Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The Great Port Debate Because Surabaya's raison d'etre has always been its
function as a port, the turn-of-the-century controversy over the development of the
port was of great moment for the city's future.4 What is intriguing to the historian is
By then Surabaya was unquestionably the best- equipped and most efficient port
in the whole of Southeast Asia. No one could have predicted at the time that,
because of the vicissitudes of the world economy and changing conditions in ...
contrast with Semarang (Stevens 1984). In the 1900s business and government
there were also preoccupied with the improvement of port facilities. In Semarang
the decision was taken to proceed with a lighterage harbor. Work began in 1910