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This sixth edition of the United States Code was prepared and published pursuant to section 202 (c) of Title 1 of the Code. It contains a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 6, 1959. By statutory authority this edition may be cited “U. S. C. 1958 ed.” Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, and 1952.

Inasmuch as many of the general and permanent laws which are required to be incorporated in this Code are inconsistent, redundant, archaic and obsolete, there has been inaugurated a comprehensive project of revising and enacting the Code, consisting of 50 titles, into law, title by title. In furtherance of this plan bills have been enacted to revise, codify and enact into law Titles 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 32, 35, and 38. In addition, bills relating to other titles are also being prepared for introduction at an early date. When this work is completed all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent law and recourse to the numerous volumes of the Statutes at Large for this purpose will be unnecessary.

The title and chapter structure of the 1952 edition, together with Supplement V thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1952. Any errors discovered in the 1952 edition or Supplement V have been corrected.

The actual work of preparing and editing the material for this edition was done by the West Publishing Co. of St. Paul, Minnesota, and the Edward Thompson Company of Brooklyn, New York, under the supervision of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives. These companies prepared the original Code which Congress enacted in 1926 and have continuously served the Committee since that time in the preparation of the authorized new editions and Supplements to the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the editorial and manuscript staffs of both publishing companies and of Dr. Charles J. Zinn, the law revision counsel for the Committee, for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible. Acknowledgment of valuable assistance is made also to various officers of Government departments and agencies for their helpful suggestions and criticisms.

The Committee on the Judiciary invites criticisms or suggestions with the view of improving the Code wherever possible. It is hoped that the program of enacting the Code into law, title by title, to improve its present status as merely prima facie evidence of the law, will meet with early success.

Emanuel Gatto

Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary.

& Willis

Chairman, Subcommittee No. 3.

WASHINGTON, D. C., December 1, 1958. Page 1x



Continued Chap. 16. Subsistence Expenses. 17. Preference of Veterans in Government Em

ployment. 18. Federal Employees Pay Provisions. 19. Administrative Procedure. 19A. Review of Orders of Federal Agencies. 20. Compensation and Benefits of Student

Employees of Hospitals. 21. Classification of Civilian Positions. 21A. Wage Board Employees Compensation In

crease, 22. Performance Ratings. 23. Annual and Sick Leave. 24. Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance. 25. Government Employees' Incentive Awards. 26. Uniform Allowances. 27. Disposition of Remains of Members of Uni

formed Services and Accredited Personnel. 28. Federal Absentee Voting Assistance. 29. Federal Executives Pay Provisions. 30. Civil Service Retirement Program.


TITLE 1.–GENERAL PROVISIONS Chap. 1. Rules of Construction. 2. Acts and Resolutions; Formalities of Enact

ment; Repeals; Sealing of Instruments. 3. Code of Laws of United States and Supple

ments; District of Columbia Code and Sup

plements. TITLE 2.—THE CONGRESS 1. Election of Senators and Representatives. 2. Organization of Congress. 3. Compensation of Members. 4. Officers and Employees of Senate and House

of Representatives. 5. Library of Congress. 6. Congressional and Committee Procedure;

Investigations. 7. Contested Elections. 8. Federal Corrupt Practices. 8A. Regulation of Lobbying. 9. Office of Legislative Counsel. TITLE 3.—THE PRESIDENT 1. Presidential Elections and Vacancies. 2. Office and Compensation of President. 3. Protection of the President; The White House

Police. 4. Delegation of Functions. TITLE 4.-FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERN

MENT, AND THE STATES 1. The Flag. 2. The Seal. 3. Seat of the Government. 4. The States. 5. Official Territorial Papers. TITLE 5.-EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND

GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 1. Provisions Applicable to Departments and

Oficers Generally. 2. Department of State. 2A. Department of Defense. 3. Department of the Army. 4. Department of Treasury. 5. Department of Justice. 6. Post Office Department. 7. Department of the Navy. 8. Department of Interior. 9. Department of Agriculture. 10. Department of Commerce. 11. Department of Labor. 11A. Department of Health, Education and Wel

fare. 11B. Department of the Air Force. 11C. General Services Administration. 12. Civil Service Commission and Classified Civil

Service. 13. Classification of Civilian Positions. 14. Retirement of Civil Service Employees. 14A. Retirement of Citizen Employees of Alaska

Railroad. 15. Compensation for Injuries to Employees of

United States.


1. Commodity Exchanges.
2. Cotton Standards.
3. Grain Standards.
4. Naval Stores.
5. Importation of Adulterated Seeds.
6. Insecticides.
7. Insect Pests Generally.
7A. Golden Nematode.

Plant Pests. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and Plant

Products. 8A. Rubber. 9. Packers and Stockyards. 10. Warehouses. 11. Honeybees. 12. Associations of Agricultural Producers. 13. Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations. 15. Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry. 17. Miscellaneous Matters. 18. Cooperative Marketing. 19. Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate Prod

uce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing. 23. Foreign Agricultural Service. 24.

Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 25. Export Standards for Apples and Pears. 26. Agricultural Adjustment. 26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements.

Page XI



PART II.-PERSONNEL—continued Chap. 43. Rank and Command. 45. The Uniform. 47. Uniform Code of Military Justice. 49. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. [ (No

present sections] 51. Retention of Reserves. 53. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 55. Medical and Dental Care. 57. Decorations and Awards. 59. Separation. 61. Retirement or Separation for Physical Disability. 63. Retirement for Age. 65. Retirement for Length of Service. 67. Retired Pay for Non-regular Service. 69. Retired Grade. 71. Computation of Retired Pay. 73. Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay. 75. Death Benefits, 77. Posthumous Commissions and Warrants. 79. Correction of Military Records. 81. Civilian Employees.


27. Cotton Marketing.
28. Tobacco Industry.

Potato Act of 1935. 30. Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Cholera

Virus. 31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Service. 32. Peanut Statistics. 33. Farm Tenancy. 34. Sugar Production and Control. 35. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 3EA. Price Support of Agricultural Commodities. 36. Crop Insurance. 37. Seeds. 38. Distribution and Marketing of Agricultural


Stabilization of International Wheat Market. 40. Halogeton Glomeratus Control. 41. Agricultural Trade Development and Assist

ance. 42. Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. 43. Agriculture Attaches. 44. Wool Program. 45. Soil Bank Program. 46. Surplus Disposal of Agricultural Commodi

ties. 47. Interchange of Department of Agriculture

and State Employees. 48. Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter. TITLE 8.—ALIENS AND NATIONALITY 1. General Provisions. 2. Elective Franchise. 3. Civil Rights. 4. Freedmen. 5. Alien Ownership of Land. 6. Immigration. 7. Exclusion of Chinese. 8. The Cooly Trade. 9. Miscellaneous Provisions. 10. Alien Registration. 11. Nationality. 12. Immigration and Nationality. TITLE 9.-ARBITRATION TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES

SUBTITLE A.-GENERAL MILITARY LAW PART 1.- ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS 1. Definitions. 3. General Powers. 5. Joint Chiefs of Staff. 7. Boards, Councils, and Committees. 9. Regular Components. (No present sections] 11. Reserve Components. 13. The Militia. 15. Insurrection. 17. Arming of American Vessels.

PART III.-TRAINING 101. Training Generally.

PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT 131. Planning and Coordination. 133. Facilities for Reserve Components. 135. Encouragement of Aviation. 137. Procurement Generally. 139. Research and Development. 141. Miscellaneous Procurement Provisions. 143. Production by Military Agencies. 145. Cataloging and Standardization. 147. Utilities and Services. 149. Issue to Armed Forces. 151. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to

Armed Forces. 153. Exchange of Material and Disposal of Obso

lete, Surplus, or Unclaimed Property. 155. Acceptance of Gifts and Services. 157. Transportation. 159. Real Property; Related Personal Property; and

Lease of Non-Excess Property. 161. Property Records. 163. Military Claims. 165. Accountability and Responsibility.


PART 1. ORGANIZATION 301. Definitions. 303. Department of the Army. 305. The Army Staff. 307. The Army.

PART II.- PERSONNEL 331. Strength. 333. Enlistments. 335. Appointments in the Regular Army. 337. Appointments as Reserve Officers. 339. Temporary Appointments. 341. Active Duty. 343. Special Appointments, Assignments, Details,

and Duties.

PART II.--PERSONNEL 31. Enlistments. 33. Appointments in Regular Components 35. Appointments as Reserve Officers. 37. General Service Requirements. 39. Active Duty. 41. Special Appointments, Assignments, Details, and




PART II.—PERSONNEL—continued Chap. 345. Rank and Command. 347. The Uniform. 349. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. 351. United States Disciplinary Barracks. 353. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 355. Hospitalization. 357. Decorations and Awards. 359. Separation from Regular Army for Failure to

Meet Standards. 361. Separation for Various Reasons. 363. Separation or Transfer to Retired Reserve.

(No present sections] 365. Retirement for Age. 367. Retirement for Length of Service. 369. Retired Grade. 371. Computation of Retired Pay. 373. Civilian Employees.

PART III.-TRAINING 401. Training Generally. 403. United States Military Academy. 405. Reserve Oficers' Training Corps. 407. Schools and Camps.

PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT 431. Industrial Mobilization, Research, and Develop

ment. 433. Procurement. 435. Issue of Serviceable Material to Armed Forces. 437. Utilities and Services. 439. Sale of Serviceable Material. 441. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to

Armed Forces. 443. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material. 445. Inquests; Disposition of Effects of Deceased

Persons; Captured Flags. 447. Transportation. 449. Real Property. 451. Military Claims. 453. Accountability and Responsibility.



PART 1.-PERSONNEL—continued Chap. 539. Original Appointments. 541. Running Mates. 543. Selection Boards. 545. Promotions. 547. Examinations for Promotion. 549. Reserve Promotions. 551. Officers in Command. 553. Special Assignments and Details. 555. Administration. 557. Rations. 559. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. 561. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 563. Hospitalization and Medical Care. 565. Bands. 567. Decorations and Awards. 569. Discharge of Enlisted Members. 571. Voluntary Retirement. 573. Involuntary Retirement, Separation, and Fur

lough. 575. Recall to Active Duty. 577. Death Benefits; Care of the Dead.

PART III. -EDUCATION AND TRAINING 601. Officer Procurement Programs. 603. United States Naval Academy. 605. United States Naval Postgraduate School. 607. Retirement of Civilian Members of the Teach

ing Staffs of the United States Naval Academy and United States Naval Postgraduate School.

PART IV.-GENERAL ADMINISTRATION 631. Secretary of the Navy: Miscellaneous Powers

and Duties. 633. Naval Vessels. 635. Naval Aircraft. 637. Salvage Facilities. 639. Hydrographic Office and Naval Observatory. 641. Naval Petroleum Reserves. 643. Civilian Employees. 645. Procurement of Supplies and Services. 647. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material. 649. Quarters, Utilities, and Related Services. 651. Ships' Stores and Commissary Stores. 653. Claims. 655. Prize, 657. Stay of Judicial Proceedings. 659. Naval Militia.


PART I. -ORGANIZATION 501. Definitions. 503. Department of the Navy. 505. Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Sec

retaries of the Navy. 507. Office of the Comptroner of the Navy. 509. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. 511. Office of the Chief of Naval Material. 513. Bureaus; Office of the Judge Advocate Gen

eral; Office of Naval Research. 515. Commandant of the Marine Corps; Headquar

ters, Marine Corps. 517. Fleet Commands and Other High Positions. 519. Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.

PART 11.–PERSONNEL 531. Strength. 533. Distribution in Grade. 535. Grade and Rank of Officers. 537. Enlistments.

PART I.- ORGANIZATION 801. Definitions. (No Present Sections) 803. Department of the Air Force. 805. The Air Staff. 807. The Air Force.

PART II.-PERSONNEL 831. Strength. 833. Enlistments. 835. Appointments in the Regular Air Force. 837. Appointments as Reserve Officers. 839. Temporary Appointments. 841. Active Duty.

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