Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Surabaya's turn-of-the-century population was only three times the estimated
precolonial population of 50-60,000 in 1625 and not much above the 100,000
estimated as the early-seventeenth-century populations of the largest Southeast
TABLE 3.2 Intercensal population growth of main Javanese cities (exponential
rates, %) Source: Calculated from tabic 3.1. occupation Surabaya's population
soared to 618,000 by September 1945, implying an 8.6 percent rate of growth
TABLE 3.3 Estimates of population, Surabaya and Jakarta, 1940-61 (thousands)
Sources: 'Municipal registration (Steele 1980, 47); Japanese registration (Steele
1980, 59); ' Allied registration (Steele 1980, 59); dARA, MK 2.10.29, 447"50: ...