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OF

CONSTITUTIONAL DECISIONS:

BEING A DIGEST OF

THE JUDICIAL INTERPRETATIONS

OF THE

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES,

AS CONTAINED IN THE VARIOUS

FEDERAL AND STATE REPORTS.

Arranged under each Clause of the Constitution.

TOGETHER WITH AN APPENDIX,

CONTAINING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

AND ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION.

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NEW YORK:
BAKER, VOORHIS & CO., PUBLISHERS,

66 NASS A U STREET.

1878.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, by

ORLANDO F. BUMP,
in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.'

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PREFACE.

This work consists of the Constitution of the United States, with notes under each clause and section, referring to all the cases in which it has ever been construed or applied, whether the cases arose in the Federal or State courts. Where the cases, upon a particular subject, have been numerous, the notes have been arranged under appropriate subdivisions. The practitioner is thus enabled to tell, at a glance, whether there is any decision upon the particular point which he is considering. The importance of the field covered by the work can be readily seen by even a hasty glance at its contents. In American jurisprudence there is no field that is more prolific of important questions than that of constitutional law, and of these the most important are those that pertain to the Federal Constitution. The importance of the subjects that are committed to the control of the National Government, the nice discrimination between the powers of the State governments and the National Government, and the restrictions that have been placed upon the powers of both for the protection of private rights, have given rise to an immense amount of litigation, and the establishment of principles that are all-pervading in their consequences. The results are embodied in this volume. They constitute the permanent, fundamental and supreme law of the country. This law has been settled by litigation extending over a period of more than eighty years, and may be regarded as nearly unchangeable. No pains have been spared to make the work exhaustive. It is possible that some cases may have been overlooked, but, if this is so, it is not because there has been any lack of diligence in hunting for them, but because there is great difficulty in making a work like this complete.

ORLANDO F. BUMP. BALTIMORE, January 1st, 1878.

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