Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Observation confirms that kampung society is indeed very scrambled in terms of
conventional socioeconomic variables . Teachers , for example , are people of
high education but modest incomes who often play a prominent role as kampung
That it should be a category at all is probably recognition that until the twentieth
century it was acceptable in European society for an unmarried man to cohabit
with and even have children by an Indonesian concubine ( nyai ) , whose
Late - colonial European society was quite highly urbanized , even though the
overall level of urbanization was very low . In the New Order period , with
renewed economic growth and rapid urbanization , Indonesian society evolved
toward the ...