Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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TABLE 3.13 Economically active population by sector, Surabaya, 1930-95;
Jakarta, 1995 (%) Sources: Censuses; BPS, Supas 1995a,c. 'Includes coolies.
These results point to an essential feature of Surabaya's history during the long
In the late 1970s National Savings Bank financing also became available for
homes built by the private sector, which soon came to assume the major share of
its loans (Lewis 1993). Bungalow or villa housing for the middle class was taken
mechanized sector, implying an industry share of the workforce of around 20
percent, about the same as in 1930 (chap. 3). A more comprehensive overview of
the manufacturing sector on the eve of World War I can be gained from the 191 5