, inclosing bills for same as ordered.

Repairs.-At the shops of this office, repairs were made to the apparatus for the Punta de Prácticos light and also for that at Batabanó.

Morro Custle light. Of the other two light-houses in this region, Morro Castle light is still under the direct charge of the United States naval officer of this port.

Cape San Antonio light. The supply service for the next two years from Arroyos de Mantua to Cape San Antonio light-house was awarded by contract at the rate of $38.15 per round trip, two trips being specified per month.

This contract is 15 per cent lower than the previous one for the same service.
Proposed light-houses

. Surveys are being made and data from foreign manufactures obtained relative to the establishment of two port lights at Mariel and Cabañas, presumably this year.

Two second-order light-houses along the Colorado Reefs between Bahía Honda and Cape San Antonio are being considered as future work, the estimated cost of each being $50,000, United States currency.

Table of expenses incurred by this office from assuming charge, on February 1, till June 30, giving the chapters and articles of the different appropriations to which they have been charged.

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18 Unique. Fixed official personnel.
19 | Unique. Divers expenses
20

$7, 665. 30

$7, 665. 30

214.54 35, 991. 98 Public works— Main office of central region. - Report of the chief engineer of said region relative to the work executed by him from January 1 to June 30, 1899.

$6.21 10, 119.90

2 Maintenance of highways.

Repairs of highways. 21 Unique. Light-house personnel 22

2 Light-house supplies and freights

Light-house communication and cloth washing.
Maintenance of towers and buildings..

Gratification of San Antonio light-keepers. 22

3 Establishment of buoys, etc....

208. 33 23, 310. 25 2,531.83

674. 11 2, 512. 36

37.00 232. 28

1, 622. 40

918. 29

496.80

3, 474. 19

75 423. 20

423. 20

JOSÉ PRIMELLES AGRAMONTE, Chief Engineer of the Occidental Region.

HABANA, August 8, 1899.

The chief engineer of the central region shows the work executed by him in accordance with instructions from the honorable secretary of public works. It is necessary to explain in the first place that the engineer in charge did not take possession of his office until February 17, and that from January 1 up to that date, absolutely nothing was accomplished by this branch owing to the disorganization caused by the change of Government.

For a better understanding of the work of this office this report is divided into the following parts, i. e., work completed, work in course of completion, plans completed, plans being made and services rendered.

WORKS COMPLETED.

PROVINCE OF MATANZAS.

Construction of a light of the sixth class on Diana Key.—The construction of this light, situated on Diana Key at the entrance to the port of Cárdenas, is the most important work completed in this whole region. The old light on this key was destroyed during the war between Spain and the United States, and, by order of the governor-general

, reconstruction of same was commenced on April 3, completed May 17, and the light was put in commission May 22, 1899.

Repairing and replacing a buoy in the port of Matanzas. One of the most important buoys of this port—that which marks the shoal of Araña del Sur-was swept away from its anchorage. I requested authorization to replace same and to make necessary repairs, which request was granted, and said buoy was repaired and replaced on June 15, 1899.

PROVINCE OF SANTA CLARA,

Placing of three buoys in the port of Isabela de Sagua.

By three buoys which had been in this port, having been removed from their proper locations and in consequence of which not a single mark remained to show the channel, the secretary of the department ordered plans to be made immediately to mark out the channel. This was done by the department engineer and approved by the secretary. The project consisted in the building of three new iron buoys and the repairing of the three old iron buoys. This work, so far as the repairing of the old buoys is concerned, has been completed and the repaired buoys have been replaced in their proper positions.

WORKS IN COURSE OF COMPLETION.

PROVINCE OF MATANZAS.

Construction and placing of buoys in the port of Cárdenas.- In accordance with instructions from the secretary of the department, the chief engineer made plans for marking the channel of this port. This plan consists in making 8 new iron buoys and in repairing 2 old iron buoys, all of which are to be properly placed in the harbor. The contract calls for the completion of this work on or before August 21, 1899, by which time all these buoys will be in position.

PROVINCE OF SANTA CLARA.

Construction of three new buoys to complete the marks in the port of Isabela de Sagua.The construction of said buoys has been commenced and according to contract they must be completed and in place on or before August 10, 1899.

PLANS PROJECTED.

PROVINCE OF MATANZAS.

Repair of light of fourth class at Punta de Maya.—This plan has been approved and work will be commenced as soon as money is received from the treasurer of the province with which to begin.

PROVINCE OF SANTA CLARA,

Repairs to light of sixth class on Frances Key.—There has been forwarded to the chief of this branch, for the approval of the secretary, a project to repair a light of the sixth class on Frances Key, situated at the entrance to the port of Caibarien. These repairs should be made at once, as the light is urgently needed.

PROJECTS BEING STUDIED.

PROVINCE OF MATANZAS.

Repairs to light of first class of Bahia de Cadiz.–At the present time plans and specifications are being made for extensive repairs to above light, which is situated on the key of Bahia de Cadiz, 60 miles northeast of the port of Cárdenas, and said plans will be submitted for the approval of the secretary.

PROVINCE OF SANTA CLARA.

Channel markings of port of Caibarien.—In accordance with orders from the secretary, plans and specifications are being prepared for the complete marking of the channels and bars of the port of Caibarien, which as soon as completed will be submitted for approval.

Repairs to light of first class of Paredon Grande.-In accordance with orders received, I made a visit of inspection to the light of the first class of Paredon Grande, situated on a key of that name 90 miles northeast of Caibarien, and am now making, and will in a short time submit for approval, plans and specifications for extensive repairs which are urgently needed on this light-house, as well as on the house used as a residence by the keeper who has charge of the light as well as of the rotating machinery:

Works of construction on the light-houses of Villanueva and Piedras del Sur key.—There is on file in this office sufficient history and data in regard to these places to permit the making of the plans and specifications necessary for the reconstruction of the lights of the sixth class at Villanueva and Piedras del Sur key, the former being situated at the entrance of the port of Cienfuegos and the latter 51 miles southwest of

The engineer who signs this has requested authority to make the necessary plans and specifications for the reconstruction of these lights, and in view of the urgent need of the reconstruction of the light at Villanueva and the fact that there is no house for the protection of the keeper of the light, except a native hut, and also the fact that the tower that supports the lantern is actually unsafe and not strong enough to support same during the hurricanes that are frequent here, he began the plans for the reconstruction of this light-house in the hope that authority would be given him to continue same, but this work has been stopped because the engineer who signs this has not yet received the competent authority to go on with such work.

said port.

SERVICES RENDERED,

The ordinary work of this office is the provisioning and preservation of the 10 light-houses of this region.

The service of communication with the light-houses is now being carried on by verbal orders, but the same are now being edited and will be forwarded for the approval of the secretary, together with the sheet of conditions which govern the letting of the contract (by auction) to be celebrated for the definite adjudication of the services of communication, with the lights which are provided for the ports of Cárdenas and Cienfuegos.

CONCLUSION.

The expenses incurred in works executed and in services rendered in this region during the first six months of this year and charged in the proper paragraphs of the current budget are shown in the following table.

Nothing has been done in regard to cart roads for the reason that no allowance was made in the current budget for this important public work, and for the same reason nothing has been done in the construction of wharves and warehouses.

J. M. PORTUONDO,

Chief Engineer of Central Region. MATANZAS, July 18, 1899.

Recapitulation of the expenses of the bureau of public works in the provinces of Matonov

and Santa Clara (which constitute the central region) from January 1 to June 30, 1899.

Matanzas.

Santa
Clara.

Total

PUBLIC WORKS.

Main office:

Salaries.
Expenses

$3, 106.44

164. 63

$3,106 #4

207.65

$43. 02

CART ROADS.

Expenses

2, 471.89

1,570. 79

4,042

96.53 2, 386.41

MARITIME NAVIGATION. Salaries:

Light-house keepers ..
Expenses:

Wharves and warehouses..
Light-houses, construction
Light-houses, repairs
Purchase of supplies.
Travel of keepers
Cleaning of lenses
Service of communication
Preservation of light-houses
Buoys and marks plans, location, and preservation...

Total

190.66
10.50

2, 34, 41
190 €
18.3

7.75

60.00 826.00

9.00 56.40

46. 60 775.39

103.70 1,370.40

100.1 1, 6013

11270 1, 426.

3,442.09

2,497.25

5,939.3

SUMMARY.

$3, 106.44

164. 63

2, 471.89
3, 442.09

Province of Matanzas:
Public works

Salaries

Expenses
Cart roads.
Maritime navigation-

Salaries

Expenses Province of Santa Clara: Public works

Salaries

Expenses
Cart roads
Maritime navigation-

Salaries ..
Expenses

9, 18.06

43.02

1,570.79
2, 497.25

4, 111.06

Total in central region.....

13, 296. 11 J. M. PORTUONDO, Chicf Engincer,

MATANZAS, July 10, 1899.

SPECIAL REPORT OF BRIG. GEN. JAMES H. WILSON, U. S. V., COMMANDING THE DEPARTMENT OF MATANZAS AND SANTA CLARA, ON THE INDUSTRIAL, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS EXISTING IN THE DEPARTMENT AT THE DATE OF AMERICAN OCCUPATION AND AT THE PRESENT TIME.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF MATANZAS AND SANTA CLARA,

Matunzas, Cuba, September 7, 1899. ADJUTANT GENERAL,

Headquarters Division of Cuba, Habana. Sir: In compliance with the instructions contained in your letter of August 18, 1899, 1 submit the following special report on the industrial, economical, and social conditions existing in the territory covered by this department at the date the United States assumed control, and also at the present time, for the purpose of showing the net results of the American administration of municipal and provincial affairs.

ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGES-INITIAL RELIEF MEASURES.

After the protocol and the cessation of hostilities, and shortly before the arrival of the United States forces in this part of the island, most of the Spanish judicial municipal, and provincial authorities resigned, and their places were filled by temporary appointments, selected by the Spanish commanders principally from the Autonomistie party, or from “pacificos” who had taken no part in the revolution.

These officials, as a class, were generally worthy and capable men, sincerely interested in the maintenance of order, in the reconstruction of civil government, and in the reestablishment of industry and commerce. In every instance that came under my observation they performed their duties loyally and faithfully, maintaining perfect order, and, as far as was within their power, relieving suffering and want in their respective jurisdictions. They were assisted in this by the charity of those Cubans who had saved a part of their substance, and by the timely arrival of rations and medical supplies sent out by the President of the United States in the steamer Comal, or furnished afterwards by the authority of the military governor of the island. These supplies were distributed generally through committees appointed by the alcaldes, and in every instance it is confidently believed they reached the sick and starving people for whom they were intended. They came at a time when industry and commerce were paralyzed and production was at its lowest stage, and they were issued in such manner as to do an almost incalculable amount of good.

The timely foresight and generosity of this assistance was fully appreciated by the Cubans, and is worthy of the highest commendation.

CUBAN ARMY-RETALIATION SUPPRESSED—MATANZAS PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS.

Upon the evacuation of the island by the Spanish troops, the Cuban army became an active factor in the control of civil affairs. As the officers and men were furloughed they immediately entered into competition for both public and private employment. Some were at once engaged as municipal, rural, and private police; others became candidates for office, while the greater number gradually returned to their homes and found employment in the trades or on the farms and plantations. As a class they behaved with sobriety and moderation, and manifested a genuine desire to reestablish their homes and resume the business of peaceful and law-abiding citizens.

At first they showed here and there a disposition to wreak vengeance on Spanish subjects resident in the island, and especially on those who had been active as Spanish volunteers, but this was immediately repressed by my orders. It was announced that every Cuban might celebrate our coming, and rejoice to his heart's content over

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