Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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tion was hardly to be expected. In the event of a disturbance, the alarm would be
sounded by striking a hollow bamboo cylinder or wooden block (fcentongan or
tongtong) suspended beside the little guardhouse at the entrance to the
tion. As the Communist Party (PK.I) began to support the rights of squatters in
sometimes violent demonstrations, the political cost of forced clearances
eventually became too high. EDUCATION Education had been a prime concern
of the ...
tion enabled Surabaya and its environs to emerge at last as a substantial
industrial agglomeration oriented toward the world market. The lag between
Surabaya's long initial phase of industrial development up to the 1930s and that
since the ...