Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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AFTER INDEPENDENCE For 1957 it is possible for the first time to determine the
pattern of interisland trade by province. The timing is fortunate because this was
the last relatively normal year of interisland trade before the regional rebellions ...
Source: Calculated from BPS, SPI 1959, 1963- dominated trade with South and
East Kalimantan and held a virtual monopoly on trade with Nusa Tenggara, then
stretching from Bali to Timor. The nexus between East Java and eastern ...
Tenggara had to rely on sailing prahu for any remaining trade. Coconut oil mills
on Java absorbed an increasing proportion of copra from eastern Indonesia,
which in turn facilitated the outward trade. East Java was thereby able to increase