Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Under PKI leadership, the next big strike of this era, the railway strike of May-
August 1923, was centered on Surabaya. The railway workshops at Gubeng
were one of the city's main industries and several thousand people lived in the
The railway yards and repair shops were, as mentioned above, laid out in the late
1870s just south of the Chinese quarter, while the gasworks were constructed in
the former no- man's-land on the far side of the Pegirian. The 1905 map (map ...
Civilian housing was built in many locations around the city but particularly in the
east, where there had remained the last extensive tracts of rural land within the
old municipal boundaries. In the early 1940s the railway line had still marked a ...