Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The proportion of the population engaged in the workforce seems at first glance
to have remained fairly stable between 1930 and 1990. According to the 1930
census, about 42 percent of the total Indonesian population was then actively ...
boiler shop employed about 600 men, the naval dockyard about 650 (KV 1858-
60), and the arsenal another 1,600 (Hageman 1859, 140), making a total
workforce in these defense industries of almost 3,000 men. The trend toward
The size of the floating coolie workforce underlines the difficulty, which also
shows up in the 1930 census (see chap. 3), of any accurate enumeration of the
industrial workforce. The arsenal (sixteen hundred workers) was transferred to ...