Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In the late 1880s the collapse of sugar prices caused by the rapid growth of beet
sugar production in Europe forced the closure of many smaller and less efficient
mills but the industry emerged stronger than before. In the 1 890s its scope and ...
During 1928 domestic demand was high and the value of imports through the
port grew by 22 percent, but world sugar prices, which had fallen by about a third
in the previous year, continued their downward slide (HVS 1928). Despite record
Foreign Trade Before World War II, when Java ranked next to Cuba as the world's
leading sugar exporter, sugar had been the staple of East Java's trade. Until the
mid- 1920s sugar had constituted over two-thirds of the value of exports through ...