Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Those rice-growing kampungs closest to the city gradually became town
kampungs by the influx of outsiders and the conversion of rice fields to houses
and house gardens (pe\arangan). For example, the kampungs around the alun-
In a country where government has long been preoccupied with the production of
rice, it remarkably had almost nothing to say about agriculture. The expectation
was that agriculture that would all but disappear from the municipality. Hitherto ...
Surabaya also had close links with Bali, Lombok, and Nusa Teng- gara, which
supplied rice, copra, onions, pigs (Bali), cattle, and horses (Sumba), though the
trade of Sulawesi and Maluku flowed mainly through Makassar. During the 1930s