Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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3.17 Distribution of expenditure, urban Surabaya and Jakarta, 1981, 1995-97 M2
3.18 Housing types by ethnic group, Surabaya, 1930 143 3.19 Housing types,
Surabaya, 1930, 1980, 1995 144 3.20 Home ownership, Surabaya, 1 97 1, 1995
It is hardly surprising that economic historians have preferred to focus on
countries, leaving urban history to historians and geographers. This is especially
true of writings on the Third World, leading to the absurdity that a great deal is
The Urban II project in Surabaya was not a copy of Jakarta's Urban I scheme.
Officials had gained some experience from the W. R. Supratman Project, sought
advice from the Institute of Technology, and were less authoritarian than in